Australia national rugby union team

Australia
UnionAustralian Rugby Union
Nickname(s)Wallabies
Coach John Connolly
CaptainStirling Mortlock
Most capsGeorge Gregan (137)
Top scorerMichael Lynagh (911)
Most triesDavid Campese (64)
 
Team colours
First international
Australia 13 - 3 British Isles
(24 June, 1899)
Largest win
142 - 0
(25 October, 2003)
Worst defeat
61 - 22
(23 August, 1997)
World Cup
Appearances6 (First in 1987)
Best resultChampions, 1991, 1999
The Australian national rugby union team is the representative side of Australia in rugby union. The national team is nicknamed the "Wallabies" and competes annually with New Zealand and South Africa in the Tri-Nations Series, in which they also contest the Bledisloe Cup with New Zealand and the Mandela Challenge Plate with South Africa. As at October 15 2007, the Wallabies are ranked number 5 on the IRB World Rankings.[1]

The Wallabies have competed in all five of the Rugby World Cups that have thus far been staged.Australia and South Africa are the most successful teams in the competition's history. Australia have won the World Cup on two occasions, in 1991 against England, and in 1999 against France, and also lost in the final match in extra time to England in the 2003 competition.[2] The Wallabies are governed by the Australian Rugby Union (ARU). Seven former Australian players have been inducted into the International Rugby Hall of Fame.

History

Origins

Further information: History of rugby union
Further information: Rugby union in Australia


In 1883, the Southern Rugby Football Union (renamed the New South Wales Rugby Union in 1892)[3] toured New Zealand becoming the first team in the world to tour overseas. The New Zealand national team toured New South Wales in 1884 — defeating New South Wales in all three matches, and winning all nine matches on tour.[4]

The first tour by a British team took place in 1888. A British Isles team toured the Australian colonies and New Zealand, though no Test matches were played.[5] Although they had representatives from all four home nations, the players were drawn mainly from England and the Scottish borders.[3] The tour was not sanctioned by the Rugby Football Union as it was organised by entrepreneurs and thus contravened the union's strict regulations pertaining to professionalism.

In 1899 the first officially sanctioned British Isles team toured Australia. Four Tests were played between Australia and the British Isles (three in Sydney and one in Brisbane). Although all called "Australia", the teams were a representative of the colony in which the match was played. Accordingly the team wore the blue of New South Wales when playing in Sydney, and the maroon of Queensland when playing in Brisbane. The tourists won all their games except the first, which was played at the Sydney Cricket Ground and won 13–3 by Australia.[6]

Early 20th century

The first Test between Australia and New Zealand was played on 15 August, 1903 at the Sydney Cricket Ground. Despite Australia losing 22-3[7] this tour greatly increased the popularity of rugby and large crowds started attending grade matches in Sydney and Brisbane. New Zealand winger Billy Wallace scored 13 of their 22 points.

In 1907 the New South Wales Rugby League was formed and star player Dally Messenger left the Rugby union for the rival code.[8] The next year the first Australian team to tour the British Isles left Sydney under the name of 'Rabbits'.[9] The players thought this name derogatory and replaced it with 'Wallabies'.[10] The 1908 tour coincided with the London Olympic Games in which rugby union was a sport. The Australian team won the gold medal by defeating Cornwall, the English county champions representing Great Britain.[11] When the team returned home more than half of them joined professional rugby league clubs.[12]

Australia's last Test before World War I was against New Zealand in July 1914. The war had a very negative effect on rugby union in Australia. The sport's authorities decided it was unpatriotic to play rugby while thousands of young Australian men were being sent overseas to fight. This resulted in competitions all but closed down in New South Wales and Queensland. In Queensland regular competitions did not commence again until 1928. As a result players switched in to rugby league in large numbers.

During the 1920s the only representative team available for international opponents was the New South Wales Waratahs; all thirty-nine internationals played by them have been accorded Test status. In 1921 South Africa visited Australia and New Zealand for the first time — winning all three tests in Australia. The most famous Waratahs' team was the 1927/28 Waratahs who toured the United Kingdom, France and North America. They introduced a style of open, running rugby rarely seen before. They won 24 and drew two of their 31 official matches. When the selectors sat down to choose the immortal 1927/8 Waratahs, they picked no less than seven from the Drummoyne Rugby Club.

The re-emergence of The Queensland Rugby Union in 1928/9 immediately made a forceful impact on the performances of the Australian team, which that year defeated New Zealand in all 3 Tests for the first time. In 1931, the then Governor General of New Zealand, Lord Bledisloe donated a rugby trophy to foster sporting ties between Australia and New Zealand. Bearing his name, the Bledisloe Cup was established. The inaugural competition was won by New Zealand two games to one.

