Chamar



Chamar (tanner; from the Sanskrit Charmakara) is a prominent occupational Dalit caste in India. Also associated with the Madiga in South India.

Background

Chamar is a Dalit sub-caste; mainly found in the northern states, such as Punjab, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh and Bihar; whose traditional occupation is leather-working, tanning and shoe-making.

The majority of Chamars follow Hinduism believing Sant Ravidas to be their Satguru. They are called Ravidasi. But there are also Muslim, Buddhist and many Sikh chamars.

Theorized Ambedkar bias by Chamar leaders

Narayan Rao Kajrolkar criticized Ambedkar because he believed that he was biased to spend government on his own caste, the Mahar, rather than divide the funds equally among others such as the Chambars and the Mangs.[1] Sitaram Narayan Shivtarkar critisised him on the same account at the Chambar conference held at Khond at the Ratnagiri District on 27 October, 1037. [2] At the "First Chambar Conference" at Ratnagiri on December 1937, chaired by S. G. Songaonkar, echoed this yet again.[3]

Chamars in the Punjab

Chamars are among the biggest castes in India. The most politically and socially influential Chamars are from the state of Punjab with Dalits comprising 27% of the population. In the Punjab they are divided into various groups such as Ad-Dharm, Ramdasias and Ravidasis. They are highly concentrated in the Doaba region of Punjab (India).

The Chamars of Doaba are rich and educated. Due the influence of Sikhism and the preference of the British for Sikh soldiers, many Chamar Sikhs, were able to serve in the military and thus improve their social and economic status. One of the most decorated regiments of the Indian Army is the Sikh Light Infantry, which is composed mostly of Chamar and Mazhabi Sikhs.

Famous Chamars

  • Guru Ravidas - Contributed 40 shabads (hymns) and one Shalok (verse) to the Sikh Holy book.
  • Jagjivan Ram - Deputy Prime Minister of India
  • Kumari Selja - Minister of State (Independent Charge) Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation, Govt. of India
  • Meira Kumar - Social Justice Minister and Member of Parliament (India)
  • Kanshi Ram - Founder of the Bahujan Samaj Party
  • Mayawati - Leader of Bahujan Samaj Party
  • Phool Chand Mullana - President, Haryana Pradesh Congress Committee. Former Education Minister Haryana, India
  • Samsher Singh Doolan - President of the Congress Party
  • Chaudhary Jagjit Singh - A prominent Politician in the Doaba district of Punjab
  • Charanjit Singh Atwal
  • Palwankar Baloo - Cricketer and Social Activist, member of Hindu Mahasabha
  • Amar Arshi - Punjabi Singer
  • Lal Chand Yamla Jatt - Punjabi Singer
  • Chamkila - Punjabi Singer
  • Kaler Kanth - Punjabi Singer
  • Lembher Hussainpuri - Punjabi Singer
  • Surinder Heera - Punjabi Singer
  • Bhujangy Group & Anari Sangeet - First UK Bhangra bands (70's)
  • Sant Ram Udassi - Punjabi Poet
  • Bhulla Ram Chann - Punjabi Poet
  • Charan Singh Safri - Punjabi Poet
  • Dev Jassal - Punjabi Poet
  • Gurkamal Singh Kandhola - Fought legal battle against caste discrimination
  • Sushil Kumar Shinde - (1941- )Indian Minister of power , former Chief Minister of Maharashtra
  • Kailash Kher
  • Seth Munshi Ram Bhatia - Famous Industrialist
  • Baba Ruda Ram
  • Naomi Rabidas - Fastest runner for girls under-15 UK
  • Jai Guru Ravi Dass Ji
  • Dalits' battle in a Punjab village
  • D for Dalit, D for defiance
  • Genetics (slow link)

See also

Castes and Tribes of the Punjab
This box:     [ edit]
Ancient Kshatriya TribesAhir | Gurjar | Kamboj | Khash
ArainsArain | Chaudhary | Mian | Malik | Sardar
BrahminsSaraswat Brahmins | Punjabi Brahmins | Mohyal | Chhibber | Datt | Mohan | Vaid
DalitsPunjabi Dalits | Balmiki | Chamar | Chura | Kabirpanthi | Mazhabi | Nai | Ramdasia | Rangrehta | Ravidasi
JatsJat: List of Jat surnames
KshatriyasKhatri : Dhaighar | Charghar | Aathghar | Barahghar | Bawanghar | Kukhran | Sareen |
Arora : Uttradhi | Dakhna | Gujarati |
Bhatia | Sood | Lohana
RajputsRajput | Bagal | Bais | Bhutta | Bhatti | Chadhar | Chauhan | Chibb | Doad | Dogra | Gheba | Haral | Jamwal | Janjua | Jarral | Jaswal | Johiya | Jaura | Jodhra | Khakha | Kharal | Khati | Khokhar | Mahnike | Mair | Mangral | Manhas | Manj | Meo | Minhas | Mir | Narma | Naul | Noon | Paramara | Parhar | Ponwar | Pundir | Puni | Punwar | Rana | Rawat | Ranial | Rathore| Salaria | Saroya | Sial | Thakial | Wattu | Wejhwa | Wijhalke
ShaikhsShaikh | Paracha | Abbasi | Alavi | Farooqi | Gardezi | Gilani | Hashemi | Osmani | Quraishi | Sayyid | Shaikh Siddiqui
TarkhansTarkhan : Bhatti | Dhiman | Gade | Jhangra | Khatti | Matharu | Nagi | Netal | Siawan | Tharu | Virdi | List of Tarkhan surnames
OthersAhluwalia | Awan | Bakarwal | Bania | Bishnoi | Chhimba | Gakhar | Kalal | |Meghwar | Mekan | Saini | Sansi


vajpayee

poo poo pants

References

1. ^ Political Mobilization and Identity in Western India, 1934-47 By Shri Krishan
2. ^ Political Mobilization and Identity in Western India, 1934-47 By Shri Krishan
3. ^ Political Mobilization and Identity in Western India, 1934-47 By Shri Krishan
Chamar is the highest peak of the Sringi (or Serang) Himal, which is a subrange of the Nepal Himalaya.

