Bhumihar

Castes of India
Bhumihar
ClassificationBrahmin
Subdivisionsfive main clans
Significant populations inUttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Bihar, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Chattisgarh, Maharashtra and Nepal
LanguagesHindi, Bhojpuri and Magahi
ReligionsHinduism
Bhumihar Brahmins (भूमिहर ब्राह्मण), also known as Bhumihars (भूमिहार) are an influential Hindu sub-caste who have traditionally resided in fertile regions of Indo-Gangetic plains of North India, in the states of Bihar, Uttar Pradesh and Jharkhand. They were referred to as Baabhans (बाभन) too, an apabhramsha word for Brahmin.

Etymology

The word Bhumihar consists of two Sanskrit words, bhoomi (भूमि), meaning "land" and har (हर), meaning 'seizer'. There are a lot of theories about the origin of this caste and there is no unanimous accord over any of them excepting one which is the authority of Swami Sahajanand Saraswati who gives the most acceptable account of the origin and history of Bhumihar Brahmins. The name of his book is "Brahmarshi Vansha Vistar". Some of the other theorists owe the origin of the Bhumihars to the displacement of Brahmins from Western India following muslim invasion or, a change of religion to Buddhism and reconversion to Hinduism or, a change of profession from priesthood to farming or, a gradual shift from priestly and academic activities to farming and conquest, owing to lack of support from the rulers during the reign of ignorant kings.

Traditions

Ideally, the Bhumihar Brahmins are supposed to perform sixteen major Saṃskāra rites during the course of their lifetime.[1] In the pre-natal stage, Garbhadharana (conception), Pumsavana (rite for consecrating a male child in the womb) and Simantonnayana (rite for parting the hair of a pregnant woman) are performed. During childhood, Jatakarma (birth ceremony), Namakarana (naming ceremony), Nishkarmana (first outing) Annaprasana (first feeding solid food), Choodakarana (first tonsure) and Karnavedha (ear piercing) are performed. During education of the child, Vidhyarambha (starting of education), Upanayanam (thread ceremony- initiation), Vedarambha (starting of the study of the Vedas), Keshanta or Godana (first shaving of the beard) and Samavartanam or Snaana (ending of studentship) are performed. During adulthood, Vivaha (marriage) and Anthyesthi (funeral rites) are the main ceremonies.

All the orthodox Bhumihar Brahmins try to adhere to these customs. But, as among all Brahmins throughout the country (the general masses), all Samskaras can no longer be practically performed. Only the most essential ones like Garbhadharana (conception), Jatakarma (birth ceremony), Namakarana (naming ceremony), Annaprasana (first feeding solid food), Choodakarana (first tonsure), Vidhyarambha (starting of education), Upanayanam (thread ceremony- initiation), Vivaha (marriage) and Anthyesthi (funeral rites) are performed.

Mythology

In the context of mythological perspective, Bhumihar Brahmins identify themselves with Bhagwan Parashurama, who was a Brahmin and who is believed to have killed Kshatriyas 21 times who had failed or forgotten their Vedic duties and had become regressed into chaos. The descendants of Parashurama are called Bhumihar Brahmins in Eastern U.P. and Bihar, Tyagi Brahmins in Western Uttar Pradesh, Goud Brahmins in U.P. and Rajasthan, Chitpawan Brahmins in Maharashtra, Anavil Brahmins in Gujarat, Havyak Brahmins in Karnataka, Niyogi Brahmins in Andhra Pradesh, Iyer Brahmins of Tamil Nadu, Namboothiri Brahmins in Kerala, Bengali Brahmins in Eastern India and Mohyals in the Punjab region. Their variants are found with different names all across the Indian sub-continent.The records of Swami Sahajanand Saraswati in "Brahmarshi Vansha Vistar" and Acharya Chatursen Shastri in "Vayam Rakshamah" points towards the same origin by taking help of all ancient texts as well as prevailing customary practices and temperament of these illustrious Brahmins.

The Namboothiris' own mythology holds that Parashuraaman created the land (of Kerala) and bestowed it upon them. Thus their reverence of Parashuram shows that these two brahmin castes might be sharing the same lineage. The legend of Parasurama also exists amongst Brahmins of all India and he is worshipped in UP. Hence it has to be seen as a myth not exclusive to Namboothiris and Kerala alone. However, this myth also exist in an old Chera lore about King Velkezu Kuttavan. According to this myth, the king flings his spear into the sea to claim land from it. This lore must have modified later in Malayalam language by the Namboothiris as part of their campaign to establish themselves in Kerala. In the Namboothiri version, Parashuraaman uses his Parashu (Axe), to create new land for the Brahmins.

Present

The Bhumihars are predominantly farmers. Some are owners of vast quantities of land but many are small farmers too. Presently, most Bhumihars have been reduced to the status of small-scale farmers with the fall of the zamindari system. While most zamindars were Bhumihars, there was widespread discontent among the raiyyats (farmers who were lent land on lease and from whom tax was collected), regardless of their castes. Then, it was a class struggle rather than a caste struggle. And this struggle was led by none other than Swami Sahajanand Saraswati, a Bhumihar, who formed the first Kisan Sabha in India. Many other nationalists like Pandit Karyanand Sharma, Pandit Yadunandan Sharma and Pandit Jamuna Karjee joined Swamiji in the upliftment of the peasantry which did not include people of all castes and communities and for the freedom of India from colonial yoke.

Marriage of people in this community, like most of other social groups of India, is restricted to their own subcaste. English education was adopted very late by Bhumihar Brahmins because they have been very orthodox Brahmins along with being well off from the rest. There had been some exceptions to this but nowadays they are doing very well in all walks of life. Bhumihar Brahmins were just 2.9% of Bihar population (before partition of Jharkhand) but wielded a great political strength in Pre-Mandal politics of Bihar as Brahmins all over the country. At one time this caste contributed 19 MPs out of total 54 Lok sabha seats in Bihar. It is a fact that Bhumihar Brahmin's contribution to the freedom struggle of India and the upliftment of downtrodden in Bihar is unmatched by any other community in Bihar. Many think that Bihar was the best administered state in India under the tenure of Dr.Sri Krishna Sinha, who was a Bhumihar Brahmin and the state saw most of its development under his tenure only. This caste is vilified even though the first peasant struggle in India against zamindari was started by Sahajanand Saraswati and the communities to benefit most from it were Yadav, Kurmi and Koeri (backward castes) who got the land ownership at the cost of Bhumihar Brahmin zamindars. He is still one of the most revered leaders of peasants. In 1990s the poltics in Bihar was done with the sole basis of targeting the upper castes, more particularly the Bhumihar Brahmins. Lalu Prasad Yadav even called for the 'elimination' of the Bhumihars and other upper castes of Bihar. The per cent population of the Bhumihars in Bihar has also increased from a lowly 2.9% to 4.6% after Jharkhand was separated from it, making them politically significant.

