Cabo Rojo, Puerto Rico

Cabo Rojo, Puerto Rico
Enlarge picture
Official flag of Cabo Rojo, Puerto Rico
FlagSeal
Nickname: "El Pueblo de Cofresí", "Los Mata con Hacha"
Gentilic: "Caborrojeños"
Location

Location of Cabo Rojo, Puerto Rico within Puerto Rico
Government
FoundedDecember 17, 1771
MayorHon. Perza Rodrigez
Political partyPNP
Senatorial district4 - Mayagüez
Representative district20
Geographical characteristics
Area
Total 459.47 km
Land182.21 km
Water277.26 km
Population
Total (2000)46,911
Density257.5 persons/km
Time zoneAST (UTC-4)
Official website: [1]
Anthem - "Hoy estoy triste por la distancia"


Cabo Rojo (KAH-bo, ro-ho) located on the Western Costal Valley. Bordering the Caribbean Sea; and the Mona Passage, south of Mayagüez and Hormigueros; and east of Hormigueros, San Germán and Lajas spread over 18 wards and Cabo Rojo Pueblo (The downtown area and the administrative center of the city).

It is said that Cabo Rojo obtained its name from the considerable amount of minerals found in its coasts that made the waters look reddish. Cabo is the Spanish word for tip and analogous to the English word Cape in this context. The word rojo, translates to red. According to legend, the name was given by Christopher Columbus himself, although this is highly unlikely. The first church, founded in 1783, was called San José. The present-day main catholic church is called San Miguel Arcángel located in the town's square.

People from Combate are known as mata con hacha ("those who kill with axes") based on an old folk tale about a fight over the Salinas where those from Cabo Rojo fought with axes against people from the adjacent town of Lajas. The latter apparently fought back by throwing stones and are thus known as tira piedras ("those who throw stones").

History

Cabo Rojo was founded on December 17, 1771 by Nicolás Ramírez de Arellano and Miguel de Muesas.

Flag

The flag contains elements of the coat of arms, excluding the sword, the anchors and the crown.

Coat of Arms

The point or red triangle symbolizes the "cabo bermejo" (cape bermejo) in Los Morillos. The blue and white, with the anchors, represent the sea that bathes our coasts. The flaming sword, is an attribute to San Miguel de Arcángel, patron of the town. Finally, the crown, which heightens and distinguishes the shield, stands for the status of municipality.

Demographics

Barrios (Districts/Wards)

  • Bajura
  • Betances
  • Boquerón
  • Cabo Rojo Pueblo
  • Combate
  • Guanajibo
  • Joyuda
  • La Quince
  • La Veintidos
  • Las Arenas
  • Las Quebradas
  • Llanos Costas
  • Llanos Tuna
  • Monte Grande
  • Pedernales
  • Pole Ojea
  • Puerto Real

Anthem

By Mildred Arroyo

Hoy estoy triste por la distancia
que me separa de mi dulce patria,
y de un pueblito donde mi
padre y mi madre me esperan


Mi Cabo Rojo pueblo adorado,
jardín de flores te quiero yo
y en la distancia a ti te añoro,
por eso lloro en mi cantar.


Son tus palmeras flores divinas
y son tus playas, un manantial
Mi Cabo Rojo, me siento solo
por eso lloro en mi cantar
pero muy pronto besaré tu suelo
o desde el cielo te adoraré.

Economic

Tourism

Its tourism industry has flourished with the development of hotels and marinas, but local and international environmentalists are concerned that this development will endanger Cabo Rojo's rich and beautiful beaches,sunsets and natural resources. Cabo Rojo is also well-known for its fishing, particularly the Puerto Real fishing village, and its many seafood restaurants, most of which are found in the village of Joyuda.

Landmarks and places of interest

The famous Cabo Rojo lighthouse, Los Morrillos Lighthouse, known by locals as El Faro, was built in 1881 over limestone cliffs that rise 200 feet above sea level. This old lighthouse was automated and electrically charged in 1967 and is considered to have some, if not the, most spectacular ocean views in Puerto Rico's West Coast. The lighthouse has undergone recent renovations, of which has created controversy because of the quality of work. As most locals and scholars believe, the internal structure was gutted leaving nothing of historical significance behind.

Enlarge picture
Limestone cliffs near the Los Morrillos Lighthouse.
The lighthouse is located near the Salinas, or salt mines. These salt mines are reported to be the oldest industry in the New World. Salt has been mined in this site non-stop since the times of the Taínos. Near the Salinas, a local civic group Caborrojeños Pro Salud y Ambiente run a visitor's center known as the Centro Intepretativo Las Salinas De Cabo Rojo don Efrén Pérez Rivera. They offer free guided tours of the local area, which is rich in flora and fauna.

