1974 Atlantic hurricane season

The 1974 Atlantic hurricane season officially began on June 1, 1974, and lasted until November 30, 1974. These dates conventionally delimit the period of each year when most tropical cyclones form in the Atlantic basin. The season had fairly average activity, with eleven total storms and four hurricanes forming; more subtropical cyclones formed this year than any other year on record, with a total of four.

The most notable storms of the season were Hurricane Carmen, which made landfall on the Yucatán Peninsula and in Louisiana, causing at least $150 million (1974 US dollars) in damages; and Hurricane Fifi, which killed 8,000 people as it skimmed along the northern coast of Honduras.

Storms

Subtropical Storm One

A tropical depression formed over the southwestern Gulf of Mexico on June 22. As the depression moved southwestward, convection began to fire well northeast of the center, and by the 24th, the two systems were separated. Convection over the new system was poorly organized, and it was named a subtropical depression late on the 24th. It became a subtropical storm on the 25th with its winds far away from the center. It crossed Florida that day, but that night, it became more frontal in character. It lost what tropical characteristics it had on the 25th.

Subtropical Storm One caused three drowning deaths and $10 million in damage ($42 million in 2005 USD) when it passed over central Florida.

Subtropical Storm Two

A convective area of cloudiness existed northeast of the Bahamas in middle July in response to a stationary frontal boundary. A subtropical depression formed on July 16, and it became Subtropical Storm Two on the 17th. As it moved northeastward it gradually became absorbed by a large extratropical low pressure system, with the system dissipating on the 20th.

Subtropical Storm Three

Subtropical Storm Three formed from a frontal wave on August 10, located 300 miles south of Cape Cod. The storm moved southeastward, followed by a north, then northeast motion. The storm reached its peak of 60 mph late in its life, just prior to being absorbed by a frontal boundary on the 15th.

Tropical Storm Alma

Enlarge picture
Satellite image
Alma satellite image and storm path
The tropical depression that became Tropical Storm Alma formed from an Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ) disturbance on August 12 over the southern tropical Atlantic. It moved steadily westward, reaching a peak of 65 mph on the way. It crossed the island of Trinidad, the southernmost track of a Trinidad hit since 1933. On August 15, as it moved into northern Venezuela, and the high mountain tops destroyed the circulation.

Hurricane Becky

Enlarge picture
Satellite image
Becky satellite image and storm path
Hurricane Becky formed from an area of showers and thunderstorms on August 26, located to the southwest of Bermuda. It moved northeastward, where it reached its peak of 115 mph. As it approached unfavorable conditions, Becky fell apart, dissipating on September 2.

Hurricane Carmen

Enlarge picture
Satellite image
Enlarge picture
Storm track
Carmen radar image and storm path
Main article: Hurricane Carmen
Hurricane Carmen developed from a tropical wave on August 29, located 180 miles east of Guadeloupe. It intensified at a steady rate, reaching tropical storm strength on the 30th and a hurricane on the 31st. As it approached Mexico, it strengthened to a 150 mph major hurricane, and made landfall near Chetumal as a Category 4 hurricane. A weakened Carmen moved through the Gulf, again reaching 150 mph winds prior to its southern Louisiana landfall on September 7, again as a Category 4 storm.

Tropical Storm Dolly

Enlarge picture
Satellite image
Dolly satellite image and storm path
Dolly developed from a cloud system over the central north Atlantic on September 2. The next day it became a tropical storm, but as the storm moved quickly to the northeast, it encountered cool, dry air, dissipating on the 5th.

Tropical Storm Elaine

Enlarge picture
Satellite image
Elaine satellite image and storm path
The tropical depression that became Tropical Storm Elaine formed from a tropical wave on September 4 about 600 miles east of the Lesser Antilles. The depression moved northwestward for 5 days without strengthening, but on the 9th it moved under a favorable upper-level anticyclone, letting the depression strengthen to tropical storm strength. Elaine reached her peak of 70 mph under these favorable conditions, but as they became unfavorable, Elaine weakened, becoming extratropical on the 14th.

Hurricane Fifi

Enlarge picture
Satellite image
Enlarge picture
Storm track
Fifi satellite image and storm path
Main article: Hurricane Fifi
Hurricane Fifi formed from a tropical wave in the eastern Caribbean Sea on September 14. As it moved westward to the Central American coast, its winds strengthened to 105 mph. It moved north of the coast of Honduras, but warm moist air from the Caribbean and the eastern Pacific caused massive flooding. It hit Belize on the 19th, crossed Central America and Mexico, and re-emerged as Tropical Storm Orlene as part of the 1974 Pacific hurricane season.

