Baltimore and Ohio Chicago Terminal Railroad

Baltimore and Ohio Chicago Terminal Railroad
Reporting marksBOCT
LocaleChicago area
Track gaugeftin (1435 mm) (standard gauge)
HeadquartersChicago


The Baltimore and Ohio Chicago Terminal Railroad (AAR reporting marks BOCT) was a railroad in the Chicago area, giving various other companies access to Grand Central Station. It also served to connect those railroads for freight transfers, and it is now owned by CSX Transportation, the successor to the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad.

History

By 1886, the Wisconsin Central Railroad had formed a new railway company, called the Chicago and Great Western Railroad (C&GW) to build a new line from a connection with the WC at Forest Park into the city, and to construct the Grand Central Station, which opened in December of 1890.

In June 1887, a subsidiary of the Northern Pacific Railroad called the Chicago and Calumet Terminal Railway (C&CT) consolidated several terminal railroads in the Chicago area with lines running between the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway at McCook, Illinois to the south and south-east to Hammond, Indiana and a connection with the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad.

In March 1890, another subsidiary of the Northern Pacific Railroad bought the C&GW along with several other WC lines in the Chicago area, consolidated them all as the Chicago and Northern Pacific Railroad (C&NP). The next month, the WC had itself leased to the Northern Pacific. As they were both controlled by the same railroad, the C&NP and the C&CT were linked together with new construction and trackage rights.

The lease arrangement between the Wisconsin Central and the Northern Pacific worked until the Panic of 1893, when the WC was freed from the lease, and the C&NP was again placed under the control of the WC. Weakened by the prolonged economic downturn, the C&NP was bankrupt by October of 1893.

In July 1897, a new company called the Chicago Terminal Transfer Railroad (CTT) bought the C&NP from the Wisconsin Central. While the WC (and ancestor Soo Line Railroad) no longer had its own direct connection to the city, it continued to use the line to access Grand Central Station until 1899, and between 1912 and 1965. In May 1897, the Chicago Terminal Transfer merged the Chicago and Calument Terminal.

The Baltimore and Ohio Railroad began using Grand Central Station in 1892, when a connection between the CTT and the B&O at South Chicago. When the Pere Marquette Railroad was completed to Porter, Indiana in 1903, it also used the CTT into Grand Central Station.

On January 6, 1910 the Baltimore and Ohio Chicago Terminal Railroad was created to purchase the CTT at foreclosure, giving the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad control of the both the terminal railway system, as well as Grand Central Station.

Operations

The railroad was strategically located in Chicagoland; connections made at Forest Park and trackage rights allowed the Minneapolis, St. Paul and Sault Ste. Marie Railway (Soo Line) (who had bought out the Wisconsin Central) and the Chicago Great Western Railway access to Grand Central Station. The Pere Marquette Railroad and the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad (including its grand Capitol Limited) also used the B&OCT to access Grand Central Station.

References

reporting mark is an identification assigned by the Association of American Railroads (AAR) to rail carriers and other companies operating in North America.

Reporting mark standard practices


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City of Chicago

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Nickname: "The Windy City", "The Second City", "ChiTown", "Hog Butcher for the World", "City of the Big Shoulders", "The City That Works"
Motto: "Urbs in Horto
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1 foot =
SI units
0 m 0 mm
US customary / Imperial units
0 yd 0 in
A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes,
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1 inch =
SI units
010−3 m 0 mm
US customary / Imperial units
010−3 ft 010−3 yd


An inch (plural: inches; symbol or abbreviation: in or, sometimes,  
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1 millimetre =
SI units
010−3 m 0 cm
US customary / Imperial units
010−3 ft 010−3 in
The millimetre (American spelling: millimeter, symbol mm
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standard gauge of 1,435 mm (4 ft 8½ in), allowing inter-connectivity and the inter-operability of trains. Currently 60% of the world's railway lines are built to this gauge. It is also named Stephenson gauge after George Stephenson.
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City of Chicago

Flag
Seal
Nickname: "The Windy City", "The Second City", "ChiTown", "Hog Butcher for the World", "City of the Big Shoulders", "The City That Works"
Motto: "Urbs in Horto
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reporting mark is an identification assigned by the Association of American Railroads (AAR) to rail carriers and other companies operating in North America.