List of Notable Bhumihar Brahmins

Pre-independence

  • Mangal Pandey: Great nationalist and instigator of the 1857 revolt of Indian independence.
  • Swami Sahajanand Saraswati: Social worker, saint, was the foremost leader of peasants of the previous century. International journalists term him as one of the ten most influential people of India of the last century. Our Indian journalist have largely glossed him over and ignored him as a caste leader when the fact is that he worked for all peasants irrespective of their caste. It was at the behest of the yadav peasants that he formed Kisan sabha which became the biggest anti -zamindari peasant movement of India. Landlords and big zamindars both respected and feared him. Other brahmins who lived off the donations of these hardworking brahmins like bhumihars, chitpawans, tyagis and anavails didn't consider them equal to their social status and consider them beneath them in social hierarchy. Swami Sahajanand worked for the equal status for these hardworking brahmins.
  • Basawon Singh (Sinha): Great Nationalist, Trade Unionist and First Leader of Opposition in Bihar; earlier active with HSRA (Hindustan Socialist Republican Army) and later joined Congress Socialist Party. He had spent eighteen and a half years in prison in British India fighting for India's independence. In the early phase of his life he was a revolutionary but later turned to Democratic Socialism. He was among the foremost proponents of Democratic Socialism in India.
  • Pandit Karyanand Sharma : Great nationalist and peasant leader.
  • Yogendra Shukla: Among the greatest nationalists the country has produced and who also served in the Cellular Jail, Andamans(Kalapani), among the founders of HSRA (Hindustan Socialist Republican Army) Yogendra Shukla (1896-1966) as well as his nephew Baikunth Shukla (1907-1934) hailed from village Jalalpur in Muzaffarpur (now Vaishali), district of Bihar and were torch bearers of the revolutionary spirit of freedom struggle. Young Yogendra made his greatest contribution to the cause of Indian freedom between 1930 and 1942, as one of the leaders of the revolutionary movement in Bihar and U.P. becoming "Almost a legendary figure for his many exploits". He was a close associate of Bhagat Singh and Batukeshwar Datta. He had to serve prison terms for a total of more than sixteen and a half years for his revolutionary activities. During imprisonment in different jails of India, he was subjected to extreme torture, which corroded his iron constitution.
  • Baikuntha Shukla: Great nationalist who was hanged for murdering Phanindrananth Ghosh who had become a government approver which led to hanging of Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev and Rajguru. He was a nephew of Yogendra Shukla. Baikunth Shukla was also initiated into the freedom struggle at a young age taking active part in the 'Salt Satyagraha' of 1930. He was associated with revolutionary organisations like the Hindustan Seva Dal and Hindustan Socialist Republican Association. The execution of the great Indian revolutionaries Bhagat Singh,Rajguru and Sukhdev in 1931 as a result of their trial in the 'Lahore conspiracy case' was an event that shook the entire country. Phanindra Nath Ghosh, hitherto a key member of the Revolutionary Party had treacherously betrayed the cause by turning an approver, giving evidence, which led to the execution. Baikunth was commissioned to plan the execution of Ghosh as an act of ideological vendetta which he carried out successfully on 9 November 1932. He was arrested and tried for the killing. Baikunth was convicted and hanged in Gaya Central Jail on May 14, 1934. He was only 28 years old.
  • Chandrama Singh Another nationalist who was given life term imprisonment for being an accomplice with Baikuntha Shukla in murdering Phanindranath Ghosh for ideological vendatta.
  • Sir Ganesh Dutt Singh: Only minister in the province of Bihar from 1923 to 1937 and great philanthropist who initiated World famous Prince of Wales Medical College, Patna University, Darbhanga Medical School etc.
  • Sri Krishna Sinha Eminent nationalist and first Chief minister of Bihar. He was from Maur village of Shekhpura District of Bihar.
  • Ram Dayalu Singh: First Speaker of Bihar Assembly. He was from Gangawa village of Muzaffarpur and strong advocate of SRI BABU candidature of premiership of the province of Bihar in 1937 assembly election (first). There is a famous college in Muzaffarpur which is named after him.
  • Ram Binod Singh: Great nationalist and revolutionary who was brought into the freedom struggle by Acharya Jivatram Bhagwandas Kripalani when he used to teach in Langet Singh College in Muzzafarpur. In fact, Acaryaji has also mentioned about him in his autobiography "My Time".
  • Ram Nandan Mishra: Nationalist and Socialist leader who spent years in jail in British India. A close associate of Loknayak Jayaprakash Narayan. Ramnandan Mishra shot into fame when he, along with JP, scaled the walls of the Hazaribagh central jail during the Quit India movement to lead the underground movement against the British. After Independence he become saint. Ram Manohar Lohia always regarded him as his guru.
  • Pandit Raj Kumar Shukla: After his return from South Africa, Mahatma Gandhi started the freedom movement in India by his satyagraha in the Champaran District of Bihar at the request of Raj Kumar Shukla-- against the British, who were forcing the local farmers to plant indigo which was very harmful to the local soil. In India’s struggle for Independence the "Champaran Satyagraha", marks a very important stage. Raj Kumar Shukla drew the attention of Mahatma Gandhi, who had just returned from South Africa, to the plight of the peasants suffering under an oppressive system established by European indigo planters. Besides other excesses they were forced to cultivate indigo on 3/20 part of their holding and sell it to the planters at prices fixed by the planters. This marked Gandhiji’s entry into the India’s Struggle for Freedom. On his arrival at Motihari, the district headquarters, accompanied by Raj Kumar Shukla, Gandhiji was ordered to leave by the next available train which he refused to do and was arrested. He was released and the ban order was withdrawn in the face of a, "Satyagraha" threat. Gandhiji conducted an open enquiry into the peasant’s grievances. The Government had to appoint an enquiry committee with Gandhiji as a member. This led to the abolition of the system. Raj Kumar Shukla has been described by Gandhiji in his "Atmakatha", as a man whose suffering gave him the strength to rise against the odds. In his letter to Gandhiji he wrote "Respected Mahatma, You hear the stories of others everyday. Today please listen to my story….. I want to draw your attention to the promise made by you in the Lucknow Congress that you would come to Champaran. The time has come for you to fulfil your promise. 19 lakhs suffering people of Champaran are waiting to see you." Gandhiji reached Patna on 10 April, 1917 and on 16 April he reached Motihari accompanied by Raj Kumar Shukla. Under Gandhiji’s leadership the historic "Champaran Satyagraha" began. The contribution of Raj Kumar Shukla is reflected in the writings of Dr. Rajendra Prasad, first President of India, Acharya Kriplani and of course, Mahatma Gandhi himself. Raj Kumar Shukla maintained a diary in which he has given an account of struggle against the atrocities of the indigo planters, atrocities so movingly depicted by Deen Bandhu Mitra in "Neel Darpan", a play that was translated by Michael Madhusudan Dutt. This movement by Mahatma Gandhi received the spontaneous support of a cross section of people, including Dr. Rajendra Prasad, who ultimately became the first President of India.
  • Mahavir Tyagi Eminent nationalist and parliamentarian.
  • Pandit Yamuna Karjee: Pandit Yamuna Karjee was born in a small village name Deopar near Pusa in Darbhanga District of Bihar in 1898. His father Anu Karjee was a marginal farmer who died when Jamuna Karjee was just 6 months old. From his school days itself, he was drawn towards India’s freedom struggle and the Kisan Movement and Peasant movement under Swami Sehganandji Saraswati’s leadership. For higher studies he went to the Presidency College, Calcutta, and also obtained a degree in Law. In Calcutta he came in contact with several freedom fighters and Congress leaders like Dr. B.C. Roy, Dr. Shri Krishan Sinha, Rahul Sankritayan etc. Spurning the offers of several government jobs, he became a Hindi journalist of repute. He joined the editorial wing of Hindi weekly Bharat Mirtra published in Calcutta. He also took part in Gandhiji’s non cooperation movement from 1920-21 and was jailed in 1929-30 for taking part in civil disobedience movement and Namak Satyagrah. He won the first election for Bihar and Orissa Assembly in 1937 as a Congress candidate. He was one of the strongest pillars of the peasant movement in Bihar under the leadership of Swami Sahajanand Saraswati. He along with Rahul Sankritayan and other Hindi literaries started publishing a Hindi weekly Hunkar from Bihar, in 1940. Hunkar later became the mouthpiece of the peasant movement and the agrarian movement in Bihar. He was elected to the post of President Bihar Journalist association in 1947-48. He died of cancer in October 1953 at an early age of 55. After his untimely demise the peasant movement lost momentum in Bihar and became rudderless. His name also appears in Bipan Chandra's masterpiece India's Struggle for Independence Also refer :people.indiatimes.com/articleshow/813210.cms
  • Sheel Bhadra Yajee (1906-1996) the fiery freedom fighter from Bihar was associated with the non-violent and the violent form of freedom struggle. Yajee's participation in the freedom movement began in 1928 when, as a student, he attended the Calcutta Session of the Indian National Congress. He joined the Congress Socialist Party four years later and became involved in the Kisan movement. Later, he came in close touch with Subhas Chandra Bose, as well as Mahatma Gandhi. In 1939 he joined Subhas Chandra Bose to found the All India Forward Bloc. He was actively associated with the INA movement. Yajee raised his voice against caste prejudices and other social evils. He was a firm believer in the active participation of the peasants, workers and the middle classes in the struggle for the transformation of society. He authored several books like' A Glimpse of the Indian Labour Movement', 'Forward Bloc and Its Stand', 'Is Socialism a Necessity to India', and 'True Face of Monopolistic American Democracy'.The government of India issued a commemorative stamp on him on 28/01/2001.[]
  • Ganga Sharan Singh: Littrateur and Nationalist. He was the child of Shri Ram Prasad Sinha and Shirimati Chandramani Devi. He was born in 1905 and died on 22-8-1988. he was also a member of Rajya Sabha from 1956 till 1974. He was elected to the upper house from 3-4-1956 to 2-4-1962 and on 3-4-1962 to 2-4-1968 and was Nominated to the upper house from3-4-1968 to 2-4-1974. He was also the Chairman of PSP from 1956—59. He was close to Jay Prakash Narayan as well as mrs Indira Gandhi . He tried his best to make these two leaders close to each other but was suspected by both . pupul Jaykar wrote about him in a book"Indira gandhi".
  • Pt. Jadunandan Sharma: Eminent nationalist and peasant leader.
  • Kishori Prassana Sinha (Singh): Nationalist.
  • Mithilesh Narayan Singh: Nationalist
  • Rai Jagannath Singh: Great grandson of Rai Hriday Narayan Singh, a philanthropist close to British administration. He was a freedom fighter . His wealth was seized by the British government for his active participation in Indian freedom movement.

