Battle of Vigo Bay

Battle of Vigo Bay
Part of the War of the Spanish Succession

The Battle of Vigo Bay, 23 October 1702 by Ludolf Bakhuizen, painted c. 1702
Date23 October 1702
Location Vigo Bay
ResultAnglo-Dutch victory
Combatants
England
Dutch Republic
France
Spain
Commanders
Admiral Sir George Rooke
Lieutenant-Admiral Philips van Almonde
François Louis Rousselet de Chateau-Renault
Manuel de Velasco
Strength
28 ships of the line, assorted other frigates, etc.c. 30 ships
Casualties
c. 800 killedc. 2000 killed, all ships burnt, grounded or captured


The naval Battle of Vigo Bay (or Battle of Rande) was fought on 23 October 1702 (12 October in the Julian calendar then in use in England) during the War of the Spanish Succession at Vigo Bay in Galicia (Spain) between an Anglo-Dutch fleet commanded by Admiral Sir George Rooke (with Lieutenant-Admiral Philips van Almonde commanding the Dutch squadron), and a combined French and Spanish fleet commanded by Admirals François Louis Rousselet de Chateau-Renault and Manuel de Velasco.

Rooke had been sent with a large Anglo-Dutch force to capture Cádiz in Spain but retreated in defeat on 29 September 1702. When the returning fleet put in to water at Lagos, Portugal, Rooke learned that the 1702 Spanish treasure fleet, one of the richest ever assembled, had sailed on 24 July from Havana, Cuba, and had been diverted from Cadiz to Vigo, where it had arrived on 23 September.

Determined to salvage something from the disaster at Cádiz, Rooke set out for Vigo, where he found that the treasure fleet was protected by a Franco-Spanish fleet of about 30 ships. Chateau-Renault had fortified the harbour by laying a boom of masts, covered by guns from forts in the town and on the island of San Simón, near the town of Redondela.

On October 23 Rooke attacked, sending Admiral Thomas Hopsonn on the Torbay to break the boom, and landing the soldiers of the Duke of Ormonde to capture the forts.

The battle was a complete victory for Rooke: the forts were captured, Torbay broke through the boom, and all the Spanish and French ships were burned by their own side, run aground or captured. The French and Spanish suffered about 2,000 killed; the English and Dutch about 800. The victors recovered silver to the value of about £14,000, but a far larger sum — perhaps three million pounds — had been unloaded and taken away before the battle.

British guinea coins of 1703 bear the word VIGO to commemorate the battle.

Enlarge picture
The Battle of the Bay of Vigo, as pictured in Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea (Hetzel edition)
Enlarge picture
Captain Nemo and his companions gather the treasure of Vigo


Treasure hunters believe that some of the treasure may still lie at the bottom of the bay. This belief was incorporated into the plot of Jules Verne's novel Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea, with Captain Nemo and his crew obtaining money by salvaging amongst the wrecks.

Ships involved

England (George Rooke)

Torbay 80 (flag of VA Hopson, captain Andrew Leake)
Mary 60/70
Grafton 70
Kent 70
Monmouth 70
Berwick 70
Essex 70
Swiftsure 70
Ranelagh 80
Somerset 80
Bedford 70
Cambridge 80
Northumberland 70
Orford 70
Pembroke 60
some frigates
some bomb ketches
10 fire ships

Netherlands

Vrijheid 96 flagship Van Almonde
Beschermer 90 flagship Lieutenant-Admiral Gerard Callenburgh
Dordrecht 72
Zeven Provinciën 90 flagship Vice-Admiral Philips van der Goes
Veluwe 64
Slot Muyden 72
Amelia 64
Holland 72
Unie 94 flagship Rear-Admiral J.G van Wassenaar
Reygersbergen 72
Gouda 64
Alkmaar 72
Catwyck 72
nine transports

France (Château-Renault)

Fort(e) 76 (flag) - Burnt
Solide 56 - Burnt
Prudent 62/64 - Burnt
Oriflamme 64 - Burnt
Dauphin(e) 44/46 - Burnt
Espérance 70 - Aground
Sirène 60/62 - Aground
Superbe 70 - Aground
Volontaire 46 - Aground
Prompt(e) 76 - Captured
Assuré 66 - Captured
Bourbon 68 - Captured
Ferme 72/74 - Captured
Modéré 54/56 - Captured
Triton 42 - Captured
Entreprenant 24 (frigate) - Burnt
Choquante 8 (frigate) - Burnt
Favori (fireship/frigate?) - Burnt
some fire ships

Spain (Velasco y Tejada)

Jesús-María-José 70 - Captured, sunk/aground
Bufona 54 - Captured, sunk/aground


17 galleons and 3 corvettes - 9 captured, 2 destroyed

References

See also

War of the Spanish Succession (1701–1714), known as Queen Anne's War in the United States, was a major European conflict over the succession to the Spanish throne. In 1700, Charles II died and had bequeathed all of his possessions to Philip, duc d'Anjou — a grandson of
..... Click the link for more information.
October 23 is the 1st day of the year (2nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 0 days remaining.

Events


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8th century - 9th century - 10th century
850s  860s  870s  - 880s -  890s  900s  910s
885 886 887 - 888 - 889 890 891

:
Subjects:     Archaeology - Architecture -
..... Click the link for more information.
Ludolf Backhuysen (or Bakhuizen) (Dec 28 1630 - Nov 17 1708) was a Dutch painter, born in Emden, Hanover.