The Wallabies made their first tour to South Africa in 1933 for a four Test series, which was won by South Africa three games to one. Australia won the Bledisloe Cup for the first time in 1934. The tour of the 1939 Wallabies was cancelled as war was declared a day after the team arrived in England; two weeks later they returned home.

Post war

The first Test to following World War Two was played at Carisbrook, Dunedin between Australia and New Zealand in 1946, which New Zealand won 31–8. Australia did not win on the three match tour; beaten 20–0 by New Zealand Maori, and then losing 14–10 to the All Blacks the following week. The Wallabies embarked on a tour of the home nations throughout 1947/48. In the four Tests against the Home nations, the Australian try line was never crossed; with England and Wales being held scoreless. The successful tour fell short of an undefeated run when the Wallabies lost to France in their last match, in Paris. Players on the rise included Trevor Allan, Cyril Burke and Nicholas Shehadie.[13]

After returning from the successful European tour, the Wallabies hosted the New Zealand Maori in a three match series in 1949; both sides winning once, with one draw. In September of that year, the Wallabies played the All Blacks twice in New Zealand, losing the first at Athletic Park, but beating them at Eden Park in the second.[14] The British Isles toured Australia in 1950, and won both of the Tests against the Wallabies. The following year Australia fell to a three Test whitewash to the All Blacks. The Wallabies won in July 1952, defeating Fiji at the Sydney Cricket Ground — they then lost the second Test to Fiji by two points. Australia managed to beat the All Blacks at Lancaster Park after the Fijian series; however they lost the second Test.

In 1953 Australia toured South Africa for the second time and although they lost the series they were given a standing ovation after defeating South Africa 18-14 in the second Test at Newlands. Wallaby Captain John Solomon was carried off the field by two South African players. This was the first Springbok defeat for 15 years. In 1957-58 they became the only one of the southern hemisphere sides to have lose to all four Home nations in one tour. They also lost to France on the same tour.

1960s

The first match of the new decade was the win over Fiji at the SCG in the first match of a three Test series during 1961. This was followed by a second win, but Fiji grabbed a draw in the third Test. The Wallabies then headed to South Africa, where they lost to the Springboks in Port Elizabeth and Johannesburg. After returning home, they faced France at the SCG, who beat them 15–8.

In 1962, the Wallabies played the All Blacks five times and lost all but a 9-all draw at Athletic Park. After defeating England 18–9 in 1963 in Sydney, the Wallabies beat the Springboks in consecutive Tests in South Africa; the first team to do so since the 1896 British team.

Fewer tests were played throughout the mid-1960s, with the Wallabies only playing the a three Test series against All Blacks in 1964. They won the third Test after losing the first two. The following year Australia hosted the Springboks for two Tests, winning 18–11 and 12–8. This was their first ever series win over South Africa and first over a major nation since 1934.

The British Isles came the following year, defeating the Wallabies 11–8 at the SCG, before hammering them 31–0 in Brisbane. Australia left for Europe in that December where a 14–11 victory over Wales was followed by a slim 11–5 defeat of Scotland. The tour continued into the following year where Australia defeated England 23–11 before losing to Ireland 15–8 and France 20–14. Australia then hosted Ireland, who beat them again in Sydney. This was followed by a 20 point loss to the All Blacks. The following year, the Wallabies lost to the All Blacks by just one point, and defeated France by the same margin for their last win of the decade. After losing to Ireland and Scotland on tour, Australia hosted Wales who also defeated them.

1970s

Australia played Scotland in 1970 and won by 20 points. The 1971 South African tour of Australia took place the next season. Protests were held around Australia and in Queensland a state of emergency was issued in advance of one of the Tests. Australia toured France in November of that year; defeating France in Toulouse, but losing the second Test in Paris. France then visited Australia in June of 1972 and played a two Test series where they won one and drew one. The Wallabies then played three Test series against the All Blacks in New Zealand—losing all three. The Wallabies stopped over in Suva to play Fiji on their return, where they won their only Test of the year.

The following year the Wallabies hosted Tonga, and after winning the first Test, they lost 11–16 at Ballymore in their second. The Wallabies also had a short tour of the United Kingdom in November where they lost 24–0 to Wales, and 20–3 to England. In 1974, Australia hosted the All Blacks for a three Test series—losing two, but drawing in Brisbane.