Intelligensia

  • Mahapandit Rahul Sankrityayan Rahul Sankrityayan (1893-1963) was one of the most widely traveled scholars of India, who spent forty-five years of his life on travel and away from home. He became a buddhist monk(Bauddh Bhikkhu) and eventually drew towards Marxist Socialism. He was given the title of Mahapandit (great scholar).
  • Ramdhari Singh 'Dinkar' One of the greatest poet of Hindi and known as Rastra Kavi.He was from Simariya village of Begusarai District of Bihar. He was vice chancellor of Bhagalpur University,Bhagalpur,Bihar. He was close friend of Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru. He got the prestious Jnanpith Award award for his famous poem Urvashi and Sahitya Akademi Award for his book Sanskriti Ke Char Adhyaya. He was awarded the third highest civilian award Padma Bhushan also. His famous books are 'kurukshetra, Neel Kusum, Rashmirathi, Hamari Sanskritik Ekta, Dinkar ki Dairy and the list is endless.
  • Ram Briksh Benipuri An eminent Hindi language writer from Benipur village of Muzaffarpur,Bihar. He was a great nationalist jouranlist and editor of national news paper 'Janta'.He was a great freedom fighter and close associate of Lok Nayak Jai Prakash Narain. He was author of great Hindi Natak 'Ambapali' on which a Hindi movie 'Amrapali' was made by Rajkapoor.
  • Gopal Singh "Nepali", an eminent poet of post-Chhayavaad period and a famous lyricist of Bollywood.
  • Ram Sharan Sharma is Professor Emeritus of History at Patna University. He has earlier taught at Delhi (1973-85) and Toronto Universities. He was also the founding chairman of the Indian Council of Historical Research. He has been among the most renowned historians specialising in ancient history of India. He belongs to Barauni flag village of Begusarai district of Bihar. His works include: India's Ancient Past (Oxford University Press) Aspects of Political Ideas and Institutions in Ancient India (Motilal BanarsidassISBN 8120808983), Perspectives in Social and Economic History of Early India (ISBN 8121506727), Urban Decay in India c. 300-c. 1000 (ISBN 8121500451), Sudras in Ancient India: A Social History of the Lower Order Down to Circa A D 600 (ISBN 8120808738), Higher Education (ISBN 8171693202), Looking for the Aryans (ISBN 8125006311), 'Indian Feudalism' and many other scholastic works.
  • V. S. Naipaul: Nobel laureate for literature, whose Bhumihar Brahmin ancestors had migrated from Gorakhpur in eastern parts of U.P. to Trinidad and Tobago as indentured labourers. Many of the poor agricultural and 'secular Brahmins in secular profession as agriculture apart from religious functions went as indentured workers from Bihar and eastern U.P. to Mauritius, South Africa, Guyana, Suriname and Trinidad where because of the dint of their hard work and intellect are now among the most influential, powerful and intellectual group in these regions. Some have kept their distinct Brahmin identity alive while many have got assimilated with others.
  • Prof G R Sharma: Native of Ghazipur and archeologist at Kosambi excavation.He was professor and head of the History department of Allahabad University.
  • Pandit M.S.M. Sharma : Eminent journalist who was involved in a legal tangle with the Government of Bihar over Parliamentary Privileges during the Chief Ministership of Shri Krishna Sinha.
  • Prof. R.N.Rai (BANARAS HINDU UNIVERSITY) has done great work to nourish the Indian English literature.
  • Dr. Madhusudan Mishra is a world renowned Sanskrit scholar who has deciphered Indus valley civilization script and has about 20+ publications to his credit. He is a gold medalist in B.A. & M.A. from Patna University. He retired from Rashtriya Sanskrit Sansthan as Deputy Director (Academic) with some time as Director also.
  • Prof.Devendra Nath Sharma: Eminent Hindi Critic and Bhasha Vaigyanic.He Served as Vice Chancellor of Patna and Bhagalpur Universities.
  • Prof.Vijendra Narayan Singh: Renowoned Hindi Critic.He served as Professor and Head of the Hindi Department of Central University Hydrabad.His famous books are Urvashi;uplabdhi aur sima'and Monograph on Ramdhari Singh Dinker[Sahitya Akademy].He is native of Vibhutipur village of Samastipur District'Bihar.
  • Prof. kailash Rai: Renowned Professor of law in Allahabad university.He has written more than two dozen books on law in Hindi and English and has been awarded by the President on 13 of his books which includes his books on the Constitutional Law of India and Contract.His career spans over 35 years of service in the field of Law and is still continuing. Belonging to a very ordinary family of Reotipur in Ghazipur he reached to this stage in the field of Law with immense literary contribution.
  • Dr. Girija Nandan Singh Prof. & head Dept. of Geography, Munger, Bihar. Has visited many countries and presented lots of research papers. He belongs from Tekari, Gaya, Bihar.
  • Prof.Ram Das Rai (Professor of Sanskrit L.S. College, Muzaffarpur,Bihar),Origanally from eastern U.P. Distric Ghazipur Village: Suhawal. Translated Kalidas Play s into Hindi,poetry version,which were used as college text-books in different colleges. His sister was married into the family of the owner of Granth Raj Publishers.

