Balhara

Balhara (Hindi:Balhaaaraa) is a gotra of Jats found in Haryana, Delhi, Punjab and Rajasthan in India. The Balhara gotra is found among the Jats in Sikhs and Hindus.

Origin

In Sanskrit, "Bal" means "strength" and "hara" means "the possessor". Thus, "Balhara" means "the possessor of strength". According to mythology, these people descended from Bhima of Mahabharata fame, who possessed a lot of strength. [1]

History

Balhara Jats were the rulers in Sindh from 8th to 10th century. This was the early period of Balhara Jat rulers in Sindh. Balharas ruled the area, which can be remembered as Bal Division. The area from Khambhat to Simari was under their rule and Manafir was their capital. Manafir was probably Mandore or Mandwagarh. It is likely that after Nagas it was ruled by Balharas. The rule transferred from Balharas to Mauryas to Pawars to Chauhans to Parihars to Rathores.[2]

Sir Henry Elliot has mentioned that after defeat of Jat Raja Sahasi Rai second, Raja Matta of Shivistan attacked Alore (the capital of Chach) with brother of Raja of Kannauj and his army. The Jat Raja Ranmal was the ruler of Kannauj at that time. He was famous as Rana. After that the other Jat rulers were eliminated except the Balharas. The Balharas were strong rulers from Khambhat to Sambhar. 'Koyala Patan' which is now known as 'Kolia', was a single city from Kolia to 'Kalindi Katkeri' spread over about 36 km in length. There used to be bricks of one cubit long and half cubit thick. There are seven tanks of Balharas, Banka tank in the name of Banka Balhara and Lalani tank in name of Lalaji. There is one village named Balhara in Sikar district of Rajasthan. The biggest village of Balhara jats is Baddi Bhau in Rohtak district of Haryana which was established by Baahu Balhara in 12th century A.D. after he shifted from village Neem Sarai of Balhara jats in South Delhi [3]

In 900 CE a King of this gotra was a powerful ruler in the Western Punjab. He has been greatly praised by historian Sulaiman Nadwi, who came to India as a trader. According to him this ruler was one of the four big rulers of world at that time in 857 CE. He was a friend of the Arabs and his army had a large number of elephants and camels. His country was called Kokan (Kaikan) 'near river Herat. [4]

According to Ram Swaroop Joon, a Jat author, the boundaries of this Kingdom extended from China to the Sea and his neighbors were the Takshak and Gujar kings. Their capital was Mankir.[5]

Notable Balharas

References

1. ^ Dr Mahendra Singh Arya, Dharmpal Singh Dudi, Kishan Singh Faujdar & Vijendra Singh Narwar: Adhunik Jat Itihasa (The modern history of Jats), Agra 1998
2. ^ Kishori Lal Faujdar: Rajasthan ke Madhyakalin Jatvans, Jat Samaj, Agra, June 2001
3. ^ Kishori Lal Faujdar: Rajasthan ke Madhyakalin Jatvans, Jat Samaj, Agra, June 2001
4. ^ Ram Swaroop Joon: History of Jats, India
5. ^ Ram Swaroop Joon: History of Jats, India

External links

Tribes and Clans of the Jat people
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AbusariaAcharaAgreAhlawatAjmeriaAndhakAntalAsiaghAtriAttariwallaAtwalAulakhBachakBahiaBainsBajwaBajyaBal • Balhara • BalyanBamrauliaBanaBargotiBarjati • Bassi • BeniwalBhadiaBhadiarBhaduBhalliBhalothiaBhambuBhanguBharhaichBhindBhukarBhullar • Boparai • BudaniaBudhwarBurdakButtarChadharChaharChaithaChauhanCheemaChhillarChilkaDabasDagurDahiyaDalalDara • Deo • DeolDeshwalDhakaDhaliwalDhankharDhariwalDhatarwalDhaulyaDhillonDhoatDhonchakDhootDhullDookyaDosanjhDudiDuhanDuhoonDullar • Duryka • FarswalGainaGandasGandharGarewalGarhwalGhangasGhasalGhumanGillGodaraGoraGoyatGrewalGulia • Gwala • Hala • Hans • Harika • Heer • HoodaHundalInaniaJaglanJajraJakharJanduJanmejaJanuJatranaJatri • Jauhal • JawandaJethooJewliaJhaalJhajhariaJhanjhar • Jhutti • JoonJohal • Jatana • KadianKajalaKakKakranKalerKalhanKaliramnaKalwaniaKangKarwasraKasaniyaKaswanKatewaKharbKharraKhatkarKhicharKhirwarKhojaKhoye MauryaKulhariKuntalMaanMadrakMahalMahilMahlaMaitlaMalhiMandiwalManesMaukhariMehriaMirdhaMoondMorNandalNauhwarNehraNijjarNitharwalPacharPaddaPannuPhogatPilaniaPuniPuniaPurewalRandhawaRanwaSaharanSahuSandhuSangwanSansi-SandhawaliaSanghaniaSehrawatShergillSheoranShokeenSialSidhuSikarwarSinsinwarSodhiSuhagSundaSuriaraTakharTakshakTararTevatiaThindTiwanaThenuaUppalUriaVanarVijayraniaVirkWararWaraich • Waseer •
Hindi}}} 
Writing system: Devanagari script 
Official status
Official language of:  India
 Fiji (as Hindustani)
Regulated by: Central Hindi Directorate (only in India)[1]
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Haryana (Hindi: हरियाणा, Punjabi: ਹਰਿਆਣਾ, IPA: [hərɪjaːɳaː]) is a state in north India.
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Coordinates: Delhi (Hindi: दिल्ली, Punjabi: ਦਿੱਲੀ, Urdu:
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Punjab pronunciation   (Punjabi: ਪੰ
header 1 header 2 header 3
row 1, cell 1 row 1, cell 2 row 1, cell 3

