Battle of Brody (1941)

Battle of Brody (1941)
Part of World War II
DateJune 26, 1941 - June 30, 1941
LocationBrody, Ukraine
ResultGerman victory
Combatants
Germany Soviet Union
Commanders
Paul Ludwig Ewald von Kleist Colonel-General Mikhail Kirponos
Strength
600 Tanks1,000 Tanks
Casualties
HeavyAll Soviet Tanks Destroyed


The Battle of Brody was a major tank battle fought between the 1st Panzer Army and 5 Soviet Mechanized Corps in Ukraine. Although the Russians fought well and inflicted heavy losses on the Germans, the Germans outmaneuvered the Soviets and destroyed their tanks. This was among the fiercest battles in the opening phase of Operation Barbarossa and remained the largest tank battle of World War II until the Battle of Kursk which took place two years later.

Prelude

Army Group South was deployed in Southern Poland and Romania. Commanded by Field Marshal Gerd von Rundstedt. Army Group South had 6th and 17th Army in Poland and 11th Army in Romania. Its armored force was the 1st Panzer Army led by Kleist. The infantry armies had 33 divisions and the Panzers had 5 armored and 3 motorized divisions. Supporting the Germans were several Romanian, Italian and Slovakian forces.

Opposing the Germans in the South was the Soviet Southwestern Front. In the south the Soviets had the 5th Army, 6th Army, 12th Army and 26th Army with 27 rifle and cavalry divisions, 12 Tank and 6 motorized divisions. The other Soviet front in the South was the Southern Front. It had the 9th Army and the 18th Army with a total of 17 rifle and cavalry divisions, 6 Tank divisions, and 3 motorized divisions.

The left wing of the Army Group South was made up of the 17th, 6th and 1st Panzer Army. Opposite stood the Soviet 5th, 6th and 26th Armies. The German 6th and 17th Armies struck at the junction between the Soviet 5th, 6th and 26th Armies, the 1st Panzer Army drove its armored spearhead of 600 Tanks straight through the Soviet 6th Army towards the town of Brody.

The Battle

On June 26, five Soviet Mechanized Corps, consisting of the 4th, 8th, 9th, 15th and 19th divisions and with over 1,000 Tanks mounted massive counterattacks from the north and south. The aim was to cut through the flanks of 1st Panzer Army and meet near Dubno. The battle between the 1st Panzer Army and the Soviet Mechanized Corps was the fiercest of the whole invasion, lasting full 4 days. The Russians fought furiously and crews of German tank and anti-tank guns found to their horror that the new Soviet T-34 Tanks were almost immune to their weapons.

However, the Soviets seldom handled their tanks well or concentrated into powerful groups. The Soviet tanks could be isolated and after they had been immobilized by blowing off their tracks they could be destroyed at close quarters. Meanwhile the Luftwaffe was ranging freely over the battlefield smashing Russian tanks and armor wherever it was found. The Soviet Armored pincers failed to meet at Dubno.

After the Battle

Although 1st Panzer Army took a severe battering in the battles around Dubno, it survived the battle still capable of operation. The Soviets did not. The last substantial Soviet tank forces in the South had been used up clearing the way for the German drive deep into the industrial and agricultural heartland of the Ukraine.
Allied powers:
 Soviet Union
 United States
 United Kingdom
 China
 France
...et al. Axis powers:
 Germany
 Japan
 Italy
...et al.
..... Click the link for more information.
June 26 is the 1st day of the year (2nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 0 days remaining.

Events

  • 363 - Roman Emperor Julian is killed during the retreat from the Sassanid Empire.

..... Click the link for more information.
19th century - 20th century - 21st century
1910s  1920s  1930s  - 1940s -  1950s  1960s  1970s
1938 1939 1940 - 1941 - 1942 1943 1944

Year 1941 (MCMXLI
..... Click the link for more information.
June 30 is the 1st day of the year (2nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 0 days remaining.

Events


..... Click the link for more information.
19th century - 20th century - 21st century
1910s  1920s  1930s  - 1940s -  1950s  1960s  1970s
1938 1939 1940 - 1941 - 1942 1943 1944

Year 1941 (MCMXLI
..... Click the link for more information.
Brody (Ukrainian: Броди, Polish: Brody, Russian: Броды
..... Click the link for more information.
Anthem
Ще не вмерла України ні слава, ні воля  
..... Click the link for more information.
This article or section needs copy editing for grammar, style, cohesion, tone and/or spelling.
You can assist by [ editing it] now. A how-to guide is available, as is general .
This article has been tagged since August 2007.
..... Click the link for more information.
Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (abbreviated USSR, Russian: ; tr.
..... Click the link for more information.
Paul Ludwig Ewald von Kleist (August 8 1881 - c. November 13 1954) was a leading German field marshal during World War II.