Bakhuysen started his career as a bookkeeper. He had a very nice handwriting and loved to arithmetic.
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8th century - 9th century - 10th century
850s  860s  870s  - 880s -  890s  900s  910s
885 886 887 - 888 - 889 890 891

:
Subjects:     Archaeology - Architecture -
..... Click the link for more information.
October 23 is the 1st day of the year (2nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 0 days remaining.

Events


..... Click the link for more information.
8th century - 9th century - 10th century
850s  860s  870s  - 880s -  890s  900s  910s
885 886 887 - 888 - 889 890 891

:
Subjects:     Archaeology - Architecture -
..... Click the link for more information.
Vigo

Flag Coat of Arms
Location

Location of Vigo in Spain and Pontevedra
Coordinates : Coordinates: .
Time Zone : CET (GMT +1)
- summer: CEST (GMT +2)
General information
Native name
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Kingdom of England was a state located in western Europe, in the southern part of the island of Great Britain, consisting of the modern day constituent countries of England and Wales and the modern legal entity of England and Wales.
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Republic of the Seven United Netherlands (or "of the Seven United Low Countries") (Republiek der Zeven Verenigde Nederlanden/Provinciën; also Dutch Republic or United Provinces in short, Belgica Foederata
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Ancien Régime, a French term rendered in English as "Old Rule," "Old Kingdom," or simply "Old Regime", refers primarily to the aristocratic, social and political system established in France from (roughly) the 15th century to the 18th century under the late Valois and Bourbon
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Motto
"Plus Ultra"   (Latin)
"Further Beyond"
Anthem
"Marcha Real" 1
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Sir George Rooke (1650 – January 24 1709), English naval commander, was born near Canterbury in 1650. Entering the navy as a volunteer, he served in the Dutch Wars and became post captain in 1673.
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Philips van Almonde (Dec 29 1644, Den Briel – Jan 6 1711, Oegstgeest) was a Dutch Lieutenant Admiral, who served in his nation’s maritime conflicts of the 17th and early 18th centuries.

Philips was the son of Pieter Jansz van Almonde, a wealthy burgher.
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François Louis de Rousselet, Marquis de Châteaurenault (Châteaurenaut, Châteauregnaud) (1637- Paris, November 15 1716) was a French vice-admiral, maréchal, and nobleman.

In his youth, he fought in the Battle of the Dunes (1658) against the Spanish.
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Manuel de Velasco y Tejada commanded the Spanish fleet during the Battle of Vigo Bay (1702), which occurred during the War of Spanish Succession.
..... Click the link for more information.
War of the Spanish Succession (1701–1714), known as Queen Anne's War in the United States, was a major European conflict over the succession to the Spanish throne. In 1700, Charles II died and had bequeathed all of his possessions to Philip, duc d'Anjou — a grandson of
..... Click the link for more information.
Battle of Carpi was a serie of manoeuvres in the summer of 1701, and the first battle of the War of the Spanish Succession that took place on July 9, 1701 between France and Austria.
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Battle of Chiari was a battle of the War of the Spanish Succession that took place on September 1, 1701 between France and Austria.

Prince Eugene led an Imperial army from the Tyrol into Northern Italy.
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Battle of Cremona was a battle of the War of the Spanish Succession that took place on February 1, 1702 between France and Austria.

Five months after repulsing the French at the Battle of Chieri (Chiari) in Lombardy, Prince Eugene of Savoy retook the offensive, moving
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Battle of Luzzara was a battle of the War of the Spanish Succession, which was fought on August 15, 1702 near Luzzara, Italy.

Prelude

In the summer of 1702 , after taking Guastalla, the French under Louis Joseph, duc de Vendôme turned north , with the intention to besiege
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Battle of Friedlingen was fought in 1702 between France and the Holy Roman Empire. The Imperial forces were led by Louis William, Margrave of Baden-Baden, while the French were led by Claude Louis Hector de Villars. The French were victorious.
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Battle of Ekeren, June 30 1703 was a battle of the War of the Spanish Succession. The French surrounded a Dutch force, which could only just avoid total destruction. This battle ended all hopes for a decisive allied victory in the Spanish Netherlands in 1703.
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Battle of Schellenberg, also known as the Battle of Donauwörth, was fought during the War of the Spanish Succession on 2 July, 1704. The assault on the Schellenberg heights on the River Danube was part of the Duke of Marlborough’s campaign to rescue Vienna, the capital
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Battle of Blenheim (referred to in some countries as the Second Battle of Höchstädt) was a major battle of the War of the Spanish Succession fought on 13 August, 1704.
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Battle of Elixheim, 18 July 1705, also known as the Passage of the Lines of Brabant was a battle of the War of the Spanish Succession. The Duke of Marlborough successfully broke through the French Lines of Brabant, an arc of defensive fieldworks stretching in a seventy-mile
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Battle of Cassano, fought on 16 August 1705, was a hard fought battle in the Italian theatre of the War of the Spanish Succession. Both sides suffered serious casualties, but the French were victorious.
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Battle of Calcinato was a battle in the War of the Spanish Succession fought on 19 April 1706 near Calcinato, Italy between French and Spanish forces and the Austrian / Hapsburg Empire. It ended in a victory for Marshal Vendôme's French and Spanish army over Austria.
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Battle of Ramillies was a major engagement of the War of the Spanish Succession fought on 23 May, 1706. The encounter was a resounding success for the Allies, but it had followed a year of indecisive campaigning in 1705.
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Battle of Turin took place on 7 September 1706 west of the city of Turin during the War of the Spanish Succession. In a decisive victory for the Allied forces under Prince Eugene of Savoy and Duke Victor Amadeus II of Savoy (proclaimed King by the Treaty of Utrecht after the end of
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