Doctors

  • Dr Sheetal Prasad Singh: One of the very first medicine expert from Bhumihar Brahmin. His name is most respected in Bihar Medical Society.
  • Dr Vijay Narain Singh : Among the best surgeons in Bihar. He was longest serving HOD , Surgery of PMCH and after retirement he started a medical college with Krishna Kant Babu in Patna which is known as Nalanda Medical College.
  • Dr A K N Sinha: Tallest figure in Indian Medical Association and also president of Commonwealth Medical Association and longest serving president of most powerful body Medical Council Of India(MCI) is Governing body of All Medical Colleges in India. He was also a famous Cardiologist.
  • Dr G P Sharma: He was famous Pathologist native of West Patna ( Nadawan) . His started lab Dr G P Sharma lab is a premier Pathology Lab in Rajendra Nagar , Patna . These days one of his sons runs this lab.
  • Dr J P Sinha: 1948 pass MBBS graduate from PMCH and went UK to get expertise in Radiology and became life long HOD of Radiology , PMCH and retired as Principal of presitious PMCH in 1980 . His started X RAY Institute at Rajendra Nagar was once best Lab with all modern Radiology equipments . His grand son is also a Radiologist presently in UK . Dr Sinha is Native of Bhagwanpur - Ratti , Near Lalganj , Vaishali . It is said he is very first Radiology expert in India.
  • Dr R K Singh & Dr Amit Kumar: Dr Raj Kishori Singh is one of the most famous doctors in Bihar specializing in Obstetrics and gynaecology. Her Son Dr Amit Kumar is also a Noted Infertility Expert in Bihar.
  • Dr U N Shahi: Another rare surgeon Bihar has ever produced . He was native of Shahi Meenapur , Muzaffarpur . His son Sri Pushkar Shahi is a famous lawyer in Patna.
  • Dr Priyamvada Tiwari : She retired as Director of IMS-BHU few years back. She is a well known doctor in Varanasi. After retirement she opened her own hospital in Luxa Road near her residence.
  • Dr Dhan Pati Rai: Native of Buxar who got his Medicine degree in 1939 from Darbhanga Medical College and settled in his native place to serve the society . His son Dr B B Rai is also 1962 DMCH alumni & has served as Orthopaedic expert in HEC Ranchi . Dr B B Rai's son Sri Sanjeev Kumar Roy is settled in Singapore and heading a MNC in the capacity of Regional category manager of Asia Pacific region . While another son Sri Rajeev kumar Rai was a Civil Servant but now settled in Canada.
  • Dr B P Mishra: Son in Law of Dr Sheetal Prasad Singh who became first Principal of S K Medical College in Muzaffarpur . His younger brother, Dr B N Mishra is also a noted Physician in Darbhanga . Dr B P Mishra runs his Pathology clinic named Modern Diagnostic Lab in Muzaffarpur. His son is also a Pathology Expert , Dr Ranjan Mishra whlile his nephew Dr K K Mishra married to Maniyari Mahant's Grand daughter Dr Ranjana Mishra and runs his own Pathology clinic Standard Diagnostic Lab.
  • Dr R P N Sinha: He was native of Salemgarh estate from Deoria , eastern UP . He established himself as among the best Pshyciatrists in North India.
  • Dr K K Sinha: A neuro surgeon of Ranchi, is one of the major personalities in the medical profession of East India, particularly of Jharkhand and Bihar.
  • Dr Anmola Sinha: A rare intelligent doctor, native of Shahi Meenapur(Muzaffarpur) who is excellent in the field of GYN & OBS. It is said she always got scholarship in education and she credits her father for her education. Her eldest daughter is a record holder in MBBS examination to get Highest marks in All India level. While Another Doctor daughter is married to grand son of Radiologist Dr J P Sinha.
  • Dr Rajeshwar Thakur: A noted Surgeon as well as an excellent medical teacher . He is native of Kamargama,Kalyanpur,Samastipur.His nursing home in Patna City area is famous . After retirement as medical teacher he is heading various social organisation including Sir Ganesh Dutt Sewa Sansthan , PMCH Old Boys Association . It is said he was one the very few medical teachers who used to report hospitals sharp 9AM in the morning. One of his sons is an IRTS officer and married to Dr Ramendra Narain Singh's elder daughter, who is also a senior officer in central govt.
  • Dr Kalika Sharan Singh: A noted Physician and cardiologist from Nawalpur, Maharajganj, Siwan. He is a Badramia Bhumihar Brahmin and has become a business tycoon with his Hi-Tec Laboratories Pvt. Ltd. based in New Delhi with its country wide marketing network.
  • Dr Ramendra Narain Singh: A true blue blooded Parashar gotra Eksaria mool Bhumihar Brahmin who carries the genes of Philanthropist & Political Leader Sri Krishna Kant Singh . Dr Singh's grand father Narayan Babu nutured Goreakothi and established a High School in 1916 . Dr Singh is a matriculate from famous St Xaviers High School & graduated from PMCH . He holds double masters degree in Surgery and was in UK for more than 10 years . Returning back to Patna from UK he joined Medical Education and started the famous Tara Hospital & Research Centre in 1986 . Dr Singh is married in another village of Rahimpur ( Khagaria , Old Monghyr/ Begusarai ) . Dr Singh's younger brother, Dr G N Singh is a noted medical teacher as well as one of the first experts of modern Radiology.
  • Dr R B Sharma & Dr Usha Sharma: Dr R B Sharma is most famous surgeon in the filed of Neuro Surgery and has served many years in UK & USA . He is native of Jihuli village and married to Dr Usha Sharma who is the grand daughter of Old Gaya's famous Politician and Philanthropist Khaderan Babu. Dr Usha Sharma is also an experienced GYN & OBS expert apart from having political interests. She has served as Vice President of Lok Janshakti Party .
  • Dr Shanti Roy & Dr Anita Singh: Dr Shanti Roy is one of the most famous GYN & OBS doctor in Bihar. She belongs to Goreakothi and married in Gopalganj. Her son Dr Himanshu Rai is also a Noted Infertility Expert in Bihar. Dr Shanti Roy's younger sister Dr Anita Singh is also a noted GYN & OBS expert . Dr Anita is Married to another doctor Dr U P Singh, native of west Patna district.
  • Dr A K P Singh: An alumni of PMCH presently heading the Bihar Govt started mental Hospital at Koilwar and has served as Medical Superintendent at Ranchi Mental Hospital . He is native of Hakam-Reotith and is of Parashar gotra, Eksaria mool Bhumihar Brahmin. After his MBBS from Patna , his maternal uncle Dr J P Sinha ( Ex- principal , PMCH and Radiologist , X-Ray Institute ) advised him to join MD ( Pshy) , later on Dr Singh became favourite student of noted physician Dr R P N Sinha. Now Dr A K P Singh is serving his native place every Sunday to cater to the patients from the backward regions of North Bihar. On Sunday, one can find thousands of patients at his Native place i.e. Hakam-Reotith, Gopalganj.
  • Dr Utpal Kant Singh: Native of Amhara village of Patna District . Dr Singh is a noted Paediatric Physician and working with NMCH .
  • Dr. T.P.Ojha: A renound physian of Bihar.
  • Dr. Chedi Chawdhry: He was one of the most famous ENT specialist of India.
  • Dr Binod Kumar Singh: Another Paediatrician in Patna who never stood second in his academic career from School days to MBBS and Post graduation . He was all MBBS gold medalist and got honours in many subjects from RMCH , Ranchi . He got his MD from PMCH. Presently he is a Asst Professor in NMCH . Even her wife Dr Suniti Sinha is a noted GYN & OBS expert in Kankerbagh , Patna. Dr Singh is native of Old Sitamadhi District.
  • Dr Shashi Ranjan: Dr Shashi Ranjan is another brilliant doctor as ENT expert . He is native of Amhara of Patna district . He got his training from Jaslok Hospital and now a days he is among the best Micro surgeon in Bihar at a very young age . He is married to Dr Pamela Ranjan who is herself an alumni of NMCH and helps her husband.
  • Dr Rupam Sinha: Dr Rupam Sinha is another brilliant doctor as Gynecologist expert . She is native of Samastipur. She did her MBBS from Patna Medical College and her MD from Ranchi Medical college. She is now teaching at NMCH. She is also running a clinic in Patna.

