Battle of St. Quentin (1871)



Battle of St. Quentin
Part of the Franco-Prussian War
DateJanuary 19 1871
LocationSt. Quentin, France
ResultPrussian victory
Combatants
PrussiaFrance
Commanders
August Karl von GoebenLouis Faidherbe
Strength
40,00033,000
Casualties
2,4003,500 killed and wounded,
9,000 captured


The Battle of St. Quentin was a battle during the Franco-Prussian War which defeated French attempts to relieve the besieged city of Paris.

While the Prussian Armies under Wilhelm I besieged Paris, the Prussian I Army, now under the command of August Karl von Goeben was sent to deal with French forces north of Paris. After a first attempt to relieve Paris had been checked at the battle of Bapaume, the French were planning another relief effort.

Von Goeben marched his army north and met the irregular French army under General Louis Faidherbe near Saint Quentin. On January 19 the Prussians attacked and decisevely defeated the French forces. The same day General Trochu attempted a breakout of Paris but it too was defeated. No other significant attempts would be made to lift the siege of Paris.

Sources

  • Compton's Home Library: Battles of the World
Franco-Prussian War or Franco-German War, often referred to in France as the 1870 War (19 July 1870-10 May 1871) was a conflict between France and Prussia, which was backed by the North German Confederation and the South German states of Baden, Württemberg and Bavaria.
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There have been a number of battles known as the Battle of St. Quentin or the Battle of San Quentin. Most of the battles were fought in the vicinity of Saint-Quentin, Aisne in Picardy, France:
  • Battle of St.

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Franco-Prussian War or Franco-German War, often referred to in France as the 1870 War (19 July 1870-10 May 1871) was a conflict between France and Prussia, which was backed by the North German Confederation and the South German states of Baden, Württemberg and Bavaria.
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January 19 is the 1st day of the year (2nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 0 days remaining.

Events


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18th century - 19th century - 20th century
1840s  1850s  1860s  - 1870s -  1880s  1890s  1900s
1868 1869 1870 - 1871 - 1872 1873 1874

:
Subjects:     Archaeology - Architecture -
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Saint Quentin (d. 287 AD), also known as Quintinus, is a minor Christian saint. No details are known of his life; a legendary life has him as a Roman citizen who was martyred in Gaul. He is said to have been the son of a man named Zeno, who had senatorial rank.
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Motto
Liberté, Égalité, Fraternité
"Liberty, Equality, Fraternity"
Anthem
"La Marseillaise"


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Prussia (German: [1]; Latin: Borussia, Prutenia; Latvian: Prūsija
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Motto
Liberté, Égalité, Fraternité
"Liberty, Equality, Fraternity"
Anthem
"La Marseillaise"


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August Karl von Goeben (1816-1880) was a Prussian infantry general. He was awarded the Iron Cross for his service in the Franco-Prussian War.

Early career

Born at Stade in Saxony on the 10 December 1816, he aspired from his earliest years to the Prussian service rather
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Louis L̩on C̩sar Faidherbe (June 3, 1818 РSeptember 29, 1889) was a French general and colonial administrator. He created the Senegalese Tirailleurs when he was governor of Senegal.

Background

He was born in Lille.
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Franco-Prussian War or Franco-German War, often referred to in France as the 1870 War (19 July 1870-10 May 1871) was a conflict between France and Prussia, which was backed by the North German Confederation and the South German states of Baden, Württemberg and Bavaria.
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Battle of Wissembourg (or Weissenburg), the first of the Franco-Prussian War, was joined when three German army corps surprised the small French garrison at Wissembourg on August 4, 1870.
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Battle of Spicheren, also known as the Battle of Forbach, was a battle during the Franco-Prussian War. The German victory compelled the French to withdraw to the defenses of Metz.
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Siege of Strasbourg took place during Franco-Prussian War. The siege resulted in the French surrender of the fortress on 28 September, 1870.

Background

After the Battle of Worth, Crown Prince Frederick detached General von Werder to move south against the fortress of
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Battle of Mars-La-Tour was fought on 16 August 1870 during the Franco-Prussian War near the town of Mars-La-Tour in north-east France. Two Prussian corps encountered the entire French Army of the Rhine, and successfully forced the Army of the Rhine to retreat into the fortresses of
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Battle of Gravelotte (August 18, 1870) was a battle of the Franco-Prussian War named after Gravelotte, a village in Lorraine between Metz and the former French-German frontier.
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Siege of Metz lasting from September 3 – October 23 1870 was a crushing defeat for the French during the Franco-Prussian War.

After being defeated at the Battle of Gravelotte, Marshal Bazaine, retreated into the defenses of Metz.
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Battle of Beaumont on August 30 1870 was a defeat for the French during the Franco-Prussian War.

It was fought between Fifth French Corps d'Armee under General Pierre Louis Charles de Failly, and the IV and XII (Royal Saxon) Army Corps under King George of Saxony (the XII
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Battle of Noiseville on August 31 1870 was a defeat for the French during the Franco-Prussian War.

Traveling from Metz, the French forces under Marshal François Achille Bazaine attempted to break through the investing line of the Prussian forces under Prince Frederick
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Battle of Sedan was fought during the Franco-Prussian War on September 1, 1870. It resulted in the capture of Emperor Napoleon III along with his army and practically decided the war in favour of Prussia and its allies, though fighting continued under a new French government.
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Battle of Bellevue on October 18 1870 was a defeat for the French during the Franco-Prussian War.

The French forces under Marshal François Achille Bazaine attempted to break through the lines of the Prussians investing Metz.
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Battle of Coulmiers was fought on November 9, 1870 between French and Bavarian forces. The French Army of the Loire under General D'Aurelle de Paladines surprised a Bavarian army under Ludwig Freiherr von und zu der Tann-Rathsamhausen at the village of Coulmiers west of Orleans.
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Battle of Amiens on November 27 1870 was a defeat for the French during the Franco-Prussian War.

The French under General Faure fought the Prussians under Edwin Freiherr von Manteuffel in Amiens, France.
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Battle of Beaune-la-Rolande on November 28 1870 was a defeat for the French during the Franco-Prussian War.

The battle began when 9,000 Prussian troops under Friedrich Franz II attacked 60,000 French troops under General Crouzat.
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Battle of Hallue was a battle of the Franco-Prussian War on December 23 and 24, 1870.

The battle was fought between 40,000 French irregulars under General Louis Faidherbe and 22,500 Prussian troops under Edwin Freiherr von Manteuffel.
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Battle of Bapaume was a battle during the Franco-Prussian War which defeated French attempts to relieve the besieged city of Péronne. The battle was fought on January 3, 1871 near the town of Bapaume.
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Battle of Le Mans was a German victory during the Franco-Prussian War which ended French resistance in western France.

Background

After the victory at the battle of Orleans, Prince Friedrich Karl marched his army further to the west towards Le Mans.
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Battle of the Lisaine was fought from January 15 to January 17 of 1871 between Prussian and French forces. The French were led by Charles Denis Bourbaki, and were attempting to relieve the Siege of Belfort. Their efforts failed, and they were forced to flee into Switzerland.
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Siege of Paris by Jean-Louis-Ernest Meissonier. Oil on canvas.

Date September 19 1870 – January 28 1871
Location Paris, France

Result Decisive German victory

Combatants
Prussia, Baden,
Bavaria, Württemberg
(later German Empire) France
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