In 1975 Australia defeated England in a two Test series at home. The Wallabies then played Japan for the first time; defeating them by 30 points in the first of two matches, and then winning 50 to 25 in the second. They then travelled to the Northern hemisphere for matches against Scotland and Wales where they were not able to score a try in either of their losses. The tour continued into 1976, and Australia lost to England at Twickenham, but were able to defeat the Ireland at Lansdowne Road. On their way home the Wallabies played one more match—in Los Angeles against the United States. Australia won 24–12. In June of that year, Australia hosted Fiji for a three Test series and won all three. The Wallabies finished the year with two Tests against France in France, but lost both of them. There were no Wallaby tests played in 1977.

Wales toured Australia in 1978, and Australia defeated them 18–8 at Ballymore, and then again by two points at the SCG. This was followed by a three match series with the All Blacks. Although New Zealand won the first two, Australia defeated them in the last Test at Eden Park with Greg Cornelsen scoring four tries. The following year Ireland visited Australia and defeated the Wallabies in two Tests. Following this Australia hosted the All Blacks for a single Test at the SCG which the Wallabies won 12–6. Australia then left for Argentina for two Tests. After going down 24–13 in the first, the Wallabies finished the decade by defeating Argentina 17–12 in Buenos Aires.

1980s

In 1980 Australia won the Bledisloe Cup for only the fourth time—defeating New Zealand 2–1 in a three match series in Australia. This was the start of a successful era for the Wallabies. In 1984 Australia toured the Home nations with a young side and new coach Alan Jones. The 1984 Wallabies became the first team from Australia to achieve a Grand Slam after defeating all four Home Nations; England, Ireland, Wales and Scotland as well as defeating a strong Barbarians side. The tour signalled the emergence of the Wallabies as a serious force on the world stage. Many records were established on the tour including; 100 points being scored in the four Tests—the highest amount scored by a touring team to the United Kingdom and Ireland, the first ever push-over try conceded by Wales in Cardiff, Mark Ella scoring a try in each match—a feat never before achieved.

In 1986 the Wallabies toured New Zealand in a three match series for the Bledisloe Cup. New Zealand rugby was in turmoil as an unofficial team named The Cavaliers that contained the bulk of the All Blacks players toured South Africa. On return those All Blacks who had toured with The Cavaliers were banned from selection for the first Bledisloe Test. Australia went on to win the first match by 13–12. The ban on players was lifted for the second Test which was played on 23 August 1986 at Carisbrook. New Zealand squared the series 1–1 by winning the match 13–12. The match included controversy when Welsh referee Derek Bevan disallowed a try by Wallabies number 8 Steve Tuynman. The final match was played on 6 September 1986 at Eden Park. Australia beat a full strength New Zealand team 22–9 to secure their first series win on New Zealand soil.

The Wallabies went into the inaugural Rugby World Cup in 1987 confident. However, the semi-final against France at Sydney's Concord Oval, was lost 30–26. Australia then lost the third-fourth playoff match against Wales. While the Wallabies' performances over the three years under coach Alan Jones were of a high standard, Jones had a polarising effect on the team with many players unhappy with his management style. Mark Ella, who retired after the 1984 stated he may not have retired had Jones not been coach. Notably, there were deep ructions between coach Alan Jones and influential half-back Nick Farr-Jones. Preceding to and during the 1987 World Cup Alan Jones increased his activities outside coaching the Wallabies; including radio broadcasting. Players have suggested that Jones was paying too much attention to these pursuits to the detriment of his coaching role. Following the World Cup Jones was removed as coach and Bob Dwyer—who had coached the Wallabies in 1982 and 1983—returned to coach in 1988.

In 1989 the British and Irish Lions toured Australia for the first time since 1966. After winning the first Test, Australia lost the second and third matches to lose the series 1–2. Bob Dwyer identified a lack of forward dominance as a major contributing factor to the loss and entered the 1990s with an aim to improve this facet of the Wallaby game.

1990s

The team regrouped and then went into the 1991 World Cup with a renewed attitude. In the pool games they beat Argentina, cruised to a 38–3 win over Wales, and beat Samoa 9–3 in a rain soaked game. During the quarter-final match against Ireland the Wallabies were never able to pull away from them. With seconds on the clock the Ireland were up 18–15 before Michael Lynagh scored in the corner to break defeat Ireland and qualified for the semi-final against New Zealand. In the first half they raced to a 13–3 lead and then showed they could defend as the All Blacks pounded their line. They faced England in the final at Twickenham. With the aid of a sledging campaign—a lot of it by David Campese—where the Australians fuelled claims they could not play a running game, England foolishly changed their game plan. It was unsuccessful and Australia battled out a 12–6 win. Victory parades were held back in Australia for the Wallabies.

