Blue Water Bridge

Blue Water Bridge
Enlarge picture
Blue Water Bridge

Blue Water Bridge, newer bridge in foreground
Carries6 lanes of I-69/I-94 and Highway 402 (westbound span, 3 lanes; eastbound span, 3 lanes)
CrossesSt. Clair River
LocalePort Huron, Michigan and Sarnia, Ontario
Maintained byMDOT and Blue Water Bridge Authority
DesignCantilever truss (westbound)
Continuous tied arch (eastbound)
Longest span871 feet (265 m) (westbound)
922 feet (281 m) (eastbound)
Total length6,178 feet (1,883 m) (westbound)
6,109 feet (1,862 m) (eastbound)
Width38 feet (12 m) (westbound)
51 feet (16 m) (eastbound)
Height210 feet (64 m) (westbound)
233 feet (71 m) (eastbound)
Clearance below152 feet (46 m) (westbound)
155 feet (47 m) (eastbound)
AADT14,000
Opening dateOctober 10, 1938 (westbound)
July 22, 1997 (eastbound)
TollCars:
USD$2.25 (westbound)
or
CAD$2.50 (westbound)

USD$1.75 (eastbound)
or
CAD$2.00 (eastbound)


The Blue Water Bridge is a twin-span bridge that spans the St. Clair River between Port Huron, Michigan and Point Edward, Ontario (near Sarnia, Ontario). The Blue Water Bridge connects with Highway 402 in Ontario and with both Interstate 69 and Interstate 94 in Michigan. The original span is a cantilever truss bridge and the second span is a continuous tied arch bridge.

The first bridge was opened to traffic on October 10, 1938. The lead engineer was Ralph Modjeski. This bridge originally had two lanes for vehicles as well as sidewalks, which were removed in the 1980s to make room for a third lane for automobiles. The third lane for each direction starts from the apex of the bridge in order to accommodate long lineups entering each sides' respective border crossings.

A second three-lane bridge, just south of the first bridge, opened on July 22, 1997. As a precursor to this project, the customs and toll collection booths on booth sides were extensively reconfigured (in Canada, the original booths in use since 1938 were demolished). The first bridge was immediately closed afterwards for renovation and reopened in 1999; the newer bridge used a similar 3-lane configuration for a couple years. A flyover ramp on the US side temporarily diverted westbound traffic from the new bridge to the toll plaza, which was blocked off after the original bridge was rehabilitated.

The first bridge is a cantilever truss with a total length of 6,178 feet (1,883 m). The main span is 871 feet (265 m). The second bridge is a continuous tied arch with a total length of 6,109 feet (1,862 m). The main span is 922 feet (281 m). The twinning project was a combined effort between Modjeski & Masters - U.S Engineers and Buckland & Taylor Ltd. - Canadian Engineers. During the debate over five possible designs 1994-95, over half of public opinion had mostly favored a duplicate of the first bridge, while the cable-stayed bridge came in second with around 21%. The Blue Water Bridge Authority had rejected both designs, due to the duplicate creating a false sense of history, while the cable-stayed option was feared to overshadow the existing bridge. The continuous-tied arch design, which was a distant third place in polls, was chosen for two reasons. One was that it blends in with the original span yet stands out on its own, and the other is lower maintenance costs because fewer spans are involved.

Together, the bridges are one of the busiest transportation arteries between the United States and Canada. They also provide one of the four shortest routes of land travel between the eastern seaboard of the United States, and the central United States. The Blue Water Bridges are jointly owned and maintained by Canada and the United States. The Blue Water Bridge Authority is in charge of the Canadian side, and the Michigan Department of Transportation (MDOT) is in charge of the U.S. side. The bridges charge a toll, which is used to pay for bridge maintenance and operations.

The Blue Water Bridge was featured in the 2000 Kim Basinger movie Bless the Child, where it represented a New York City bridge. It is also featured in the 1994 Danny DeVito movie Renaissance Man directed by Penny Marshall.

External links

Enlarge picture
The old and new Blue Water Bridges


Crossings of the St. Clair River
Upstream
Lake Huron
Blue Water Bridge
Downstream
St. Clair Tunnel


Coordinates:
This article contains information about a planned or expected future road.
It may contain information of a speculative nature and the content may change as the road's construction or completion approaches and more information becomes available.
..... Click the link for more information.

