ABC World News Tonight

World News with Charles Gibson
Created byRoone Arledge
StarringCharles Gibson
(2006–present)
Elizabeth Vargas
(2006)
Bob Woodruff
(2006)
Peter Jennings
(1965–1967 and 1978–2005)
Max Robinson
(1978-1983)
Frank Reynolds
(1968-1970, 1978-1983)
Barbara Walters
(1976-1978)
Harry Reasoner
(1970-1978)
Howard K. Smith
(1969-1975)
Bob Young
(1967-1968)
Country of origin United States
No. of episodes15,563 (as of August 10, 2007)
Production
Running time30 minutes
Broadcast
Original channelABC
Original run1953 (as ABC Evening News), July 10, 1978 (as World News Tonight), July 19, 2006 (as World News) – present
External links
IMDb profile
TV.com summary
World News with Charles Gibson (previously known as World News Tonight and often abbreviated as WNT) is an American television news program. It is the ABC network's flagship news series, and the most watched network evening newscast in the country since February 5, 2007. Charles Gibson currently serves as anchor on its weekday telecasts. Weekend broadcasts of the show are titled World News Saturday and World News Sunday.

Early years, 1953-1978 (The ABC Evening News era)

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A 1965 advertisement for then-ABC affiliate KOVR in Sacramento, Calif. touting Peter Jennings as anchor of Peter Jennings with the News. The program ran for 15 minutes.
ABC first began a nightly newscast in fall 1953 with John Charles Daly as anchor of the then-15-minute ABC Evening News. Daly, who also hosted the CBS show What's My Line simultaneously, anchored the news until 1960 with multiple hosts and formats succeeding him. Anchors during the early 1960s included John Cameron Swayze (formerly of NBC), Howard K. Smith, Bill Lawrence, Bill Shadel, Fendall Winston Yerxa, Bill Sheehan and Edward P. Morgan. This lasted until 1962, when Ron Cochran was made full-time anchor, serving until 1964. Then, in 1965, a 26-year-old Canadian, Peter Jennings, was named anchor of Peter Jennings with the News. It was also during this time the program expanded from 15 to 30 minutes, some years after CBS and NBC had done so.

In 1967, the inexperienced Jennings left the anchor chair and was reassigned as an international correspondent for the news program. ABC News was hosted, in succession, by Bob Young (October 1967 to May 1968), Frank Reynolds (May 1968 to May 1969), and, eventually, Reynolds and Howard K. Smith (May 1969 to December 1970).

Harry Reasoner, formerly of CBS News and 60 Minutes, joined ABC in 1970 to co-anchor ABC Evening News with Smith, beginning in December, replacing Reynolds. In late 1976, after Smith stepped down into semi-retirement, Reasoner briefly assumed sole anchor responsibilities until his pairing in with Barbara Walters, the first female network anchor. Ratings for the nightly news broadcast declined shortly thereafter, possibly due in part to the lack of chemistry between Reasoner and Walters. Reasoner would eventually return to CBS and 60 Minutes, while Walters became a regular on the newsmagazine 20/20.

World News Tonight: The early years 1978-1983

Always the perennial third in the national ratings, ABC News president Roone Arledge reformatted the program, relaunching it as World News Tonight on July 10, 1978. Frank Reynolds, demoted when the network hired Reasoner, returned as lead anchor, reporting from Washington, D.C. Max Robinson, the first African American network news anchor, anchored national news from Chicago, and, also returning for a second stint, was Jennings, reporting international headlines from London. Occasional contributions included special reports by Barbara Walters and commentary by Howard K. Smith, who was easing into eventual retirement. The program’s distinct and easily identifiable theme was written by Bob Israel. Ratings slowly climbed to the point where World News Tonight eventually beat both NBC Nightly News and the CBS Evening News, marking the first time ever that ABC had the most popular network evening newscast.