The decade was one of the most important in the creation of the modern game. The Wallabies' defence of the World Cup in South Africa in 1995 opening with defeat to the home side. Pool play was followed by an exit in the quarter-final against England and the boot of Rob Andrew. This was Australia's worst ever World Cup result. The Tri-Nations and Super 12 tournaments were established that year, and started in 1996. This pushed the game into professionalism. In response to rugby's move to professionalism, the Rugby Union Players' Association of Australia (RUPA) was established in October 1995 to safeguard the interests of Australia's professional rugby players.

Greg Smith was national coach in 1996 and 1997 when Australia only won two of their eight Tri-Nations Tests—both over South Africa in Australia. Rod Macqueen was appointed as Smith's successor and in 1998 the Wallabies won both their Tests over the All Blacks to gain the Bledisloe Cup. They retained the Bledisloe in 1999 when they defeated the All Blacks by a record 28–7 in Sydney.

In the 1999 World Cup the Wallabies won their pool and conceded only 31 points before facing Wales in their quarter final. They won 24–9 before winning the semi-final 27–21 against defending champions South Africa. The semi-final was won after a memorable drop goal in extra time by fly-half Stephen Larkham (his first drop goal attempt in a Test match). The final against France at Millennium Stadium was easily won by 35–12; with the majority of points courtesy of fullback and goalkicker Matt Burke.

New millennium

Enlarge picture
A line-out during Ireland against Australia in 2006.
In 2000 Australia retained the Bledisloe Cup, and won the Tri Nations for the first time. They repeated this in 2001 and also achieved their first ever series win over the British and Irish Lions. MacQueen, and captain John Eales both retired soon after this. They were replaced by coach Eddie Jones and captain George Gregan. This period also saw big-money signings of top-level Rugby league players Mat Rogers, Wendell Sailor, and Lote Tuqiri—all of whom went on to represent the Wallabies. This was a contrast to much of the previous century where many Rugby union players were lured to league with large salaries.

After not retaining the Tri-Nations in 2002, and losing the Bledisloe Cup in 2003 Australia made a strong start to their 2003 World Cup campaign with a 24–8 win over Argentina, and two large victories over Namibia and Romania. They then narrowly defeated Ireland 17–16 and defeated Scotland 33–16 in their quarter-final. They claimed one of their greatest victories over New Zealand when they upset them in the semi-final winning 22–10, prompting George Gregan to taunt the New Zealanders with the words "Four more years boys, four more years".[15] They played England in a thrilling final and were finally defeated after England's Jonny Wilkinson kicked a drop goal in extra time.

In 2005 to celebrate the ten year anniversary of the professionalism of rugby union the Wallaby Team of the Decade was announced. John Eales being named captain by a selection panel of 30. Following the 2005 European tour, media outlets such as the Daily Telegraph called for the sacking of both Eddie Jones and George Gregan. Former coach Alan Jones also called for their sacking. The record of eight losses from their last nine Tests resulted in Jones being fired by the Australian Rugby Union.

John Connolly was named as the head-coach of Australia in early 2006. The Wallabies won both of two Tests against England in 2006, as well as a subsequent win over Ireland. Australia lost by 20 points in their opening Tri-Nations fixture against the All Blacks. They then defeated South Africa in Brisbane by 49–0. They won one of their remaining four matches of the tournament. Following defeat to England in the Quarter-Finals of the 2007 Rugby World Cup, Connolly announced he was resigning as head-coach.

Strip

Enlarge picture
The Australian nation rugby union team strip
The Wallabies play in Australia's traditional sporting colours of green and gold. Before there was a national jersey in place, the Wallabies would play in the jersey of the state the game was being held.[16] The Australian Coat of Arms would often replace the state logo on the jersey, a variety of these colours were used in a number of matches in the early 1900s.[16]

In 1928 governing bodies agreed that "the Australian amateur representative colours of green and yellow, should be adopted".[16] The following year the All Blacks came to Australia, and the jersey worn was emerald green with the Australian Coat of Arms; with green socks with bars on the top.[16] The jersey remained the same, with a few variations, mainly throughout the 1930s.[16] In 1961 a gold jersey was used for a South African tour (to prevent a clash with the South African colours), and the gold has remained ever since.[16]