Fifi caused an estimated 8,000 deaths.

Hurricane Gertrude

Enlarge picture
Satellite image
Gertrude satellite image and storm path
Hurricane Gertrude developed from an Intertropical Convergence Zone disturbance on September 28, located east of the Lesser Antilles. As it approached the islands, it rapidly strengthened to a tropical storm late on the 28th, and to a hurricane six hours later. Prior to reaching the islands, the convection was sheared from the center, leaving behind a minimal tropical storm as it passed through the Lesser Antilles on October 2. The system dissipated on the 4th over the southeastern Caribbean Sea.

Subtropical Storm Four

The subtropical depression that became Subtropical Storm Four developed from a stationary cold front on October 4 near the east coast of Cuba. It moved northwestward, strengthening to subtropical storm force winds, and brushing the east coast of Florida. The storm moved out to sea, merging with a cold front on the 9th after becoming extratropical on the 8th.

Accumulated Cyclone Energy (ACE) Rating

ACE (104kt2) – Storm:
125.6Carmen71.29Dolly
214.4Becky80.000Subtrop 1
39.67Fifi90.000Subtrop 2
44.41Gertrude100.000Subtrop 3
54.03Elaine110.000Subtrop 4
61.53Alma   !colspan=6| Total= 60.9 (61)
The table on the right shows the ACE for each storm in the season. The ACE is, broadly speaking, a measure of the power of the hurricane multiplied by the length of time it existed for, so hurricanes that lasted a long time have higher ACEs.

Storm names

The following names were used for named storms (tropical storms and hurricanes) that formed in the North Atlantic in 1974. Names that were not assigned are marked in gray.

  • Hester (unused)
  • Ivy (unused)
  • Justine (unused)
  • Kathy (unused)
  • Linda (unused)
  • Marsha (unused)
  • Nelly (unused)
  • Olga (unused)
  • Pearl (unused)
  • Roxanne (unused)
  • Sabrina (unused)
  • Thelma (unused)
  • Viola (unused)
  • Wilma (unused)

Retirement

The names Carmen and Fifi were later retired.

See also

External links

Tropical cyclones of the 1974 Atlantic hurricane season
1
2
3
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
4
Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale
TDTS12345
1970-79 Atlantic hurricane seasons
Previous: 1969 | 1970s: 1970 | 1971 | 1972 | 1973 | 1974 | 1975 | 1976 | 1977 | 1978 | 1979 | Next: 1980
June 1 is the 1st day of the year (2nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 0 days remaining.

Events

  • 193 - Roman Emperor Didius Julianus assassinated.

..... Click the link for more information.
19th century - 20th century - 21st century
1940s  1950s  1960s  - 1970s -  1980s  1990s  2000s
1971 1972 1973 - 1974 - 1975 1976 1977

Year 1974 (MCMLXXIV
..... Click the link for more information.
November 30 is the 1st day of the year (2nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 0 days remaining.

Events


..... Click the link for more information.
19th century - 20th century - 21st century
1940s  1950s  1960s  - 1970s -  1980s  1990s  2000s
1971 1972 1973 - 1974 - 1975 1976 1977

Year 1974 (MCMLXXIV
..... Click the link for more information.
tropical cyclone is a meteorological term for a storm system characterized by a low pressure system center and thunderstorms that produces strong wind and flooding rain. A tropical cyclone feeds on the heat released when moist air rises and the water vapor it contains condenses.
..... Click the link for more information.
Atlantic Ocean is the second-largest of the world's oceanic divisions; with a total area of about 106.4 million square kilometres (41.1 million square miles), it covers approximately one-fifth of the Earth's surface.
..... Click the link for more information.
subtropical cyclone is a weather system that has some characteristics of a tropical cyclone and some characteristics of an extratropical cyclone. As early as the 1950s, meteorologists were unclear whether they should be characterized as tropical cyclones or extratropical cyclones.
..... Click the link for more information.
Hurricane Carmen

Category 4 hurricane (SSHS)

Radar image of Hurricane Carmen at landfall in the Yucatan Peninsula.