Born in Braunfels an der Lahn into an aristocratic family, von Kleist was educated in a German military school and served as a lieutenant of hussars and
..... Click the link for more information.
Mikhail Petrovich Kirponos (Russian: Михаил Петрович Кирпонос, Ukrainian:
..... Click the link for more information.
Soviet Union[1]

 Polish Secret State
 Polish Armed Forces in the East
 Romania (from 1944)
 Bulgaria (from 1944) Germany[2]
Italy (to 1943)
Romania (to 1944)
Finland (to 1944)
Hungary
Slovakia
..... Click the link for more information.

(German estimate):

1,750,000 killed in combat operations by end of 1941
[3]


(Soviet estimate):

802,191 killed .
2,335,482 missing/captured.[4] Parameter not given Error...
..... Click the link for more information.
Battle of the Baltic concerns the German and Soviet battle for the control of the Baltic sea during World War II.
..... Click the link for more information.
Continuation War (Finnish: Jatkosota, Swedish: Fortsättningskriget), was fought between Finland and the Soviet Union during World War II.
..... Click the link for more information.
Red Army:
332,059 KIA
24,324 non-combat dead
111,142 missing
16,470 civilians
1 million civilians from starvation

Leningrad and Baltics 1941 - 1944
..... Click the link for more information.
Battle of Sevastopol was fought from October 30, 1941 to July 4, 1942 between German forces and the USSR over the main Soviet naval base on the Black Sea during World War II. It is notable in the way that the Germans used many of their heavy (200-800mm range) mortars in the battle.
..... Click the link for more information.
As of October 1:
1,000,000 men,
1,700 tanks,
14,000 guns,
950 planes[1] As of October 1:
1,250,000 men,
1,000 tanks,
7,600 guns,
677 planes[2]
Casualties
248,000–400,000(see §7) 650,000–1,280,000
..... Click the link for more information.
Rzhev Battles (Ржевская битва) is a general term for a series of World War II offensives launched during January 8, 1942—March 22, 1943 by Soviet forces in the general directions of Rzhev, Sychevka
..... Click the link for more information.
Second Battle of Kharkov was a battle fought from 12 May to 28 May 1942, on the Eastern Front during World War II. After a successful winter counteroffensive that repulsed German troops from Moscow but also depleted the Red Army's reserves, the Kharkov offensive was a new Soviet
..... Click the link for more information.
Case Blue (German: Fall Blau) was the German Wehrmacht's codename for the 1942 summer offensive. It led to the Battle of Voronezh, Battle of Stalingrad, and the Battle of the Caucasus.
..... Click the link for more information.
Battle of Stalingrad was a battle between Germany and its allies and the Soviet Union for the Soviet city of Stalingrad (today known as Volgograd) that took place between August 21 1942 and February 2 1943, as part of World War II.
..... Click the link for more information.
Battle of Velikiye Luki took place between the forces of Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union, and occurred in and around the Russian city of Velikiye Luki during the winter of 1942-1943.
..... Click the link for more information.
Second Rzhev-Sychevka Offensive (codenamed Operation Mars) was a strategic offensive launched by Soviet forces against German forces during World War II. It took place between 25 November-December, 1942 in a salient in the vicinity of Moscow.
..... Click the link for more information.
German Kursk :July 4 – July 20, 1943
Soviet Kursk : July 4 – August 23, 1943
Location Coordinates:
Kursk, USSR

Result Decisive Soviet strategic victory

Combatants

Nazi Germany

..... Click the link for more information.
Battle of Smolensk (7 August 1943 – 2 October 1943), also known as Operation Suvorov, was a major World War II offensive by the Red Army in western Russia. Staged almost simultaneously with the Battle of the Dnieper, the offensive lasted 2 months and was led by
..... Click the link for more information.
Battle of The Lower Dnieper
Part of the Eastern Front of World War II

Soviet soldiers crossing the Dnieper on improvised rafts.

Date 24 August, 1943 — 23 December, 1943
Location Dnieper river, USSR

Result Decisive Soviet Victory

Combatants
..... Click the link for more information.
Second Battle of Kiev
Part of the Eastern Front of World War II

Date November, 1943 — December, 1943
Location Kiev, USSR

Result Capture of Kiev by the Soviet Union, heavy casualties inflicted by the German forces

Combatants
..... Click the link for more information.
Battle of the Korsun-Cherkassy Pocket took place in the winter of 1944. The battle was fought on the Eastern Front between the forces of the German Army Group South and the Soviet 1st Ukrainian and 2nd Ukrainian Fronts.
..... Click the link for more information.
Battle of the Kamenets-Podolsky Pocket, also known as Hube's Pocket, was a battle on the Eastern Front of World War II. In March 1944 two Soviet fronts encircled Generaloberst Hans-Valentin Hube's 1st Panzer Army north of the Dniestr river.
..... Click the link for more information.


This article is copied from an article on Wikipedia.org - the free encyclopedia created and edited by online user community. The text was not checked or edited by anyone on our staff. Although the vast majority of the wikipedia encyclopedia articles provide accurate and timely information please do not assume the accuracy of any particular article. This article is distributed under the terms of GNU Free Documentation License.