Canaanite language

Canaanite
Geographic
distribution:
Levant
Genetic
classification
:
}}
Subdivisions:
Hebrew (living)


The Canaanite languages are a subfamily of the Semitic languages, which were spoken by the ancient peoples of the Canaan region, including Canaanites, Hebrews, Phoenicians, and eventually Philistines. All of them became extinct as native languages in the early 1st millennium CE, although Hebrew remained in continuous literary and religious use among Jews, and was revived as a spoken, everyday language in the 19th century by Eliezer Ben Yehuda. The Phoenician (and especially Carthaginian) expansion spread their Canaanite language to the Western Mediterranean for a time, but there too it died out, although it seems to have survived slightly longer than in Phoenicia itself. The main sources for study of Canaanite languages are the Hebrew Bible (Tanakh), and inscriptions such as: The extra-biblical Canaanite inscriptions are gathered along with Aramaic inscriptions in editions of the book "Kanaanäische und Aramäische Inschriften", from which they may be referenced as KAI n (for a number n); for example, the Mesha Stele is "KAI 181".

The Canaanite languages, together with the Aramaic languages and Ugaritic, form the Northwest Semitic subgroup. Some distinctive features of Canaanite in relation to Aramaic are:
  • The prefix 'h-' used as the definite article (whereas Aramaic has a postfixed -a). This seems to be an innovation of Canaanite.
  • The first person pronoun being 'ʼnk' (אנכ - anok(i)) (versus Aramaic - ʼnʼ/ʼny) - which is similar to Akkadian, Ancient Egyptian and Berber.
  • The *ā > ō vowel shift (Canaanite shift).

References

  • The Semitic Languages. Routledge Language Family Descriptions. Edited by Robert Hetzron. New York: Routledge, 1997.

External links

The Levant (IPA: /lə'vænt/) is an imprecise geographical term historically referring to a large area in the Middle East south of the Taurus Mountains, bounded by the Mediterranean Sea on the west, and by the northern
..... Click the link for more information.
A language family is a group of languages related by descent from a common ancestor, called the proto-language. As with biological families, the evidence of relationship is observable shared characteristics.
..... Click the link for more information.
Phoenician was a language originally spoken in the coastal region then called Pūt in Ancient Egyptian, Canaan in Phoenician, Hebrew, and Aramaic, and Phoenicia in Greek and Latin.
..... Click the link for more information.
Ammonite}}}
Language codes
ISO 639-1: none
ISO 639-2: sem
ISO 639-3: aoq

The Ammonite language is the extinct Hebrew Canaanite language of the Ammonite people mentioned in the Bible, who used to live in modern-day Jordan, and
..... Click the link for more information.
Moabite}}}
Language codes
ISO 639-1: none
ISO 639-2: sem
ISO 639-3: obm

The Moabite language is an extinct Hebrew Canaanite dialect, spoken in Moab (modern-day northwestern Jordan) in the early first millennium BC.
..... Click the link for more information.
Edomite}}}
Language codes
ISO 639-1: none
ISO 639-2: sem
ISO 639-3: xdm

The Edomite language is the extinct Hebrew Canaanite language of the Edomites in southwestern Jordan in the first millennium BC.
..... Click the link for more information.
Hebrew }}} 
Writing system: Hebrew abjad
Language codes
ISO 639-1: he
ISO 639-2: sem
ISO 639-3: variously:
heb  — 
aoq  — 
obm  — 
xdm
..... Click the link for more information.
Semitic languages are a family of languages spoken by more than 300 million people across much of the Middle East, North Africa, and the Horn of Africa. They constitute the northeastern subfamily of the Afro-Asiatic languages, and the only branch of this group spoken in Asia.
..... Click the link for more information.
Canaanites redirects here. For the 1940s social and political movement in Israel, see Canaanites (movement).
See also: Phoenicians


Canaan
..... Click the link for more information.
Canaanites redirects here. For the 1940s social and political movement in Israel, see Canaanites (movement).
See also: Phoenicians