Civil Servants

ICS & IAS
  • T. P. Singh (Junior): An ICS officer from very simple family of Ghataro, Vaishali.
  • B.P. Singh: Former Culture Secretary and Former Union Home Secretary to the Government of India during the NDA regime at the Centre .
  • Aparmita Prasad Singh: A 1964 batch officer from UP Cadre .
  • Vinod Rai: Principal Secretary, Finance, Government of India.
  • Nishikant Sinha: A Bihar cadre officer of the 1966 batch, worked as UPSC Chairman, Joint secretary to PM, Secretary to Planning Commission and is from Paltuhata village of Siwan Bihar.
  • Amar Shaheed M.P.N. Sharma: A native of Gangiya village situated on the border of Muzaffarpur and Sitamarhi districts. As the then District Magistrate of Gopalganj he came into limelight after taking punitive measures against a controversial Godman more popularly known as 'Sant Gyaneshwar'. This controversial Godman was found to be involved in several illegal activities including flesh trade, smuggling etc. This Godman got the honest officer assassinated in the Gopalganj Collectorate campus area with the help of his henchman Paramhans Yadav who was hanged till death while the mastermind Godman escaped punishment due to lack of evidence. But this Godman attained brutal death himself sometime back when more than fifty bullets were pumped into his body near Allahabad.
  • Viresh Kumar: An IAS officer of UP Cadre,served as District Magistrate, Mau and Chief staff officer to chief secretary UP.
  • Sudhir Sharma :A 1975 batch officer of Manipur -Tripura Cadre, he is presently posted as the Special Commissioner in Tripura Bhawan in New Delhi.
  • Rama Raman: He is native of Begusarai, Bihar. He served as District Magistrate in Bareilly,Gorakhpur and Lucknow and Director, Ministry of Home,Govt. of India.
  • Bipin Bihari Sinha: An officer of UP cadre. He served as divisional commissioner Kanpur and Joint Secretary , Banking,Govt. of India.
  • Jai Prakash Rai : An officer of Madhya Pradesh Cadre. Hailing from Azamgarh Dist.-Uttar Pradesh. Son of Late Shri Kamala Rai, a notable freedom fighter. Born & brought up in Singapore. Meritorious student at Raffles Institution and Gold Medalist at BHU. Joined the IAS in 1983, and has been an inspiring figure in the fraternity, working for the upliftment of the public in general. Presently in the field of infrastructure development.
  • J. P. Rai: Native from a village Lauwadih in District Banaras (U.P).Deputy Director in Women and Child Welfare Department, Government of Uttar Pradesh.
  • Jayant Parimal: Parashar Gotra , Eksaria Bhumihar Brahmin , native of Hakam-Reotith of Gopalganj, Bihar.
  • Ms. Niharika Rai: She is native of Eastern UP and daughter of an IPS officer . She ranked 12th in civil services batch 2005. She got UT cadre and presently working with Chandigarh Administration.
  • Rahul Ranjan Mahiwal: He is an IAS of batch 2005.
  • Abhishek Krishna: He is an IAS officer of 2006 batch.
IPS (Indian Police Service)
  • Shiva Jee Sinha:An officer of the 1948 (first batch) of IPS . His son Shakti Sinha is an IAS officer of UP cadre .
  • B. P. N. Shahi: An officer of 1950 batch of IPS, and husband of famous politician Krishna Shahi,who represented Begusarai Parliamentry constituency and served as Minister of State in HRD and Water Resources in Rajiv Gandhi and Narshimha Rao Govts. He died at young age.His son RRPN Shahi is also an IPS officer of Bihar cadre serving under Union Government.
  • Jagadanand: 1951 batch IPS officer (Fourth batch of RR officers) , native of Sher Ghati, Gaya. He got Scholarship in 1949 from an American university but he selected the IPS to serve India. He served as Bihar Police's Director General of Police in 1985-86 for 13 Months as the State Police Force Chief .
  • Lalit Vijay Singh: A Bihar Cadre officer from Barahiya, Monghyr district of Bihar. He was Minister of State for Defence in Chandrashekhar ministry in 1990 having earlier retired as DGP in Bihar Police. His son is Vipul Vijoy Singh, a Gujarat Cadre IPS officer. His daughter Vinita Vijay is married to Amar Pandey, son of Late Raghunath Pandey . Mrs Vinita Vijay is in Politics and has fought many MLA elections from Muzaffarpur.
  • D.P.Ojha: Native of Saran district and a student of Nuclear Physics from Rajendra College & Patna Science College who joined Govt as an IPS officer and ended his Police career heading Bihar Police as DGP .
  • Jyoti Kumar Sinha: Son of a legendary Indian Police (I.P.) officer ,he is popularly known by the name of Jyoti Babu in the bureaucratic circles.He is a retired I.P.S officer of 1969 batch of Bihar cadre and in a distinguished career of more than three and half decades in Bihar Police,one of the Central Police Organizations,Indo Tibetan Border Police Force as ADG & then as DG of ITBP as well as Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF)-which emerged as the largest Police Force of the world under his able leadership has been a highly decorated officer including being President's Police medal awardee .Before retiring from service as Director General of C.R.P.F. ,he oversaw the complete effective deployment of this Force in Jammu & Kashmir for Internal Security duties -which resulted in improved security scenario.Because of his effective management of Tsunami relief work he received applaud from entire nooks and cranny of Indian administration.In recognition of his work he has been appointed as one of the Members of the National Disaster Management Authority based in New Delhi,after his superannuation from government service.
  • R. D. Tyagi : Joint Commissioner of Police ,Mumbai at the time of 1993 Mumbai riots who later on became the Commissioner of Police,Mumbai and the Director General of National Security Guards (NSG),Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA),Govt. of India.
  • Acharya Kishore Kunal: Sanskrit Scholar and Gujarat Cadre IPS officer from Baruraj, Muzaffarpur. He is heading the Mahaveer Temple which runs various hospitals. He is presently the Chief of Bihar Religious Board. Under his leadership Mahaveer Temple Trust manages many hospitals including premier Mahaveer Cancer Sansthan, Mahaveer Vatsalaya etc . After resigning from his stint as an IPS officer, he served as vice chancellor of Sanskrit Vishwa Vidyalaya, Darbhanga, Bihar.
  • Anand Shankar: Another brilliant I.P.S officer of 1973 batch with Bihar cadre. He is a native of Mokama. Recently, he has been elevated to the rank of D.G.P.in Bihar Police.
  • Abhayanand: He is a well known personality in the field of administration in Bihar as well as nationally acclaimed in IIT-JEE coaching .A native of Sherghati, Gaya and worthy elder son of an illustrious father ,the ex-DGP , Sri Jagatanand, presently he is Additional DGP, Bihar serving with glory and widely credited with bringing about many positive changes in the administration of Bihar Police under the current regime .He has also been also involved in successfully running the famous 'Super 30' coaching class in Patna for IIT entrance.
  • Rajyavardhan Sharma: 1980 batch Bihar cadre officer. He hails from a small village Dahiya under Patna District. He has honourably served as Superintendents of Police of Nalanda and Begusarai districts as as won great appreciation for his tough handling of crime situation in Begusarai district during late '80s. Subsequently he went on to serve as DIG ,Ranchi Range in the undivided Bihar . Currently, he is posted as the Zonal IG at Patna, arguably one of the toughest police assignments in Bihar and probably whole of India with the districts under this zone being infested with Maoist groups and various privately owned armed brigades. He has made a name as a tough and fair officer ; more often than not, a rarity in present times.In recognition of his services, he has been duly awarded with both Police Medal for Meritorious and the President's Police Medal for Distinguished Service .
  • Adhir Sharma :Having roots in Morsandi village in Motipur Block of Muzaffarpur district of Bihar ,he was born ,brought up and educated in Ranchi(Jharkhand)and Arrah(Dt-Bhojpur).Belonging to 1987 RR batch of the IPS ,he is from the West Bengal Cadre and has served both West Bengal and Calcutta Police .He also served as the Provincial Commander of UN Police set up in Mozambique (Africa) in 1994 during his deputation to the United Nations Operations in Mozambique (ONUMOZ) and was awarded UN Peace Medal .During his tenure as Superintendent of Police in Purulia (Apr 1998 to mid-May, 2000);a Calcutta based CBI court convicted the detained accused persons in the infamous Purulia Arms Drop case of December,1995.He kept the Anand Margis,Jharkhand activists and Maoist outfits besides illegal coal mining and smuggling syndicates under tight leash besides providing a neutral and transparent Police Administration in the highly polarised political environment of West Bengal.Therafter he commanded a Battalion of the Indo Tibetan Border Police Force in Ladkah along the Line of Actual Control (LAC) for more than a year-only the second IPS officer to do so in that region.After doing a staff stint in Chandigarh,he commanded the Operational Sector of CRPF in Tripura and Mizoram having a deployment of 15 Bns for more than one and half year--turning it around from fighting the tribal insurgents in a defensive mould to an aggresive hunting mode.Subsequently,he headed the CRPF administrative Range of Chandigarh for more than 2 years ,supervising the raising of two CRPF Bns and extensively touring the deployed Bns of the Range in the militant and terrorist affected regions of the States of Jammu & Kashmir,Chattisgarh,Tripura and eastern Uttar Pradesh .He has so far been awarded two Police (Special Duty) Medals and Police Medal for Meritorious Service.After returning back to his parent cadre,he is presently posted as the Special Inspector General of Police in the Enforcement Branch of West Bengal Police.
  • Amar Shaheed Ajay Kumar Singh: An IITian turned IPS Officer of 1993 batch of Bihar Cadre was known for his daredevil and heroic acts particularly against hard core criminals before getting assassinated in naxalite affected Lohardagga district of the then Bihar and the present Jharkhand in September, 2001. His wife Anupma Saxena Singh is also a senior IPS officer of UP cadre (earlier in Jharkhand).
  • Bharat Prasad Singh: UP Cadre IPS from Shekhpura District of Bihar. He served as DIG Allahabad,Gorakhpur and Additional Director General of Police, UP.His elder son Mukesh P. Singh is an IAAS(Principal Director Audit and Accounts,North East Railways,Gorakhpur) and his younger son is IAS of Karnataka Cadre.
  • Vibhuti Narayan Rai: UP Cadre IPS officer and famous Hindi novelist from Jokahara village of Azamgarh, UP where he established a library named Ramanand Pustakalaya having great collection of Laghu Patrika. His famous novels are Kissa Loktantra, Shahar Mein Curfew.
  • Ram Narayan Singh: UP Cadre IPS officer and known for his social work from Kachhwa village of Mirzapur,UP where he started school for kids named Pandit Ram Kinkar Upadhyay Vidyapith.
  • Shiv Balak Singh: UP cadre IPS officer , presently posted at RASHTRAPATI BHAWAN , New Delhi. He is famous by his postfixed surname Tyagi. He is native of Begusarai.
  • Bindeshwari Pd. Singh: Bihar Cadre IPS officer from Begusarai.
  • B.P Singh "Vikat": One of the famous, down to earth, honest IPS officers.

