Arab Filipino

Arab Filipino
Total population
Mindanao, Metro Manilaunknown
Regions with significant populations
Languages
Tagalog, Cebuano, English
Religions
Islam, Roman Catholicism, Orthodoxy
Related ethnic groups
Jews, Austronesians


Arab settlement in the Philippines is part of the story of immigration in the Philippines. The Philippines, a country with many vast communities of immigrants and foreigners (especially Americans and Chinese), has a notable Arab community. According to a recent survey, Arabs in the Philippines number about 22,000. Most Filipinos of Arab parentage live in Mindanao, and more recent immigrants are mostly entrepreneurs and settle in the city of Manila.

Language

They speak Tagalog, Cebuano, Ilonggo, Mindanao languages, English, while some speak Arabic.

History and present

In 1380, Karim ul’ Makhdum, the first Islamic missionary to reach the Sulu Archipelago, brought Islam to what is now the Philippines, first arriving in Jolo. Subsequent visits of Arab Muslim missionaries helped strengthen the Islamic faith in the Philippines, mostly in the south but as far north as Manila. Starting with the conquest of Malaysia by the Portuguese and Indonesia by the Dutch, the Philippines began to receive a number of Malaysian-Arab refugees including several Malaysian princes and displaced court advisors. Soon, vast sultanates were established overlapping the existing indigenous Filipino barangay (village) governing system and Indianized royalty. The two largest were the Sultanate of Maguindanao, which controlled loosely governed most of southern Mindanao and the Sultanate of Sulu, which included Basilan, Jolo, and parts of Borneo. Several other smaller but famous sultanates were also established such as the sultanate of Lanao in Mindanao and the sultanate of Cebu, which was later conquered by the Spanish in the 16th century. The ties between the sultanates in Mindanao remained economically and culturally close to Indonesia, Brunei, and Malaysia until the end of the 19th century when the sultanates were weakened by the Spanish and later the American militaries.

According to the Syrian Consulate in Makati, the first Orthodox Christians on the islands were Syrian and Lebanese merchants and sailors, who arrived in Manila after the city was opened to international trade.[1] Many of the Lebanese sailors married local women and their descendants have since become Philippine citizens, including the owners of a famous pizzeria in Manila.[1]

The first recent Arabs went to The Philippines as refugees from their war-torn nations, especially at the time of the civil war in Lebanon in the 1980s and the Gulf War in 1991. Other Arabs are entrepreneurs who want to set-up businesses.

Present-day Arab Filipino families include the Bediri (Tawi-Tawi), Abubakar (Sulu), Bajunaid (Maguindanao) and Samanoden (Lanao). (Samanudi, and not Samanoden, descended from Sudan. The Samanudis are in Cotabato and Lanao.)

Former ARMM Speaker Ismael "Pochong" Abubakar is descended from the Bediri from his mother side and Abubakar from his father side.

Former MSU Gensan Chancellor Moner Bajunaid is of Arab descent. (Bajunaid of Yemen from his father side and Masmudi of Tunisia from his mother side.)

Also of Arab descent in Mindanao are the following families:
  1. Cozbari (Syrian) of Lanao
  2. Shurafa (Palestinian) of Cotabato
  3. Bagis (Yemen) of Zamboanga
  4. Macmod (Yemen) of Cotabato and General Santos
  5. Palestinian wives of noted Islamic scholars from the Pasigan family of Maguindanao and Davao.


In the Visayas, the Caram and Zubiri (original surname is Zubairi) families of Iloilo, the Deen and Jureidini families from Cebu are of Arab descent. In Davao are the Nasser and Borghaily (Aburjaily) family. Mostly they are of Lebanese origin. The Ismael family of Manila are also of Lebanese descent, and Hemady street is named after one of their relatives (by marriage) who was of Palestinian origin. From Tuguegarao, Cagayan Valley are the Abrahams whose original family name was "Fakhri" (changed by the American authorities) who are blood relations of the Maronite Catholic Saint Charbel from Lebanon.

Some movie and TV celebrities are also of Arab descent. Among them are Dawn Zulueta (real name: Rachel Marie Salman Taleon; Palestinian),[3] Ana Roces (real name: Marinella Adad; Lebanese),[4] and Yasmien Kurdi (Lebanese).