"First News" strategy, 1960s-1980s

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Howard K. Smith anchored and provided commentaries for ABC's evening newscasts from 1969 through 1976.
Because ABC had nowhere near the number of affiliates as the other two major networks and, thus, especially in smaller markets, was often carried by a station primarily affiliated with another network, ABC chose to feed its evening newscast to its affiliates at 6 p.m. Eastern/5 p.m. Central, one half-hour ahead of CBS and NBC. Even in areas with three full-time affiliates, ABC stations often opted to broadcast the news at 6/5 in order to entice viewers by presenting the day's national and international news first, thus making it more likely that they would stay tuned to the station's local newscast immediately following (or a half hour afterward), instead of turning to CBS or NBC. In some markets, especially in the Eastern time zone, it was not unusual for the ABC affiliate to air its local newscast at 5:30, followed by the network news at 6, then syndicated sitcom reruns or game shows from 6:30 to 7:30 (or 8, after the Prime Time Access Rule went into effect in 1971).

As the youngest and least-viewed of the networks, ABC employed the strategy to get a foothold on the American public's consciousness, although stations were quite free to tape-delay the feed in order to run it against the other two networks, or, in some larger markets especially, at 7/6 p.m. Eventually, though, by the 1980s, when all markets obtained full-time ABC affiliates and the evening newscast began winning the ratings, the network discontinued the practice and started feeding World News Tonight to stations at the conventional time of 6:30/5:30.

World News Tonight with Peter Jennings: 1983-2005

In April 1983, Frank Reynolds became ill, leaving both Jennings and Robinson to co-anchor the broadcast until he planned to return; he never did and succumbed to bone cancer on July 20. A rotation of anchors hosted the program until August 9, 1983, when Peter Jennings became the sole anchor and senior editor of World News Tonight. In September 1984, the program was renamed World News Tonight with Peter Jennings in order to reflect its sole anchor and senior editor. Robinson left ABC News in 1984, after stints of hosting news briefs and anchoring weekend editions of World News Tonight; he died of AIDS in 1988.

With Jennings as lead anchor, World News Tonight was the most-watched national newscast from April 10, 1989 to 1997, but during the late 1990s and early 2000s, it has been in second place behind its main rival, NBC Nightly News.

On April 5, 2005 Jennings announced that he had been diagnosed with lung cancer and, as before, other ABC News anchors, mostly consisting of 20/20 co-anchor Elizabeth Vargas and Good Morning America co-anchor Charles Gibson, filled in for him. Jennings died of lung cancer on August 7, 2005, at his apartment in New York City at the age of 67.

The August 8, 2005 edition of the program was dedicated to Jennings' memory and four-decade career in news. His death then ended the era of the so-called Big Three anchors: Peter Jennings, Tom Brokaw, and Dan Rather. During his career, Jennings had reported from every major world capital and war zone, and from all 50 U.S. states, according to the network. The Jennings era was known for his ability to calmly portray events as they were happening. He was known for his coverage of many major world events.

Further information: Peter_Jennings#Leaving_the_chair

Elizabeth Vargas and Bob Woodruff'': January 2006-May 2006

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In 2006, World News Tonight debuted the new anchor team of Elizabeth Vargas and Bob Woodruff with new graphics and a new logo. This logo was used from January 2006-July 2006


On December 5, 2005, ABC announced Elizabeth Vargas and Bob Woodruff would be the new permanent co-anchors starting January 3, 2006, replacing Jennings. People in the news industry looked at the choice of Vargas and Woodruff by ABC News as the start of a new era in network television news.

The broadcast was produced live three times per day: the regular Eastern/Central Time zone live broadcast, plus separate broadcasts for the Mountain and Pacific time zones. In addition, a live webcast, World News Now, with a newsbrief and a preview of that evening's broadcast, was added. The webcast currently airs live at 3 p.m. ET on ABC News Now and ABCNews.com and can be viewed throughout the rest of the day after 4 p.m. Eastern.

On January 29, 2006, Bob Woodruff and his cameraman, Doug Vogt, were injured by a road-side bomb while riding in an Iraqi military convoy. Both underwent surgery at a U.S. military hospital in Balad (50 miles north of Baghdad). It was reported that both men suffered head injuries, even though they were both wearing body armor and helmets. Both men were evacuated to a U.S military hospital in Germany on January 30, 2006. Woodruff and Vogt were later transferred to Bethesda Naval Hospital in the U.S. for further treatment and released for outpatient treatment.