Formed August 29, 1974
Dissipated September 10, 1974
Highest
winds

..... Click the link for more information.
Yucatán Peninsula, in Southeastern Mexico, separates the Caribbean Sea from the Gulf of Mexico. The peninsula lies east of the Isthmus of Tehuantepec, a northwestern geographic partition separating the region of Central America from the rest of North America.
..... Click the link for more information.

..... Click the link for more information.
United States dollar
dólar estadounidense (Spanish)
dólar amerikanu (Tetum)
dólar americano

..... Click the link for more information.
Hurricane Fifi-Orlene

Category 2 hurricane (SSHS)

Satellite Picture of Fifi

Formed September 14, 1974
Dissipated October 10, 1974
Highest
winds


0 mph (0 km/h) (1-minute sustained)


..... Click the link for more information.
Motto
"Libre, Soberana e Independiente"   (Spanish)
"Free, Sovereign and Independent"
Anthem
Himno Nacional de Honduras
..... Click the link for more information.
The Gulf of Mexico is the ninth largest body of water in the world. It is an ocean basin largely surrounded by the North American continent and the island of Cuba. It is bounded on the northeast, north and northwest by the Gulf Coast of the United States, on the southwest and
..... Click the link for more information.
June 22 is the 1st day of the year (2nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 0 days remaining.

Events


..... Click the link for more information.
Editing of this page by unregistered or newly registered users is currently disabled due to vandalism.
If you are prevented from editing this page, and you wish to make a change, please discuss changes on the talk page, request unprotection, log in, or .
..... Click the link for more information.
Motto
"Forward, Upward, Onward Together"
Anthem
"March On, Bahamaland"
Royal anthem
"God Save the Queen"
..... Click the link for more information.
July 16 is the 1st day of the year (2nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 0 days remaining.

Events

  • 622 - The beginning of the Islamic calendar.

..... Click the link for more information.
August 10 is the 1st day of the year (2nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 0 days remaining.
..... Click the link for more information.
Cape Cod (or simply the Cape) is an arm-shaped peninsula nearly coextensive with Barnstable County, Massachusetts and forming the easternmost portion of the state of Massachusetts, in the Northeastern United States.
..... Click the link for more information.
Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ), also known as the Intertropical Front, Monsoon trough, Doldrums or the Equatorial Convergence Zone, is a belt of low pressure girdling Earth at the equator.
..... Click the link for more information.
Lêre).
  • 1806 - Santiago de Liniers re-takes the city of Buenos Aires after the first British invasion.
  • 1833 - Chicago was founded.
  • 1851 - Isaac Singer granted a patent for his sewing machine.
  • 1877 - Asaph Hall discovers Deimos.
    ..... Click the link for more information.
  • Trinidad (Spanish: "Trinity") is the largest and most populous of the 23 islands which make up the country of Trinidad and Tobago. Trinidad is the southernmost island in the Caribbean and lies just 11 km (7 miles) off the northeastern coast of Venezuela.
    ..... Click the link for more information.
    August 15 is the 1st day of the year (2nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 0 days remaining.

    Events

    • 778 - The Battle of Roncevaux Pass, in which Roland is killed.

    ..... Click the link for more information.
    Motto
    [2]
    Anthem
    Gloria al Bravo Pueblo   (Spanish)
    "Glory to the Brave People"
    ..... Click the link for more information.
    August 26 is the 1st day of the year (2nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 0 days remaining.

    Events

    • 55 BC - Julius Caesar invades Britain.

    ..... Click the link for more information.
    Motto
    "Quo Fata Ferunt"   (Latin)
    "Whither the Fates Carry [Us]"
    Anthem
    God Save the Queen (official)
    Hail to Bermuda (unofficial)
    ..... Click the link for more information.
    September 2 is the 1st day of the year (2nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 0 days remaining.

    Events


    ..... Click the link for more information.
    Hurricane Carmen

    Category 4 hurricane (SSHS)

    Radar image of Hurricane Carmen at landfall in the Yucatan Peninsula.

    Formed August 29, 1974
    Dissipated September 10, 1974
    Highest
    winds

    ..... Click the link for more information.
    August 29 is the 1st day of the year (2nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 0 days remaining.

    Events


    ..... Click the link for more information.


    This article is copied from an article on Wikipedia.org - the free encyclopedia created and edited by online user community. The text was not checked or edited by anyone on our staff. Although the vast majority of the wikipedia encyclopedia articles provide accurate and timely information please do not assume the accuracy of any particular article. This article is distributed under the terms of GNU Free Documentation License.