Boskoop

Boskoop
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Official flag of Boskoop

Flag
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Coat of arms of Boskoop

Coat of arms
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Location of Boskoop
Coordinates:
Country Netherlands
Province South Holland
Area (2006)
 - Municipality 16.96 km  (0 sq mi)
 - Land 14.79 km (0 sq mi)
 - Water 2.17 km (0 sq mi)
Population (1 January, 2007)
 - Municipality 15,213
 - Density 1029/km (0/sq mi)
 Source: CBS, Statline.
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Website: www.boskoop.nl
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Centre of Boskoop.
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Rose Garden of Boskoop.
(population: 15,225 in 2004) is a town and municipality in the western Netherlands, in the province of South Holland. The municipality covers an area of 16.96 km² (6.55 mile²) of which 2.17 km² (0.84 mile²) is water.

Boskoop is famous for its nurseries, particularly woody plant and perennial nurseries, of which some 774 are situated on long stretches of land, divided by narrow canals. Before world war two almost all transport was conducted using narrow boats. A few exceptionally high footbridges crossing some of the broader (main) canals remain from these days. Between the World Wars the transition was made from fruit culture to decorative garden plants and trees. As a source of technical knowledge about the art of growing decorative plants, Boskoop remains world renowned and unique.

The name "Boskoop" has been given to an apple cultivar (Belle de Boskoop) which is widely distributed in the Low Countries, and to a grape variety (Boskoop Glory).

Geography

Boskoop is located in the Green Heart of the Randstad, spanning both sides of the river Gouwe between Alphen aan den Rijn (to the north) and Waddinxveen (to the south), both also along the river. The municipality is bordered in the east by Reeuwijk and Bodegraven, and in the west by Rijnwoude. A vertical lift bridge in the centre of the village connects both shores of the Gouwe.

History

It is assumed that Boskoop originated from the settlement Ten Bussche, founded by William I, Count of Holland, in 1204. In 1222, the Abbey of Rijnsburg became owner of Boskoop. The Abbey decided to enlarge its tree and shrub inventory by making the farmers grow more trees than they would need for their own orchards. From the 15th to the 17th century more and more trees were produced and decorative plants were introduced. At the end of the 19th century, Boskoop began with the export of its products, Germany being its first client.

The history of Boskoop was greatly influenced by its location on top of a thick peat layer. When the Abbey of Rijnsburg became owners of Boskoop, the harvesting of peat for fuel began. But unlike other towns in the "Green Heart" where extensive peat harvesting led to the formation of large ponds and lakes, Boskoop was too far from the major cities and peat harvesting was not profitable. Also the abbey did not permit the excavation of the peat layer on its lands. So Boskoop still has fertile soil for agriculture and horticulture.

An obstacle to the arboriculture was the high groundwater level, which was just below the surface at Boskoop. Many canals and ditches were dug to drain the rain waters, up to 2000 km at one point in its history. Consequently much transportation was done by means of these waterways. By introducing new drainage methods which lowered the groundwater level, many ditches could be filled again. Yet at the beginning of the 21st century, there are still many canals in Boskoop on which many nurseries rely for transportation. As a result, Boskoop is sometimes called "Small Giethoorn". Nowadays, most plants are grown directly in pots, as opposed to open ground, and shipped to auction directly from the nursery.

Boskoop has been in financial straits for the last several years, in part because of the high cost of maintaining the constantly sinking roads. The possibility of merging with another municipality is being considered. The viability of the nursery industry in Boskoop is also at risk, as nursery production has switched to container production, as opposed to field growing. The small size of the nurseries, the inability to mechinize, government regulations, the high cost of land, and the high cost of labor have all increased the ecomonic pressure on the Boskoop nursery industry.

Attractions

The vertical lift bridge at Boskoop is one of three similar bridges over the Gouwe, the other two are in Alphen aan den Rijn and Waddinxveen. Because of its central location, the bridge characterizes the village skyline. A new bicycle path was added to the bridge during its renovation at the beginning of the 1990s.

Another historic building is the (now partially dismantled) Water Tower of Boskoop. It is located on the north-east side of the village on the same road crossing the lift bridge.

Near the train station is an extensive rose garden (rosarium), with free access and open the whole year. More than 160 types of roses are exhibited here together with numerous other shrubs, trees, and plants.

In view of its history, it is not surprising Boskoop has a nursery museum. It is located in an old nursery residence from 1870. Behind the museum is another rose garden with rose varieties from the 17th to the 20th century.

From spring to fall, boat tours are organized through the many canals of Boskoop, which tour along the nurseries and nature areas and provide information about the history and surroundings of Boskoop. And once per year, a nursery canoe tour is organized.

Politics

Mayor:

Mr. J. (Coos) Rijsdijk (Labour).

Aldermen and Town Council as of March 2006.

Aldermen:

Mr. J.A. (Han) de Jager (Christian Democrats).

Ms. A.C. (Corrie) Oosterwijk (Labour).

Mr. J.G. (Gertjan) Schotanus (Christian Union).

Town Council

Christian Democrats:

Mr. H. (Herman) Brouwer.

Mr. C.J. (Kees) Stolker.

Mr. W.J.C. (Wim) van der Hoek.

Mr. H. (Harm-Jan) Langelaar.