Canaan
..... Click the link for more information.
Hebrews (or Heberites, Eberites, Hebreians "Habiru" or "Habiri"; Hebrew: עברים or עבריים, Standard ʿIvrim,
..... Click the link for more information.
Phoenicia (or Phenicia \fi-ˈnish-(ē-)ə, -ˈnēsh-\,[1] from Biblical Phenice \fi-ˈ
..... Click the link for more information.
Philistines (Hebrew פְּלְשְׁתִּים, plishtim) (see "other uses" below) were a people who inhabited the southern coast of Canaan before the time of the arrival of the Israelites, their territory
..... Click the link for more information.
1st millennium BC - 1st millennium - 2nd millennium In the Gregorian calendar, the 1st millennium is the period of one thousand years that commenced with the year 1 of the Common Era. There is no "year zero" in the Gregorian calendar.
..... Click the link for more information.
Hebrew}}} 
Writing system: Alefbet Ivri abjad 
Official status
Official language of:  Israel
Regulated by: Academy of the Hebrew Language

..... Click the link for more information.
Historical Jewish languages
Hebrew, Yiddish, Ladino, others
Liturgical languages:
Hebrew and Aramaic
Predominant spoken languages:
The vernacular language of the home nation in the Diaspora, significantly including English, Hebrew, Yiddish, and
..... Click the link for more information.
The 19th Century (also written XIX century) lasted from 1801 through 1900 in the Gregorian calendar. It is often referred to as the "1800s.
..... Click the link for more information.
Eliezer Ben‑Yehuda (Hebrew: אֱלִיעֶזֶר
..... Click the link for more information.
State Party  Tunisia
Type Cultural
Criteria ii, iii, vi
Reference 37
Region Arab States

Inscription History
Inscription 1979  (3rd Session)
..... Click the link for more information.
Phoenicia (or Phenicia \fi-ˈnish-(ē-)ə, -ˈnēsh-\,[1] from Biblical Phenice \fi-ˈ
..... Click the link for more information.
Phoenician was a language originally spoken in the coastal region then called Pūt in Ancient Egyptian, Canaan in Phoenician, Hebrew, and Aramaic, and Phoenicia in Greek and Latin.
..... Click the link for more information.
Punic}}}
Language codes
ISO 639-1: none
ISO 639-2: sem
ISO 639-3: xpu

The Punic language is an extinct Semitic language formerly spoken in North Africa by the people of the Punic culture.
..... Click the link for more information.
Ammonite}}}
Language codes
ISO 639-1: none
ISO 639-2: sem
ISO 639-3: aoq

The Ammonite language is the extinct Hebrew Canaanite language of the Ammonite people mentioned in the Bible, who used to live in modern-day Jordan, and
..... Click the link for more information.
Moabite}}}
Language codes
ISO 639-1: none
ISO 639-2: sem
ISO 639-3: obm

The Moabite language is an extinct Hebrew Canaanite dialect, spoken in Moab (modern-day northwestern Jordan) in the early first millennium BC.
..... Click the link for more information.
Edomite}}}
Language codes
ISO 639-1: none
ISO 639-2: sem
ISO 639-3: xdm

The Edomite language is the extinct Hebrew Canaanite language of the Edomites in southwestern Jordan in the first millennium BC.
..... Click the link for more information.
Hebrew }}} 
Writing system: Hebrew abjad
Language codes
ISO 639-1: he
ISO 639-2: sem
ISO 639-3: variously:
heb  — 
aoq  — 
obm  — 
xdm
..... Click the link for more information.
Biblical Hebrew, sometimes called Classical Hebrew, is an archaic form of the Hebrew language, in which the Hebrew Bible or Tanakh was written, and which the ancient Israelites spoke.
..... Click the link for more information.
Israelites were the dominant cultural and ethnic group living in Canaan in Biblical times, composing the Kingdoms of Israel and Judah. Modern Jewish people claim to be descended from the Tribes of Israel.
..... Click the link for more information.
Samaritan Hebrew}}} 
Writing system: Samaritan abjad 
Official status
Official language of: none
Regulated by: no official regulation
Language codes
ISO 639-1: none
ISO 639-2:
ISO 639-3: heb The
..... Click the link for more information.
The Mishnaic Hebrew language or Early Rabbinic Hebrew language is one direct ancient descendant of Biblical Hebrew as preserved by the Jews after the Babylonian captivity, and definitively recorded by Jewish sages in writing the Mishnah and other contemporary documents.
..... Click the link for more information.


This article is copied from an article on Wikipedia.org - the free encyclopedia created and edited by online user community. The text was not checked or edited by anyone on our staff. Although the vast majority of the wikipedia encyclopedia articles provide accurate and timely information please do not assume the accuracy of any particular article. This article is distributed under the terms of GNU Free Documentation License.