Chamar and the entire Sringi Himal lie in Central Nepal, just south of the Tibetan border, between the Shyar Khola valley on the east and the Tom Khola--Trisuli Gandaki
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Sanskrit}}}  | style="padding-left: 0.5em;" | Writing system: | colspan="2" style="padding-left: 0.5em;" | Devanāgarī and several other Brāhmī-based scripts  ! colspan="3" style="text-align: center; color: black; background-color: lawngreen;"|Official
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In the Indian caste system, a Dalit, often called an untouchable, or an outcaste, is a person who according to traditional Hindu belief does not have any "varnas".
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Caste systems are traditional, hereditary systems of social restriction and social stratification, enforced by law or common practice, based on endogamy, , economic status, race and ethnicity.
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This page is currently protected from editing until disputes have been resolved.
Protection is not an endorsement of the current [ version] ([ protection log]).
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Madiga is a social group or caste mostly from Andhra Pradesh . Along with Mallas they form the largest segment of what is considered to be the Dalit castes of Andhra. They are also found in the neighboring states also.
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In the Indian caste system, a Dalit, often called an untouchable, or an outcaste, is a person who according to traditional Hindu belief does not have any "varnas".
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Punjab pronunciation   (Punjabi: ਪੰ
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Haryana (Hindi: हरियाणा, Punjabi: ਹਰਿਆਣਾ, IPA: [hərɪjaːɳaː]) is a state in north India.
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Coordinates:

Himachal Pradesh pronunciation  
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Coordinates:

Uttar Pradesh (Hindi: उत्तर प्रदेश, Urdu:
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Coordinates:

Bihar (Hindi: िबहार, Urdu: بہار, IPA: [bɪhaːr], pronunciation
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Hinduism (known as Hindū Dharma in modern Indian languages[1]
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Indian Hindu religious leader and founder Satguru of the "Ravidasi" beliefs, revered by most Hindus as a Sant, by Nirankari sect, Balmiki sect as a Guru, by Radhasoami organization as a Sant and as a Bhagat by Sikhs, which is a somewhat lesser
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Ravidasi (Panjabi: ਰਿਬਦਾਸੀ or ਆਦ ਧਰਮ ) is a sectarian religion based on the teachings of Ravidas who is considered The Satguru and these beliefs are followed by Hindus and
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Muslim (Arabic: مسلم) is an adherent of the religion of Islam. The feminine form of 'Muslim' is Muslimah (Arabic: مسلمة).
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Buddhism is often described as a religion[1] and a collection of various philosophies, based initially on the teachings of Siddhartha Gautama, known as Gautama Buddha.
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Spoken & written script of holy Guru Granth Sahib:
Written language of the Sri Guru Granth Sahib is: Gurmukhi, Sahiskriti and Sant Bhasha[19]
Spoken words: Punjabi, Bengali, Brij Bhasha and Persian[20]
Predominant spoken languages:
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Ad-Dharm is an alternative term for the Ravidasi religion, meaning Primal Spiritual Path. The term Ad-Dharm is used by many dalits as a self motivation instead of using their caste name which considers them untouchables.
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Ravidasi (Panjabi: ਰਿਬਦਾਸੀ or ਆਦ ਧਰਮ ) is a sectarian religion based on the teachings of Ravidas who is considered The Satguru and these beliefs are followed by Hindus and
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Doaba is name of the region in Punjab (India) between the Satluj and Beas rivers. Doab is a Persian term meaning "[between] two waters". It comprises the districts of Nawan Shahr, Jalandhar, and Kapurthala.
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Punjab pronunciation   (Punjabi: ਪੰ
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Sikhism (IPA: ] or ]
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Motto
"Dieu et mon droit" [2]   (French)
"God and my right"
Anthem
"God Save the Queen" [3]
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Spoken & written script of holy Guru Granth Sahib:
Written language of the Sri Guru Granth Sahib is: Gurmukhi, Sahiskriti and Sant Bhasha[19]
Spoken words: Punjabi, Bengali, Brij Bhasha and Persian[20]
Predominant spoken languages:
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Indian Army is one of the armed forces of India and has responsibility for land-based military operations. It has the primary responsibility of maintaining the peace and security of the country, patrolling the borders and conducting counter terrorist operations.
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Sikh Light Infantry is a Regiment of the Indian Army.

Regiment History

Soldiering has been a way of life for the Sikhs of Punjab for centuries. After the Sepoy revolt of 1857 the 'Purabeeas' were replaced by the Punjabis as the major source of manpower for the British Army
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Castes of India
Mazhabi
Classification Dalits
Subdivisions Balmiki, Chamar, Chura, Kabirpanthi, Mazhabi, Nai, and Ravidasi
Significant populations in The Punjab region
Languages Punjabi
Religions Hinduism, Sikhism
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Jagjivan Ram (Devanāgarī: जगजीवन राम) (5 April 1908 - 6 July 1986), known popularly as Babuji was a freedom fighter and a social reformer hailing from the backward classes of Bihar in India.
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Selja Kumari (born 24 September, 1962) is a member of the 14th Lok Sabha of India is a member of the Indian National Congress (INC) political party. She is a minister of state (independent charge) of Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation in the UPA government.
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