Castel Gandolfo


Municipal coat of arms
Country Italy
RegionLazio
ProvinceRome
MayorMaurizio Colacchi (since May 2002)
Areakm
Population
 - Total
 - Density/km
Time zoneCET, UTC+1
Coordinates
GentilicCastellani
Dialing code06
Postal code00040
FrazioniMole di Castel Gandolfo, Pavona
PatronSt. Sebastian
 - DayJanuary 20
Website: www.comune.castelgandolfo.rm.it
Enlarge picture
Castel Gandolfo and the Lake of Albano.
Castel Gandolfo is a small Italian town in Lazio that occupies a height overlooking Lake Albano about 30 km south-east of Rome, on the Alban Hills. It is best known as the summer residence of the Pope.

History

Archaeological findings from the 16th century BC have been found in the area of what is now Castel Gandolfo.

The modern city occupies the site of ancient Alba Longa, capital of the Latin league. Its name is derived from a fortification of the ducal Gandolfi family (of Genoese origin, named after St. Gondolfus) in the 12th century, which passed to the Savelli family from whom the Apostolic Camera purchased it in 1596 for 150,000 scudi. Pope Clement VIII was the first pope to come to Castel Gandolfo, but the rebuilding of the old castle was the project of Urban VIII who first came in 1626.

Main sights

  • The Pope's summer residence (Residenza Papale in Italian) is a 17th century building designed by Carlo Maderno for Pope Urban VIII. The papal palace, and the adjoining Villa Barberini that was added to the complex by Pius XI have enjoyed extraterritorial rights since the signature of the 1929 treaty with Italy; the little piazza directly in front was renamed Piazza della Libertà in the first flush of Italian unity after 1870. The papal palace remained unused from 1870 until 1929. Popes Pius XII (1958) and Paul VI (1978) died at Castel Gandolfo.
  • The site of the papal palace, rebuilt on the ruins of the former castle, partly occupies the foundations of a summer residence of the Emperor Domitian that occupied 14 km² (5.4 square miles). The residence was designed by the famous architect Rabirius. In the palace's inner courtyard is a Roman bust depicting Polyphemus, the Cyclops from whose cave Ulysses escaped; it was found in the nymphaeum of the Imperial villa's gardens, an artificially constructed grotto of the crater lake's outlet.
Enlarge picture
Pope John Paul II and George W. Bush in Castel Gandolfo.
  • The parish church, dedicated to St. Thomas of Villanova was designed by Bernini (1658-1661) on the order of the Chigi Pope Alexander VII. It has a square plant, and houses a notable pale by Pietro da Cortona portraying the Crufixion of Christ.
  • The two telescopes of the Vatican Observatory, which were moved from Rome to Castel Gandolfo in the 1930s, were still used until the 1980s. The headquarters of the Vatican Observatory is still located in Castel Gandolfo. However, its dependent research center, the Vatican Observatory Research Group (VORG), is hosted by Steward Observatory at the University of Arizona, Tucson, USA. The telescopes are located in Mt. Graham, Arizona.




Twin cities

See also

External links




Anthem
Il Canto degli Italiani
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Italy

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Lazio (Latium in Latin) is a regione of central Italy, bordered by Tuscany, Umbria, Abruzzi, Marche, Molise, Campania and the Tyrrhenian Sea. Lazio is notable for its history, art, architecture, archaeology, religion and culture.
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In Italy, a province (in Italian: provincia) is an administrative division of intermediate level between municipality (comune) and region (regione).
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Province of Rome

Nation Italy
Region Lazio
Capital Rome
Area 5,352 km
Population (2005) 4,013,057
Density 712
Comuni 121
Vehicle Registration ROMA
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Central European Time (CET) is one of the names of the time zone that is 1 hour ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. It is used in most European and some North African countries.

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geographic coordinate system enables every location on the earth to be specified by the three coordinates of a spherical coordinate system aligned with the spin axis of the Earth.
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A demonym or gentilic is a word that denotes the members of a people or the inhabitants of a place. In English, the name of a people's language is often the same as this word, e.g., the "French" (language or people).
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Here are a list of area codes in Italy. All numbers here begin with the country code (00)39. They are administered under Telecom Italia :

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A frazione, in Italy, is the name given in administrative law to a type of territorial subdivision of a comune; for other subdivisions, see municipio, circoscrizione, quartiere. The word is cognate to English fraction.
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Pavona is a town in Lazio, central Italy. It is a frazione of the comune (municipality) of Albano Laziale. However, its traditional territory is also included in those of Castel Gandolfo and Roma.
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Saint Sebastian (traditionally died January 20,[1] 287) was a Christian saint and martyr, who is said to have been killed while the Roman emperor Diocletian engaged in the persecution of Christians in the 3rd century.
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January 20 is the 1st day of the year (2nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 0 days remaining.

In astrology, it is the cusp day between Capricorn and Aquarius.
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Lazio (Latium in Latin) is a regione of central Italy, bordered by Tuscany, Umbria, Abruzzi, Marche, Molise, Campania and the Tyrrhenian Sea. Lazio is notable for its history, art, architecture, archaeology, religion and culture.
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Location Alban Hills
Coordinates Coordinates:
Lake type crater lake


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Comune di Roma

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Motto: "Senatus Populusque Romanus" (SPQR)   (Latin)
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Alban Hills (Italian Colli Albani) are the site of a quiescent volcanic complex in Italy, located 20 km southeast of Rome and about 24 km north of Anzio.
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The Pope (from Latin: papa, father;[1] from Greek πάπας (papas) = father - originally written πάππας (
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The sixteenth century BC was the time period from 1600 BC to 1501 BC .

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Alba Longa (in Italian sources occasionally written Albalonga) was an ancient city of Latium[1] in central Italy southeast of Rome[2] in the Alban Hills.
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Comune di Genoa

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Gondulphus, Gundulfus, Gondulf, or Gondon was the name of three medieval bishops and saints:
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As a means of recording the passage of time, the 12th century was that century which lasted from 1101 to 1200. In the history of European culture, this period is considered part of the High Middle Ages and is sometimes called the Age of the Cistercians.
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Savelli (de Sabellis in documents) were a rich and influential Roman family who rose to prominence in the twelfth century and were extinct in the male line in 1712.[1].
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Pope Clement VIII (February 24, 1536 – March 3, 1605), born Ippolito Aldobrandini, was Pope from January 30, 1592 to March 3, 1605.

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Pope Urban VIII (April 1568 – July 29, 1644), born Maffeo Barberini, was Pope from 1623 to 1644. He was the last Pope to expand the papal territory by force of arms, and was a prominent patron of the arts and reformer of Church missions.
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