Chadhar

Chadhar is a Punjabi tribe of India and Pakistan. They are found among both Rajputs and Jats.

Pronunciation

Chadhar (Shahmukhi: ﭽﺩﮪﮌ, Gurmukhi: ਚਧੜ ) is commonly pronounced Chadhar but in some areas of the Punjab, like the cities of Jhang and other adjoining districts , it is pronounced as Chadhrar, while in the Majha, Doaba and Malwa areas it is pronounced as Chandhar, Other transliterations include "Chadarh", "Chadharh", "Chandhar" and "Chandarh".

Origin

Chadhars claim descent from Chandarh, the son of Raja Ravilan of the lineage of king Pandu of the Mahabharata. They are Chandra Vanshis. It is widely believed that they are a branch of the Tomaras as it has been confirmed by the claim of the Chadhars of Jhang that they are the descendants of Raja Toor and that they migrated into the Punjab from Rajputana and also that their throne is Tahli Mangeeni.
See also: Tomara
See also: Talhi Mangini
In 1193 AD, when Mohammad Shahabuddin Ghauri invaded India, the clan moved from Rajasthan to the Punjab. Some went to Bahawalpur, where they were converted to Islam by Pir Shershah (Jalaluddin Surkh Bukhari) of Uch Sharif. From Bahawalpur, they migrated north, along the course of the rivers Ravi River and River Chenab. Over the possession of essential water resources, they clashed many times with Kharal,Harals and Sial tribes.Sial tribesmen do their the best fights but they could not stopp their march.The Chadhars were brave ,strong in their relations and deadly honest to their spouces.They settled new lands and built new towns along the left side of the River Chenab.

Geographical distribution

Chadhars occupy a large area of land on the left bank of the Chenab, in the Jhang District, starting from Khiwa (along the boundaries of the Sials) to the adjoining areas of Sayyids (Descendants of Hazrat Imam Hussain, the grandson of Prophet Muhammad) of Rajoea Sadaat. Their main village is the famous Tahli Mangeeni which is said to be their throne or Takht.

The Chadhars are found in most areas of Sandal Bar in districts of Jhang,Faisalabad ,Sargodha, Sahiwal, Sheikhupura, Gujrat, Gujranwala, Lahore, Khanewal, Multan, Bhakkar, Bahawalpur,okara district,Sadiq Abadand also in some parts of Sindh.Now they are found allover of thePakistan.

While some of them went to other parts of the world asUnited Kingdom,United States Of Ammerica,India and Arab World. some of the Chadhars settled in the Firozpur Districtin indian Punjab and founded their villages of Chandarh near Mudki. Others settled in Nakodar near Jalandhar. Most of the Chadhar Jats shifted from Ferozepur to Amritsar, Gurdaspur and Lahore. They founded many villages in the Doabs of the Chenab and the Ravi. The famous villages at the banks of chenab are Chak Lune, Talhi Mangini, Taja Berwala, Wijhalke, Kaloke, Chak Sajanke, Sheikhan, Tibbi Nalera, Mahnika Thatta, Thatta Muhammad Shah, Hakmewala,Chak No. 221 Dooghra,Keeme Ka Chak ,Dooba And Mochiwala.

Contemporary notable Chadhars

There were two families of Chadhars at Talhi Mangini, and Taja Bairwala near Bhowana who had been Zaildars during the British Raj. The head of one family was Chaudhry FATEH KHANChadhar while the other one was TAHR KHAN.

Today, Chaudhry Sarfaraz Khan,Dilawar Khan ex-MPA,Mehr jagdeve Khan Jappa,Haji Mohammad Hayat Khan Jappa ex-MPA,Mehr Noor Akbar Jappa Adv.,Umar Hayat of DOOBA,Khushhal Khan Rajoka and many other Chadhar tribes prominent Chadhars has represented their areas . While most normally take part in regional politics, some like Chaudhry Mohammad Ashraf Chadhar from PAT and Faizullah Kamoka from PML(N) were candidates in the 2002 National Elections.

Dr. Muhammad Ibrahim Rajoka, the Principal Scientific Officer (BioChemistry) and many civil service officers magistrates and educators are Chadhars.

Chadhar Civil Servants

  • Dr. Javed Shahryar Chadhar -Additional Commissioner Incom Tax (Central Superior Service of Pakistan)
  • Ijaz Ahmad Chadhar - Session Judge
  • Abdul Haq Jappa Sr.civil judge
  • Muhammad Irfan Chadhar Ad. Director custom
  • Mohammad Faiz Chadhar Secretary CBR
  • Fateh Sher Jappa PIA
  • Mohammad Saif Anwar Jappa DDEO Sialkot
  • Mohammad Asad Jappa EDO Gujrat
  • Mohammad Zafar Haider Jappa css
  • Mohammad Naveed jappa css
  • Mohammad Shakeel Anwar Jappa Second leiftenant
  • Sarfraz Ali Chadhar from Yazman District B.W.P

Chadhar Writers

  • Nusrat Ali Aseer Jappa
((nusrat_aseer@yahoo.co.in)) ((Muhammad Imran Raza Rajoka Advocate,L.L.M(Sweden) website:- people.su.se/~mura5366

Notable Chadhars in the past

It is believed that TAHR KHAN,KHAIRO JAPPA of JALAL UD DIN MOHAMMAD AKBAR ,the Mugha Emperor age ,FATEH KHAN of English regime period are the prominent Chadhars.Bhai Gurmukh Singh, professor and founder of the Singh Sabha Movement, was a Chandarh Jat. He originally belonged to a village named Chandarh near Gujranwala.

