Burid

The Burid dynasty was a Turkish dynasty which ruled over Damascus in the early 12th century. The first Burid ruler, Toghtekin, began as a servant to the Seljuk ruler of Damascus, Duqaq. Following Duqaq's death in 1104, he seized the city for himself. His family ruled the city until 1154, when it was taken by the Zengid ruler of Aleppo, Nur ed-Din. The Burids were not especially strong rulers, particularly following the death of Toghtekin, and generally pursued a policy of accommodation with the crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem to the west.

Burid Emirs of Damascus

  • Toghtekin (Saif-ul-Islam Zahir ud-Din Toghtekin) 1104-1128
  • Buri (Taj ul-Mulk Buri) 1128-1132
  • Ismail (Shams ul-Mulk Isma'il) 1132-1135
  • Mahmud (Shihab ud-Din Mahmud) 1135-1139
  • Muhammad (Djamal ud-Din Muhammad) 1139-1140
  • Unur (Regent) 1140-1149
  • Mujir ud-Din (Mujir ud-Din Abaq) 1140 (1149)-1154
Damascus
دمـش?

Damascus Skyline

Seal
Nickname: (Al Fayhaa) The Fragrant City
Damascus' location within Syria
Syria
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The Seljuqs (also Seljuq Turks, Seldjuks, Seldjuqs, Seljuks; in Turkish Selçuklular; in Persian:
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Abu Nasr Shams al-Muluk Duqaq (died June 8, 1104) was the Seljuk ruler of Damascus from 1095 to 1104.

Duqaq was a son of the Seljuk ruler of Syria, Tutush I, and Khatun Safwat al-Mulk, He was the brother of Radwan.
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11st century - 12nd century - 13rd century
1070s  1080s  1090s  - 1100s -  1110s  1120s  1130s
1101 1102 1103 - 1104 - 1105 1106 1107

Politics
State leaders - Sovereign states
Birth and death categories
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11st century - 12nd century - 13rd century
1120s  1130s  1140s  - 1150s -  1160s  1170s  1180s
1151 1152 1153 - 1154 - 1155 1156 1157

Politics
State leaders - Sovereign states
Birth and death categories
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AD Tulunid dynasty 868-905 Hamdanid dynasty 890-1004 Ikhshidid dynasty 935-969 Uqaylid Dynasty 990-1096 Zengid dynasty 1127-1250 Ayyubid dynasty 1171-1246 Bahri dynasty 1250-1382 Burji dynasty 1382–1517

For other meanings, see Aleppo (disambiguation). Halab redirects here; for other meanings, see Halab (disambiguation).


مدينة حلب
City of Aleppo

Citadel of Aleppo
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al-Malik al-Adil Nur ad-Din Abu al-Qasim Mahmud Ibn 'Imad ad-Din Zangi (February 1118 – May 15, 1174), also known as Nur ed-Din, Nur al-Din, etc. (in Arabic: نور الدين Nūr ad-Dīn; ie
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Kingdom of Jerusalem was a Christian kingdom established in the Levant in 1099 after the First Crusade. It lasted less than two hundred years, until 1291 when the last remaining outpost, Acre, was destroyed by the Mamluks.
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Mu'in ad-Din Unur al-Atabeki (died August 28, 1149) was the ruler of Damascus in the mid-12th century.

Origins

Mu'in ad-Din was originally a Mameluk in the army of Toghtegin, the founder of the Burid Dynasty of Damascus.
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