Barawa

Barawa or Brava (Somali: Baraawe; Arabic: المدينة ﺑﺮﺍﻭﻱ al-Madīnah Barāwi; Bravanese: Mwiini or Nti ya Mbalazi) is a port town in the south eastern coast of Somalia. The traditional inhabitants are the Bravanese people, who speak Bravanese, a Swahili dialect.

History

Brava was founded in the ninth century (900 A.D). It is believed that the first person to settle in Brava was a man from Oman (Bulush) Qara, supposedly with his family and court. He found the place as a type of equatorial bush, full of trees, branches and spread ramifications everywhere. Thereafter he ordered his servants (Supposedly the hired indigenous) to root out the trees, and created a spot suitable for human life. He then subsided there and named it 'Brava'.

In the 16th Century Brava was taken by the Portuguese. It later came under the control of the Turks.

In 1840, the Bardheere Jama’a, while looking for an outlet to the sea, attacked Barawa. The town was burned and the people appealed to the Sultan of Zanzibar for protection. However, in 1889, Barawa fell into the hands of the Italians when the Sultan of Zanzibar was forced to agree to the annexation of the Banadir ports to the Italian colonial administration of the Horn. Barawa resisted the Italians. It was only leased until 1905 when it was officially annexed by Italy, although this change did not really effect what happened to the local inhabitants.

Sheikh Uways al-Barawi organized his Ikhwaan and instigated the Banadir revolt, which was defeated in 1908. Sheikh Uways migrated to Biyoley to reorganize his Ikhwan but was killed in 1909. His successor Khalif Sheikh Faraj was also killed, though not until in 1925. However, the Uwaysiyya order, named after the martyr Sheikh Uways, emerged throughout southern Somalia and East Africa, establishing jama’as in the riverine region, which became strongholds of the educated elite and refuges for the disadvantaged.

From these Jama'as, many influential political leaders emerged to form modern Somali political parties. Abdulkadir Sakhawuddin, the founder of the Somali Youth Club (SYC), in 1943, was not only an Uwaysi leader but also the grandson of Sheikh Uways. Barawa was the stronghold of Hizbiya Digil-Mirifle (HDM) founded in 1947 and the party president Jeylani Sheikh Bin Sheikh later changed the name of the party to The Hizb al-Dastuur Mustaqil al-Somali (Somali Independent Constitutional Party, HDMS)as other political parties challenged the HDMS old name as representing a specific somali group rather than political view. In addition to Sheikh Uways, Baraawe could boast of notable Ulama in the fields of Islamic jurisprudence, Hadith, Tafsir and Sufi literature, among them Sheikh Nureini Sabiri, Sheikh Qassim al-Baraawi, Sheikh Ma'llim Nuri and a female poet-saint, Dada Masiti.

In 1950 Barawa had about 9,000 inhabitants.

Economy

Barawa was famous for traditional crafts, such as the weaving of the Aliindi or Kikoy cloth, and hats, Kofiya Barawi, worn by dignitaries even today, traditional sandals, shields and belts, furniture, and several types of cooking pots, still locally made including the clay horned stoves seen in the heyban pottery.

Barawa had a distinctive style of woodcarving and furniture making, such as the ‘Atiir “wedding bed,” the wambar (“wooden leather covered stools”) and the mihmil “Qur’an holder.” Gold and silver necklaces, bracelets and jewelry containers were produced, as were metal trunks, tea/coffee pots, iron beds, spears and arrows.

Barawa is also known for its own architectural style. Wider streets and larger windows are common. Barawa has many two story houses with bridges constructed over the streets so that women or the elderly could visit other houses without having to walk down into the street. shpururu champayi- a famous alloway has this kind of bridge on top of it.The town was divided into major quarters each with a main Masjid. Coral was transported by camel carts and burned to make lime for buildings, a wise use of traditional skills that was more economical than using imported cement.

References

External links

Coordinates:
Somalia

This article is part of the series:
Culture of Somalia

  • Islam in Somalia
  • Somali language
  • History of Somalia
  • Cinema of Somalia
  • Music of Somalia
  • Somali literature
  • Cuisine of Somalia
  • Economy of Somalia

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al-‘Arabiyyah in written Arabic (Kufic script):  
Pronunciation: /alˌʕa.raˈbij.ja/
Spoken in: Algeria, Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco, Oman,
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The Bravanese language, also known as Chimwiini or ChiMwini, is spoken by the Bravanese people, who are the traditional inhabitants of Barawa, or Brava, in Somalia. Bravanese is a dialect of Swahili.
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port is a facility for receiving ships and transferring cargo. They are usually situated at the edge of an ocean, sea, river, or lake. Ports often have cargo-handling equipment such as cranes (operated by longshoremen) and forklifts for use in loading/unloading of ships, which may
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Anthem
Soomaaliyeey Toosoow
Somalia, Wake Up


Capital
(and largest city) Mogadishu

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The Bravanese people are a distinct ethnic group within Somalia. As their name suggests, they are found only in the town of Barawa, or Brava, which until the 1970s was entirely inhabited by them.
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The Bravanese language, also known as Chimwiini or ChiMwini, is spoken by the Bravanese people, who are the traditional inhabitants of Barawa, or Brava, in Somalia. Bravanese is a dialect of Swahili.
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Swahili (also called Kiswahili; see below for derivation) is a Bantu language. It is the most widely spoken language of sub-Saharan Africa. Although only 5-10 million people speak it as their native language[1]
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Qara are a grouping of tribes currently resident in Oman. Members of this tribe crossed the Red Sea from present day Eritrea, in the first half of the sixth century, led by their legendary forebear Amr Hakli.
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Anthem
"A Portuguesa"


Capital
(and largest city) Lisbon5

Official languages Portuguese1
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Motto
Yurtta Sulh, Cihanda Sulh
Peace at Home, Peace in the World
Anthem
İstiklâl Marşı
The Anthem of Independence
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Zanzibar

Flag
Map of Zanzibar's main island
Zanzibar is part of Tanzania
Coordinates:
Country Tanzania
Islands Unguja and Pemba
Capital Zanzibar City
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Anthem
Il Canto degli Italiani
(also known as Fratelli d'Italia)


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Sheikh Uways Al-Barawi (1847-1909) was a Somali scholar credited with reviving Islam in 19th century East Africa. He was born in Barawe on the Benadir coast. His father was a minor religious teacher.
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The Muslim Brothers (Arabic: الإخوان المسلمون al-ikhwān al-muslimūn, full title "The Society of the Muslim Brothers
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East Africa or Eastern Africa is the easternmost region of the African continent, variably defined by geography or geopolitics. In the UN scheme of geographic regions, 19 territories constitute Eastern Africa:

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  • Ulama game, a variety of the Mesoamerican ballgame descended from an Aztec game ritual
  • Spot-bellied Eagle Owl, "ulama" in Sinhalese, a large bird of prey
  • Ulema, also known as "Ulama", a community of legal scholars of Islam and the Sharia

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Arabic
فقه
Transliteration
Fiqh
Translation
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Hadith (الحديث transliteration: al-ḥadīth
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A tafsir ( (Arabic: تفسير) tafsīr, Arabic "interpretation") is Qur'anic exegesis or commentary.
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Sufism is a mystic tradition within Islam that encompasses a diverse range of beliefs and practices dedicated to Divine love and the cultivation of the elements of the Divine within the individual human being.
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geographic coordinate system enables every location on the earth to be specified by the three coordinates of a spherical coordinate system aligned with the spin axis of the Earth.
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