CBS Technology Center

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CBS Labs in Stamford, CT
CBS Laboratories or CBS Labs (later known as the CBS Technology Center) was the technology research and development organization of CBS. Innovations developed at the labs included many groundbreaking broadcast, industrial, and consumer technologies.

Chronology

  • 1936: CBS Laboratories established in New York City to conduct technological research for CBS and outside clients
  • 1958: Labs move from Madison Avenue in New York to a new facility in Stamford, CT
  • Stereophonic long-playing (LP) record introduced
  • Enlarge picture
    CBS Audimax
    1959: CBS Audimax I Audio Gain Controller introduced; first of its kind in broadcasting industry
  • 1967: Electronic Video Recording announced
  • 1960's: CBS Volumax Audio FM Peak Limiter introduced; first of its kind in broadcasting industry
  • 1968: Minicam developed for use in national political conventions
  • 1971: Labs President Peter Goldmark retires
  • Renville H. McMann becomes President of CBS Laboratories
  • CBS Labs Staff Scientist Dennis Gabor receives Nobel Prize in Physics for earlier work on holography
  • 1975: CBS Laboratories reorganized
  • Industrial Division sold to Thomson-CSF; Ren McMann transfers to spinoff
  • Core company R&D function renamed CBS Technology Center (CTC)
  • Benjamin B. Bauer promoted to Vice-President and General Manager of CTC
  • 1978: Actiontrak system spun off from Digital Noise Reducer
  • 1979: Donald S. McCoy recruited as general manager of the CBS Technology Center, upon passing of Ben Bauer
  • 1986: Laurence Tisch takes control of CBS and closes CTC as part of company-wide streamlining

Undated Developments

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CBS Laboratories Logo

Emmy Awards

  • 1970-1971: Color Corrector which can provide color uniformity between television picture segments and scenes shot and recorded under different conditions at different times and locations
  • 1972-1973: CMX 600 Non-Linear Video Tape Editing System (developed by CMX Systems, a CBS/Memorex company) utilizing a computer to aid the decision-making process, store the editing decisions and implement them in the final assembly of takes
  • 1974-1975: Electronic News Gathering System
  • 1977-1978: Digital Noise Reducer
  • 1980-1981: Digital Electronic Still Store System which made the magnetic storage and electronic broadcasting of film slides and graphics easier to manage and more reliable with consistent high quality.
  • 1988-1989: Single Camera Editing System
  • 1991-1992: (AB Dick, CBS Laboratories and Chyron; Joint Award) Electronic Character Generation for Television
  • (CBS Laboratories and Philips; Joint Award) Triax Cable Camera Technology
  • 1993: Mini Rapid Deployment Earth Terminal
  • 2001-2002: Alignment Color Bar Test Signal for Television Picture Monitors

External links

The phrase research and development (also R and D or, more often, R&D), according to the Organization of Economic Cooperation and Development, refers to "creative work undertaken on a systematic basis in order to increase the stock of knowledge, including knowledge of
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CBS Broadcasting, Inc. (CBS)

Type Broadcast radio network and
television network
Country  United States
Availability    National; also available in  Canada,  Mexico, and the Caribbean
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Stamford, Connecticut

Seal
Nickname: The City That Works
Location in Connecticut
Coordinates:
NECTA Bridgeport-Stamford
Region
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Stereophonic sound, commonly called stereo, is the reproduction of sound, using two or more independent audio channels, through a symmetrical configuration of loudspeakers, in such a way as to create a pleasant and natural impression of sound heard from various directions,
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The of this article or section may be compromised by "weasel words".
You can help Wikipedia by removing weasel words. Long playing (LP) albums, either 10 or 12-inch , "33" rpm (actually 33.
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Electronic Video Recording, or EVR, a film-based video recording format developed in the 1960's by CBS Laboratories.