Reporting mark standard practices


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Rail transport is the transport of passengers and goods by means of wheeled vehicles specially designed to run along railways or railroads. Rail transport is part of the logistics chain, which facilitates the international trading and economic growth in most countries.
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City of Chicago

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Seal
Nickname: "The Windy City", "The Second City", "ChiTown", "Hog Butcher for the World", "City of the Big Shoulders", "The City That Works"
Motto: "Urbs in Horto
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Grand Central Station was a passenger railroad terminal in downtown Chicago, Illinois from 1890 to 1969. It was located at 201 W. Harrison Street in the south-western part of the Chicago Loop, the block bounded by between Harrison Street, Wells Street, Polk Street and the Chicago
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CSX Transportation

CSX system map
Reporting marks CSXT,B&O,C&O,SBD,L&N,NYC,RF&P and SCL
Locale Alabama, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Mississippi, North
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Baltimore and Ohio Railroad

1876 B&O map
Reporting marks BO
Locale New York City, New York via Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Baltimore, Maryland, and Washington, D.C. to Chicago, Illinois and St.
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18th century - 19th century - 20th century
1850s  1860s  1870s  - 1880s -  1890s  1900s  1910s
1883 1884 1885 - 1886 - 1887 1888 1889

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Subjects:     Archaeology - Architecture -
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There have been two Wisconsin Central railroads that ran through Wisconsin and neighboring states. The original Wisconsin Central Railway was established by an act of the Wisconsin State Legislature and incorporated in February 1871.
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Forest Park (formerly Harlem) is a village in Cook County, Illinois, United States. The population was 15,688 at the 2000 census. The Forest Park train stop on the CTA Blue Line is the line's western terminus, located on the Eisenhower Expressway at Desplaines Avenue.
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18th century - 19th century - 20th century
1860s  1870s  1880s  - 1890s -  1900s  1910s  1920s
1887 1888 1889 - 1890 - 1891 1892 1893

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Subjects:     Archaeology - Architecture -
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18th century - 19th century - 20th century
1850s  1860s  1870s  - 1880s -  1890s  1900s  1910s
1884 1885 1886 - 1887 - 1888 1889 1890

:
Subjects:     Archaeology - Architecture -
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Northern Pacific Railway

Reporting marks NP
Locale Ashland, Wisconsin and St. Paul, Minnesota to Seattle, Washington, Tacoma, Washington and Portland, Oregon
Dates of operation 1864 – 1970

Successor line Burlington Northern
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Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway

ATSF system (shown in blue) at the time of the BNSF merger.
Reporting marks ATSF
Locale Arizona, California, Colorado, Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Louisiana, Missouri, Nebraska, New Mexico, Oklahoma, and Texas
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McCook is a suburb of Chicago in Cook County, in the U.S. state of Illinois. As of the 2000 census, the village population was 254, which is the lowest population of all municipalities in the county.
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City of Hammond, Indiana

Flag
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Location in the state of Indiana
Coordinates:
Country United States
State Indiana
County Lake
Incorporated 1884
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geographically limited: the general perspective and/or specific examples represent a limited number of countries. If you can give a more global perspective to this article then please consider [ editing] it and sharing your knowledge.
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The Panic of 1893 was a serious decline in the economy of the United States that began in 1893 and was precipitated in part by a run on the gold supply. The Panic was the worst economic crisis to hit the nation in its history to that point.
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18th century - 19th century - 20th century
1860s  1870s  1880s  - 1890s -  1900s  1910s  1920s
1894 1895 1896 - 1897 - 1898 1899 1900

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Subjects:     Archaeology - Architecture -
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Soo Line Railroad

Map of the Soo Line Railroad. Red lines are former Soo trackage operated by CP Rail; dark blue lines are former Milwaukee Road trackage now operated by CP Rail; green lines are former Soo trackage spun off to the Wisconsin Central Railway and now part of
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18th century - 19th century - 20th century
1860s  1870s  1880s  - 1890s -  1900s  1910s  1920s
1894 1895 1896 - 1897 - 1898 1899 1900

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Baltimore and Ohio Railroad

1876 B&O map
Reporting marks BO
Locale New York City, New York via Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Baltimore, Maryland, and Washington, D.C. to Chicago, Illinois and St.
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18th century - 19th century - 20th century
1860s  1870s  1880s  - 1890s -  1900s  1910s  1920s
1889 1890 1891 - 1892 - 1893 1894 1895

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Subjects:     Archaeology - Architecture -
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