On February 10, 2006 ABC announced that Elizabeth Vargas was pregnant and due to give birth in late summer.

For about a month, Good Morning America co-hosts Charles Gibson and Diane Sawyer had taken turns co-anchoring the newscast with Elizabeth Vargas. From about March 2006 to May 2006, Elizabeth Vargas had been anchoring the broadcast alone, becoming the first de facto female evening news solo anchor. At the time, it was unknown what ABC News planned to do until Bob Woodruff returned to the anchor chair, which appeared to be nowhere in the near future, and when Vargas began her maternity leave. Rumors flew that Diane Sawyer wanted to become the sole anchor of WNT in order to beat Katie Couric's switch to the CBS anchor chair.[1] However, the New York Post's Cindy Adams reported that Charles Gibson would become Bob Woodruff's Temporary Permanent Replacement. [1].

Starting around March 2006, the West Coast editions of WNT were scaled back due to the fact that Elizabeth Vargas anchored the broadcast on her own at the time. [2]

Charles Gibson'': 2006-present

On May 23, 2006, Elizabeth Vargas announced her resignation from World News Tonight. Charles Gibson was then named sole anchor of the show, effective May 29, 2006, effectively replacing Vargas and her injured co-anchor Bob Woodruff.abcnews.com.go.com/WNT/story Vargas cited her doctors' recommendation to cut back her schedule considerably due to her maternity leave, and her wish to spend more time with her new baby. She has since returned to co-anchor 20/20 and ABC News specials, and has already substituted for Gibson on World News.

Bob Woodruff, although still recovering from his injuries, returned to WNT on February 28, 2007.[4]

While the 3 p.m. World News Now webcast remains, the West Coast editions have been scrapped. Gibson will continue to update the newscast as warranted for the other time zones, but the entire newscast will not be presented live, as was previously the case.

Some media analysts found the reasons for the change to be merely a cover for ABC News' real intentions to bring stability to its flagship news program that had been slipping in the ratings, and to attract some older viewers away from the CBS Evening News with interim anchor Bob Schieffer. [5] [6] Indeed, the advertising campaign focuses on Gibson's experience, calling Gibson "Your Trusted Source", similar to a campaign for Peter Jennings, "Trust is Earned", in the wake of the Killian documents scandal at CBS and Brian Williams' assumption of the NBC anchor chair. [7] Since being named permanent anchor, Gibson seems to be slowly closing the gap between his broadcast and NBC Nightly News.

On July 19, 2006, ABC News announced that World News Tonight would have it's name officially changed to World News With Charles Gibson.[8] The network chose to make the small name change in order to reflect the program's availability twenty-four hours a day through its webcast and through ABCNews.com.

In the 2007 February sweeps, World News with Charles Gibson achieved the number one spot in the Nielsen ratings for nightly news broadcasts, overtaking NBC Nightly News. This was ABC's first victory since the week Peter Jennings died in August 2005 and the first time since 1996.[9]

Starting in April 2007, Charles Gibson announced that Monday broadcasts of World News would be expanded editions allowing only one commercial interruption to feature extended special segments on global warming. Jon Banner is currently the show's executive producer.

ABC News' World News With Charles Gibson won the May sweeps period decisively over NBC Nightly News with Brian Williams, marking Gibson's second consecutive sweep win and widening his lead in the evening news race. It's the first time World News has won consecutive sweeps since 1996, the year ABC's Peter Jennings ceded the ratings crown to NBC's Tom Brokaw.

During May 2007, World News averaged 7.95 million total viewers, a 650,000-viewer margin over Nightly News, which averaged 7.3 million, according to Nielsen Media Research.

Weekends

U.S. Network Evening News   [ edit ]
ABCWorld News
CBSCBS Evening News
NBCNBC Nightly News


WNT expanded to six nights a week with World News Sunday on January 28, 1979 (eight and a half years after NBC began Sunday evening newscasts), and to a full seven days with the premiere of World News Saturday on January 5, 1985 (16 years after NBC). By comparison, CBS was already broadcasting news bulletins every evening of the week in the early 1950s.

