British Grand Fleet

Grand Fleet

Grand Fleet battleships
Active1914-1918
Country United Kingdom
BranchRoyal Navy
Commanders
Notable
commanders
John Jellicoe, David Beatty
Enlarge picture
Grand Fleet during WWI
Enlarge picture
The 2nd Battle Squadron of the Grand Fleet. From left to right the ships are: King George V, Thunderer, Monarch and Conqueror.
During World War I, the British Home Fleet was renamed the Grand Fleet and represented 35-40 state of the art navy vessels. It was initially commanded by Admiral Sir John Jellicoe. He was later succeeded by the commander of the Grand Fleet battlecruisers Admiral Sir David Beatty.

The Grand Fleet only took part in one fleet action during the war, the indecisive Battle of Jutland. More British ships were sunk than German, although the German High Seas Fleet was damaged to the extent that it was unable to put to sea for a number of months. Strategically, Jutland was a British victory because the British fleet retained control of the North Sea with no further challenge from the German Navy.

The Grand Fleet was based in Scapa Flow in the Orkney Islands.

The Grand Fleet's order of battle in May 1916 was as follows:

The Grand Fleet

1st Battle Squadron

2nd Battle Squadron

4th Battle Squadron

1st Cruiser Squadron

(Armoured Cruisers)

2nd Cruiser Squadron

(Armoured Cruisers)

4th Light Cruiser Squadron

Attached Light Cruisers

  • Active - Captain Withers
  • Bellona - Captain Dutton
  • Blanche - Captain Casement
  • Boadicea - Captain Casement
  • Canterbury - Captain Royds
  • Chester - Captain Lawson

4th Destroyer Flotilla

11th Destroyer Flotilla

  • Castor (Light Cruiser) - Commodore Hawksley
  • Kempenfelt
  • Magic
  • Mandate
  • Manners
  • Marne
  • Martial
  • Michael
  • Milbrook
  • Minion
  • Mons
  • Morning Star
  • Mounsey
  • Mystic
  • Ossory

12th Destroyer Flotilla

  • Faulknor - Captain Stirling
  • Maenad
  • Marksman
  • Marvel
  • Mary Rose
  • Menace
  • Mindful
  • Mischief
  • Munster
  • Narwhal
  • Nessus
  • Noble
  • Nonsuch
  • Obedient
  • Onslaught
  • Opal

Miscellaneous

  • Abdiel (Minelayer)
  • Oak (Destroyer tender)

The Battlecruiser Fleet

1st Battlecruiser Squadron

2nd Battlecruiser Squadron

3rd Battlecruiser Squadon

5th Battle Squadron

1st Light Cruiser Squadron

2nd Light Cruiser Squadron

3rd Light Cruiser Squadron

Seaplane Carrier

1st Destroyer Flotilla

  • Fearless (Light Cruiser) - Captain Roper
  • Acheron
  • Ariel
  • Attack
  • Badger
  • Defender
  • Goshawk
  • Hydra
  • Lapwing
  • Lizard

9th and 10th Destroyer Flotillas (combined)

  • Lydiard - Commander Goldsmith
  • Landrail
  • Laurel
  • Liberty
  • Moorsom
  • Morris
  • Termagant
  • Turbulent

13th Destroyer Flotilla

  • Champion (Light Cruiser) - Captain Farie
  • Moresby
  • Narbrough
  • Nerissa
  • Nestor
  • Nicator
  • Nomad
  • Obdurate
  • Onslow
  • Pelican
  • Petard

External links

Motto
"Dieu et mon droit" [2]   (French)
"God and my right"
Anthem
"God Save the Queen" [3]
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Naval Service

Components
Royal Navy
  • Surface Fleet
  • Fleet Air Arm
  • Submarine Service
  • Royal Navy Regulating Branch
  • Royal Naval Reserve
  • Queen Alexandra's Royal Naval Nursing Service
Royal Marines
  • (includes Royal Marines Reserve)

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John Rushworth Jellicoe, 1st Earl Jellicoe, GCB, OM, GCVO, (5 December 1859 – 20 November 1935) was a British Royal Navy admiral.

Early career

He was born in Southampton into a sea-faring family. He joined the Royal Navy as a cadet in 1872.
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David Beatty, 1st Earl Beatty, GCB, OM, GCVO (17 January 1871 – 11 March 1936), was an admiral in the Royal Navy.

Early career

Born at Howbeck Lodge (originally one of the Earl of Shrewsbury's hunting lodges), in Howbeck, which is a hamlet in the parish of Stapeley,
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Clockwise from top: Trenches on the Western Front; a British Mark IV tank crossing a trench; Royal Navy battleship HMS Irresistible sinking after striking a mine at the Battle of the Dardanelles; a Vickers machine gun crew with gas masks, and German Albatros D.
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Home Fleet is the traditional name of the fleet of the Royal Navy that protects the United Kingdom's territorial waters.

Pre-World War I

See also: Channel Fleet.

The Channel Fleet
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John Rushworth Jellicoe, 1st Earl Jellicoe, GCB, OM, GCVO, (5 December 1859 – 20 November 1935) was a British Royal Navy admiral.

Early career

He was born in Southampton into a sea-faring family. He joined the Royal Navy as a cadet in 1872.
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David Beatty, 1st Earl Beatty, GCB, OM, GCVO (17 January 1871 – 11 March 1936), was an admiral in the Royal Navy.