Mirza Sahiba

Chadhars were the villans in the famous Punjabi romance story of Mirza Sahiban. It is said that Mirza Kharal, the hero of the story, was slain by Chadhars as Sahiban, the heroine was betrothed to Zahir Khan, the son of Jham Khan, a Chadhar Rajput. Because of this murder, there were many battles between Chadhars and Kharals.

Chadhar sub clans

According Chadhar genealogists, they are divided in twenty-one sub-clans, most of which are found in Jhang. These include:
  1. Aasi
  2. Wejhwe
  3. Wijhalke
  4. Kulle
  5. Kaloke
  6. Thabal
  7. 'Jappa
  8. Lune
  9. Sajanke
  10. Kangar
  11. Rajoke
  12. Kamoke
  13. Paroke
  14. Jatoke
  15. Deoke
  16. Paajike(needs confrmation)
  17. Majoke(needs confrmation)
  18. Nalere(needs confrmation)
  19. Balnke(needs confrmation)
  20. Mahnike(needs confrmation)
  21. chookhia


There are also villages in the names of these sub-tribes like Wijhalke and Kaloke and Chak Sajanke and Chak Loone on the right and left banks of the Chenab in the Chiniot tehsil of the Jhang district respectively.

Well known villages of Chandarhs in other areas of Punjab are Chandarh, Rajeana, Dhaaban and Awan .

Rajputs or Jats?

Jhang Chadhars claim that they are Rajputs, while Chadhras of some areas of Punjab claim to be Jats. According to the Census of 1881, 26404 Chandars recorded themselves as Jats and 177,746 recorded themselves as Rajputs.

According to the Gazetteer of Jhang District (1881 - 1884), Chandarhs are considered to be good farmers and rarely indulged in cattle rustling or theft unlike their neighbours, the Sials, Kharals and others.

References

  1. Respected Genealogists of Tribe (Respected Mirasis of Tribe)
  2. Ibbeston, Denzil, Punjab Castes.
  3. Gazeeteer of District Jhang (1881-1884), Sang-e- Meel Publication Lahore.
  4. Gazeeteer of District Montgomary, Sang-e- Meel Publication Lahore.
  5. Ghazali, Ahmed, Saandal Bar.
  6. Duleh, H.S., Jattan da Itihas.

See also

Punjabi Muslim tribes from Hindu Lineage

External links

  • Detail may be read from under given links:
  • [1]
  • Famous Mirza sahiba songs having word chadhar :
  • [2] By Malkit Singh
  • [3] By Nirmal Sidhu
Chadhar Sub Clans
Wejhwe | Wijhalke | Kulle | Kaloke | Thabal | Jappa | Lune | Sajanke | Kangar | Rajoke | Kamoke | Paroke | Jatoke | Deoke | Paajike | Majoke | lalere | Mahnike | Aasi | Chookhia


Tribes and Clans of the Jat people
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AbusariaAcharaAgreAhlawatAjmeriaAndhakAntalAsiaghAtriAttariwallaAtwalAulakhBachakBahiaBainsBajwaBajyaBalBalharaBalyanBamrauliaBanaBargotiBarjati • Bassi • BeniwalBhadiaBhadiarBhaduBhalliBhalothiaBhambuBhanguBharhaichBhindBhukarBhullar • Boparai • BudaniaBudhwarBurdakButtar • Chadhar • ChaharChaithaChauhanCheemaChhillarChilkaDabasDagurDahiyaDalalDara • Deo • DeolDeshwalDhakaDhaliwalDhankharDhariwalDhatarwalDhaulyaDhillonDhoatDhonchakDhootDhullDookyaDosanjhDudiDuhanDuhoonDullar • Duryka • FarswalGainaGandasGandharGarewalGarhwalGhangasGhasalGhumanGillGodaraGoraGoyatGrewalGulia • Gwala • Hala • Hans • Harika • Heer • HoodaHundalInaniaJaglanJajraJakharJanduJanmejaJanuJatranaJatri • Jauhal • JawandaJethooJewliaJhaalJhajhariaJhanjhar • Jhutti • JoonJohal • Jatana • KadianKajalaKakKakranKalerKalhanKaliramnaKalwaniaKangKarwasraKasaniyaKaswanKatewaKharbKharraKhatkarKhicharKhirwarKhojaKhoye MauryaKulhariKuntalMaanMadrakMahalMahilMahlaMaitlaMalhiMandiwalManesMaukhariMehriaMirdhaMoondMorNandalNauhwarNehraNijjarNitharwalPacharPaddaPannuPhogatPilaniaPuniPuniaPurewalRandhawaRanwaSaharanSahuSandhuSangwanSansi-SandhawaliaSanghaniaSehrawatShergillSheoranShokeenSialSidhuSikarwarSinsinwarSodhiSuhagSundaSuriaraTakharTakshakTararTevatiaThindTiwanaThenuaUppalUriaVanarVijayraniaVirkWararWaraich • Waseer •
Punjabi people (Punjabi: ਪੰਜਾਬੀ, پنجابی, also Panjabi people) are an Indo-Aryan ethnic group from South Asia.
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اتحاد، تنظيم، يقين محکم
Ittehad, Tanzim, Yaqeen-e-Muhkam   (Urdu)
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Shahmukhi (شاہ مکھی, literally "from the King's mouth") is a local variant of the Arabic script used to record the Punjabi language.
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Punjab /span>]] ?· i ਪੰਜਾਬ in Gurmukhi, Punjabi: ਪੰਜਾਬ, Hindi: पंजाब
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Jhang (Punjabi/Urdu: جھنگ) Jhang District is situated in the Punjab province of Pakistan. It is situated on the Chenab river, with 387,418 inhabitants (1998).