Politicians

  • Krishna Kant Singh: He was the founder of Nalanda Medical College and Hospital (NMCH), Patna and Minister in Sri Krishna Sinha ministry and de-facto CM in Bhola Paswan Ministry. He was the main initiator to establish Bhagalpur & Ranchi University as Education Minister in Bihar .He served as President, "Gandhi Museum", Patna for many years and also BSFC chairman. He was the only son of Karm Yogi and RajRishi Narayan Babu from Goreakothi.
  • Mahesh Pd Sinha: A Native of Vaishali District and very close Lieutenant of Sri Babu (Sri Krishna Sinha). He did a lot for Muzaffarpur in every field of Philanthropy after opening various Schools & Colleges. There is a science college named after him in Muzaffarpur, "M P Sinha Science College".
  • Chandrashekhar Singh was deputy leader of the Communist Party of India group in the State Legislature of Bihar and a Member of the National Council of CPI, and its Bihar State Secretariat He passed away on the 20 July, 1976 at the age of 61.He was born in December 1915. Shri Chandrashekhar Singh, graduated from Banaras Hindu University in 1937, and obtained his Master's Degree from Patna University in 1939.Shri Chandrashekhar Singh came to politics through the National Liberation movement against the British imperialism in 1934. At that time he was in the Congress Socialist Party. He was elected first General Secretary of the Bihar Students Federation in 1938. In 1940 he joined the CPI and was arrested by the British Government. In 1949 he was arrested in connection with All India Railway strike. He worked in the Kisan Sabha from 1949 to 1956. In 1956 by-election, he was elected on a Communist ticket to the Bihar Legislative Assembly. He was continuously a member of the Bihar Legislative Assembly since 1962.In 1967 he became Minister for Power and Irrigation in the SVD, Government. He was also Deputy leader of the CPI, Legislative Party. He was the son of Sri Ram Charitra Pd Singh.
  • Sri Indradeep Sinha: Born in 1914 Indradeep Sinha had a brilliant academic carrier securing a gold medal in post-graduation in economics from Patna University. He chose to serve the people by fighting for political freedom of the nation and social and economic justice to its people. He was a member of the Rajya Sabha from 1974-1986 (two terms) representing the Communist Party of India. He was also in the Bihar ministry in 1967 and 1977 governments in the capacity of Cabinet minister for revenue. His contribution in the peasant movement as general secretary of All India Kisan Sabha was tremendous. He wrote about 25 books and his writings are guidelines for the next generation committed to people's cause. His writings touched various subjects and were guidelines for the socio-political and economic movement in the country.
  • Shyam Nandan Prasad Mishra: Famous Congress Leader who was also in the ministry of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru. He was native of "PIPARA" , Nepal but worked hard as Politician in BEGUSARAI and in 1977 he was in the ministry of Morarji Desai as State External Affairs Minister.
  • Digvijay Narayan Singh: Great Indian National Congress Leader and very close to Nehru-Gandhi family and Morarji Desai. Sir Mark Tully in his book "No Fullstops in India" has committed one whole chapter on him. He was the grandson of Sri Langet Singh.
  • L P Shahi: He joined Sri Babu ministry at very young age and served almost all Congress Ministries in Bihar. Later on Sri Rajiv Gandhi included L P Shahi in Central ministry in 1985 as HRD minister.
  • Kalapnath Rai: He is called the vikash purush of Mau (UP). Served the Congress Government under Narashima Rao as Power minister and Agriculture minister.
  • Raj Narain: Known as Giant-killer for defeating Indira Gandhi from Rai-Bareilly Lok-Shabha seat in 1977. He served the country as Health Minister in Janata Party Government. He was one of the relatives of the royal family of Benaras.
  • Rajo Singh: A famous congressman from Bihar who started his career as a Primary School teacher and became Rags to riches . He represented Sheikhpura in Bihar LA and Begusarai in LS. Never lost an election. He was assassinated in 2005.
  • Rajiv Ranjan Singh 'Lalan': Presently Lok Sabha Member from Begusarai Bihar And State Chief of Janta Dal-U.
  • Maheshwar Prasad Singh: Noted Bihari Politician, Popularly known as “Chanakya” of Bihar, native of chapra, Rampur.He was General Seceratry of Janata Party, Bihar, the founder member of BJP and vice president of BJP, President of ABP, chairman of a state PSU, member of Khadi Board, and held other Cabinate rank posts. He was close associate of Morarji Desai.
  • Mrs. Tarkeshwari Sinha: Congress leader and central minister in Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru cabinet.
  • Algu Rai Shastri: Freedom fighter and congress leader , Member of Parliament., U.P minister.
  • Kunwar Revati Raman Singh : A notable politician of Zamindaar family from Baraon state of Allahabad. At present he is representing Allahabad Loksabha constituency defeating veteran BJP leader Dr. Murli Manohar Joshi. His father Kunwar Madhvendra Singh was Minister in the 1937 interim government of Pandit Govind Ballabh Pant.His only son Ujjaval Raman Singh was Cabinet minister in Mulayam Singh Government in Uttar Pradesh.
  • Gauri Shankar Rai: He represented UP lagislative assembly from Ballia and Loksabha from Ghazipur. He was a great parliamentarian who initiated 'Visheshadhikar Hanan Notice' against Prime Minister Mrs. Indira Gandhi. He was leader of opposition in lagislative council of UP assembly during chief ministership of H.N.Bahuguna. He was secretary to chief minister Smt. Sucheta Kripalani.
  • Mahachandra Prasad Singh: He is 6 time congress MLC from Chaapra Graduate constituency. He was a long serving legislator and a respected congressman.
  • Dr.Ravindra Kumar Rai: He belongs from a Zamindar Family of Giridih District. His Grandfather Nageshwar Rai was also MLa of 1st Vidhansabha of Bihar. He is presently member legislative Assembly Jharkahnd.He was Cabinet minister of Industry and Mines Department in BJP Govt at Jharkhand. Presently in Jharkhand Vikas Morcha.
  • Shiv Kumar choudhary: Political Leader from ARA(Bihar).
  • Shyam Sunder Singh Dheeraj: Political leader from Mokama, Played important role in Congress Comeback after emergency and fall of Janta Party's Government. He saved Mr.Sanjay Gandhi from violent mob. He was youth congress leder in Bihar for more than 15 years. He was the yougest cabinet minister of Bihar.
  • Ram Janam Sharma:A renowned personality from Bikram Patna.He is an ex -MLA from Bikram and played important role for Bhartiya Janata Party in Patna.His age is 53 years.He is in active politics from 18 years of his age.Atalji had praised him as most prominent of Bhumihar in Patna.Now also he is helping peoples of his constituency and and also apart from his constituency.He is very bold leader.
  • Kapildeo Singh : Socialist Leader from Barahiya. In pre-independence he was active in the Quit-India movement as a young student. Post-independence he was an active socialist leader and became a Cabinet Minister in the Janata Party government of 1977.
  • Babu Braj Kishore Singh: Great Socialist Leader from Village Azizpur District Muzaffarpur. Played a vital role in Anti congress moment(also known as J P Andolan). A well known Social worker of his time.
  • Dr. Lal Mohan Pd Singh: Professor & Head of Department of Psychology SRPS College Jaitpur, Muzafarpur. A scholar of psychology and a well known leader of BJP in Muzaffarpur. Former district president of BJP, Muzaffarpur and also member of National council.
  • Krishnanand Rai: He was the Bharatiya Janata Party legislator from Mohammadabad. Krishnanand Rai was shot dead by unidentified men at Baswania, 100km from Varanasi in Uttar Pradesh on 29th November 2005 because of his long time rivalry with Ansari brothers in that constituency. His wife Alka Rai is now representing his constituency.

