Battle of Saragossa

For other battles, see Siege of Saragossa


Battle of Saragossa
Part of the War of the Spanish Succession

An artist's rendition of the Battle of Saragossa, or Monte Torrero.
DateAugust 20, 1710
Location Zaragoza, Spain
ResultAllied victory
Combatants
Kingdom of Spain Habsburg Empire
Great Britain
United Provinces
Crown of Aragon
Commanders
Marquis de Bay Guido Starhemberg
Lord Stanhope
Strength
20,000
23,000–30,000
Casualties
7,000–10,000 dead or wounded
4,000–5,000 captured
~1,500 dead or wounded


The Battle of Saragossa (Spanish: Zaragoza) took place on August 20, 1710 in the War of the Spanish Succession.

Prelude

On July 27, 1710 the Spanish troops suffered a defeat in the Battle of Almenara. They had to leave Catalonia and withdraw to the capital of Aragón. The Spanish commander, marquis de Bay, positioned his troops between the river Ebro (on his left) and the Torrero heights (on his right).

On August 15, an allied cavalry-attack was successfully countered. Five days of skirmishes followed.

On August 19, the allied troops crossed the river Ebro unchallenged and were allowed to deploy their army during the night.

The battle

The allied left-wing was composed of Catalan and Dutch troops under Count Atalaya. The right-wing was commanded by Stanhope and was composed of British and Austrian troops. Starhemberg was in charge of the center, which was mainly German infantry.

On August 20 at 08:00 an artillery-duel started which lasted until noon. In the afternoon, the battle was more or less a repeat of the Battle of Almenara. The Spanish cavalry attacked fiercely and were almost successful, but the allied troops stood firm.

Then the British and Austrian infantry counter-attacked and the Spanish army was pushed back. Thousands were killed or taken prisoner. Philip V only escaped disguised as an ordinary soldier and helped by a local miller.

Aftermath

Archduke Charles entered Zaragoza then next day.

The Spanish defeat was total, the way to Madrid was open. Philip V abandoned Madrid on September 9, and went to Valladolid.

Archduke Charles entered a very hostile and almost empty Madrid on September 28. Charles commented: "This city is a desert!"

In the winter of 1710, Archduke Charles and the allied troops had to abandon Madrid, and suffered the decisive defeats of Brihuega and Villaviciosa.

External links

The Spanish city of Zaragoza was besieged several times in history:
  • Siege of Saragossa (778): Charlemagne failed to capture the Moorish city.
  • Siege of Saragossa (1808): the city's inhabitants heroically resisted the French during the Peninsular War.

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August 20 is the 1st day of the year (2nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 0 days remaining.

Events


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8th century - 9th century - 10th century
850s  860s  870s  - 880s -  890s  900s  910s
885 886 887 - 888 - 889 890 891

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Subjects:     Archaeology - Architecture -
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Zaragoza

Flag Coat of Arms
Location

Coordinates :
Time Zone : CET (GMT +1)
- summer: CEST (GMT +2)
General information
Native name Zaragoza (Spanish)
Spanish name
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Motto
"Plus Ultra"   (Latin)
"Further Beyond"
Anthem
"Marcha Real" 1
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Motto
"Plus Ultra"   (Latin)
"Further Beyond"
Anthem
"Marcha Real" 1
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Service Record

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