Location



Jhang is situated at latitude 31.15° N and longitude 72.
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Majha is a historical region of the Punjab comprising of the districts of Amritsar, Gurdaspur and Tarn Taran in India and the Lahore district in Pakistan. Its historical definitions may include a few more areas since present day divisions may not accurately cover all the historical
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Doaba is name of the region in Punjab (India) between the Satluj and Beas rivers. Doab is a Persian term meaning "[between] two waters". It comprises the districts of Nawan Shahr, Jalandhar, and Kapurthala.
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Malwa is a region of Punjab and parts of Haryana between the Satluj and Yamuna rivers. This Malwa should not be confused with the Malwa Plateau region of Madhya Pradesh, Central India.

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Chandhar (Urdu: چندھر) is small town in Punjab, Pakistan.

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In the Mahabharata epic, Pandu (Sanskrit: पाण्‍डु) is the son of Vichitravirya and his second wife, Ambalika from Vyasa. He is more popularly known as the father of the Pandavas.
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The Chandravanshi lineage is one of the three lineages into which the Kshatriya caste of Hindus is divided, the other two being the Suryavanshi and the Agnivanshi, descended from Agni.
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The Tomar or Tanwar is a northwestern Indian clan of the Chandravanshi Rajputs caste. Tomars/Tanwars claim descent from Arjuna, the hero of Indian epic Mahabharata, through his son, Abhimanyu, and grandson, Parikshit.
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Rajputana was the name of present Rajasthan state before its formation in 1949 CE. It was a region of western India, which now makes up the greater part of Rajasthan. The entire land falling in the territory was ruled by Rajputs, since seventh and eighth century.
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The Tomar or Tanwar is a northwestern Indian clan of the Chandravanshi Rajputs caste. Tomars/Tanwars claim descent from Arjuna, the hero of Indian epic Mahabharata, through his son, Abhimanyu, and grandson, Parikshit.
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Talhi Mangini is a town of Chiniot Tehsil in Jhang District of Punjab province of Pakistan. It is located at left bank of river Chenab. The village is governed by Chadhar tribe and has its roots in history due the Chadhar's claim of being the throne of their community.
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Coordinates: Rājasthān (Devanāgarī: राजस्थान, IPA: [raːdʒəst̪ʰaːn]
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Bahawalpur (also Bhawalpur or Bhawulpore) (Urdu: بہاولپور ) is a city of (1998 pop. 403,408) located in Bahawalpur District, Punjab Pakistan.
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State Party  Pakistan
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Reference [[1] 1883]
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The Ravi River (Sanskrit: रवि, Punjabi: ਰਾਵੀ, Urdu: راوی) is a river in India and Pakistan.
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The Kharal is a Muslim Rajput tribe living in Sandal Bar in the Punjab provice of Pakistan, from the Agnikula Rajput gotra (clan).

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Kharals claim descent from the legendary Karna of the Mahabharata, whose descendant, Bhupa came to Uch Sharif in the 13th
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Sial or SiAl is the name for the upper layer of the Earth's crust, which is also known as the continental crust because it is absent in the wide oceanic basins. This layer is made of rocks rich in silicates and aluminium minerals.
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Jhang District (Urdu: جھنگ) is located in Punjab, Pakistan. It had a population of 2,834,545 of which 23.11% were urban in 1998. [1]

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Jhang is situated at Latitude 31.15° N and Longitude 72.
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Sayyid (سيد) (plural Saadah) is an honorific title that is given to males accepted as descendants of the Islamic prophet Muhammad through his grandsons, Hasan ibn Ali and Husayn ibn Ali, who were the sons of his daughter
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