In 2006, Cabo Rojo was specifically chosen by the Latin Grammy-winning Puerto Rican group Calle 13 as the setting for their video "La Jirafa" because of its beautiful natural scenery.
  • Boquerón Beach
  • Cofresí Cave
  • El Combate Beach
  • Joyuda Beach
  • Joyuda Lagoon
  • Market Plaza
  • Nautical Club
  • Punta Arenas Beach
  • Punta Real Beach
  • Isla de Ratones

Festivals and events

  • Pescao Festival - March
  • Años Cuarenta Festival - April
  • Chigüero Festival - April
  • Betances Festival - April
  • Oyster Festival - May
  • Boquerón Bay Crossing - July
  • Watermelon Festival - July
  • Retorno a la Arena - July
  • Patron Festivities - September
  • La Pileta Festival - December
  • Le Lo Lai Festival - December

Transportation

Although Cabo Rojo lacks an airport, it is approximately 11 miles from the Eugenio Maria de Hostos Airport (MAZ), a commercial airport that serves direct flights to and from San Juan. Cabo Rojo has grown tremendously in the last few years as evidenced by its recent accreditation as a city. Cabo Rojo nearest airport servicing international destinations is only 45 min away in the city of Aguadilla..Rafael Hernandes Airport (BQN). This airport was part of the now deactivated Ramey Air Force Base.

Sports

Cabo Rojo had a BSN basketball team, Los Turistas de Cabo Rojo (the "Cabo Rojo Tourists") from 1989 to 1993.

Notable "Caborrojeños"

Some "caborrojeños" who have distinguished themselves are: Ramón Emeterio Betances, Carlos Betances Ramírez, Salvador Brau, pirate Roberto Cofresí, Rebekah Colberg, Ramón López Irizarry, Tommy Muñiz and Bartolomé Javier Petrovich.

Cabo Rojo's former mayor, Santos "El Negro" Ortiz, made history in 1988 by becoming the first public servant to be elected into office without being affiliated with one of Puerto Rico's major political parties.

Another of Cabo Rojo's former mayors, Santos Padilla, was affiliated with Puerto Rico's pro-statehood party. Puerto Rico's former (and first female Governor) Sila Calderon, a San Juan native, was a member of the pro-status-quo party. Both Padilla and Calderon are credited with Cabo Rojo's recent development and growth spurt.

Santos Padilla, Cabo Rojo's mayor, suffered a massive heart attack and died Aug 4, 2007. Many people showed up at his funeral.

Emiliano Mercado del Toro, the world's oldest living man and oldest veteran, was born in Cabo Rojo on August 21, 1891.

References

External links



Coordinates:
A demonym or gentilic is a word that denotes the members of a people or the inhabitants of a place. In English, the name of a people's language is often the same as this word, e.g., the "French" (language or people).
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The geography of Puerto Rico describes an archipelago located between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, east of the Dominican Republic and west of the Virgin Islands. The main island of Puerto Rico is the smallest and most eastern of the Greater Antilles.
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Motto
Latin: Joannes Est Nomen Eius
Spanish: Juan es su nombre
(English: "John is his name")
Anthem
"La Borinqueña"
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In many systems, the mayor is an elected politician who serves as chief executive and/or ceremonial official of many types of
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The New Progressive Party of Puerto Rico (NPP) (Spanish: Partido Nuevo Progresista de Puerto Rico, PNP) is a political party that campaigns for Puerto Rican statehood.
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square metre (also spelled meter, see spelling differences) is the SI derived unit of area, with symbol m². It is defined as the area of a square whose sides measure exactly one metre.
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population is the collection of people or organisms of a particular species living in a given geographic area or mortality, and migration, though the field encompasses many dimensions of population change including the family (marriage and divorce), public health, work and the
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square metre (also spelled meter, see spelling differences) is the SI derived unit of area, with symbol m². It is defined as the area of a square whose sides measure exactly one metre.
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Mayagüez, Puerto Rico
Mayagüez skyline from Cerro Las Mesas



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Nickname: "La Sultana del Oeste", "La Ciudad de las Aguas Puras", "El Pueblo del Mangó"
Gentilic: "
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Hormigueros, Puerto Rico



Flag

Nickname: "El Pueblo de Nuestra Señora de la Monserrate", "El Pueblo del Milagro", "Los Peregrinos"
Gentilic: "Hormiguereños"
Location
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San Germán, Puerto Rico
Porta Coeli Church, the most recognized landmark of San Germán.



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Lajas, Puerto Rico



Flag

Nickname: "La Ciudad Cardenalicia", "Los Tira Piedras"
Gentilic: "Lajeños"
Location

Location of Lajas, Puerto Rico within Puerto Rico
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headland is an area of land adjacent to water on three sides. A bay is the reverse, rather an area of water bordered by land on three sides. A large headland may also be called a peninsula. Long, narrow and high headlands may be called promontories.
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Lajas, Puerto Rico



Flag

Nickname: "La Ciudad Cardenalicia", "Los Tira Piedras"
Gentilic: "Lajeños"
Location

Location of Lajas, Puerto Rico within Puerto Rico
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Los Morrillos Lighthouse (Faro Los Morrillos de Cabo Rojo) is a historic lighthouse located in the municipality of Cabo Rojo, Puerto Rico.

Located at the southwestern tip of the island of Puerto Rico, this lighthouse was constructed in 1882 in order to guide
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salt mine is an operation involved in the extraction of salt. Areas known for their salt mines include Khewra in Pakistan, Tuzla in Bosnia, Wieliczka and Bochnia in Poland, Salzkammergut in Austria, in Germany, Slănic in Romania, Provadiya in Bulgaria, Avery Island in
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