The company's design for the Wallabies' 2007 World cup jersey is more controversial, and features a curved tan-coloured panel across the chest resembling the shape of a bra.[17] This led the Sydney Morning Herald's chief rugby correspondent to publish a satire in his column comparing it to Kramer and Frank Costanza's infamous man bra from Seinfeld.[18]

Wallabies

The nickname "Wallabies" is in reference to the wallaby—a marsupial that is widely distributed throughout Australia. The name has its origins during first United Kingdom and North America tour by the Australian team in 1908.[19] New Zealand had just completed a tour, and the English media dubbed their team the "All Blacks" in reference to their black attire.[19] It was suggested by the media that Australia should too have a nickname. Rabbits was apparently one of the names suggested, though this was turned down as they did not want the national team to represent an imported pest.[19] They opted for the native Wallaby instead.[19] At first it was only touring parties that were nicknamed the Wallabies; when Australia played domestically, they were referred to as internationals.[19] Today all Australian internationals are called Wallabies.

Record

Tri Nations

Enlarge picture
The Wallabies playing the All Blacks.
The Wallabies' only annual tournament is the Tri-Nations played against New Zealand and South Africa—it has been contested since 1996. They have won the competition twice, in 2000 and 2001. The Wallabies' greatest rivals are the All Blacks (New Zealand) with whom they have contested the Bledisloe Cup since 1932. The Bledisloe Cup is now contested during the Tri-Nations. The longest time the Wallabies have held the Bledisloe is five years; between 1998 to 2002.[20] The Mandela Challenge Plate is also contested between South Africa and Australia during the Tri Nations.

Nation Games Points Bonus
points
Table
points
Championships
played won drawn lost for against difference
New Zealand50350151364983+381231638
Australia502012910551140-95251072
South Africa501913010061292-28617952
Updated 21 July 2007

World Cup

Australia has appeared at every Rugby World Cup since the first tournament in 1987. The Wallabies are arguably the most successful nation at the World Cup, being one of two nations to have won the Webb Ellis Cup more than once, winning it twice; in 1991 and 1999 and have appeared in more finals than any other with three appearances. Australia co-hosted the 1987 event with New Zealand. They were grouped with England, the United States and Japan in Pool A. In their first ever World Cup match, Australia defeated England 19-6 at Concord Oval in Sydney. The Wallabies defeated their other pool opponents to finish the top of their group and advance to the quarter finals where they defeated Ireland 33-15. They were knocked out by France in the semi-finals, and then lost the third place match against Wales.

Being finalists of the 1987 tournament, the Wallabies automatically qualified for the 1991 World Cup in Europe. Australia again finished at the top of their pool, defeating Western Samoa, Wales and Argentina during the group stages. They met Ireland yet again in the quarter finals, defeating them by one point to go through to the semi-finals, where they defeated the All Blacks 18-6 to qualify for their first World Cup final. Australia defeated England 12-6 at Twickenham to become world champions. Australia were again automatically qualified for the 1995 World Cup in South Africa. Australia finished second in their pool, losing one game to hosts South Africa. They were then knocked out in the quarter finals by England.

The Wallabies finished at the top of their group at the 1999 World Cup in Wales, defeating Ireland, Romania and the United States during the group stages. After defeating hosts Wales in the quarter-finals, they defeated defending champions South Africa 27-21 to make it to the final. There they defeated France 35 to 12, becoming the first nation to win the World Cup more than once. Australia solely hosted the tournament in 2003, and went undefeated in Pool A, defeating Ireland, Argentina, Romania and Namibia. The Wallabies defeated Scotland in the quarter finals, and then the All Blacks in what was regarded as an upset in the semi-finals, to go to the final. England won the final after extra time with a Jonny Wilkinson drop goal.

The Wallabies again finished first in their group at the 2007 World Cup in France, after recording wins over Japan, Wales, Fiji and Canada. They were at the time the 2nd ranked team in the World, and the only team to have beaten the favourites New Zealand that year. However, they only progressed to the quarter finals where they were eliminated once again by England 12-10, largely thanks again to Jonny Wilkinson's successful attempts at penalties. The loss was widely regarded as an upset, especially as England had only finished 2nd in their pool and were ranked 7th, and equaled their worst finish at a world cup. Nevertheless, England advanced to the final where they were defeated by South Africa.