Early career

Born at Howbeck Lodge (originally one of the Earl of Shrewsbury's hunting lodges), in Howbeck, which is a hamlet in the parish of Stapeley,
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Battle of Jutland (German: Skagerrakschlacht (Battle of the Skagerrak); Danish: Søslaget ved Jylland / Søslaget om Skagerrak) was the largest naval battle of World War I and the only full-scale clash of battleships in that war.
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High Seas Fleet (German: Hochseeflotte) was the main battle fleet of the Kaiserliche Marine (Imperial German Navy) during World War I. The fleet was based at Wilhelmshaven in the Jade estuary, and commanded by Admirals Friedrich von Ingenohl (1913–1915), Hugo von
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The North Sea is marginal, epeiric sea of the Atlantic Ocean on the European continental shelf between Norway and Denmark in the east, Scotland and England in the west, and Germany, the Netherlands, Belgium and France in the south.
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Scapa Flow is a body of water in the Orkney Islands, Scotland, United Kingdom, sheltered by the islands of Mainland, Graemsay, Burray, South Ronaldsay and Hoy. At 140 square miles, with a sandy bottom, and relatively shallow (not deeper than 160 feet, and most of it about 70 feet
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Orkney
Àrcaibh



Flag of Orkney Coat of arms
Location

Geography

Area Ranked 16th
 - Total 990 km²
 - % Water ?
Admin HQ Kirkwall
GB-ORK
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An order of battle (often abbreviated as ORBAT, OOB, O/B, or OB) is an organizational tool used by military intelligence to list and analyze enemy military units.
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HMS Iron Duke was a battleship of the Royal Navy, the lead ship of her class, named in honour of Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington. She served as the flagship of the Grand Fleet during World War I, including at the Battle of Jutland.
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John Rushworth Jellicoe, 1st Earl Jellicoe, GCB, OM, GCVO, (5 December 1859 – 20 November 1935) was a British Royal Navy admiral.

Early career

He was born in Southampton into a sea-faring family. He joined the Royal Navy as a cadet in 1872.
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HMS Revenge (pennant number 06) was the name ship of the Revenge class of battleships of the Royal Navy, the ninth to bear the name. She was launched during World War I in 1915.
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HMS Hercules was a Colossus-class battleship built by Palmers, launched on May 10, 1910, and commissioned on July 31, 1911 at Portsmouth. She was a 20,000-ton dreadnought, mounting ten 12 inch (305 mm) guns in five twin gun turrets, sixteen 4 inch
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HMS Agincourt was a World War I Dreadnought battleship of the Royal Navy.

Design

Agincourt was single-class vessel, laid down by Armstrongs at Newcastle upon Tyne as the Brazilian Rio de Janeiro in September 1911.
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HMS Colossus of the British Royal Navy was the nameship of her class of dreadnought battleships.

She was launched 9 April 1910 and commissioned in 1911. Although very similar to Neptune she was not part of Neptune's class as Colossus
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HMS Collingwood was a St. Vincent-class battleship of the Royal Navy.

The ship was launched 7 November 1908, and completed in 1910, serving in the 1st Division of the British Home Fleet.
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HMS Neptune was a Royal Navy dreadnought, intended to be the lead ship of three Neptune-class battleships, but the subsequent two ships had slightly thicker belt armour and were reclassified as the Colossus class.
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HMS St. Vincent was the lead ship of the St. Vincent class battleships of the British Royal Navy.

She was commissioned on 3 May 1910 as 2nd flagship of 1st Division Home Fleet at Portsmouth. She was commanded by Capt. Douglas R. L.
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The first HMS King George V was a King George V-class of 1911 dreadnought, with a displacement of 23,400 tonnes and an armament of ten 13.5 inch guns in twin gun turrets and a secondary armament of sixteen 4 inch guns and had a crew
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HMS Ajax was a King George V-class battleship (one of four ships of the class), built at Scotts' shipyard at Greenock on the River Clyde. She was completed in 1913 and saw action at the Battle of Jutland in 1916 and in the Mediterranean and Black Seas in
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HMS Centurion was the second battleship of the King George V class, built at HM Dockyard, Devonport.

The Great War

Centurion was attached upon completion to the 2nd Battle Squadron, led by sister-ship HMS King George V.
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HMS Erin was a battleship of the Royal Navy, a modified contemporary of the King George V class. She was originally named Reshadiye, ordered for the navy of the Ottoman Empire but seized by the United Kingdom on the outbreak of World War I.
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HMS Orion was a battleship of the Royal Navy, launched in 1910, the lead ship of her class and the first "super-dreadnought". In World War I she served in the 2nd Battle Squadron of the Grand Fleet based at Scapa Flow and fought at the battle of Jutland, 31 May 1916,
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HMS Monarch was an Orion-class battleship of the Royal Navy. She served in the 2nd Battle Squadron of the Grand Fleet in World War I, and fought at the battle of Jutland, 31 May 1916, suffering no damage.
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HMS Conqueror was an Orion class battleship of the Royal Navy. She served in the 2nd Battle Squadron of the Grand Fleet in World War I, and fought at the battle of Jutland, 31 May 1916, suffering no damage.
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