Professionals

  • Lal Narayan Sinha: An outstanding legal luminary who was the Attorney General of India during the Prime Minitership of Indira Gandhi. He is regarded for his legal skills because of defending Emergency.
  • Chief Justice of India Lalit Mohan Sharma: Son of above mentioned Lal Narayan Sinha, is also a reputed legal scholar. He was born on February 12, 1928 at Gaya (Bihar). Passed B.A. Hons. (Patna University) in 1946. Passed B.L. (Patna University) in 1948. Enrolled as articled clerk in High Court, Patna in 1949. Started practice in High Court, Patna as an Advocate - February 6, 1950. Enrolled as Supreme Court Advocate - March 6, 1957. Later nominated as Senior Advocate. Took charge (oath) as Judge, Patna High Court on April 12, 1973. Took charge (oath) as Judge, Supreme Court of India on October 5, 1987. Appointed Chief Justice of India on November 18, 1992. Retired on February 11, 1993.
  • Justice N.P. Singh: Born on 25th December, 1931. Enrolled as an Advocate on 9th January, 1956; Appointed as the Judge of the Patna High Court on 12th April, 1973; Became the Acting Chief Justice of Patna High Court in 1991; On 4th February, 1992 took over as Chief Justice of Calcutta High Court; Appointed as the Judge of the Supreme Court on 15th June, 1992. Retired on 24.12.1996.
  • Justice Nagendra Rai :was born on 31.01.1944. He was enrolled as an Advocate in 1966, and practised mainly in Criminal, Civil And Constitutional Matters in the Patna High Court. He became Judge of Patna High Court in the year 1990 and Acting Chief Justice in 2005, retired on 31.01.2006.
  • Justice Narayan Roy :was born on 01.02.1947,He was enrolled as an Advocate on 05.09.1972, and practised mainly in Criminal, Civil and Constitutional Matters in the Patna High Court. He became Government Pleader at Ranchi Bench of Patna High Court in the year 1986,became Permanent Judge of Patna High Court in the year 1991. He Belongs to a Zamindar family of Giridih District, Jharkhand.
  • Padmashri Dr. Chandreshwar Prasad Thakur commonly called Dr. C. P. Thakur, Emeritus Professor of Medicine, Patna Medical College, Patna, has also received the Ranbaxy Research Awards award in the field of Medical Sciences (Clinical Research) by the Hon'ble President of India , Dr. A.P. J. Abdul Kalam, presented the for his significant contribution towards the understanding of drug response in treatment of kala-azar. His new knowledge may soon lead in developing a drug from Ayurvedic medicine, for treatment of kala-azar, visceral leishmaniasis. He is the former Union Cabinet minister for Health and Family Planning and three time member of Lok Sabha from Patna constituency.
  • Vikas Singh is presently the Additional Solicitor General of India in the Supreme Court. Mr. Singh started working as an advocate in the Supreme Court since 1990 and was designated as Senior Advocate in December 2004. He has handled constitutional, administrative, corporate, criminal and arbitration matters in the apex court and Delhi and Bombay High Courts.
  • P.K.Shahi is presently Advocate General of the Government of Bihar.
  • Dr. Krishna Nandan Singh is the former President of Patna High Court Bar Association. A Doon School pass-out who further did his doctorate from the Benares Hindu University. He has handled constitutional, administrative, corporate, criminal and arbitration matters in Patna and Ranchi High Courts primarily but also appears in matters in the Apex Court. Dr. K.N. Singh belongs to the highly-respected family of Sheohar Raj which traces its ancestry to Bettiah Raj.
  • R.V.Shahi : Present power secretary of India. Worked as director of NTPC and chairman of BSES.
  • S.K.Shahi : Eminent chartered accountant, belongs to the Shandilya gotra. Served as the chairman of the Patna branch of the Institute of chartered accountants of India in 2001 . Senior Partner of a CA firm having offices at Patna, New Delhi,Bhubaneshwar etc. He is the central statutory auditor of public sector banks and several PSUs.
  • Dr.Brinda Bihari Thakur commonly called Dr. B.B.Thakur, Emeritus Professor of Medicine, Sri Krishna Singh Medical College, Muzaffarpur is also association of physicians national president.
  • Sri Arun Kumar Singh is the DGM, Reserve Bank Of India and son of Late Sri M.P. Singh, a noted politician of Bihar.
  • Padmashri Dr. Pritam Singh: Dr. Pritam Singh is a management Guru who has devoted his life to the development of management education in India and abroad. He developed for IIM Lucknow and MDI¸ collaborations across the world and signed as many as thirty six MoUs with American¸ European¸ Canadian¸ Australian and Asian Management Schools. Owing to his contributions towards building intellectual capital at Administrative Staff College and refocusing of IIM Bangalore as a truly integrated management school¸ he is branded as a Change Master par excellence and a Renaissance leader. The dramatic turnaround of MDI during his first tenure as Director MDI and repositioning of IIM Lucknow as the number 1 institute during his tenure as director IIM L earned him the repute of Midas touch Director. As Board Member of nearly a hundred institutions of the country¸ he has actively initiated and enabled the transformation process in the corporate world. Currently he is on the Board of Reserve Bank of India¸ Punjab National Bank¸ Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd.¸ Oriental Insurance Co.¸ Shipping Corporation of India¸ Unit Trust of India¸ Indian Medicines Pharmaceutical Corporation Ltd.¸ ICRA¸ Banaras Hindu University and US Educational Foundation in India. He has also been at the helm of policy issues that surround both management education and corporate management. Notable memberships of committees are Indian Airlines and Air India Merger Committee and Policy-Perspective for Management Education Committee. As Director¸ IIM Lucknow and Director¸ MDI Gurgaon¸ Dr. Singh strived to let the benefits spill over to society at large. He initiated a number of social projects focusing on healthcare¸ education¸ water management and road building for the surrounding community to improve the quality of life. An M.Com (BHU)¸ MBA (USA)¸ Ph.D. (BHU)¸ Dr. Singh is the author of seven academically reputed books and published over 50 research papers.
Awards & Honors: His distinguished services were acknowledged by the country when the President of India conferred on him the prestigious ‘Padam Shri’ in year 2003. He has also been conferred with many other prestigious management awards. Notable among them are ESCORT Award (1979 and 2002)¸ FORE Award (1984)¸ Best Motivating Professor IIM Bangalore Award (1993)¸ Best Director Award of Indian Management Schools (1998)¸ Outstanding CEO (Chief Executive Officer) National HRD Award (2001) UP RATNA Award (2001)¸ Wisitex Foundation Award – Eminent Personality of the Decade (2002) TIEUP California USA Outstanding Entrepreneur Award (2002)¸ IMM Outstanding Management Educator Award (2002)¸ Managerial GRID Leadership Excellence Award (2002).

Others

  • Langet Singh: A classic example of Rags to Riches who also turned out to be a great Philanthropist. He started his career as a simple worker and by the dint of his hard labour created huge wealth and donated huge amount to the then Bhumihar Brahmin College (Now L S College). His native was Dharhara, Vaishali . His grandson Sri Digvijay Narain Singh represented Muzaffarpur Loksabha constituency many times.
  • Sri Ram Charitra Prasad Singh: He was Bihar First Power Minister. Native of 'Bihat', Begusarai he was a man of very strong will power. His Son Sri Chandrashekhar Singh became a very famous Communist Leader of Bihar.
  • RajRishi Narain Babu: He was native of Goreakothi and started a High School based on Modern Education which led the revolution of education in that area . He won 1937 election for central assembly . He died in 1950 . His son Late Sri Krishna kant Babu became minister in SRI BABU first cabinet and served many other ministries . His son in law Late Sri Chandreshakhar babu of Bihat, Begusarai was a pillar in Bihar Politics and CPI.
  • Rai Hriday Narayan Singh: Native of Muzaffarpur. He was actively associated with development work during British rule. He was in the good book of Britishers and enjoyed their support for his work. It was none other than Mr. Narayan who made many roads and small bridges for the convenience of the local people.
  • Sri Vishun Deo Narain Singh: A 1927 law graduate from a Zamindaar family who used to run a free Hostel for meritorious and talented Bhumihar Brahmins of Saran district but at Mithanpura in Muzaffarpur. Smt Krishna Sahi's father Mahesh Pd Sinha were close associate of him. he become a Gandhian at very young but died in 1943.
  • Pandit Prakash Vir Shastri: Eminent Parliamentarian and scholar of Sanskrit.
  • Sir Chandreshwar Prasad Narayan Singh: Governor of Uttar Pradesh (1980-85), and India's first ambassador to Nepal. He also served as an ambassador of Japan. He was born on the 18th April 1901 at Parsgarh, Bihar. Standing First Class-First from the Calcutta University in his M.A. He obtained the Mallick Gold Medal in 1925. After coming to Bihar, he was elected to the then Legislative Council in 1927. He was also elected Chairman of the District Board of Muzaffarpur, where he distinguished himself by exemplary organisation of succour for earthquake victims of the great Bihar Earthquake of 1934. This received special recognition at the hands of the different organisations of the country, including the Congress at that time. In 1945, he became the Vice-Chancellor of the United Patna University. After Independence, he was invited by the then Prime Minister, Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru, to become the country's Ambassador to Nepal. It was during his tenure the King of Nepal sought refuge at the Indian Embassy in 1950. After completing his tenure there, he was appointed the Governor of undivided Punjab in 1953. It was under his aegis that the city of Chandigarh and the Bhakra-Nangal dam were built. In 1958, he subsequently became the Ambassador to Japan. There he received the signal and unique honour of receiving a doctorate from the prestigeous Ohtani University. Unable to continue in the post, due to ill-health, he was forced to come back to India. After that he became a Director of the Reserve Bank of India and the I.D.B.I. and the Chairman of several companies. A distinguished educationist, an able administrator and an inspiring leader and interpreter of Indian Culture, Shri C.P.N. Singh was honoured with Padma Vibhushan in 1977 for his meritorious services rendered to the country.
  • Rameshwar Thakur: Present governor of Karnataka.
  • Kailashpati Mishra: Former vice-president of BJP and former governor of Rajasthan and Gujarat.
  • Acharya Giriraj Kishore: Senior vice-president of Vishva Hindu Parishad and a conservative Hindu activist.
  • Padmashri Sharda Sinha: Singer, renowned for her deep and melifluous voice, sings mostly in Bhojpuri, Chatth festival songs sung by her are very popular.
  • Chandrashekhar Prasad: Student activist, leader and social activist.
  • Shashindra Pal Tyagi: Former Air Chief Marshal of India.
  • Dr. P.D. Ojha: Deputy Governor, Reserve Bank of India (the central banking authority of India) from 29.04.1985 to 28.04.1990 [1].
  • Shandali Sinha: The actress of movie named Tum Bin.
  • Amaresh Singh: IRS has served as Deputy Director(Investigation) in New Delhi and is currently Deputy Secretary in the Union Home Ministry.
  • Raghav Sharan Sharma: Engineer, mountaineer, writer. Editor of Swami Sahjanand Saraswati Rachanawali published by Rajkamal Prakashan.
  • Shivnarain Chanderpaul: The star cricketer of West Indies (citation:telecast and broadcast in star news direct from chandepaul's home in west indies at 8.30 am on 10 March 2007 tracing the history of chanderpaul's family)
  • Chandra Bali Rai: Retired Engineer in chief, UP.
  • Ram Sagar Singh- He was born in Mokama(Bihar)& retired as a General Manager manufacture from the UB group, 2nd largest liquor company in the world. He is famous for social work & he was president of Rotary club mokama & did a lot of work for school children & poor. His wife Anju Bala Singh supported him in every social work area. Now they are trying to improve Mokama area.

