Aspromonte

Aspromonte is a mountain massif in the province of Reggio Calabria (Calabria, southern Italy). The name means "sour mountains," so named by the farmers who found its steep terrain and rocky soil difficult to cultivate. It overlooks the Strait of Messina, being limited by the Ionian and Tyrrhenian Seas and by the Pietrace river. The highest peak is the Montalto (1,956 m). The constituing rocks are mostly gneiss, and mica schists, which form characteristic overlapping terraces. The massif is part of the Aspromonte National Park.

In the short coastal strip citrus fruits, vine and olives are grown, while at highe elevations the vegetation is composed mostly by oak and holm oak under the 1,000 m, and by pine, Sicilian fir and beech over it. Olive trees grow in abundance. Also, the rare bergamot, the lemony-yellow fruit used in perfumes and flavoring for Earl Grey tea, only grows in the southern Aspromonte.

Points of attraction include the Gambarie ski resort (1,311 m) and the sactuary of Madonna di Polsi, in the comune of San Luca. Part of the population has retained Greek culture and language (the so-called Griko language).

Giuseppe Garibaldi, landing here with 3,000 volunteers in his march towards Rome, was defeated and captured on August 29 1862 in the Battle of Aspromonte.

Coordinates:





Aspromonte John John Aspromonte, B 1951- Brooklyn NY. AKA Johnny A, Aspro. Musician: Eclectic, Vocalist, Guitarist, with an experimental style is rooted in Rock, Rhythm, Blues, POP, Swing and Country. aspromusic.com
Province of Reggio Calabria

Nation Italy
Region Calabria
Capital Reggio Calabria
Area 3,183 km
Population (2005) 565,866
Density 178
Comuni 97
Vehicle Registration RC
Postal Code
..... Click the link for more information.
Regione Calabria


Map highlighting the location of Calabria in Italy

Capital Catanzaro
President Agazio Loiero
(PDM-Union)
Provinces Catanzaro
Cosenza
Crotone
Reggio Calabria
Vibo Valentia
Comuni 409
..... Click the link for more information.
Anthem
Il Canto degli Italiani
(also known as Fratelli d'Italia)


..... Click the link for more information.
Strait of Messina is the narrow section of water between the eastern tip of Sicily and the southern tip of Calabria. At its narrowest point it measures 3.1 km (1.9 miles) in breadth, though near the town of Messina the breadth is more on the order of 5.1 km (3.2 miles).
..... Click the link for more information.
Ionian Sea (Greek Ιόνιο Πέλαγος (Ionio Pelagos), Italian Mare Ionio, Albanian Deti Jon (meaning "Our sea")) is an arm of the Mediterranean Sea, south of the Adriatic Sea.
..... Click the link for more information.
The Tyrrhenian Sea (Mar Tirreno in Italian) is part of the Mediterranean Sea off of the western coast of Italy.

It is bounded by Corsica and Sardinia (west) Liguria (north), Tuscany, Lazio, Campania, and Calabria (east), and Sicily (south).
..... Click the link for more information.
Gneiss (IPA: /ˈnʌɪs/) is a common and widely distributed type of rock formed by high-grade regional metamorphic processes from preexisting formations that were originally either igneous or sedimentary
..... Click the link for more information.
Mica may refer to:
  • Mica, a silicate mineral group
  • The biblical prophet Micah
  • The book of Micah in the Tanakh
  • Mica is a song by Danish indie rock band Mew.

..... Click the link for more information.
The schists form a group of medium-grade metamorphic rocks, chiefly notable for the preponderance of lamellar minerals such as micas, chlorite, talc, hornblende, graphite, and others.
..... Click the link for more information.
Citrus
L.

Species & major hybrids

Species
Citrus aurantifolia—Key lime
Citrus maxima—Pomelo
Citrus medica—Citron
Citrus reticulata—Mandarin & Tangerine

..... Click the link for more information.
vine is any plant of genus Vitis (the grape plants) or, by extension, any similar climbing or trailing plant. The word, derived from Latin vīnea, referred to the grape-bearing variety.
..... Click the link for more information.
O. europaea

Binomial name
Olea europaea
L.

The Olive (Olea europaea) is a species of small tree in the family Oleaceae, native to coastal areas of the eastern Mediterranean region, from
..... Click the link for more information.
Quercus
L.

Species

See List of Quercus species

The term oak can be used as part of the common name of any of several hundred species of trees and shrubs in the genus Quercus
..... Click the link for more information.
Q. ilex

Binomial name
Quercus ilex
L.

The Holm Oak (Quercus ilex), also called Holly Oak or Evergreen Oak, is a large evergreen oak native to the Mediterranean region.
..... Click the link for more information.
Pinus
L.

Subgenera
  • Subgenus Strobus
  • Subgenus Ducampopinus
  • Subgenus Pinus
See Pinus classification for complete taxonomy to species level.
..... Click the link for more information.
A. nebrodensis

Binomial name
Abies nebrodensis
(Lojac.) Mattei

Sicilian Fir (Abies nebrodensis) is a fir native to the Monti Nebrodi mountains in northern Sicily.
..... Click the link for more information.
Fagus
L.

Species

Fagus crenata - Japanese Beech
Fagus engleriana - Chinese Beech
Fagus grandifolia - American Beech
Fagus hayatae - Taiwan Beech
Fagus japonica - Japanese Blue Beech

..... Click the link for more information.
C. a. subsp. bergamia

Trinomial name
Citrus aurantium subsp. bergamia
(Risso) Wright & Arn.

The bergamot (Citrus bergamia
..... Click the link for more information.
In Italy, the comune, (plural comuni) is the basic administrative unit of both provinces and regions, and may be properly approximated in casual speech by the English word municipality.
..... Click the link for more information.
Country Italy
Region Calabria
Province Province of Reggio Calabria (RC)
Mayor

Area km
Population
 - Total (as of Dec.
..... Click the link for more information.
17,000,000
Regions with significant populations
 Greece [1]
 United States
 Cyprus
..... Click the link for more information.
Griko, sometimes spelled Grico, is a Modern Greek dialect which is spoken by people in the Magna Graecia region in southern Italy and Sicily, and it is otherwise known as the Grecanic language.
..... Click the link for more information.
Giuseppe Garibaldi (July 4, 1807 – June 2, 1882) was an Italian patriot and soldier of the Risorgimento. He is considered the Italian national hero. He personally led many of the military campaigns that brought about the formation of a unified Italy.
..... Click the link for more information.
Comune di Roma

Flag
Seal
Nickname: "The Eternal City"
Motto: "Senatus Populusque Romanus" (SPQR)   (Latin)
..... Click the link for more information.
August 29 is the 1st day of the year (2nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 0 days remaining.

Events


..... Click the link for more information.
19th century - 20th century
1830s  1840s  1850s  - 1860s -  1870s  1880s  1890s
1859 1860 1861 - 1862 - 1863 1864 1865

:
Subjects:     Archaeology - Architecture -
..... Click the link for more information.
Battle of Aspromonte, named for the mountain near Reggio Calabria in southern Italy and fought August 29 1862, is an inconclusive episode of the Italian unification process.
..... Click the link for more information.
geographic coordinate system enables every location on the earth to be specified by the three coordinates of a spherical coordinate system aligned with the spin axis of the Earth.
..... Click the link for more information.


This article is copied from an article on Wikipedia.org - the free encyclopedia created and edited by online user community. The text was not checked or edited by anyone on our staff. Although the vast majority of the wikipedia encyclopedia articles provide accurate and timely information please do not assume the accuracy of any particular article. This article is distributed under the terms of GNU Free Documentation License.