Overall

Australia have won 238 of their 459 matches played, a win record of 51.85%.[21] When the World Rankings were introduced by the IRB in 2003 Australia were ranked fourth. Since then, the highest ranking Australia has achieved is second, and the lowest is fifth[22], which is their current ranking as at October 15 2007.[1]

Australia contests a number of other trophies outside the Tri-Nations, Bledisloe Cup and World Cup. Since 1997 the winner of England-Australia encounters have been awarded the Cook Cup, and since 1999 the winner of Ireland-Australia Tests have won the Lansdowne Cup, with France since 1989, the Trophée des Bicentenaires is contested, and against Wales since 2007, the James Bevan Trophy is contested, and with Scotland since 1998, the Hopetoun Cup is awarded.

Their Test match record against all nations, updated to 08 October 2007, is as follows:[21]

Nation Games Won Lost Drawn Percentage of wins
17124170.59%
Barbarians963066.67%
British and Irish Lions20515025%
5500100%
352014157.14%
18152183.33%
361816250.00%
26188069.23%
9900100%
4400100%
1100100%
1100100%
1283882529.69%
New Zealand Māori[23]1686250%
Pacific Islanders1100100%
3300100%
4400100%
25187072.00%
622435138.71%
1100100%
431075%
6600100%
27179162.96%
Total4592382071451.85%

Players & Coaching Staff

Current squad

The squad for the mid-year Tests and the 2007 Tri-Nations:[24]

Coaching Staff

Head Coach - John Connolly
Defensive Coach - John Muggleton
Backs Coach - Scott Johnson
Forwards Coach - Michael Foley

Notable players

Seven former Wallabies have been inducted into the International Rugby Hall of Fame; David Campese, Ken Catchpole, John Eales, Mark Ella, Nick Farr-Jones, Tim Horan and Michael Lynagh.[25]

Individual records

Former captain George Gregan is Australia's, as well as the world's most capped player in the history of rugby with 139 Test caps, and also recently equalled the record for the most caps as captain with Will Carling, 59 caps. David Campese scored a record 64 Test tries in his career, and Michael Lynagh has scored the most career Test points with 911 points. The longest winning streak by Australia was produced in the early 1990s, and started at the 1991 World Cup in England, with three pool wins, and subsequent quarter-final and semi-final victories over Ireland and the All Blacks respectively. This was followed by the win over England in the final. The streak continued into the following year, for two matches against Scotland and the All Blacks, lasting in total, 10 games. Similarly, the Australian record for the losses in a row is also 10 games, which was sustained from a period from 1899 to 1907, including two British Isles tours, and losses to the All Blacks. The largest winning margin for the Wallabies was produced at the 2003 World Cup, in which they defeated Namibia 142 points to nil during the pool stages, the match is also the largest number of points scored by Australia. The largest loss, as well as the largest number of points scored against Australia, was by the then world champions South Africa, whom defeated Australia 66 points to 22 in 1997.

Home grounds

Enlarge picture
The opening match of the 2003 World Cup at Telstra Stadium.
The Wallabies play at a variety of stadiums around the country. Some of these include Subiaco Oval in Perth, Suncorp Stadium in Brisbane, Telstra Stadium in Sydney, and the MCG and Telstra Dome in Melbourne. A variety of venues were used around Australia for the 2003 Rugby World Cup matches. Some of the earlier stadiums that were traditionally used for Wallabies matches, included Sydney's Concord Oval and the Sydney Cricket Ground (SCG) and Sports Ground, as well as Ballymore and the Exhibition Ground in Brisbane. It was the SCG that hosted the first ever Australian international, against Great Britain, in 1899.

