Adamastor

For the warship, see Adamastor (warship).
Adamastor is a Greek-type mythological character invented by the Portuguese poet Luís de Camões in his epic poem Os Lusíadas (first printed in 1572), as a symbol of the forces of nature Portuguese navigators had to overcome during their discoveries. Camões gave his creation a history as one of the Gigantes of Greek mythology who had been spurned by Thetis, now appearing in the form of a threatening stormcloud to Vasco da Gama and threatening ruin to anyone hardy enough to pass the Cape and penetrate the Indian Ocean, which was Adamaster's domain. Adamastor became the Spirit of the Cape, a hideous phantom of unearthly pallor:
"Even as I spoke, an immense shape
Materialised in the night air,
Grotesque and enormous stature
With heavy jowls, and an unkempt beard
Scowling from shrunken, hollow eyes
Its complexion earthy and pale,
Its hair grizzled and matted with clay,
Its mouth coal black, teeth yellow with decay. —Camões, The Lusiads Canto V.


Adamastor represented the dangers Portuguese sailors faced when trying to round the Cape of Storms, henceforth called, in consequence of the resultant success in despite thereof, Cape of Good Hope.

Adamastor has figured in much poetry of the Cape. In The First Life of Adamastor, a novella by André Brink, the writer refashioned the Adamastor story from a 20th-century perspective.

A popular gathering place in Lisbon is also known by the name 'Adamastor' because of the large stone statue of the mythical figure which presides over the space, which is officially called the Miradouro de Santa Catarina. This vista point offers visitors some of the most breathtaking views of the Tagus river, the 25th of April Bridge and the Cristo Rei monument.

Adamastor is also mentioned in the opera L'africaine (1865)about Vasco da Gama by the composer Giacomo Meyerbeer. The slave Nelusko sings a song about Adamastor while he deliberatedly steers the ship into a storm and it sinks.

Etymology

The name Adamastor may have been made as:-
  • An inaccurate attempt at Greek for "Untamed" or "Untameable" (which would be correctly Adamastos).
  • An inaccurate attempt at Latin for "imitative rival of Adam" (which would correctly be Adamaster).

External links

Adamastor was a cruiser in the Portuguese navy. It was built in Italy using the revenue of a national subscription made after the British ultimatum to Portugal in 1890.
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Anthem
"A Portuguesa"


Capital
(and largest city) Lisbon5

Official languages Portuguese1
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Luís Vaz de Camões

Born: c.1524

Died: May 10 1580
Lisbon
Occupation: Writer
Genres: Poetry

Luís Vaz de Camões (pron. IPA /lu'iʃ vaʃ dɨ ka'mõĩʃ
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The epic is long, exalted narrative poetry, generally concerning a serious subject and details the heroic deeds and events important to a culture or nation.
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This article has been tagged since January 2007.
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Prince Henry, the Navigator
History of Portugal
series
  • Prehistoric Iberia
  • Roman Hispania, Lusitania and Gallaecia
  • Visigoths and Suevi
  • Moorish rule and Reconquista
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  • Leonese rule

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Gigantes (Γίγαντες; singular Gigas) or, commonly, Giants were a race of giants, children of Gaia or Gaea (the primordial Earth mother), who was fertilized by the blood of Uranus that resulted from his castration by Cronus.
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Greek mythology is the body of stories belonging to the Ancient Greeks concerning their gods and heroes, the nature of the world and the origins and significance of their own cult and ritual practices.
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Thetis (ancient Greek Θέτις) is a sea nymph, one of the fifty Nereids, daughters of "the ancient one of the seas," Nereus, and Doris (Hesiod, Theogony), a grand-daughter of Tethys.
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Dom Vasco da Gama, 1st Count of Vidigueira (IPA: ['vaʃku dɐ 'gɐmɐ]) (Sines or Vidigueira, Alentejo, Portugal, ca.
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Earth's oceans
(World Ocean)
  • Arctic Ocean
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  • Southern Ocean
This article is about the water body. For the Indian fusion music band, see Indian Ocean (band).

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Cape of Good Hope (Afrikaans: Kaap die Goeie Hoop, Dutch: Kaap de Goede Hoop, Portuguese: Cabo da Boa Esperança) is a rocky headland on the Atlantic coast of South Africa.
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Anthem
"A Portuguesa"


Capital
(and largest city) Lisbon5

Official languages Portuguese1
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Cape of Good Hope (Afrikaans: Kaap die Goeie Hoop, Dutch: Kaap de Goede Hoop, Portuguese: Cabo da Boa Esperança) is a rocky headland on the Atlantic coast of South Africa.
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South Africa

This article is part of the series:
Culture of South Africa

  • Art
  • Cinema
  • Cuisine
  • Languages
  • Literature
  • List of writers
  • List of poets

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André Philippus Brink (born on 29 May 1935 in Vrede) is a South African novelist. He writes in Afrikaans and English and is a Professor of English at the University of Cape Town.
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Tagus
Spanish: Tajo, Portuguese: Tejo


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25 de Abril Bridge (translation: 25th of April Bridge, in Portuguese: Ponte 25 de Abril, pron. IPA: ['põt(ɨ) 'vĩt(ɨ) 'sĩku dɨ ɐ'bɾiɫ]
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L'africaine (The African Woman) is a grand opera, the last work of the composer Giacomo Meyerbeer. The French libretto was written by Eugène Scribe. Meyerbeer's working title for the opera was 'Vasco da Gama', the hero.
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Giacomo Meyerbeer (September 5, 1791 – May 2, 1864) was a noted German-born opera composer, and the first great exponent of Grand Opera.

Biography

Meyerbeer was born to a Jewish family in Tasdorf, near Berlin, Germany with the name Jacob Liebmann Beer.
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Adam (Standard Hebrew אָדָם, masculine proper noun;[1][2][3] Arabic آدم) was the first man created by God according to Jewish, Christian and Islamic traditions.
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