Bluebird Records

Bluebird Records
Parent companySony BMG
Founded1934
Distributing labelRCA Victor Group (In the US)
GenreJazz
Country of originUS
Official website[1]
Bluebird Records is a sub-label of RCA Victor Records originally created in 1932 to counter ARC Records in the "3 records for a dollar" market. Along with ARC's Perfect Records, Melotone Records and Romeo Records, and the independent US Decca label, Bluebird became one of the best selling 'cheap' labels of the 1930's and early 1940's.

Since 1931, Victor had made attempts of breaking into the budget priced market, first with Timely Tunes and then in 1932 with a short-lived Bluebird record (1800 series). It was 8" and had a medium blue label. It too was discontinued after only 9 issues. In the beginning of 1933, Victor introduced a new 10" Bluebird label, with a tan and blue label (often referred as the "Buff" Bluebird) as well as the 10" Electradisk label (it too started out life as an 8" record for a very short time in 1932). From the start, they ran concurrently. Electradisk was sold at Woolworth's, while Bluebird was Victor general budget label. Another short-lived concurrent label was the Sunrise label. Both Sunrise and Electradisk were discontinued and by 1934, only Bluebird remained as Victor's budget priced label.

In the 1930s, the Bluebird label recorded popular songs of the day usually using lesser known orchestras, blues and jazz, as well as reissuing jazz, gospel and blues that had previously released on Victor. Some notable orchestras were placed on Bluebird who had been on the regular priced Victor label; Ted Weems, Rudy Vallee and Bert Lown. Another notable orchestra who recorded for Bluebird in these early days was George Hall.

Many blues artists were brought to the label by talent scout and record producer Lester Melrose, who had a virtual monopoly on the Chicago blues market. The records were recorded cheaply and quickly, often using a regular pool of Chicago musicians including Big Bill Broonzy, Roosevelt Sykes, Tampa Red, Washboard Sam and Sonny Boy Williamson. They produced a characteristic small band style which became known as the "Bluebird sound" and which, when electric amplification was added, became hugely influential on R&B and early rock and roll records.

Bluebird all but ceased making blues records in 1942. Meanwhile in the mid-1930's Bluebird was very successful in competing with ARC's cheap labels as well as the US Decca label which started in late 1934. Two of the most popular Swing bands of the late 1930's and early 1940's, Artie Shaw and Glenn Miller were Bluebird artists. Earl Hines was also a Bluebird artists during the early 1940's. After World War II, however, Bluebird was discontinued and any popular bluebirds artists were moved up to the Victor label. The imprint was later used for jazz releases and reissues as well as children's records in the 1950s. It has been reactivated by RCA Victor Records as a jazz label.

See also

External links

Sony BMG Music Entertainment, Inc.

Joint venture
Founded August 5, 2004
Headquarters New York City, USA
see List of Sony BMG offices

Key people
  • Andrew Lack
    Chairman of the Board of Directors
  • Rolf Schmidt-Holtz

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  • Motto
    "In God We Trust"   (since 1956)
    "E Pluribus Unum"   ("From Many, One"; Latin, traditional)
    Anthem
    ..... Click the link for more information.
    Jazz is an original American musical art form that originated around the beginning of the 20th century in African American communities in and around New Orleans.

    Overview

    Jazz has been called "America's only original art form.
    ..... Click the link for more information.
    Motto
    "In God We Trust"   (since 1956)
    "E Pluribus Unum"   ("From Many, One"; Latin, traditional)
    Anthem
    ..... Click the link for more information.
    In the music industry, a record label is a brand and a trademark associated with the marketing of music recordings and music videos. In everyday usage, a record label is also a company that manages such brands and trademarks; coordinates the production, manufacture, distribution,
    ..... Click the link for more information.
    RCA Records is one of the flagship labels of Sony BMG Music Entertainment. RCA Records was founded in 1901 as the Victor Talking Machine Company, and the RCA initials stand for Radio Corporation of America, which was the parent corporation in the pre-BMG days.
    ..... Click the link for more information.
    -1932-  1933 . 1934 . 1935  1936 . 1937 . 1938 . 1939 . 1940 . 1941 .
    ..... Click the link for more information.
    The American Record Company, often known as ARC Records or simply ARC, was a United States based record company. It resulted from the merger in July of 1929 of Regal Records, Cameo Records, Banner Records, the US branch of Pathé Records and the Scranton Button
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    Perfect Records was a United States based record label of the 1920s and 1930s. It was a subsidiary of Pathé Records, producing standard lateral cut 78 rpm disc records for the US market.
    ..... Click the link for more information.
    Melotone Records has been the name of two unrelated record companies.
    • Melotone Records (Australia) - Australia
    • Melotone Records (US) - United States of America

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    Romeo Records (c. 1926 - 1939) was a record label based in the United States of America in the 1920s and 1930s. It was a subsidiary of Cameo Records, manufactured to be sold exclusively at the S. H. Kress & Co. department store chain. The disc records retailed for 25 cents each.
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    Decca Records is a British record label established in 1929. Its US label was established in late 1934.

