Barbara of Celje

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Sigismund and Barbara of Celje at the Council of Constance.


Barbara of Celje (Slovenian Barbara Celjska; Hungarian Cillei Borbála) or Barbara of Cilli (c. 1390/139511 July 1451) was Holy Roman Empress. She received the sobriquet Messalina of Germany.

Barbara was the daughter of Herman II, Count of Celje, and his wife Anna, Countess of Schaunberg.

Both Barbara and her cousin and adopted sister Anna married ruling Kings whose recently deceased wives were sisters and relatives of the Celje family. Anna married Władysław, King of Poland and Lithuania in 1402 after the death of Jadwiga of Poland, while Barbara married Sigismund, King of Hungary in 1408 after the death of Mary of Hungary.[1] This marriage was to strengthen Sigismund's grip on the Hungarian throne, as through her father Barbara could trace her descent not only to the Slovenian rulers of Celje and the Kotromanic of Bosnia to the Nemanjic kings of Serbia and to King Stephen V of Hungary).

Sigismund, a younger son of Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor later succeded to the rule in Germany (1410), Bohemia (1419) and was crowned Holy Roman Emperor himself in 1433.

Barbara gave birth to a daughter, Elisabeth, Sigismund's only surviving issue and heiress, who married Albrecht of Habsburg, Archduke of Austria. Barbara lived to see her three grandchildren, Anna, Elisabeth and Ladislas. She is one of the ancestresses of modern European royal families, her blood flowing in the veins of most of today's dynasties.

Barbara's father Hermann II, as the father-in-law of both feuding Sigismund and Jagiello, played a crucial role in the 1410 pre-Battle of Tannenberg politics by helping prevent Sigismund, who was in alliance with the Teutonic Knights, to attack Jagiello. Jagiello and his Slavic Allies defeated Teutonic Knights who led the combatants provided by 22 western states, including the Pope.

Genetics

Barbara of Celje is a direct matrilineal ancestor of Nicholas II of Russia. Provided the genealogy is correct, this implies that she and all her matrilineal relatives were members of mitochondrial haplogroup Haplogroup T. This includes her many female-line descendants among European nobility.

Barbara's most maternal recorded ancestor is Adelheid von Alpeck who died in 1280, daughter of Witegow Von Alpeck.

Her great-great-great-great-great granddaughter was Anne of Denmark, the wife of James I of England and mother of Charles I of England, and of Elizabeth, Queen of Bohemia.

Preceded by
Anne of Świdnica
Holy Roman Empress
1433-1437
Succeeded by
Eleanor of Portugal
Preceded by
Elisabeth of Nuremberg
German Queen
1411-1437
Succeeded by
Elisabeth of Bohemia
Preceded by
Sofia of Bavaria
Queen consort of Bohemia
1419-1437
Succeeded by
Albrecht of Habsburg
Preceded by
Sigismund of Luxembourg
Queen consort of Hungary
1406–1437
Queen consort of Croatia
1406-1437
Preceded by
Agnes of Opole
Electress of Brandenburg
1411–1417
Succeeded by
Elisabeth of Bavaria-Landshut

External links

References

1. ^ Jadwiga and her sister Mary were the daughters of Louis I, King of Hungary and his wife Elisabeth Kotromanic, whose elder sister Katarina Kotromanic was the wife of Herman I, Count of Celje and mother of Herman II.
Slovenian/Slovene}}} 
Official status
Official language of: Slovenia, European Union
Regional or local official language in: Austria, Hungary, Italy
Regulated by: Slovenian Academy of Sciences and Arts
Language codes
ISO 639-1: sl
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Hungarian (magyar nyelv listen  ) is a Finno-Ugric language (more specifically an Ugric language) unrelated to most other languages in Europe.
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July 11 is the 1st day of the year (2nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 0 days remaining.

