Caistor-by-Norwich astragalus

Thg Caistor-by-Norwich astralagus is a roe deer astragalus found in Norfolk, bearing a 5th c. Elder Futhark inscription, reading raïhan "roe". The inscription is the earliest found in England, and predates the evolution of the specifically Anglo-Frisian Futhorc and may be a Scandinavian import. It is an important testimony for the Eihwaz rune and the treatment of Proto-Germanic *ai


  • A. Bammesberger, 'Das Futhark und seine Weiterentwicklung in der anglo-friesischen Ãœberlieferung', in Bammesberger and Waxenberger (eds.), Das fuþark und seine einzelsprachlichen Weiterentwicklungen, Walter de Gruyter (2006), ISBN 3-11-019008-7, 171–187.

Genus: Capreolus
Gray, 1821

Species: C. capreolus

Binomial name
Capreolus capreolus
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See talus for other meanings of the word
The talus bone or astragalus of the ankle joint connects the leg to the foot.

The talus is the second largest of the tarsal bones.
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Norfolk (pronounced IPA: /ˈnɔːfək/) is a low-lying county in East Anglia in the east of southern England.
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Elder Futhark
Child systems Younger Futhark, Anglo-Saxon Futhorc

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The Elder Futhark (or Elder Fuþark, Older Futhark, Old Futhark
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Anglo-Saxon (also, Anglo-Frisian) Futhorc is a runic alphabet, extended from the Elder Futhark from 24 to between 26 and 33 characters. It was used probably from the 5th century onward, recording Old English and Old Frisian.
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Eihwaz (Ihwaz; *īhaz or *īwaz) was a Proto-Germanic word for "yew", and the reconstructed name of the rune . The rune survives in the Anglo-Saxon Futhorc as Ēoh "yew" (note that eoh "horse" has a short diphthong).
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Writing system: Elder Futhark
Language codes
ISO 639-1: none
ISO 639-2: gem
ISO 639-3: —

Proto-Germanic (or Common Germanic
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