These editions added the word "Tonight" in the mid-1990s, and in the mid-2000s, their respective names were shortened to simply World News Tonight to correspond with the weekday editions. However, the original names were restored on July 19, 2006 to go along with the weekday broadcast's name change, but the title card reads World News for both days.

Prior to 1979, the only network newscasts ABC stations broadcasted on weekends were 15-minute late-night updates on Saturdays and Sundays, seen on many affiliates in tandem with the local 11 p.m./10 p.m. Central newscasts, although some stations opted to tape delay them until immediately before sign-off time; rival CBS also offered a 15-minute Sunday night bulletin during the 1970s and 1980s. Due to declining affiliate interest because of low viewership, ABC discontinued the late-night weekend reports in 1991.

Also, starting in 1973, weeknight co-anchor Harry Reasoner hosted The Reasoner Report, a half-hour topical look at important stories (especially breaking developments in the Watergate scandal) in the vein of CBS' 60 Minutes, which Reasoner himself co-moderated on two different stints. Affiliates usually carried the program in the time slots where the main newscast aired on weeknights. The program ended in 1975.

Some former anchors of the weekend news include Sam Donaldson from the mid-1970s to 1988, Carole Simpson from 1988-2003, Elizabeth Vargas in the mid-1990s, Terry Moran from 2001-2005, and Bob Woodruff from 2003-2005. Currently, David Muir is the Saturday edition anchor and Dan Harris is the Sunday edition anchor.

During the fall months, the Saturday broadcast is usually pre-empted by ESPN on ABC's college football coverage.

International broadcasts

ABC News programming is shown for several hours a day on the 24-hour news network Orbit News in Europe and the Middle East. This includes ABC World News. Also in the Middle East it is also broadcast free to air on MBC 4. In the UK, the programme is shown at 1:30am on BBC News 24. BBC News 24 is frequently simulcast by BBC Two (and, less frequently, BBC One) at this time, meaning the programme is broadcast terrestrially throughout the UK. In Australia, WNT airs every morning at 10:30am AET on Sky News Australia. In New Zealand, WNT is shown every afternoon at 12:30pm on Sky News New Zealand. In Hong Kong, it is broadcast live on TVB Pearl daily at 7:30-8:00am Hong Kong time.

See also

References

Sources

External links

Roone Arledge (July 8, 1931 – December 5, 2002) was an American sports broadcasting pioneer who was chairman of ABC News from 1977 until his death, and a key part of the company's rise to competition with the two other main broadcasting stations, NBC and CBS, in the '60s,
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Charles "Charlie" Dewolf Gibson (born March 9, 1943) is anchor of "ABC World News with Charles Gibson," the ABC television network's flagship evening newscast. He became anchor on May 29,2006, when the program was known as "ABC World News Tonight.
..... Click the link for more information.
Elizabeth Vargas (born September 6, 1962 in Paterson, New Jersey) is a television journalist, currently co-anchor of ABC's television newsmagazine 20/20 and anchor of ABC News Specials.

Early years

Vargas was born to a Puerto Rican father, who was a Colonel in the U.S.
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Robert Warren "Bob" Woodruff (born August 18, 1961) is an American television journalist. Although his journalism career dates back to 1989, he is most widely known for briefly replacing Peter Jennings as co-anchor of ABC News' weekday news broadcast, World News Tonight in January
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Peter Charles Archibald Ewart Jennings, CM (July 29, 1938 – August 7, 2005) was a Canadian-American journalist and news anchor. He was the sole anchor of ABC's World News Tonight from 1983 until his death in 2005 of complications from lung cancer.
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Max Robinson (May 1, 1939 – December 20, 1988) was a television journalist and was the Chicago based co-anchor of ABC News "World News Tonight" from 1978-1983 in the United States, and is best known for being the first African American broadcast network news anchor in the
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Frank Reynolds (born East Chicago, Indiana, November 29, 1923; died July 20, 1983), was a well known American television journalist for ABC. He is best remembered as anchor of the ABC Evening News from 1968 to 1970 and later as Washington D.C.
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Barbara Jill Walters[1] (born September 25, 1929[2]) is an American journalist, writer and media personality who has been a regular fixture on morning television shows (Today and The View), an evening news magazine (20/20
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Harry Reasoner (April 17, 1923 – August 6, 1991) was an American journalist known for his inventive use of language as a television commentator.

