Battle of Toulon (1744)

Battle of Toulon
Part of the War of the Austrian Succession

The Battle of Toulon by José Manuel de Moraleda. Watercolour on paper, 1783.
DateFebruary 22 1744
LocationMediterranean Sea, near Toulon, France
ResultStrategic Franco-Spanish victory
Combatants
Spain
France
Great Britain
Commanders
Juan José NavarroThomas Mathews,
Richard Lestock,
William Rowley
Strength
27 ships of the line,
3 frigates,
3 others,
(1,806 guns)
30 ships of the line,
3 frigates,
6 others,
(2,280 guns)
Casualties
149 dead,
467 wounded,
6 ships damaged[1]
~800 dead or wounded,[1]
10 ships damaged,
1 ship sunk


The naval Battle of Toulon or Battle of Cape Sicié took place on February 22 and 23 February 1744 (New Style) between 1:30 p.m. and 5:00 p.m. in the Mediterranean Sea off the coast of Toulon, France (Cape Sicié is near Toulon). A Spanish convoy defeated Britain's Mediterranean fleet.The french fleet only went to battle at the end of this, when the british fleet retreated.

Engagement

On 22 February. 30 British ships under Thomas Mathews attacked a fleet of 27 Spanish ships under Don Juan José Navarro . Mathews had been following the French fleet in case either side declared war on the other as part of the War of the Austrian Succession. At 5:00 p.m., both sides drew away from each other. They attacked each other from afar the next day, but the British suffered heavily, and on 24 February Mathews retreated to Italy.

Mathews' second in command, Vice Admiral Lestock, later petitioned King George II of Great Britain to hold a court-martial against many of the British officers, including Mathews. Mathews and several other officers were dismissed from the Royal Navy.

Order of Battle

Spain ( including the french ships under Bruyere de la Court(Juan José Navarro)

Van
Boree 64
Tolosa* 60
Tigre 50
Eolo 64
Alción* 56
Duque de Orleans 68
Esperanza* 74 (flag of de Gavaret)
Center
Tridente 64
Dichoso* 60
Aquilon 44
Sólido* 64
Diamante 50
Firme 70
Terrible 74 (flag)
Sancti Spiritus* 68
Serio 64
Rear
Oriente* 60
América* 60
Neptuno* 60
Poder* 60 - Damaged and captured but recaptured, scuttled next day
Constante 70
Real Felipe* 114 (flag of Juan José Navarro)
Hércules* 64
Brillante* 60
Alcón* 60
San Fernando* 64
Soberbio* 60
Santa Isabel* 80
3 frigates
2 brulotes
1 battleship being used as a hospital ship


Ships marked * were Spanish.

Britain (Thomas Mathews)

Van
Chatham 50
Nassau 70
Chichester 80
Boyne 80
Barfleur 90 (flag of Rowley)
Princess Carolina 80
Berwick 70
Stirling Castle 70
Bedford 70
Center
Dragon 60
Royal Oak 70
Princess 70
Somerset 80
Norfolk 80
Marlborough 90
Dorsetshire 80
Essex 70 (Richard Norris)
Rupert 60
Namur 90 (flag)
Rear
Salisbury 50
Romney 50
Dumkint? 60
Revenge 70
Cambridge 80
Neptune 90 (flag of Lestok)
Torbay 80
Russell 80
Buckingham 70
Elizabeth 70
Kingston 60
Oxford 50
Warwick 60
3 frigates
3 brulotes
3 bergantines (brigantines?)

Notes

1. ^ Carlos Martínez-Valverde, La campaña de don Juan José Navarro en el Mediterráneo y la batalla de Sicié (1742-1744).

External links

Battle of Fontenoy by Édouard Detaille. Oil on canvas.

Date December 16 1740 – October 18 1748
Location Europe, North America and India
Casus
belli
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February 22 is the 1st day of the year (2nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 0 days remaining.

Events


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8th century - 9th century - 10th century
850s  860s  870s  - 880s -  890s  900s  910s
885 886 887 - 888 - 889 890 891

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Subjects:     Archaeology - Architecture -
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Mediterranean is a sea of the Atlantic Ocean almost completely enclosed by land: on the north by Europe, on the south by Africa, and on the east by Asia. It covers an approximate area of 2.
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Commune of
Toulon


Location

Coordinates

Administration
Country  France
Arrondissement Toulon

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Motto
Liberté, Égalité, Fraternité
"Liberty, Equality, Fraternity"
Anthem
"La Marseillaise"


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Motto
"Plus Ultra"   (Latin)
"Further Beyond"
Anthem
"Marcha Real" 1
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Motto
Liberté, Égalité, Fraternité
"Liberty, Equality, Fraternity"
Anthem
"La Marseillaise"


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Thomas Mathews (1676-1751) - was a British admiral. He was born at Llandaff Court, Llandaff, the son of Colonel Edward Mathews (d. 1700), and grandson on his mother's side of Sir Thomas Armstrong (1624-1684) (who was executed by beheading in 1684, for treason, for his part in the
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Battle of Fontenoy by Édouard Detaille. Oil on canvas.

Date December 16 1740 – October 18 1748
Location Europe, North America and India
Casus
belli
Rejection of the Pragmatic Sanction of 1713 after the accession of Maria Theresa of Austria
..... Click the link for more information.
Battle of Fontenoy by Édouard Detaille. Oil on canvas.

Date December 16 1740 – October 18 1748
Location Europe, North America and India
Casus
belli
Rejection of the Pragmatic Sanction of 1713 after the accession of Maria Theresa of Austria
..... Click the link for more information.
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Combatants
Great Britain,
Hanover,
Dutch Republic,
Austria France,
Ireland
Commanders
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February 22 is the 1st day of the year (2nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 0 days remaining.

Events


..... Click the link for more information.
February 23 is the 1st day of the year (2nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 0 days remaining.

Events


..... Click the link for more information.
8th century - 9th century - 10th century
850s  860s  870s  - 880s -  890s  900s  910s
885 886 887 - 888 - 889 890 891

:
Subjects:     Archaeology - Architecture -
..... Click the link for more information.
Mediterranean is a sea of the Atlantic Ocean almost completely enclosed by land: on the north by Europe, on the south by Africa, and on the east by Asia. It covers an approximate area of 2.
..... Click the link for more information.
Commune of
Toulon


Location

Coordinates

Administration
Country  France
Arrondissement Toulon

..... Click the link for more information.
Motto
Liberté, Égalité, Fraternité
"Liberty, Equality, Fraternity"
Anthem
"La Marseillaise"


..... Click the link for more information.


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