Ahmet Necdet Sezer

Ahmet Necdet Sezer
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Ahmet Necdet Sezer

Prime MinisterBülent Ecevit, Abdullah Gül and Recep Tayyip Erdoğan
Preceded by
Succeeded by

SpouseSemra Sezer

Ahmet Necdet Sezer (born September 13, 1941 in Afyonkarahisar) was the tenth President of the Republic of Turkey. The Türkiye Büyük Millet Meclisi (the Grand National Assembly of Turkey) elected Sezer in 2000 after Süleyman Demirel's seven year term expired.

Early Life

After finishing Afyonkarahisar High School in 1958, he graduated from the Ankara University Faculty of Law in 1962 and began his career as a judge in Ankara. Following his military service at the Military Academy, he served first as a judge in Dicle and Yerköy, and later as a supervisory judge in the High Court of Appeals in Ankara. In 1978 he received LL.M. in civil law from the Faculty of Law in Ankara University .

Chief Justice

On 7 March 1983, he was elected as a member to the High Court of Appeals. As he was a member in the Second Chamber of Law, Sezer was recommended to the president by the plenary assembly of the High Court of Appeals among the three candidates for appointment as member of the Constitutional Court. On 27 September 1988, he was appointed by the president as member of the Constitutional Court. On 6 January 1998, Ahmet Necdet Sezer was elected chief justice of the Constitutional Court.

Presidency (2000 - 2007)



He was elected president in May 2000, becoming Turkey's first head of state to come from a judicial background. He was sworn in on May 16, 2000. His term was to expire on May 16, 2007, but because the Grand National Assembly of Turkey failed to elect a new president, he continued to serve until August 28, 2007 (the Constitution of Turkey states that a President's term of office is extended until a successor is elected).

On February 21, 2001, during a quarrel in a National Security Council meeting, he threw the constitutional code book to then prime minister Bülent Ecevit. According to some circles, this action was the main reason of the "Black Wednesday", a big economic crisis. On the other hand, many people claimed that the rapid reforms for the accession negotiations with the EU and the strong ties with IMF caused the "Black Wednesday".[1]

During his 7-year presidency term, he was a firm defender of secularist principles of the Republic of Turkey. Thus he did not see eye to eye with the ruling AKP on many issues. He openly stated, on many occasions, that the secular regime in Turkey was under threat but never gave any specific reasons.[2] He defended that Islam doesn't require women to wear headscarf, and women that do wear them only wear them for political reasons. Because of this reason, he excluded Lawmakers' wives (with headscarves) from the invitation list for official receptions at President's Palace.[3]

During his presidency he has pardoned 260 convicted felons, 202 of whom were captured leftist militants [4] [5] [6], using the legal power to pardon any convicted felons by his will. This type of pardon can be requested directly by the felon or the legal representative of the felon, but no political or court referral is necessary. While some organizations use this fact to criticize Sezer's presidency, they are generally not taking into account what Sezer had done to support the war on terrorism. One of his latest moves about the case was accepting the new harsh laws to punish the people who are connected to the terrorism.[7]

Personal Life

He is married to Semra Sezer and has three children. Known as a gentleman, a considerable number of the Turkish citizens like him because he acts like an ordinary citizen. For example, he is seen often shopping with local people in Ankara markets. Although his monthly electricity bill was paid by the state, he elected to pay that for the month that his son's wedding took place in his official residence in Çankaya.[8] He also ordered his drivers to not seek preferential treatment for him and wait in the red traffic lights instead. Finally, he returned half of his salary back to the Treasury.[9]

References

1. ^ IMF Stopped Central Bank From Giving Liquidity in 2001, said Erçel, <[1] (retrieved on 2007-08-30)
2. ^ Turk President Says Secular System in Danger, <[2] (retrieved on 2007-08-30)
3. ^ Turkey's Turmoil, <[3] (retrieved on 2007-08-30)
4. ^ List of Sezer Amnesty Recipients Terror-Based, <[4] (retrieved on 2007-09-04)
5. ^ Group Profile, DHKP/C, <[5] (retrieved on 2007-09-04)
6. ^ U.S. Warns of Rising Terror Threat to Westerners Throughout Turkey, <[6] (retrieved on 2007-09-04)
7. ^ Turkish President Signs Controversial Anti-terror Bill Subject to Court Review, <[7] (retrieved on 2007-08-30)
8. ^ Levent Sezer'e Mütevazi Düğün, <[8] (retrieved on 2007-08-30)
9. ^ Nevi Şahsına Münhasır Cumhurbaşkani, <[9] (retrieved on 2007-08-30)

External links

Political offices
Preceded by
Yekta Güngör Özden
President of the Constitutional Court of Turkey
1998–2000
Succeeded by
Mustafa Bumin
Preceded by
Süleyman Demirel
President of Turkey
2000–2007
Succeeded by
Abdullah Gül




Persondata
NAMESezer, Ahmet Necdet
ALTERNATIVE NAMES
SHORT DESCRIPTION10th President of the Republic of Turkey
DATE OF BIRTHSeptember 13 1941
PLACE OF BIRTHAfyonkarahisar, Turkey
DATE OF DEATH
PLACE OF DEATH
Mustafa Bülent Ecevit (b. May 28, 1925 in Istanbul– d. November 5, 2006 in Ankara) was a Turkish politician, poet, writer and journalist.

Personal life

Born in Ankara, Ecevit's father was Ahmet Fahri Ecevit who was born in Kastamonu and was a professor of forensic
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Turkey

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Afyonkarahisar is a city in western Turkey, the capital of Afyon Province. Afyon is in mountainous countryside inland from the Aegean coast, 250 km south-west of Ankara along the Akar River. Elevation 1,034 meters. Population (2000 census) 128,516.
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Motto
Yurtta Sulh, Cihanda Sulh
Peace at Home, Peace in the World
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İstiklâl Marşı
The Anthem of Independence
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Grand National Assembly of Turkey
Türkiye Büyük Millet Meclisi


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Speaker Köksal Toptan

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Sami Süleyman Gündoğdu Demirel (born November 1, 1924) is a Turkish politician who served as prime minister seven times and was the 9th President of Turkey.

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Demirel was born in İslamköy, a village in Isparta.
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Ankara University (Turkish Ankara Ãœniversitesi ) is a public university in Ankara, the capital city of Turkey. It was the first higher education institute founded in the Turkish Republic and is the oldest in Ankara.
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History

Ankara University, Law School, was founded as a part of legal revolution in Turkey by endavours of Mahmut Esat Bozkurt. The school was opened by Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, the founder of the Turkish Republic, on November 5, 1925.
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Ankara is the capital of Turkey and the country's second largest city after İstanbul. The city has a population (as of 2005) of 4,319,167 (Province 5,153,000), and a mean elevation of 850 m (2800 ft). It was formerly known as Angora.
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High Court of Appeals of Turkey (Turkish: Yargıtay) is the last instance for reviewing decisions and judgements given by courts of justice and which are not referred by law to other judicial authority.
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High Court of Appeals of Turkey (Turkish: Yargıtay) is the last instance for reviewing decisions and judgements given by courts of justice and which are not referred by law to other judicial authority.
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Turkey

This article is part of the series:
Politics of Turkey


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  • President (List)
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20th century - 21st century
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Grand National Assembly of Turkey
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Speaker Köksal Toptan

Members 550
Political groups Justice and Development Party
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