Amanitaceae

Amanitaceae

Amanita spissa
Scientific classification
Kingdom:Fungi
Division:Basidiomycota
Class:Homobasidiomycetes
Order:Agaricales
Family:Amanitaceae
Genera
Amanita
Limacella
Torrendia


Amanitaceae is a family of fungi or mushrooms. The family, also called commonly, the Amanita Family, is in order Agaricales, gilled mushrooms. The family consists primarily of the genus Amanita, but has also included the genus Limacella.

Mycological works show great divergence in their definitions of families and the up-to-date and authoritative Index fungorum classifies these fungi as part of Pluteaceae. For along time, they were placed in Agaricaceae.

The species are usually found in woodlands. They emerge from an egg-like structure formed by the universal veil.

This family contains several species that are valued for edibility and flavor and others that are deadly poison. More than half the cases of mushroom poisoning stem from members of this family. The most toxic members of this group have names that warn of the poisonous nature, but others, of varying degrees of toxicity, do not.

Some notable species in Amanitaceae

External links

Scientific classification or biological classification is a method by which biologists group and categorize species of organisms. Scientific classification also can be called scientific taxonomy, but should be distinguished from folk taxonomy, which lacks scientific basis.
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Eukarya
Whittaker & Margulis, 1978
(unranked) Opisthokonta

Kingdom: Fungi
(L., 1753) R.T. Moore, 1980[1]

Subkingdom/Phyla

Chytridiomycota
Blastocladiomycota

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Basidiomycota
R.T. Moore, 1980[1]

Subphyla/Classes

Pucciniomycotina
Ustilaginomycotina
Agaricomycotina
Incertae sedis (no phylum)
Wallemiomycetes
Entorrhizomycetes




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Agaricomycetes includes the so-called "true" mushrooms and a common name for this group of some 16,000 described species is the mushroom-forming fungi (53% of the described basidiomycetes).
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Agaricales, also known as gilled mushrooms (for their distinctive gills), or euagarics, contains some of the most familiar types of mushrooms. The order has about 4,000 identified species, or one quarter of all known homobasidiomycetes.
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Amanita
Pers.

Species
ca. 600, see List of Amanita species
Synonyms

Aspidella The genus Amanita contains about 600 species of agarics including some of the most toxic known mushrooms found worldwide.
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Limacella
Earle

Genus
See text.

Limacella is a genus of mushrooms. This group is often considered part of family Amanitaceae in order Agaricales. Some of the species have been classified as members of genus Lepiota.
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Torrendia is a genus of mushrooms (Fungi) classified either in family Amanitaceae or Pluteaceae.

Species

  • Torrendia arenaria
  • Torrendia grandis
  • Torendia pulchella

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family (Latin: familia, plural familiae) is a rank, or a taxon in that rank. Exact details of formal nomenclature depend on the Nomenclature Code which applies.
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Eukarya
Whittaker & Margulis, 1978
(unranked) Opisthokonta

Kingdom: Fungi
(L., 1753) R.T. Moore, 1980[1]

Subkingdom/Phyla

Chytridiomycota
Blastocladiomycota

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A Mushroom is the fleshy, spore-bearing fruiting body of fungus typically produced above ground on soil or on their food source. The standard for the name mushroom is the cultivated white button mushroom, Agaricus bisporus
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order (Latin: ordo, plural ordines) is a rank between class and family (termed a taxon at that rank). The superorder is a rank between class and order. Exact details of formal nomenclature depend on the Nomenclature Code which applies.
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Agaricales, also known as gilled mushrooms (for their distinctive gills), or euagarics, contains some of the most familiar types of mushrooms. The order has about 4,000 identified species, or one quarter of all known homobasidiomycetes.
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genus (plural: genera) is part of the Latinized name for an organism. It is a name which reflects the classification of the organism by grouping it with other closely similar organisms.
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Amanita
Pers.

Species
ca. 600, see List of Amanita species
Synonyms

Aspidella The genus Amanita contains about 600 species of agarics including some of the most toxic known mushrooms found worldwide.
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Limacella
Earle

Genus
See text.

Limacella is a genus of mushrooms. This group is often considered part of family Amanitaceae in order Agaricales. Some of the species have been classified as members of genus Lepiota.
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Pluteaceae

Genera
Chamaeota
Pluteus
Volvariella

Pluteaceae is a family of small to medium sized mushrooms which have free gill attachment and pink spores.
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Agaricaceae is a family of basidiomycete fungi and includes organisms previously known as Tulostomataceae and Lepiotaceae.

Genera Leucoagaricus and Leucocoprinus are varieties of fungus cultivated by ants in ant-fungus mutualism.
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Amanita

Species: A. caesarea

Binomial name
Amanita caesarea
(Scop.) Pers.
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A. muscaria

Binomial name
Amanita muscaria
(L.:Fr.) Hook.

Amanita muscaria (also known by the English-language common name fly agaric or Fly Amanita
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A. rubescens
''A. novinupta


Binomial name
Amanita rubescens
(Pers. ex Fr.) Gray

Caution: Blushers may be confused with other Amanita, which can be highly toxic.
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A. pantherina

Binomial name
Amanita pantherina
(DC. ex Fr.) Krombh.

The Panther cap (Amanita pantherina), also known as the False Blusher
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A. phalloides

Binomial name
Amanita phalloides
(Vaill. ex Fr.) Link

Amanita phalloides, commonly known as the death cap
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Amanita

Species: A. velosa

Binomial name
Amanita velosa
(Peck) Lloyd

Amanita velosa (also known as the
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The name destroying angel applies to several similar, closely related species of deadly all-white mushrooms in the genus Amanita. They are Amanita bisporigera and A. ocreata in eastern and western North America, and A. virosa in Europe.
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