See also

Notes

1. ^ IRB World Rankings. irb.com. Retrieved on 2007-10-20.
2. ^ 1991 World Cup 1991. BBC Sport. Retrieved on 2007-05-21.
3. ^ Reason (1979), pg 46.
4. ^ in New South Wales. allblacks.com. Retrieved on 2007-07-25.
5. ^ Fagan, Sean. Rugby in the Colony of New South Wales. colonialrugby.com.au. Retrieved on 2007-07-25.
6. ^ 1899 – Australia. lionsrugby.com. Retrieved on 2007-07-25.
7. ^ 1st All Black Test: 45th All Black Game. allblacks.com. Retrieved on 2006-10-30.
8. ^ Australian rugby. bbc.co.uk. Retrieved on 2006-08-05.
9. ^ Reason (1979), pg 58.
10. ^ Fagan, Sean. Club Histories - New Speculations. Retrieved on 2007-07-25.
11. ^ Bill Mallon and Ian Buchanan (2000). The 1908 Olympic Games - Results for All Competitors in All Events, with Commentary. McFarland. ISBN 0-7864-0598-8. 
12. ^ Fagan, Sean. The Founding of Rugby League in Australia & New Zealand. rl1908.com. Retrieved on 2007-07-25.
13. ^ Sir Nicholas Shehadie AC OBE. rugby.com.au. Retrieved on 2007-05-22.
14. ^ 67th All Black Test: 362nd All Black Game. allblacks.com. Retrieved on 2006-09-08.
15. ^ "All set for World Cup semis", worldcupweb.com, 2003-11-14. Retrieved on 2006-11-15. 
16. ^ History of the Australian Jersey. rugby.com.au. Retrieved on 2007-08-14.
17. ^ The Wallabies New World Cup Jersey...ouch.... rucksandrolls.com (2007-06-25). Retrieved on 2007-07-26.
18. ^ Growden, Greg. "Just one big Boks of contradictions", rugbyheaven.smh.com.au, 2007-07-13. Retrieved on 2007-07-26. 
19. ^ A brief history. rugby.com.au. Retrieved on 2007-08-14.
20. ^ Australia New Zealand. rugbydata.com (2007-05-26). Retrieved on 2007-05-26.
21. ^ [http://www.rugbydata.com/australia/teamsplayed International Teams > Australia > Teams Played]. rugbydata.com (2007-05-26). Retrieved on 2007-05-26.
22. ^ Ranking archives can be found at the IRB website; www.irb.com
23. ^ Although the New Zealand Maori are not New Zealand's national representative team (see All Blacks) many Test nations award their players Test caps when playing them.
24. ^ "Gregan loses Wallabies captaincy", foxsports.com.au, 2007-05-21. Retrieved on 2007-05-25. 
25. ^ Gallagher, Brendan. "Joining the legends an added bonus for Wood", telegraph.co.uk, 2005-11-17. Retrieved on 2006-12-15. 

Bibliography

  • Fagan, Sean (2005). The Rugby Rebellion - The Divide of League and Union in Australasia. RL1908. ISBN 1-9036-5925-6. 
  • Hickie, Thomas (1993). They Ran With the Ball - How Rugby Football Began in Australia. Longman Cheshire. ISBN 0-582-91062-5. 
  • Howitt, Bob (2005). SANZAR Saga - Ten Years of Super 12 and Tri-Nations Rugby. Harper Collins Publishers. ISBN 1-86950-566-2. 
  • Reason, John; James, Carwyn (1979). The World of Rugby - A History of Rugby Union Football. British Broadcasting Corporation. ISBN 0-563-162280-5. 

External links

Player
PositionSuper 14 team
Adam Ashley-CooperCentre, WingBrumbies
Al BaxterPropWaratahs
Mark ChisholmLockBrumbies
Matt DunningPropWaratahs
Rocky ElsomFlankerWaratahs
Adam FreierHookerWaratahs
Mark GerrardFullback, WingBrumbies
Matt GiteauScrum-half, CentreWestern Force
George GreganScrum-halfBrumbies
Stephen HoilesFlankerBrumbies
James HorwillLockReds
Julian HuxleyFullbackBrumbies
Digby IoaneCentre, WingReds
Stephen LarkhamBrumbies
David LyonsNumber 8Waratahs
Hugh McMenimanLockReds
Drew MitchellFullbackWestern Force
Stephen MooreHookerReds
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Sam Norton-KnightWaratahs
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Nathan SharpeLockWestern Force
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Scott StaniforthWing, CentreWestern Force
George SmithFlankerBrumbies
Lote TuqiriWingWaratahs
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Preceded by
1987 - New Zealand
1995 - South Africa
World Champions
1991 (first title)
1999 (second title)
Succeeded by
1995 - South Africa
2003 - England
Preceded by
1999 - New Zealand
Tri Nations Series Champions
2000 (first title) - 2001 (second title)
Succeeded by
2002 - New Zealand


Australian Rugby Union

Founded 1949
IRB affiliation 1949
President Paul McLean
Men's coach John Connolly
Women's coach Steven Hamson
Official website
www.rugby.com.
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John "Knuckles" Connolly (26 June, 1951 in Brisbane) is a rugby union coach and the current head coach of the Wallabies. Connolly has in the past worked with the Queensland Reds, Stade Français, Swansea RFC as well as Bath Rugby.
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Stirling Mortlock

Mortlock kicks a successful conversion for the Brumbies
Full name Stirling Austin Mortlock
Date of birth
Place of birth Sydney
Height 191 cm m
Weight 105 kg kg
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A cap is an appearance for a select team, such as a school, county or international team in sports. The term dates from the practice in the United Kingdom of awarding a cap (meaning an item of headgear) to every player in an international match of Association Football; however, the
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George Gregan

Full name George Musarurwa Gregan
Date of birth
Place of birth Lusaka, Zambia
Height m
Weight 76 kg (0 lb) kg

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Michael Lynagh (born October 25, 1963) is an Australian rugby union footballer who was a fly-half.

