Battle of Kagul

Battle of Kagul

Soldiers of Catherine II, by Alexandre Benois
Date21 July 1770
LocationLarga river
ResultRussian victory
Combatants
Russian Empire Ottoman Empire
Khanate of Crimea
Commanders
Pyotr Rumyantsev
Strength
17,000100,000 cavalry, 15,000 infantry, 100,000 Crimean Tatar cavalry
Casualties
1000 killed and wounded20,000 killed and wounded, 363 guns, all major fortresses overrun


The Battle of Kagul was the most important land battle of the Russo-Turkish War, 1768-1774 and one of the largest battles of the 18th century. It was fought on 21 July, 1770, just a fortnight after the Russian victory at Larga. The Russian commander Pyotr Rumyantsev arranged his army of 17,000 soldiers in solid squares and surprisingly chose to go on the offensive against the allied forces of the Khanate of Crimea and the Ottoman Empire, which were 50,000 Ottoman infantry and 100,000 Ottoman cavalry. Another 100,000 Crimean Tatar cavalry were deployed within 20 versts from the battlefield.

The comparatively small Russian army assaulted the Turks and put them to flight. The Russian casualties were 1,000, while casualties on the Turkish side amounted to over 20,000 soldiers killed and wounded. In the wake of this victory, the Russians captured 363 Turkish cannons and overran all major fortresses in the region - Izmail, Kilia, Akkerman (now Bilhorod-Dnistrovskyi), Brailov (now Brăila), Isaccea, and Bendery (now Tighina).

In commemoration of the victory, Catherine II of Russia ordered the Kagul Obelisk to be erected in Tsarskoe Selo, while Frederick II of Prussia sent to Rumyantsev a congratulatory letter in which he compared the Russian victory to the deeds of the Ancient Romans. On the same day four years later Russia and Turkey signed the Treaty of Kuchuk-Kainarji ending the war.

References

Alexandre Nikolayevich Benois (Russian: Алекса́ндр Никола́евич Бенуа́
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Russian Empire (Pre-reform Russian: Pоссiйская Имперiя, Modern Russian: Российская империя,
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Ottoman Empire or Ottoman Caliphate (1299 to 1922) (Old Ottoman Turkish: دولت عالیه عثمانیه Devlet-i Âliye-yi Osmâniyye, Late Ottoman and Modern Turkish:
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The Crimean Khanate or the Khanate of Crimea (Crimean Tatar: Qırım Hanlığı,
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Cahul (population: 35,481) is a city and an administrative region in the south of Moldova. It is located at . The city of Cahul is believed to have been inhabited for many centuries, although it has had a number of different names over the
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The 18th Century lasted from 1701 through 1800 in the Gregorian calendar.

Historians sometimes specifically define the 18th Century otherwise for the purposes of their work.
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July 21 is the 1st day of the year (2nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 0 days remaining.

Events


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8th century - 9th century - 10th century
850s  860s  870s  - 880s -  890s  900s  910s
885 886 887 - 888 - 889 890 891

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Subjects:     Archaeology - Architecture -
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Battle of Larga was fought between 65,000 Crimean Tatars cavalry and 15,000 Turkish infantry under Kaplan Girey against 38,000 Russians under Field-Marshal Rumyantsev on the banks of the Larga River (a tributary of the Pruth) for eight hours on 7 July, 1770.
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The Crimean Khanate or the Khanate of Crimea (Crimean Tatar: Qırım Hanlığı,
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Ottoman Empire or Ottoman Caliphate (1299 to 1922) (Old Ottoman Turkish: دولت عالیه عثمانیه Devlet-i Âliye-yi Osmâniyye, Late Ottoman and Modern Turkish:
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  • For Crimean Tatar people see Crimean Tatars
  • For Crimean Tatar language and alphabet see Crimean Tatar language

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A verst (Russian versta, верста) is an obsolete Russian unit of length. It is defined as being 500 sazhen long, which makes a verst equal to 3500 feet (1.0668 kilometres).
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Izmayil
Ізмаї?

Coat of arms
Location

Government
Country
Oblast
Raion Ukraine
Odessa Oblast
Izmailsky Raion

Geographical characteristics
Area
 - City
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Kilia (Ukrainian: Кілія, translit. Kiliya, Russian: Килия, translit.
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Bilhorod-Dnistrovskyi (Ukrainian: Білгород-Дністровський, transliteration: Bilhorod-Dnistrovs’kyi
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Isaccea

County Tulcea County
Status Town
Mayor Ilie Petre, Social Democratic Party, since 2004
Area 3.69 km
Population (2002) 5614
Density 1521 inh/km
Geographical coordinates
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Tighina / Bender

Flag
Seal
Location of Tighina in Moldova
Coordinates:
Country Moldova
Autonomous Region Transnistria
Founded 1408
Government
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Orlov Revolt (1770) was a precursor to the Greek War of Independence (1821), which saw a Greek uprising in the Peloponnese at the instigation of Count Orlov, commander of the Russian Naval Forces of the Russo-Turkish War.
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Battle of Chesma took place on 5-7 July 1770 near and in Çeşme (Chesma) Bay, in the area between Asia Minor and the island of Chios, the site of a number of past naval battles between Turkey and Venice.
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Battle of Larga was fought between 65,000 Crimean Tatars cavalry and 15,000 Turkish infantry under Kaplan Girey against 38,000 Russians under Field-Marshal Rumyantsev on the banks of the Larga River (a tributary of the Pruth) for eight hours on 7 July, 1770.
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Catherine the Great
Empress and Autocrat of All the Russias
Catherine II of Russia
Reign June 28, 1762 – 15 November, 1796
Full name Sophie Friederike Auguste von Anhalt-Zerbst
Born May 2 1729
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The Kagul Obelisk or Rumyantsev Obelisk in Tsarskoye Selo is one of several such structures erected on behest of Catherine II of Russia in 1772 to commemorate Pyotr Rumyantsev's victory in the Battle of Kagul.
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Tsarskoye Selo (Russian: Ца́рское Село́; may be translated as "Tsar’s Village") is a former Russian residence of the imperial family and visiting nobility
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Frederick II
King of Prussia, Elector of Brandenburg

Frederick II, aged 68, by Anton Graff
Reign 1740 - 1786
Titles Frederick II of Prussia
Frederick IV of Brandenburg
Born January 24 1712
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The Treaty of Küçük Kaynarca (also spelled Kuchuk Kainarji) was signed on July 21, 1774, in Küçük Kaynarca, Dobruja (today Kaynardzha, Silistra Province, Bulgaria) between the Russian Empire (represented by Field-Marshal Rumyantsev) and the Ottoman Empire after the
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