Born in Dakota City, Iowa, Reasoner studied journalism at Stanford University and the University of Minnesota.
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Howard Kingsbury Smith (May 12, 1914 – February 15, 2002) was an American journalist, radio reporter, television anchorman and commentator, and one of the original Murrow boys.
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Bob Young was a television news journalist for ABC News. He served as the anchor of The ABC Evening News (now known as World News) from October 1967 to May 1968.
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Motto
"In God We Trust"   (since 1956)
"E Pluribus Unum"   ("From Many, One"; Latin, traditional)
Anthem
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August 10 is the 1st day of the year (2nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 0 days remaining.
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20th century - 21st century - 22nd century
1970s  1980s  1990s  - 2000s -  2010s  2020s  2030s
2004 2005 2006 - 2007 - 2008 2009 2010

2007 by topic:
News by month
Jan - Feb - Mar - Apr - May - Jun
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American Broadcasting Company (ABC)

Type Broadcast radio network and
television network
Country United States
Availability   
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19th century - 20th century - 21st century
1920s  1930s  1940s  - 1950s -  1960s  1970s  1980s
1950 1951 1952 - 1953 - 1954 1955 1956

Year 1953 (MCMLIII
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July 10 is the 1st day of the year (2nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 0 days remaining.

Events


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19th century - 20th century - 21st century
1940s  1950s  1960s  - 1970s -  1980s  1990s  2000s
1975 1976 1977 - 1978 - 1979 1980 1981

Year 1978 (MCMLXXVIII
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    correction needed (July 20; July 17 in the Eastern Church)
  • Saint Rufina, virgin, martyr [Metz, France]
  • Saint Dios, the Venerable

References

1. ^ *Holweck, F. G. A Biographical Dictionary of the Saint. St. Louis, MO: B.

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20th century - 21st century - 22nd century
1970s  1980s  1990s  - 2000s -  2010s  2020s  2030s
2003 2004 2005 - 2006 - 2007 2008 2009

2006 by topic:
News by month
Jan - Feb - Mar - Apr - May - Jun
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Motto
"In God We Trust"   (since 1956)
"E Pluribus Unum"   ("From Many, One"; Latin, traditional)
Anthem
..... Click the link for more information.
American Broadcasting Company (ABC)

Type Broadcast radio network and
television network
Country United States
Availability   
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February 5 is the 1st day of the year (2nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 0 days remaining.

Events


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20th century - 21st century - 22nd century
1970s  1980s  1990s  - 2000s -  2010s  2020s  2030s
2004 2005 2006 - 2007 - 2008 2009 2010

2007 by topic:
News by month
Jan - Feb - Mar - Apr - May - Jun
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Charles "Charlie" Dewolf Gibson (born March 9, 1943) is anchor of "ABC World News with Charles Gibson," the ABC television network's flagship evening newscast. He became anchor on May 29,2006, when the program was known as "ABC World News Tonight.
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-1953- 1954 1955 1956  1957 .  1958 .  1959 .  1960  . 1961  . 1962  . 1963 

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John Charles Daly (full given name John Charles Patrick Croghan Daly, generally known as John Daly, February 20, 1914 – February 24, 1991), a native of Johannesburg, South Africa, was a journalist, game show host, radio personality, actor, and author.
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CBS Broadcasting, Inc. (CBS)

Type Broadcast radio network and
television network
Country  United States
Availability    National; also available in  Canada,  Mexico, and the Caribbean
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What's My Line? is a weekly panel game show originally produced by Mark Goodson and Bill Todman for CBS television. The series debuted on Thursday, February 2, 1950 at 8:00 p.m. EST and aired on alternating weeks.
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-1960- 1961 1962 1963  1964 .  1965 .  1966 .  1967  . 1968  . 1969  . 1970 

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