See also

References

1. ^
2. ^ ~
3. ^ [1]
4. ^ [2]



Mindanao<nowiki />

Map of the Philippines showing the island groups of Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao

Geography <nowiki/>
Location South East Asia <nowiki />
Archipelago
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Metropolitan Manila

Regional center Manila
Population 11,289,368 [1] (2005)
– Density 17,751 per km
Area 636 km
Divisions
– Provinces —
– Cities 16
– Municipalities 1
– Barangays 1694
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Tagalog}}} 
Writing system: Latin (Filipino variant);
Historically written in Baybayin 
Official status
Official language of: Philippines (in the form of Filipino)
Regulated by: Komisyon sa Wikang Filipino (Commission on the Filipino language)
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Cebuano, also known as Sinugboanon, is an Austronesian language spoken in the Philippines by about 20,000,000 people (according to Ethnologue). It is a subgroup or member of Bisaya, Visayan and Binisayâ.
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Philippine English is the variety of English used in the Republic of the Philippines by the media and the vast majority of educated Filipinos. English is taught in schools as one of the two official languages of the country, the other being Filipino, the standardized dialect of
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Islam is one of the oldest organized religions to be established in the Philippines. Its origins in the country may be dated back to as early as the 14th century, with the arrival of Arab and Malay Muslim traders who converted some of the native inhabitants in the southwestern
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The Roman Catholic Church in the Philippines
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The Philippine Orthodox Church refers to the officially established Eastern Orthodox presence in the Philippines as a whole. Currently, it is divided into two :
  • the Exarchate of the Philippines, under the ,

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Filipinos | Overseas Filipinos
Indigenous groups
Bicolano Ibanag Ilocano Ivatan Kapampangan Moro Pangasinan Sambal Tagalog Visayan Tribal groups
Non-indigenous groups
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American settlement in the Philippines began during the Spanish period, when Americans came to the islands primarily to conduct business. They owned many businesses in trade and in the sugar industry.
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Mindanao<nowiki />

Map of the Philippines showing the island groups of Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao

Geography <nowiki/>
Location South East Asia <nowiki />
Archipelago
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An entrepreneur (a loanword from French introduced and first defined by the Irish economist Richard Cantillon) is a person who operates a new enterprise or venture and assumes some accountability for the inherent risks.
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City of Manila
Lungsod ng Maynila


Flag
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Nickname: The City of Our Affections, City by the Bay, Distinguished and Ever Loyal City
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Tagalog}}} 
Writing system: Latin (Filipino variant);
Historically written in Baybayin 
Official status
Official language of: Philippines (in the form of Filipino)
Regulated by: Komisyon sa Wikang Filipino (Commission on the Filipino language)
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Cebuano, also known as Sinugboanon, is an Austronesian language spoken in the Philippines by about 20,000,000 people (according to Ethnologue). It is a subgroup or member of Bisaya, Visayan and Binisayâ.
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Hiligaynon (or "Ilonggo") is an Austronesian language spoken in Western Visayas in the Philippines. Hiligaynon is concentrated in the provinces of Iloilo and Negros Occidental.
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Philippine English is the variety of English used in the Republic of the Philippines by the media and the vast majority of educated Filipinos. English is taught in schools as one of the two official languages of the country, the other being Filipino, the standardized dialect of
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Literary Arabic (اللغة العربية الفصحى
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1380 in other calendars
Gregorian calendar 1380
MCCCLXXX
Ab urbe condita 2133
Armenian calendar 829
ԹՎ ՊԻԹ
Bah' calendar -464 – -463
Buddhist calendar 1924
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Makhdum Karim (14th century) was an Arab trader known for having brought Islam to the Sulu Archipelago of the Philippines, in the year 1380. He constructed a mosque in Sulu, which is the oldest mosque of the region.
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Islam is one of the oldest organized religions to be established in the Philippines. Its origins in the country may be dated back to as early as the 14th century, with the arrival of Arab and Malay Muslim traders who converted some of the native inhabitants in the southwestern
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Sulu Archipelago is an island chain in the southwest Philippines. It is considered to be part of Moroland by the local independence movement. With the centers in Maimbung and Jolo, the whole of this archipelago, Palawan and coastal regions of the Zamboanga Peninsula and North
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Jolo
Native name: Sulu<nowiki />

Map of Sulu showing the location of Jolo

Geography <nowiki/>
Location South East Asia <nowiki />
Archipelago
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City of Manila
Lungsod ng Maynila


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Nickname: The City of Our Affections, City by the Bay, Distinguished and Ever Loyal City
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Sultan (Arabic: سلطان) is an Islamic title, with several historical meanings. Originally it was an Arabic language abstract noun meaning "strength", "authority", or "rulership", derived from the Arabic
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The Sultanate of Maguindanao was a Muslim Malay state that ruled parts of the island of Mindanao, in southern Philippines.

Its known historical influence stretches from the peninsula of Zamboanga to the bay of Sarangani.
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Sultanate of Sulu was a Muslim state that ruled over many of the islands of the Sulu Sea, in the southern Philippines. The sultanate was founded in 1450, but other sources place the date earlier.
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Syria

This article is part of the series:
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