Former estates and Zamindars

Amawan and Tekari Raj One of the most renowned estates in bihar. Raja Bahadur Harihar Prasad narayan singh constructed various temples around India.The present Raja Bahadur Raghvendra Prasad Naryan Singh, a fine example of the Raj era spends time between Patna and mussoorie.
  • Kashi Naresh
  • Bettiah Raj: The largest estate(areawise) in the province of Bihar. There were two-three other prominent estates which emerged out of Bettiah Raj at a later date. The most prominent ones are Sheohar Raj and Madhuban Raj, but all of them share the same ancestry. To get a complete picture of the family lineage of the Bettiah Raj and Sheohar Raj in particular, it is suggested to go through the book named 'Shaktapramod'.
  • Tekari Raj
  • Hathua Maharaj: in Saran District of Bihar, they are close kin of Deoria situated Tamukhi Raaj, Presently its Maharaja is Maharaja Bahadur Sri Mrighendra Pratap Sahi is an Industrialist.
  • Tamkuhi Raaj : in Deoria District of EAST UP .One of the oldest hereditory rajas for more than 117 generations.
  • Babhangawaon Estate : It is situtaed at Deoghar District (Santhal Pargana) of Jharkhand. They are Chitpawan Brahmins migrated from Maharastra . They have a dominance over the area.
  • Raja RajDhanwar : It is situtaed at Giridih District (North Chotanagpur)of Jharkhand. They are Chitpawan Brahmins migrated from Maharastra . They are well reputed and big landlords.
  • Anapur estate: situated in Allahabad district.
  • Jogani Estate of Muzaffarpur- Jogani Estate is located at south of Muzaffarpur distrit.

Industrialists

  • Samprada Singh: Owner of Alkem Ltd. having more than 150 different products.
  • Ramakant Rai Sharma: Native of Gazipur, UP but brought up in Kolkata and has remained there ever since. He is owner of Reliance dyes and chemicals which is a very old company now. He also owns a few more business across India in Mumbai, Chennai etc. He was also president of Brahmarshi Samaj is Kolkata and is active both among Bhumihar Brahmins of Kolkata and Gazipur.
  • Mahendra Prasad Singh, a native of Jehanabad, and famous by the name of King Mahendra, is the owner of Aristo Pharmaceuticals [2] which has "a formidable position in the industry".
  • Sharmanand Sharma, owner of Aglowmed Ltd. and belong to Jehanabad. Mr Sharma is also in diamond business and he himself a mining engineering gold medalist.
  • Satish Kumar Singh A native of Fuladh, Muzaffarpur : Owner of Chemical & Orthopedics companies in Mumbai & Baroda. One of the leading Social figure of Bihari community in Mumbai. Secratory of "Bihar Pravasi Sangh" Bhayander.
  • Anil Sharma: He was an engineer with Govt of Bihar and after resigning he went IIT-Kgp for an M.Tech degree. Later on He started his Amrapali Group which has many real estate projects across the India.
  • Dr.Kalika Sharan Singh : a native of Nawalpur, Maharajganj, Siwan has been a successful medical practitioner. Later he resigned the government job to start his own Pharmaceutuical company M/s Hi-Tec Laboratories Limited, based at New Delhi with marketing network in four states namely Bihar, Jharkhand, West Bengal and Orissa.

See also

Further reading

  • The Bhumihars: Caste of eastern India (ISBN 81-86208-37-2), published 2005 by Raj Publishing House, Jaipur, India.
  • "Brahmarshi Vansha Vistar" by Dandi Sanyasi Swami Sahajanand Saraswati (published in 1915)
  • Allele frequencies for STR loci of the Powerplex 16 multiplex system in five endogamous populations of India. Forensic Sci Int. 126:178-186. Kashyap VK, Sarkar N, Trivedi R. (2002) Online citation.

References

The Indian caste system describes the social stratification and social restrictions in the Indian Subcontinent, in which social classes are defined by thousands of endogamous, hereditary groups often termed as jātis or castes.
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brahmin moths, see Brahmaeidae.


The term Brahmin denotes both a member of the priestly class in the Hindu varna system, and a member of the highest caste in the caste system of Hindu society.
..... Click the link for more information.
Coordinates:

Uttar Pradesh (Hindi: उत्तर प्रदेश, Urdu:
..... Click the link for more information.
Coordinates:

Uttarakhand (Hindi: उत्तराखण्ड or उत्तराखंड), known as Uttaranchal
..... Click the link for more information.
Coordinates:

Bihar (Hindi: िबहार, Urdu: بہار, IPA: [bɪhaːr], pronunciation
..... Click the link for more information.
Coordinates:

Jharkhand pronunciation  
..... Click the link for more information.
Coordinates:

Madhya Pradesh (abbreviated as MP) pronunciation  
..... Click the link for more information.
Coordinates:

Chhattisgarh (Chhattisgarhi/Hindi: छत्तीसगढ़, IPA: [tʃʰət̪t̪iːsgəɽʰ]
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Coordinates:

Maharashtra (Marathi: महाराष्ट्र
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Motto
जननी जन्मभूमिष्च स्वर्गादपि गरीयसी   (Sanskrit)
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Hindi}}} 
Writing system: Devanagari script 
Official status
Official language of:  India
 Fiji (as Hindustani)
Regulated by: Central Hindi Directorate (only in India)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-1: hi
ISO 639-2:
..... Click the link for more information.
Bhojpuri}}} 
Writing system: Devanagari, Kaithi
Language codes
ISO 639-1: bh
ISO 639-2: bho
ISO 639-3: bho

Bhojpuri ( 
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The Magadhi language (also known as मगही Magahi) is a language spoken by 17,449,446 people in India. An earlier form of Magadhi, known as Magadhi Prakrit, is believed to be the language spoken by The Buddha, and the language of the ancient
..... Click the link for more information.
Hinduism (known as Hindū Dharma in modern Indian languages[1]
..... Click the link for more information.
brahmin moths, see Brahmaeidae.


The term Brahmin denotes both a member of the priestly class in the Hindu varna system, and a member of the highest caste in the caste system of Hindu society.
..... Click the link for more information.
Hindu ( pronunciation  , Devanagari: हिन्दु), as per modern definition, is an adherent of the philosophies and scriptures of Hinduism, and the
..... Click the link for more information.
Caste systems are traditional, hereditary systems of social restriction and social stratification, enforced by law or common practice, based on endogamy, , economic status, race and ethnicity.
..... Click the link for more information.
Indo-Gangetic Plain is a large and fertile alluvial plain encompassing most of northern and eastern India, the most populous parts of Pakistan, and virtually all of Bangladesh. The region is named after the Indus and the Ganges, the twin river systems that drain it.
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Northern India is a geographic and linguistic-cultural region of India which approximately corresponds to the northern region of the Indian subcontinent. In traditional Indian geography, India is divided into five major zones: North India, North-East India, East India, West India
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States:
  1. Andhra Pradesh
  2. Arunachal Pradesh
  3. Assam
  4. Bihar
  5. Chhattisgarh
  6. Goa
  7. Gujarat
  8. Haryana
  9. Himachal Pradesh
  10. Jammu and Kashmir
  11. Jharkhand
  12. Karnataka
  13. Kerala
  14. Madhya Pradesh
  1. Maharashtra
  2. Manipur

..... Click the link for more information.
Coordinates:

Bihar (Hindi: िबहार, Urdu: بہار, IPA: [bɪhaːr], pronunciation
..... Click the link for more information.
Coordinates:

Uttar Pradesh (Hindi: उत्तर प्रदेश, Urdu:
..... Click the link for more information.
Coordinates:

Jharkhand pronunciation  
..... Click the link for more information.
Apabhramsha is a term used by Sanskrit grammarians since Patanjali to refer to dialects of North India that deviate from the norm of Sanskrit grammar. The term apabhramsha literally means "corrupt" or non-standard language.
..... Click the link for more information.
brahmin moths, see Brahmaeidae.


The term Brahmin denotes both a member of the priestly class in the Hindu varna system, and a member of the highest caste in the caste system of Hindu society.
..... Click the link for more information.
Sanskrit}}}  | style="padding-left: 0.5em;" | Writing system: | colspan="2" style="padding-left: 0.5em;" | Devanāgarī and several other Brāhmī-based scripts  ! colspan="3" style="text-align: center; color: black; background-color: lawngreen;"|Official
..... Click the link for more information.
Caste systems are traditional, hereditary systems of social restriction and social stratification, enforced by law or common practice, based on endogamy, , economic status, race and ethnicity.
..... Click the link for more information.
Swami Sahajananad Saraswati (1889-1950), was born in a Jujhoutia Bhumihar Brahmin family of Gazipur of Uttar Pradesh state of India, was an ascetic Dandi sanyasi as well as a peasant leader of eastern India. Although he was born in Uttar Pradesh (U.P.
..... Click the link for more information.
brahmin moths, see Brahmaeidae.


The term Brahmin denotes both a member of the priestly class in the Hindu varna system, and a member of the highest caste in the caste system of Hindu society.
..... Click the link for more information.
Hinduism (known as Hindū Dharma in modern Indian languages[1]
..... Click the link for more information.


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