Mr. H.A.G. (Herman) Henkemans.

Liberals:

Mr. G.J. (Gert) Dazler.

Mr. M.E.P. (Marcel) Keulen.

Mr. R.C. (Robbert) Prins.

Labour:

Mr. E. (Ernst-Jan) Straver.

Mr. H.R. (Henk) Stellaart.

Mr. G.J. (Guus) te Wechel.

Christian Union / Reformed Party

Mr. S. (Siem) Bak.

Mr. H. (Henry) Slinger.

Mr. A.L. (Ton) van Nimwegen.

Greens

Mr. W. (Wout) Wegerif.

Ms. M.J. (Marijke) Kottenhagen.

Democrats 66

Ms. Th. J (Thea) de Langen.

External links

Motto
"Je maintiendrai"   (French)
"Ik zal handhaven"   (Dutch)
"I shall stand fast"1

Anthem
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Provincie Zuid-Holland
Province of South Holland


Flag Coat of arms

Capital The Hague
Largest city Rotterdam
Queen's Commissioner Jan Franssen
Religion (1999) Protestant 24%
Roman Catholic 17%
Area
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Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. The term Surface area is the summation of the areas of the exposed sides of an object.

Units

Units for measuring surface area include:
square metre = SI derived unit

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Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of the SI unit of surface area, the square metre, one of the SI derived units. 1 km² is equal to:
  • 1,000,000 m²
  • 100 ha (hectare)
Conversely:
  • 1 m² = 0.

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square mile is an imperial and US unit of area equal the area of a square of one statute mile. It should not be confused with the archaic miles square, which refers to the number of miles on each side squared.
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January 1 is the 1st day of the year (2nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 0 days remaining. The preceding day is December 31 of the previous year.
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2007 by topic:
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Jan - Feb - Mar - Apr - May - Jun
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Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. It is frequently applied to living organisms, humans in particular.

Biological population densities


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Statistics Netherlands is a Dutch governmental institution that gathers statistical information about the Netherlands. In Dutch it is known as the Centraal Bureau voor de Statistiek and often abbreviated to CBS.
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time zone is a region of the Earth that has adopted the same standard time, usually referred to as the local time. Most adjacent time zones are exactly one hour apart, and by convention compute their local time as an offset from UTC (see also Greenwich Mean Time).
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Central European Time (CET) is one of the names of the time zone that is 1 hour ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. It is used in most European and some North African countries.

Its time offset is UTC+1. During daylight saving time CEST is used instead (UTC+2).
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UTC+1 is used in the following locations:
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Daylight saving time (DST; also summer time in British English) is the convention of advancing clocks so that afternoons have more daylight and mornings have less.
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Central European Summer Time (CEST) is one of the names of UTC+2 time zone, 2 hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. It is used as a summer daylight saving time in most European and some North African countries. During the winter, Central European Time (UTC+1) is used.
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UTC+2 corresponds to the following time zones:
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Motto
"Je maintiendrai"   (French)
"Ik zal handhaven"   (Dutch)
"I shall stand fast"1

Anthem
..... Click the link for more information.
Provincie Zuid-Holland
Province of South Holland


Flag Coat of arms

Capital The Hague
Largest city Rotterdam
Queen's Commissioner Jan Franssen
Religion (1999) Protestant 24%
Roman Catholic 17%
Area
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nursery is a place where plants are propagated and grown to usable size. There are retail nurseries which sell to the general public, wholesale nurseries which sell only to other nurseries and to commercial landscape gardeners, and private nurseries which supply the needs of
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Over 7,500 cultivars of the apple are known. The following is a list of the more common and important cultivars, with the year and place of origin (where documented), and whether each produces cooking apples or dessert apples.
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Hybrid grape varieties (see Hybrid grapes) or "hybrids" is, in fact, the popular term for a subset of what are properly known as hybrids, specifically crossings between one species of the genus vitis and another.
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This article or section reads like a and may need a .
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Gouwe

Vertical lift bridge over the river Gouwe at Alphen aan den Rijn.


Country | The Netherlands

State | South Holland

Length |
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Alphen aan den Rijn

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Coat of arms

Coordinates:
Country Netherlands
Province South Holland
Area (2006)
 - Municipality 57.
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Waddinxveen

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Coat of arms

Coordinates:
Country Netherlands
Province South Holland
Area
 - Municipality 29.
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Reeuwijk

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Coat of arms

Coordinates:
Country Netherlands
Province South Holland
Area (2006)
 - Municipality 50.
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Bodegraven

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Coat of arms

Coordinates:
Country Netherlands
Province South Holland
Area (2006)
 - Municipality 38.
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Rijnwoude

Flag
Coat of arms

Coordinates:
Country Netherlands
Province South Holland
Area (2006)
 - Municipality 57.
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A vertical lift bridge or lift bridge is a type of movable bridge in which a span rises vertically while remaining parallel with the deck.

The vertical lift offers several benefits over other movable bridges such as the bascule and swing span bridge.
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William I (c. 1167, The Hague – 4 February 1222), Count of Holland from 1203 to 1222. He was the younger son of Floris III and Ada of Scotland.

Life

William was raised in Scotland.
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orchard is an intentional planting of trees or shrubs maintained for food production. Most orchards comprise either fruit or nut-producing trees (see fruit trees), for commercial production.
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