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Coordinates: Rājasthān (Devanāgarī: राजस्थान, IPA: [raːdʒəst̪ʰaːn]
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Spoken & written script of holy Guru Granth Sahib:
Written language of the Sri Guru Granth Sahib is: Gurmukhi, Sahiskriti and Sant Bhasha[19]
Spoken words: Punjabi, Bengali, Brij Bhasha and Persian[20]
Predominant spoken languages:
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Hindu ( pronunciation  , Devanagari: हिन्दु), as per modern definition, is an adherent of the philosophies and scriptures of Hinduism, and the
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Sanskrit}}}  | style="padding-left: 0.5em;" | Writing system: | colspan="2" style="padding-left: 0.5em;" | Devanāgarī and several other Brāhmī-based scripts  ! colspan="3" style="text-align: center; color: black; background-color: lawngreen;"|Official
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Bhima (Sanskrit: भीम, IAST: Bhīma) was the second of the Pandava brothers. He was son of Kunti by Vayu, but like the other brothers, he was acknowledged son by Pandu . He was distinguished from his brothers by his great stature and strength.
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Sindh (Sindhī: سنڌ, Urdū: سندھ) is one of the four provinces of Pakistan and historically is home to the Sindhis. Different cultural and ethnic groups also reside in Sindh including Urdu speaking people who migrated from India
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As a means of recording the passage of time, the 10th century was that century which lasted from 901 to 1000.

Overview

The tenth century is usually regarded as a low point in European history. In China it was also a period of political upheaval.
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BAL may stand for:
  • Baluchi language (ISO 639 alpha-3, bal)
  • Bangladesh Awami League
  • Basic assembly language, IBM
  • Batman Airport (IATA airport code: BAL) in Batman, Turkey
  • Blood-alcohol level
  • Brain Activity Level

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Coordinates: Khambhat pronunciation  , formerly known as Cambay
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Mandore is a town located 9 km north of Jodhpur city, in the Indian state of Rajasthan.

History

Mandore is an ancient town, and was the seat of the Mandorva branch of the Parihar (Pratihara) dynasty which ruled the region in the 6th century AD by King Nahar Rao Parihar.
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Nagas (Sanskrit:नाग) were a group who spread throughout India during the period of the epic Mahabharata. Anthropologist Gelek Lonbsang believes they have distant ancestry with East Asians based on their similar physical features.
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Maurya Empire (322–185 BCE), ruled by the Mauryan dynasty, was a geographically extensive and powerful political and military empire in ancient India.

Originating from the kingdom of Magadha in the Indo-Gangetic plains (modern Bihar and Bengal) in the eastern side of
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The Ponwar (also Panwar or Pawar) are a Maratha clan of that ruled the states of Chhatarpur, Dewas, Dhar, and Rajgarh in central India. They claimed the same descent as the Paramara clan of Rajputs, who ruled Malwa from the 9th to the 14th centuries.
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Chauhan (चौहान - Hindi, چوہان - Urdu) is a Kshatriya Rajput clan that ruled parts of Northern India in the Middle Ages. The Chauhan gotra is found among the Gujjars, Rajputs, Jats,Yadav and Dhangars.
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The Pratiharas (Hindi प्रतिहार pratihāra, also known as Parihars) was an Indian dynasty that ruled a large kingdom in northern India from the 6th to the 11th centuries.
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The Rathore or Rathor or Rathod (Hindi: राठौड, IAST:Rāṭhauḍ or Rāṭhaur
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The medieval city of Aror is the original homeplace of the Arora community in the Punjab region of South Asia. It was the ancient capital of Sindh, which is now in Sukkur, Pakistan.
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Coordinates: Kannauj (Hindi कन्नौज, Urdu: کنوج), also spelt Kanauj
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Coordinates: Khambhat pronunciation  , formerly known as Cambay
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Sambar may refer to:
  • Sambar Deer, a kind of deer
  • Sambar (dish), a lentil-based dish common in Tamil Nadu,South India and Sri Lanka
  • Sambhar, Rajasthan, a city and a municipality in the Indian state of Rajasthan.
  • Sambhar Salt Lake in the Indian state of Rajasthan.

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Coordinates: Sikar is a town in the state of Rajasthan in India. It is the administrative headquarters of Sikar District. Sikar is situated midway between Bikaner and Agra on National Highway number 11.
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Coordinates: Rājasthān (Devanāgarī: राजस्थान, IPA: [raːdʒəst̪ʰaːn]
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