Bratsk

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Coat of arms of Bratsk


Bratsk (Russian: Братск) is a city in Irkutsk Oblast, Russia, located on the Angara River near the vast Bratsk Reservoir. Population: 259,335 (2002 Census).

Bratsk was founded by Russian settlers in 1631 as a fortress. Several wooden towers from the 17th-century fort are now exhibited in Kolomenskoye Estate of Moscow. Bratsk was among the Blacksmith Institute's "Dirty Thirty", the thirty most polluted places in the world.[1]

The city's rapid development started in the mid-1950s with the construction of the 4,500-megawatt hydroelectric plant. Other industries in the city include aluminum plant and a wood pulp plant.

Until recently, the Bratsk Reservoir - one of the world's largest - was a source of drinking water for many nearby cities. Last year, after tons of mercury were found at the bottom of the reservoir, warnings were posted urging local citizens to avoid the reservoir at all costs. However, owing to Russia's economic troubles, the reservoir still remains a source of fish and other food products for many hard-pressed local residents. According to Yuri Udodov, head of the Federal Committee on Ecology (FCE) in the state of Irkutsk, this region has "the highest rate of discharge of metallic mercury into the environment [in] all of Siberia."[2] The extent of mercury pollution in the ground around the nearby Usolye chemical plant is equal to half the total global production of mercury in 1992.[3]

Bratsk has been declared an ecological disaster zone. The Bratsk Aluminium Plant has been polluting its surroundings to such great degree that the town of Chikanovskiy was evacuated in 2001 due to repeated health emergencies.[4]

Bratsk is connected by the Baikal Amur Mainline and Bratsk Airport.

Educational facilities are the Bratsk State Technical University and a branch of Irkutsk State University.

References

1. ^ [1]
2. ^ [2]
3. ^ [3]
4. ^ [4]

See also


Cities and towns in Irkutsk Oblast
Administrative center: Irkutsk
Alzamay | Angarsk | Baykalsk | Biryusinsk | Bodaybo | Bratsk | Cheremkhovo | Kirensk | Nizhneudinsk | Sayansk | Shelekhov | Slyudyanka | Svirsk | Tayshet | Tulun | Usolye-Sibirskoye | Ust-Ilimsk | Ust-Kut | Vikhorevka | Zheleznogorsk-Ilimsky | Zima


Coordinates:
Russian}}} 
Writing system: Cyrillic (Russian variant)  
Official status
Official language of:  Abkhazia (Georgia)
 Belarus
 Commonwealth of Independent States (working)
 Crimea (de facto; Ukraine)
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Иркутская област?
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Anthem
Hymn of the Russian Federation


Capital
(and largest city) Moscow

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Origin Lake Baikal
Mouth Yenisei River
Basin countries Russia, Mongolia
Length 1,779 km (1,105 mi)
Source elevation 456 m

Avg.
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Location Irkutsk Oblast and Ust-Orda Buryat Autonomous Okrug
Coordinates Coordinates:

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Russian Census of 2002 (Russian: Всеросси́йская
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State Party Russian Federation
Type Cultural
Criteria ii
Reference 634
Region Europe and North America

Inscription History
Inscription 1994  (18th Session)
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Москв? (Russian)

Location of Moscow in Europe
Coordinates

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Hydroelectricity is electricity produced by hydropower. Hydroelectricity now supplies about 715,000 MWe or 19% of world electricity (16% in 2003), accounting for over 63% of the total electricity from renewables in 2005.
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Aluminium (IPA: /ˌæljʊˈmɪniəm/, /ˌæljəˈmɪniəm/) or aluminum (IPA: /əˈluːmɪnəm/
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Wood pulp is a dry fiberous material prepared by chemically or mechanically separating the fibers which make up wood. Pulp can be either fluffy or formed into thick sheets. The latter form is used if the pulp must be transported from the pulp mill to a paper mill.
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Baikal-Amur Mainline (Russian Байкало-Амурская Магистраль, Baikalo-Amurskaya Magistral’
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Bratsk Airport (Russian: Аэропорт Братск) is an airport in Irkutsk Oblast, Russia located 8 km north of Bratsk.
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Irkutsk State University (Russian: Иркутский государственный
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Bratsk hydroelectric plant (named 50 years of Great October) is a the second level of the Angara River hydroelectric stations cascade in Irkutsk Oblast, Russia. Located near Bratsk.
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Иркутская област?
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Иркутс? (Russian)

View of Irkutsk from space

Location of Irkutsk in southern Siberia

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Alzamay (Russian: Алзама́й) is a town in Irkutsk Oblast, Russia, located on the Toporok River (Angara River's basin) 600 km northwest of Irkutsk.
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Angarsk (Russian: Анга́рск) is a city in Irkutsk Oblast, South-East Siberia, Russia. It lies on the Angara River, at .
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Baikalsk (Russian: Байка́льск) is a town in Irkutsk Oblast, Russia. It was founded in 1961 with the opening of a cellulose plant at Lake Baikal. Town status since 1966.
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Biryusinsk (Russian: Бирюсинск) is a town in Irkutsk Oblast, Russia, located on the right bank of the Biryusa River (Angara's basin), 682 km northwest of Irkutsk.
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Bodaybo (Russian: Бодайбо) is a town in Irkutsk Oblast, Russia, located on the Vitim River at its confluence with the Bodaybo River. Population: 16,000 (2005 est.); 16,504 (2002 Census); 12,800 (1968).
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Cheremkhovo (Russian: Черемхово) is a town in Irkutsk Oblast, Russia, located on the Trans-Siberian Railway. Population: 60,107 (2002 Census). The town was founded in 1772.
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Kirensk (Russian: Киренск) is a town in Irkutsk Oblast, Russia, located at the confluence of the Kirenga and Lena Rivers 710 km north of Irkutsk.
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Nizhneudinsk (Russian: Нижнеудинск) is a town in Irkutsk Oblast, Russia, located on the Uda River (Yenisei's basin), some 508 km northwest of Irkutsk.
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Sayansk (Russian: Сая́нск) is a town in Irkutsk Oblast, Russia, located on the Oka River (Angara River's basin) some 270 km northwest of Irkutsk. Population: 43,800 (2006 est.
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Shelekhov (Russian: Шелехов) is a town in Irkutsk Oblast, Russia, located some 20 km southwest of Irkutsk. Population: 48,300 (2006 est.); 47,520 (2002 Census); 47,702 (1989 Census).
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Slyudyanka (Russian: Слюдя́нка) is a town in Irkutsk Oblast, Russia, located at the southern tip of Lake Baikal 127 km south of Irkutsk. It is a stop on the Trans-Siberian Railway.
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Svirsk (Russian: Свирск) is a town in Irkutsk Oblast, Russia, located on the left bank of the Angara River some 150 km northwest of Irkutsk. Population: 15,000 (2005 est.
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Tayshet (Russian: Тайше́т) is a town and a railroad junction in Irkutsk Oblast, Russia.
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