Main route of the Interstate Highway System

1604 mi (2581 km)

I-90 near Billings, MT

I-29 in Fargo, ND
I-35W in Minneapolis, MN
I-39 in Madison, WI
I-43 in Milwaukee, WI
I-55 in Chicago, IL
I-65 in Gary, IN
..... Click the link for more information.
Highway 402

103 km[1] (0 mi)
1952

I-69/I-94 in Port Huron, MI

Hwy 401 near London

Ontario provincial highways
< Hwy 401

400-series
Highway 402
..... Click the link for more information.
St. Clair River is a river in central North America which drains Lake Huron into Lake St Clair, forming part of the International Boundary between the Canadian province of Ontario and the U.S. state of Michigan.
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Port Huron, Michigan

Seal
Motto:
Location of Port Huron, Michigan
Coordinates:
Country United States
State Michigan
County St.
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Sarnia, Ontario
Motto: Sarnia Semper
(Latin for "Sarnia Always")
Location of
Coordinates:
..... Click the link for more information.
Michigan Department of Transportation (MDOT)

Government agency
Founded 1895
Headquarters 425 West Ottawa Street
Lansing, Michigan 48909

Key people Kirk Steudle (Director)
Website Official MDOT Website

The
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A cantilever bridge is a bridge built using cantilevers: structures that project horizontally into space, supported on only one end.
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A tied arch bridge is an arch bridge in which the outward-directed horizontal forces of the arch are borne by the bridge deck, rather than the ground or the bridge foundations.
..... Click the link for more information.
Annual average daily traffic, abbrevated AADT, is a term used primarily in transportation planning and transportation engineering. It is the total volume of vehicle traffic in both directions of a highway or road for a year divided by 365 days.
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October 10 is the 1st day of the year (2nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 0 days remaining.

Events


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19th century - 20th century - 21st century
1900s  1910s  1920s  - 1930s -  1940s  1950s  1960s
1935 1936 1937 - 1938 - 1939 1940 1941

Year 1938 (MCMXXXVIII
..... Click the link for more information.
July 22 is the 1st day of the year (2nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 0 days remaining.

Events


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20th century - 21st century
1960s  1970s  1980s  - 1990s -  2000s  2010s  2020s
1994 1995 1996 - 1997 - 1998 1999 2000

Year 1997 (MCMXCVII
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Canadian dollar
dollar canadien (French)

Fifty dollar note One dollar coin
ISO 4217 Code CAD
User(s) Canada

Inflation 2%
Source [https://www.cia.
..... Click the link for more information.
Canadian dollar
dollar canadien (French)

Fifty dollar note One dollar coin
ISO 4217 Code CAD
User(s) Canada

Inflation 2%
Source [https://www.cia.
..... Click the link for more information.
St. Clair River is a river in central North America which drains Lake Huron into Lake St Clair, forming part of the International Boundary between the Canadian province of Ontario and the U.S. state of Michigan.
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Port Huron, Michigan

Seal
Motto:
Location of Port Huron, Michigan
Coordinates:
Country United States
State Michigan
County St.
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Point Edward is a village (adjacent to Sarnia, Ontario) in the Canadian province of Ontario. Point Edward sits opposite Port Huron, Michigan at the mouth of the St. Clair River. As of 2006, the population was 2,019. The population in 2001 was 2,101.
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Sarnia, Ontario
Motto: Sarnia Semper
(Latin for "Sarnia Always")
Location of
Coordinates:
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Highway 402

103 km[1] (0 mi)
1952

I-69/I-94 in Port Huron, MI

Hwy 401 near London

Ontario provincial highways
< Hwy 401

400-series
Highway 402
..... Click the link for more information.
Ontario


Flag Coat of arms
Motto: Ut Incepit Fidelis Sic Permanet (Latin: Loyal she began, loyal she remains)

Capital Toronto
Largest city Toronto
Official languages English (de facto)
Government
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This article contains information about a planned or expected future road.
It may contain information of a speculative nature and the content may change as the road's construction or completion approaches and more information becomes available.
..... Click the link for more information.

Main route of the Interstate Highway System

1604 mi (2581 km)

I-90 near Billings, MT

I-29 in Fargo, ND
I-35W in Minneapolis, MN
I-39 in Madison, WI
I-43 in Milwaukee, WI
I-55 in Chicago, IL
I-65 in Gary, IN
..... Click the link for more information.
State of Michigan

Flag of Michigan Seal
Nickname(s): The Wolverine State,
The Great Lakes State,
The Automotive State,
Winter Water Wonderland

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A cantilever bridge is a bridge built using cantilevers: structures that project horizontally into space, supported on only one end.
..... Click the link for more information.
A tied arch bridge is an arch bridge in which the outward-directed horizontal forces of the arch are borne by the bridge deck, rather than the ground or the bridge foundations.
..... Click the link for more information.
October 10 is the 1st day of the year (2nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 0 days remaining.

Events


..... Click the link for more information.
19th century - 20th century - 21st century
1900s  1910s  1920s  - 1930s -  1940s  1950s  1960s
1935 1936 1937 - 1938 - 1939 1940 1941

Year 1938 (MCMXXXVIII
..... Click the link for more information.
Ralph Modjeski (born Rudolf Modrzejewski) (January 27 1861-June 26 1940) was a Polish-born American engineer who achieved prominence in the United States.

He was born in Bochnia, Austrian Empire on January 27, 1861 to Gustav Sinnmayer Modrzejewski and actress Helena
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