    The label

    The name "Decca" dates back to a portable gramophone called the "Decca Dulcephone" patented in 1914 by musical instrument makers Barnett Samuel and Sons.
    ..... Click the link for more information.
    Sunrise is the time at which the first part of the Sun appears above the horizon in the east. Sunrise should not be confused with dawn, which is the (variously defined) point at which the sky begins to lighten, some time before the sun itself appears, ending twilight.
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    Blues is a vocal and instrumental form of music based on the use of the blue notes and a repetitive pattern that most often follows a twelve-bar structure. It emerged in African-American communities of the United States from spirituals, work songs, field hollers, shouts and chants,
    ..... Click the link for more information.
    Jazz is an original American musical art form that originated around the beginning of the 20th century in African American communities in and around New Orleans.

    Overview

    Jazz has been called "America's only original art form.
    ..... Click the link for more information.
    Wilfred Theodore (Ted) Weems (originally Wemyes) (26 September, 1901 - 6 May, 1963) was a United States bandleader and musician.

    Born in Pitcairn, Pennsylvania, Weems learned to play the violin and trombone.
    ..... Click the link for more information.
    Rudy Vallée

    Background information
    Birth name(s): Hubert Prior Vallée
    Date of birth: July 28 1901(1901--)
    Birth location: Island Pond, Vermont
    Date of death:
    ..... Click the link for more information.
    Bert Lown (June 6, 1903-November 2 (or 20), 1962) was a violinist and orchestra leader.

    He was born in White Plains, New York. He began as a sideman playing the violin in Fred Hamm's band, and in the 1920s and 1930s he led a series of jazz-oriented dance bands (the most
    ..... Click the link for more information.
    George Hall may refer to:

    People

    • George Hall (bishop), bishop of Chester 1662 to 1668
    • George Hall (New York) (1770–1840), US congressman
    • George Benson Hall (1780–1821), naval officer and Upper Canada politician

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    In the music industry, Artists and Repertoire (A&R) is the division of a record label company that is responsible for scouting and artist development. It is the link between the recording artist/act and the record label, generally to help with the artistic and commercial
    ..... Click the link for more information.
    In the music industry, a record producer (or music producer) has many roles, among them controlling the recording sessions, coaching and guiding the musicians, organizing and scheduling production budget and resources, and supervising the recording, mixing and mastering
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    Lester Franklin Melrose (December 14, 1891 - April 12, 1968) was one of the first producers of blues records.

    Career

    He was born in Sumner, Illinois, the second of six children of Frank and Mollie Melrose who owned a small farm.
    ..... Click the link for more information.
    This article may contain original research or unverified claims.
    Please help Wikipedia by adding references. See the for details.
    This article has been tagged since June 2007.

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    Big Bill Broonzy (June 26, 1893 or 1898 – August 15, 1958) was a prolific United States composer, recorder and performer of blues songs.

    "Big Bill" was born William Lee Conley Broonzy
    ..... Click the link for more information.
    Roosevelt Sykes (January 31, 1906 in Elmar, Arkansas – July 17, 1983 in New Orleans, Louisiana) was an American blues musician also known as "Honeydripper".
    ..... Click the link for more information.
    Tampa Red (January 8, 1904[1] - March 19, 1981), born Hudson Woodbridge but known from childhood as Hudson Whittaker, was an influential American musician.
    ..... Click the link for more information.
    Robert Brown (b 15 July, 1910, Walnut Ridge, Arkansas – d 6 November, 1966, Chicago), known professionally as Washboard Sam, was an American blues singer and musician.
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    Sonny Boy Williamson (John Lee Curtis Williamson, 30 March 1914 — 1 June 1948) was an American blues harmonica player, and the first to use the name Sonny Boy Williamson.

    Career

    He was born near Jackson, Tennessee in 1914.
    ..... Click the link for more information.
    amplifier is any device that will use a small amount of energy and convert it to a larger amount of energy. In popular use, the term today usually refers to an electronic amplifier, often as in audio applications.
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    Rhythm and blues (also known as R&B or RnB) is a popular music genre combining jazz, gospel, and blues influences, first performed by African American artists.
    ..... Click the link for more information.


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