CBS announced EVR in October 1967. The 750-foot film was stored on a seven-inch diameter spool in a plastic cartridge. It used a twin-track 8.
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Peter Carl Goldmark (December 2, 1906 – December 7, 1977) was a Hungarian-born, American engineer who, during his time with Columbia Records, was instrumental in developing the long-playing (LP) microgroove 33-1/3 rpm vinyl phonograph discs which defined home audio for two
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Dennis Gabor (original Hungarian name: Gábor Dénes), FRS, (June 5, 1900, Budapest – February 9, 1979, London) was a Hungarian physicist and inventor, most notable for inventing
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This page is currently protected from editing until disputes have been resolved.
Protection is not an endorsement of the current [ version] ([ protection log]).
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Holography (from the Greek, όλος-hòlòs whole + γραφή-grafè write) is the science of producing holograms
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Thomson-CSF was a major electronics and defense contractor. In December 2000 it was renamed Thales Group.

History

In 1879 Elihu Thomson and Edwin Houston formed the Thomson-Houston Electric Company in the United States.
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Laurence Alan Tisch (born March 5, 1923, died November 15, 2003) was a Wall Street investor and self-made billionaire. He was the CEO of CBS television network from 1986 to 1995. With his brother Bob Tisch, he was part owner of the Loews Corporation.
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Project Gemini was the second human spaceflight program of the United States of America. It operated between Projects Mercury and Apollo, with 10 manned flights occurring in 1965 and 1966.
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character generator, often abbreviated as CG, is a device or software that produces static or animated text (such as crawls and rolls) for keying into a video stream. Modern character generators are computer-based, and can generate graphics as well as text.
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Microprocessor

Die of an Intel 80486DX2 microprocessor (actual size: 12×6.75 mm) in its packaging
Date Invented: Late 1960s/Early 1970s (see article for explanation)

Connects to:
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keyboard instrument is any musical instrument played using a musical keyboard. The most common of these is the piano, which is used in nearly all forms of western music. Other widely used keyboard instruments include various types of organs as well as other mechanical,
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Loudness monitoring of programme levels is needed in radio and television broadcasting, as well as in audio post production. Traditional methods of measuring signal levels such as the Peak programme meter, and VU meter do not give the subjectively valid measure of loudness which
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Loudness is the quality of a sound that is the primary psychological correlate of physical strength (amplitude).

Loudness, a subjective measure, is often confused with objective measures of sound pressure such as decibels or intensity.
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CX is a noise reduction system for recorded analog audio. It was developed by CBS Laboratories (a division of CBS) in the early 1980s, as a competitor to other noise reduction (NR) systems such as Dolby and dbx.
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Noise reduction is the process of removing noise from a signal. Noise reduction techniques are conceptually very similar regardless of the signal being processed, however a priori knowledge of the characteristics of an
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FMX is the name of a commercially unsuccessful noise reduction system developed in the 1980’s for FM broadcasting in the United States.

FM Stereo broadcasting is known to incur up to a 23 dB noise penalty over that of monophonic FM broadcasting; this is due to the
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The CMX 600 was the very first non-linear video editing system. It was introduced in 1971 by CMX Systems, a joint venture between CBS and Memorex. CMX referred to it as a "RAVE", or Random Access Video Editor.
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Videotape is a means of recording images and sound onto magnetic tape as opposed to movie film. In most cases, a helical scan video head rotates against the moving tape to record the data in two dimensions, because video signals have a very high bandwidth, and static heads would
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CMX Systems was a company founded jointly by CBS and Memorex, that developed some of the very first computerized systems for linear and non-linear editing of videotape for post production. The company's name, CMX, stood for CBS, Memorex, and eXperimental.
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ENG is a broadcasting (usually television) industry acronym which stands for electronic news gathering. It can mean anything from a lone reporter taking a single camcorder out to get a story to an entire television crew taking a satellite truck on location to do a live
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SMPTE color bars are a type of television test pattern, and is most commonly used in countries where the NTSC video standard is dominant, such as those in North America. The Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers (SMPTE) refers to this test pattern as
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