Carl Anton Larsen

Carl Anton Larsen (1860 – 1924) was a Norwegian mariner and Antarctic explorer, and the founder of Grytviken, South Georgia.[1] The Larsen Ice Shelf is named after him.

Larsen left school at the age of 14 to join his father at sea, and by the time he was 20 he had earned his master's license. By 1895 was captain of a whaler. Larsen led an expedition to Antarctica, in command of the Jason, from 1892 through 1894.[2] Later he captained the ship Antarctic, part of the Swedish Antarctic Expedition of 1901-04. [3] During this mission some of his crew over-wintered for 10 months at Snow Hill Island[4], and after his ship was crushed by ice and sank, he and his crew spent a winter (1903) on Paulet Island, surviving on penguins and seals before being rescued by the Argentine corvette Uruguay.

In 1904 with Argentine, Norwegian and British capital he founded the first Antarctic whaling corporation, the Compañía Argentina de Pesca, and in 1910, he adopted British citizenship along with his family.[5][6]
Enlarge picture
Grytviken in 1914

References

1. ^ [1] The James Caird Society
2. ^ Antarctica. Sydney: Reader's Digest, 1985, pp. 126-127, 152-159, 296-297, 305.
3. ^ Child, Jack. Antarctica and South American Geopolitics: Frozen Lebensraum. New York: Praeger Publishers, 1988, pp. 13-14, 27-28, 72.
4. ^ Lonely Planet, Antarctica: a Lonely Planet Travel Survival Kit, Oakland, CA: Lonely Planet Publications, 1996, pp. 23, 278-279, 307.
5. ^ Stewart, Andrew, Antarctica: An Encyclopedia. London: McFarland and Co., 1990 (2 volumes), p. 558.
6. ^ U.S. National Science Foundation, Geographic Names of the Antarctic, Fred G. Alberts, ed. Washington: NSF, 1980.
Motto
Royal: Alt for Norge ("Everything for Norway")
1814 Eidsvoll oath:
Enige og tro til Dovre faller
("United and faithful until the mountains of Dovre crumble")

Anthem
Ja, vi elsker

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sailor or mariner is a person who navigates water-born vessels or assists in their operation, maintenance, or service. The term can apply to professional mariners, military personnel, and recreational sailors as well as a plethora of other uses.
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Grytviken (Swedish for 'Pot Cove'; Grytvika/Grytviken in Norwegian) is the principal settlement in the United Kingdom territory of South Georgia in the South Atlantic.
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Motto
"Leo Terram Propriam Protegat"   (Latin)
"Let the Lion protect his own land"
or "May the Lion protect his own land"
Anthem
"God Save the Queen"
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The Larsen Ice Shelf () is a long, fringing ice shelf in the northwest part of the Weddell Sea, extending along the east coast of Antarctic Peninsula from Cape Longing to the area just southward of Hearst Island.
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The expedition (1901-1904) was led by Otto Nordenskjöld and Carl Anton Larsen (the captain of the ship Antarctic). Two key Antarctic islands are associated with the expedition.
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6)]] Snow Hill Island () is an almost completely snowcapped island, 20 miles (32 km) long and 6 miles (10 km) wide, lying off the east coast of the Antarctic Peninsula.
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Paulet Island is a circular island about 1 mile in diameter, lying 3 miles southeast of Dundee Island, off the northeastern end of the Antarctic Peninsula. Paulet Island is located at .
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