Anti-Party Group

Communist Party
of the Soviet Union

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The Anti-Party Group was an epithet used by Nikita Khrushchev to describe Stalinist members of the Presidium of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. It was led by Vyacheslav Molotov, Lazar Kaganovich, Georgy Malenkov and joined by Dmitri Shepilov at the last minute after Kaganovich convinced him the group had a majority, and they attempted to depose Khrushchev as First Secretary of the Party in May 1957.

The Stalinists rejected both Khrushchev's liberalisation of Soviet society and his denunciation of the personality cult of Stalin and Stalin's crimes.

Many regarded Khruschev's attacks on Stalin, most famously in the Secret Speech delivered at the 20th Congress of the CPSU in 1956 as hypocritical as well as ideologically wrong, given Khrushchev's complete complicity in the Great Purge, and similar events as one of Stalin's favourites. They believed that Khrushchev's policy of peaceful coexistence would leave the Soviet Union open to attack. In addition, they feared for their careers and possibly their lives in the continuing de-Stalinisation of Soviet life.

The "Anti-Party Group" won a vote in the Presidium to replace Khrushchev as party leader with Premier Nikolai Bulganin. Khrushchev, with the backing of Defense Minister Georgy Zhukov, argued that only the Central Committee could remove him from office.

At an extraordinary session of the Central Committee held in late June, Khrushchev argued that his opponents were an anti-Party group and won a vote which reaffirmed his position as First Secretary and expelled Molotov, Kaganovich and Malenkov from the Secretariat and ultimately from the Communist Party itself. In 1958, Bulganin was forced to retire, with Khrushchev then becoming Premier as well as First Secretary.

The defeat of the Anti-Party Group marked a new departure in Soviet politics as it established the primacy of political maneuvering over the use of force. In the stormy meeting of the CPSU, Zhukov had come close to threatening the oppositionists with force (even as he denounced them for having the blood of Stalin's victims on their hands) but in fact there were no killings or even show trials following Khruschev's triumph. Instead, the members of the Anti-Party group were "retired", with some of them being given relatively unimportant positions (Kaganovich was made the director of a small potassium factory in the Urals, Molotov was made ambassador to Mongolia, Malenkov was made director of a hydroelectric plant in Kazakhstan and Shepilov was sent to Kirgizstan to head the Economics Institute of the local Academy of Sciences). They all lived mostly quiet lives from then on, with Molotov and Kaganovich becoming pensioners by 1962, Shepilov remaining on the sidelines even after being allowed to rejoin the CPSU in 1976, and Malenkov living the remainder of his life completely removed from politics.

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Communist Party of the Soviet Union (Russian: Коммунисти́ческая Па́ртия
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The History of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, which evolved out of the Bolshevik faction of the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party in 1912, can roughly be divided into the following periods; the early years of the Bolshevik Party in clandestinity and exile, the
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General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union
Became synonymous with leader of the party under Stalin.

Secretariat of the CPSU Central Committee
Leading body within the Central Committee. Headed by the General Secretary or First Secretary.
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The Congress of the CPSU was the gathering of the delegates of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union and its predecessors. During the history, the name was changed according to the then current name of the party.
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The Central Committee, abbreviated in Russian as ЦК, "Tseka", was the highest body of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU). Its full name was
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The Secretariat of the CPSU Central Committee was a key body within the Communist Party of the Soviet Union and was responsible for the central administration of the party as opposed to drafting government policy which was usually handled by the Politburo.
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The Organizational Bureau (Orgburo) of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union existed from 1919 to 1952, until the 19th Congress, when the Orgburo was abolished and its functions were transferred to the enlarged Secretariat.
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Party Control Committee (PCC) of the CPSU Central Committee (Russian: Komitet Partiynogo Kontrolya) was a supreme disciplinary organ within the hierarchy of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.
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Central Auditing Commission (CAC), (Russian: Центральная Контрольная Комиссия
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Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov (Russian: Влади́мир Ильи́ч Улья́нов
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Josef Vissarionovich Dzhugashvili (Georgian: იოსებ ბესარიონის ძე ჯუღაშვილი,
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Nikita Sergeyevich Khrushchev (Russian: , Nikita Sergeevič Khruščjov; IPA:
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Leonid Ilyich Brezhnev (Russian: , Leonid Il'ič Brežnev) December 19 1906 [O.S.
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Yuri Vladimirovich Andropov (Russian: Ю́рий Влади́мирович Андро́пов,
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Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev (Russian: ), surname more accurately romanized as Gorbachyov; (born 2 March 1931) is a Russian politician.
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Правда
Pravda


Front page of an issue
of Pravda. The headline
says: "Declaration by
the Soviet Leadership"
Type Daily newspaper
Format Broadsheet


Owner Communist Party
of the Soviet Union
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Komsomol (Комсомол) is a syllabic abbreviation word, from the Russian Kommunisticheskiy Soyuz Molodiozhi
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Nikita Sergeyevich Khrushchev (Russian: , Nikita Sergeevič Khruščjov; IPA:
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Communism
Basic concepts
Marxist philosophy
Class struggle
Proletarian internationalism
Communist party
Ideologies
Marxism  Leninism  Maoism
Trotskyism  Juche
Left  Council
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Communist Party of the Soviet Union (Russian: Коммунисти́ческая Па́ртия
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Vyacheslav Mikhailovich Molotov (Russian: Вячесла́в Миха́йлович Мо́лотов,
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Lazar Moiseyevich Kaganovich (Russian: Ла́зарь Моисе́евич Кагано́вич
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Georgy Maximilianovich Malenkov (Russian: Гео́ргий Максимилиа́нович
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Dmitri Trofimovich Shepilov (Russian: Дмитрий Трофимович Шепилов) (5 November [O.S.
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The General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (First Secretary in 1953-1966) was the title synonymous with leader of the Soviet Union after Vladimir Lenin's death in 1924.
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19th century - 20th century - 21st century
1920s  1930s  1940s  - 1950s -  1960s  1970s  1980s
1954 1955 1956 - 1957 - 1958 1959 1960

Year 1957 (MCMLVII
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cult of personality or personality cult arises when a country's leader uses mass media to create a larger-than-life public image through unquestioning flattery and praise. Cults of personality are often found in dictatorships but some can be found in some democracies as well.
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On the Personality Cult and its Consequences (Russian: О культе личности и его
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The 20th Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union was held during February 14—February 26 1956. It is known especially for Nikita Khrushchev's Secret Speech, which denounced the personality cult and dictatorship of Joseph Stalin.
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