1932 Salvadoran peasant uprising

''"La matanza" redirects here. For the partido of Buenos Aires Province, see La Matanza Partido.


The Salvadoran Peasant Uprising of 1932, also known as La matanza, was a brief peasant-led uprising in January 1932.

Tension rises

Arturo Araujo, a presidential contender, styled himself as an advocate for the lower classes of El Salvador. He became very popular among the poor people of El Salvador, who hoped that he would bring dramatic changes and better their lot. The thirty to forty wealthy families who controlled most of El Salvador feared Araujo for this very same reason. To the dismay of the aristocracy, Araujo was elected as president on March 1, 1931.

The coup

Unrest soon spread among military officers. In December 1931, with the collapse of coffee prices, the military's dissatisfaction peaked. A group of young officers, led by Vice President Maximiliano Hernández Martínez, staged a coup and ousted Araujo. Araujo fled the country and Martínez assumed power.

The uprising

While Martínez may have satisfied the military, popular discontent continued to build and the government's opponents continued to agitate. Within weeks, communists, believing the country was ready for a peasant rebellion, were plotting an insurrection against Martínez. However, the government became aware of the plot and arrested most of the ringleaders.

Nevertheless, actual fighting broke out on January 22, 1932. Rebels, led by the communist party and Agustín Farabundo Martí, attacked government forces with support that was largely from Pipil Indians in the western part of El Salvador. Within three days, they had succeeded in taking control of several towns, disrupting supply lines to many of the country’s towns and villages, and attacking a military garrison. With their superior training and technology, the government troops needed only a few days to defeat the rebels. While the rebels killed fewer than 100 people, the military retaliated with great force, killing between 10,000 and 40,000 peasants, including Martí.

Aftermath

In the aftermath, accounts of the uprising and massacre were purged from libraries and replaced by the myth of Martínez as the savior of Salvadorans from vicious communists and barbaric Indians. To avoid further violence, members of the Pipil indigenous group generally severed their ties to their culture, adopting Western dress and the Spanish language as well as intermarrying with members of non-indigenous groups. In modern-day El Salvador, it is estimated that 1% or less of the population is of exclusively indigenous descent.

References

A partido is an administrative subdivision of the province of Buenos Aires, Argentina. A partido is formally a single municipality, though it usually comprises one or more population centers (towns and cities).
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Buenos Aires Province (IPA: [ˈbwenos ˈaiɾes], Spanish: Provincia de Buenos Aires) is the wealthiest and most populated province of Argentina.
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La Matanza Partido is a partido located in the Greater Buenos Aires in Buenos Aires Province in Argentina.

The provincial subdivision has a population of about 1.2 million inhabitants in an area of 325.
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Arturo Araujo was the president of El Salvador from 1931-03-01 to 1931-12-02. He was overthrown in a military coup led by junior officers, and was forced to flee the country for Guatemala. An agricultural leader, Araujo had been freely elected.
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Motto
"Dios, Unión, Libertad"   (Spanish)
"God, Union, Liberty"
Anthem
Himno Nacional de El Salvador
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Coffee is a widely consumed beverage prepared from roasted seeds, commonly called beans, of the coffee plant. Coffee was first consumed in the 9th century, when it was discovered in the highlands of Ethiopia.
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Maximiliano Hernández Martínez (October 21, 1882, San Matías, El Salvador – May 15, 1966, Hacienda Jamastrán, Honduras) was the President of El Salvador from 1931 to 1944.
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Agustín Farabundo Martí Rodríguez (b. May 5, 1893, Teotepeque, Departamento de La Libertad, El Salvador – d. February 1, 1932) was a revolutionary in El Salvador.
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The Pipil are an indigenous people who live in western El Salvador.
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indigenous peoples of the Americas are the pre-Columbian inhabitants of the Americas, their descendants, and many ethnic groups who identify with those peoples. They are often also referred to as Native Americans, First Nations
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 Spanish, Castilian
}}} 
Writing system: Latin (Spanish variant)
Language codes
ISO 639-1: none
ISO 639-2:
ISO 639-3: —

Spanish (
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Intermarriage may refer to:
  • Interreligious marriage
  • Interracial marriage
  • Cultural exogamy
See also:
  • Cultural assimilation

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