Baltic nobility

The Baltic nobility in Latvia and Estonia has existed continuously since the medieval days of Teutonic Knight state. Most of the nobles were Baltic Germans of German origin. This nobility was a source of officers and other servants to Swedish kings in 16th and particularly 17th centuries, when Livonian lands belonged to them. Russian emperors used Baltic nobles in government.

They were organized in institution of nobility in Reval, and another for the duchy of Kurland, and yet one in Riga. Vyborg also had an institution to register rolls of nobles in accordance with Baltic models in 18th century. Most of the nobility was recalled by Hitler to Germany in late 1939, a few months prior to the annexation of Estonia and Latvia by Soviet Union in June 1940 . Although, nowadays it's possible to find the successors of the Baltic Nobility all around the world.

See also

External links

Teutonic Knights or Teutonic Order (Latin: Ordo domus Sanctæ Mariæ Theutonicorum Ierosolimitanorum, "Order of the German House of St. Mary in Jerusalem", German: Orden der Brüder vom Deutschen Haus St.
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The Baltic Germans (German: Deutsch-Balten, Deutschbalten; literally "German Balts") were mostly ethnically German inhabitants of the eastern shore of the Baltic Sea, which today forms the countries of Estonia and Latvia.
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Anthem
"Das Lied der Deutschen" (third stanza)
also called "Einigkeit und Recht und Freiheit"
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Motto
(Royal) "För Sverige - I tiden" 1
"For Sweden – With the Times" Â²

Anthem
Du gamla, Du fria
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Livonia (Livonian: Līvõmō, Latvian and Lithuanian: Livonija; Estonian: Liivimaa; Finnish: Liivinmaa; German and Swedish: Livland; Polish:
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City of Tallinn
Tallinn

Tallinn old town

Flag
Coat of arms
Location of Tallinn in Estonia
Coordinates:
Country Estonia
County
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Courland (Latvian: Kurzeme; German: Kurland; Latin: Curonia / Couronia; Lithuanian: Kuršas
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State Party  Latvia
Type Cultural
Criteria i, ii
Reference 852
Region Europe and North America

Inscription History
Inscription 1997   (Unknown Session)
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Выбор? (Russian)

A view of Vyborg from the castle tower
Coordinates
n/a
Coat of Arms Flag
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The Nazi-Soviet population transfers were a series of population transfers between 1939 and 1941 of tens of thousands of ethnic Germans and ethnic Russians in an agreement between Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union.
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19th century - 20th century - 21st century
1900s  1910s  1920s  - 1930s -  1940s  1950s  1960s
1936 1937 1938 - 1939 - 1940 1941 1942

Year 1939 (MCMXXXIX
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Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (abbreviated USSR, Russian: ; tr.
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Baltic Noble Corporations of Livonia, Estonia, Courland and Oesel (Ösel) were medieval fiefdoms formed by German nobles in the 13th century under vassalage to the Teutonic Knights and Denmark in modern Latvia and Estonia.
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The Baltic Germans (German: Deutsch-Balten, Deutschbalten; literally "German Balts") were mostly ethnically German inhabitants of the eastern shore of the Baltic Sea, which today forms the countries of Estonia and Latvia.
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