British India

British Raj, British rule in the Indian subcontinent, 1858–1947.

Indian Empire,Crown rule in India,direct rule in India,India,British Raj

The British Raj was the rule by the British Crown on the Indian subcontinent from 1858 to 1947. The rule is also called Crown rule in India, or direct rule in India. The region under British control was commonly called India in contemporaneous usage, and included areas directly administered by the United Kingdom, which were collectively called British India, and areas ruled by indigenous rulers, but under British tutelage or paramountcy, called the princely states. The region was sometimes called the Indian Empire, though not officially.Formally, India was not a colony but a separate realm sharing a Monarch with Britain. Thus, though ruled by a British Viceroy, "India" was a founding member of the League of Nations, a participating nation in the Summer Olympics in 1900, 1920, 1928, 1932, and 1936, and a founding member of the United Nations in San Francisco in 1945. In both World Wars, Britain's declaring war on Germany did not automatically apply to India and a separate declaration of war by India was needed. And the Indian Army was a completely distinct armed force - British-commanded but separate from the British Army and with its own chain of command.

This system of governance was instituted on 28 June 1858, when, after the Indian Rebellion of 1857, the rule of the British East India Company was transferred to the Crown in the person of Queen Victoria . It lasted until 1947, when it was partitioned into two sovereign dominion states: the Dominion of India and the Dominion of Pakistan . At the inception of the Raj in 1858, Lower Burma was already a part of British India; Upper Burma was added in 1886, and the resulting union, Burma , was administered as an autonomous province until 1937, when it became a separate British colony, gaining its own independence in 1948.

This article is copied from an article on Wikipedia® - the free encyclopedia created and edited by its online user community. This article is distributed under the terms of GNU Free Documentation License.

Related posts

Category:History of Bangladesh

Wikimedia category

read more

British Indian Ocean Territory

country in South Asia

read more

British Indian Army

1858-1947 land warfare branch of British India's military, distinct from the British Army in India

read more

British India Steam Navigation Company

company

read more

Presidencies and provinces of British India

administrative divisions of British governance in India

read more

Round Table Conferences (India)

series of conferences organized by the British Government and Indian national congress during 1930–32

read more

India Command

British Army command defending India

read more

British Indians

British citizens with Indian ancestry

read more

British India Corporation

Lal imli, Kanpur

read more

British India (band)

Australian indie rock band

read more

British Indian (disambiguation)

Wikimedia disambiguation page

read more

British India (disambiguation)

Wikimedia disambiguation page

read more

British Indian passport

read more