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Holy Roman Empress or Empress of the Holy Roman Empire is the title given to the consort of the Holy Roman Emperor. The elective dignity of Holy Roman Emperor was restricted to males only, therefore there was never a Holy Roman Empress regnant.
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Messalina can refer to
  • Valeria Messalina (c. 25-48 CE), often simply called "Messalina", Roman Empress as the third wife of Emperor Claudius
  • Statilia Messalina (c. 35-68 CE), Roman Empress as the third wife of Emperor Nero
  • 545 Messalina, a minor planet orbiting the Sun

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Hermann II (Slovenian: Herman II. Celjski; German: Hermann Graf von Cilli, Ortenburg und Seger) (c.
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Anna of Celje (1386 – May 21 1416), was Queen consort of Poland and grand duchess of Lithuania, 1402-1416 as second wife of King of Poland and Lithuania Władysław Jagiełło (reigned 1387-1434).
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14th century - 15th century - 16th century
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Saint Jadwiga (February 18, 1374 – July 17, 1399) was a Polish monarch who reigned from 1384 to 1399, and is venerated by the Roman Catholic Church as Saint Hedwig (Jadwiga) the Queen. She is the Patron Saint of queens, and of United Europe.
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Sigismund (14/15 February, 1368 – December 9, 1437, Hungarian name as King of Hungary: I. Zsigmond) was Holy Roman Emperor for 4 years from 1433 until 1437. He was also one of the longest ruling Kings of Hungary reigning for 50 years from 1387 to 1437.
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14th century - 15th century - 16th century
1370s  1380s  1390s  - 1400s -  1410s  1420s  1430s
1405 1406 1407 - 1408 - 1409 1410 1411

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Mary of Hungary (c. 1371 – 17 May 1395, Buda, Hungary) (in Hungarian and Slovakian: Mária, in Croatian Marija Anžuvinska), Queen of Hungary, Croatia, Rascia, etc.
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King Stephen V of Hungary (Hungarian: V. István, Slovak: Štefan V, Croatian: Stjepan VI.) (December 1239, Buda, Hungary – August 6 1272, Csepel Island, Hungary), was the son of Bela IV of Hungary, whom he succeeded in 1270.
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Charles IV (Czech: Karel IV., German: Karl IV, Hungarian: IV. Károly; 14 May 1316 – 29 November 1378), born Wenceslaus (Václav), of the House of Luxembourg, was Holy Roman Emperor from 1355 until his death.
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Holy Roman Emperor (German: Römischer Kaiser, Latin: Romanorum Imperator) was the elected monarch ruling over the Holy Roman Empire, a Central European state in existence during the Middle
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14th century - 15th century - 16th century
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Elisabeth (February 28 1409 – 25 December 1442) was the only daughter of Sigismund, Holy Roman Emperor, king of Bohemia and Hungary, by his second wife Barbara of Celje. Her father was the last Luxemburg on the Imperial Throne.
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Albert II of Habsburg (August 10, 1397 – October 27, 1439), was King of the Romans (ruler of Germany within the Holy Roman Empire) from 1438 until his death. He was also King of Bohemia and Hungary and, as Albert V, Duke of Austria

Biography


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Anne of Bohemia and Austria (1432 – 1462) was a Duchess of Luxembourg in her own right, and as consort, Landgravine of Thuringia and of Saxony.
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Archduchess Elisabeth of Austria (1435/36/possibly 1437 – 30 August 1505), (in Polish Elżbieta Rakuszanka, Hungarian: Erzsébet), was a Polish-Lithuanian queen.
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Ladislaus the Posthumous (February 22, 1440, Komarno, Hungary, now in Slovakia – November 23, 1457, Prague, now in the Czech Republic) ruled Bohemia as Ladislav I, Hungary as László V (and Croatia as Ladislav IV), and Austria as Duke Ladislaus.
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Hermann II (Slovenian: Herman II. Celjski; German: Hermann Graf von Cilli, Ortenburg und Seger) (c.
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Sigismund (variants: Sigmund, ) is a German proper name, meaning "protection through victory", from Old High German sigu "victory" + munt "hand, protection". Tacitus Latinises it Segimundus.
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Jogaila, or Władysław II Jagiełło[1] (c. 1362–1434), was a Grand Duke of Lithuania and King of Poland. He ruled in Lithuania from 1377, at first with his uncle, Kęstutis.
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14th century - 15th century - 16th century
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Battle of Grunwald (or 1st Battle of Tannenberg) took place on July 15 1410 with the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania ranged against the Knights of the Teutonic Order.
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Sigismund (variants: Sigmund, ) is a German proper name, meaning "protection through victory", from Old High German sigu "victory" + munt "hand, protection". Tacitus Latinises it Segimundus.
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