Michael Lynagh represented Australia from 1984 to 1995, playing at both inside centre and fly half. Lynagh was capped 72 times for Australia, and was captain from 1993 to 1995.
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David Campese

Portrait of David Campese by Paul Newton
Full name David Ian Campese
Date of birth 1962-10-21
Place of birth Queanbeyan, Australia
Nickname Campo
Rugby union career
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British and Irish Lions

Unions Irish Rugby Football Union
Rugby Football Union
Scottish Rugby Union
Welsh Rugby Union
Nickname(s) Lions

Coach  Clive Woodward (2005 tour)

Captain
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June 24 is the 1st day of the year (2nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 0 days remaining.

Events

  • 972 - Battle of Cedynia, the first documented victory of Polish forces.

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18th century - 19th century - 20th century
1860s  1870s  1880s  - 1890s -  1900s  1910s  1920s
1896 1897 1898 - 1899 - 1900 1901 1902

:
Subjects:     Archaeology - Architecture -
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October 25 is the 1st day of the year (2nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 0 days remaining.

Events


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20th century - 21st century - 22nd century
1970s  1980s  1990s  - 2000s -  2010s  2020s  2030s
2000 2001 2002 - 2003 - 2004 2005 2006

2003 by topic:
News by month
Jan - Feb - Mar - Apr - May - Jun
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August 23 is the 1st day of the year (2nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 0 days remaining.

Events

  • 79 - Mount Vesuvius begins stirring, on the feast day of Vulcan, the Roman god of fire.

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20th century - 21st century
1960s  1970s  1980s  - 1990s -  2000s  2010s  2020s
1994 1995 1996 - 1997 - 1998 1999 2000

Year 1997 (MCMXCVII
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Host nation  Wales

No. of nations 20 (65 qualifying)
Champions  Australia
Runner-up  France
Matches played 41
Attendance 1750000
(42683 per match)
Top scorer Gonzalo Quesada (102) The
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Anthem
Advance Australia Fair [1]


Capital Canberra

Largest city Sydney
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New Zealand

Union New Zealand Rugby Football Union
Nickname(s) All Blacks

Coach Graham Henry

Captain Richie McCaw
Most caps Sean Fitzpatrick (92)
Top scorer
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South Africa

Union South African Rugby Union
Nickname(s) Springboks, Springbokke,
Amabokoboko

Coach Jake White

Captain John Smit
Most caps Percy Montgomery (94)
Top scorer
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The Tri Nations is an annual international rugby union series held between Australia's Wallabies, New Zealand's All Blacks and South Africa's Springboks. The series is played on a home-and-away basis.
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Rugby Union's Bledisloe Cup is contested between Australia's Wallabies and New Zealand's All Blacks. It is named for Lord Bledisloe, the Governor-General of New Zealand who donated the trophy in 1931. If the All Blacks and Wallabies play each other in a non-Tri Nations game (e.g.
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The Nelson Mandela Challenge Plate is a minor international rugby union tournament, contested between Australia and South Africa. It is named after South Africa's first post-apartheid president, Nelson Mandela.
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October 15 is the 1st day of the year (2nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 0 days remaining.

Events


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20th century - 21st century - 22nd century
1970s  1980s  1990s  - 2000s -  2010s  2020s  2030s
2004 2005 2006 - 2007 - 2008 2009 2010

2007 by topic:
News by month
Jan - Feb - Mar - Apr - May - Jun
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The IRB World Rankings is a ranking system for men's national teams in rugby union. The teams of the member nations of IRB (International Rugby Board), governing body, are ranked based on their game results with the most successful teams being ranked highest.
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England

Union Rugby Football Union
Ground Twickenham

Coach Brian Ashton

Captain Phil Vickery
Top scorer Jonny Wilkinson (967)[1]
Most tries Rory Underwood (49)

 

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Host nation  Wales

No. of nations 20 (65 qualifying)
Champions  Australia
Runner-up  France
Matches played 41
Attendance 1750000
(42683 per match)
Top scorer Gonzalo Quesada (102) The
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France

Union French Rugby Federation
Nickname(s) Les bleus/ Les tricolores/ XV de France
Ground Stade de France

Coach  Bernard Laporte

Captain Raphaël Ibañez[1]

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