Charles Blount, 1st Earl of Devonshire

Charles Blount (pr. blunt), 1st Earl of Devonshire and 8th Baron Mountjoy (1563April 3, 1606) served as Lord Deputy, then as Lord Lieutenant, of Ireland under Queen Elizabeth I and King James I.

Early life

The grandson of William Blount, 4th Baron Mountjoy, Charles became the most notable of the later holders of the barony. The favour which his youthful good looks procured for him from Queen Elizabeth I of England aroused the jealousy of Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex, and led to a duel between the two courtiers, who later became close friends. Between 1586 and 1598 Charles spent a lot of time on the continent, serving in the Netherlands and in Brittany. He joined Essex and Sir Walter Raleigh in their expedition to the Azores in 1597, along with his distant cousin, Sir Christopher Blount (1565–1601). (Sir Christopher had married Essex's mother, Lettice Knollys, the Countess of Essex, and he was afterwards executed for complicity in Essex's treason.)

Ireland

In 1600 Mountjoy went to Ireland as lord deputy, in succession to Essex, and brought the Nine Years War to an end with ruthless scorched-earth tactics in the stronghold of the rebel Hugh O'Neill, 2nd Earl of Tyrone in Ulster. In July 1601 he had successfully ordered an amphibious landing at Lough Foyle, near Derry, which penetrated the north of the province and undermined the rebels. In the following December he defeated O'Neill's Spanish allies at Kinsale, and drove them out of the country. In 1603, O'Neill made his submission to Mountjoy at Melifont, near Dundalk, after the accession of James I. Mountjoy continued in office with the more distinguished title of Lord-Lieutenant (1603–1604). He declared an amnesty for the rebels and granted them honourable terms, which caused some severe criticism from England.

Later life

On his return to England, Lord Mountjoy served as one of Sir Walter Raleigh's judges in 1603; and in the same year James I made him master of the ordnance and created him Earl of Devon, also granting him extensive estates.

This title was granted as a recreation of the old Earldom of Devon, held by the Courtenays, which was then believed to be extinct. In 1831, the House of Lords decided that the Courtenay Earldom had existed de jure for the preceding two and a half centuries. To avoid making this situation more confusing, Mountjoy has usually been called the Earl of Devonshire.

Mountjoy took as his mistress the renowned beauty, Penelope, wife of Lord Rich and sister of Essex. After the execution of her brother in 1601, Lady Rich divorced her husband in the ecclesiastical courts. Mountjoy, by whom she had already had several children, married her on 26 December 1605 at Wanstead House in London, in a ceremony conducted by his chaplain, William Laud, afterwards Archbishop of Canterbury.

Legacy

Mountjoy left no legitimate children, and so the hereditary titles became extinct at his death.

References

  • Richard Bagwell, Ireland under the Tudors vol. 3 (London, 1885-1890); Calendar of State Papers: Carew MSS. i., ii., (6 vols., 1867-1873).
Political offices
Preceded by
The Marquess of Winchester
Lord Lieutenant of Hampshire
jointly with The Marquess of Winchester 1595–1598
The Lord Hunsdon 1597–1603
The Earl of Southampton 1604–1606

1595–1606
Succeeded by
The Earl of Southampton
Military offices
Vacant
Title last held by
The Earl of Essex
Master-General of the Ordnance
1603–1606
Vacant
Title next held by
The Lord Carew
Political offices
Preceded by
Lords Justices
Lord Deputy of Ireland
1600–1603
Succeeded by
Sir Arthur Chichester
 (Lord Deputy) 
Lord Lieutenant of Ireland
1603–1604
Peerage of England
New titleEarl of Devonshire
1603–1606
Extinct
Preceded by
William Blount
Baron Mountjoy
1594–1606
The titles of Baron Mountjoy and Viscount Mountjoy have been created several times for members of two separate families: the Blounts and their descendants and the Stewarts of Ramelton and their descendants.
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15th century - 16th century - 17th century
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April 3 is the 1st day of the year (2nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 0 days remaining.

Events

  • 1043 - Edward the Confessor is crowned King of England.

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The Lord Deputy was the King's representative and head of the Irish executive during the Kingdom of Ireland.
  • Gerald FitzGerald, 8th Earl of Kildare (1477 -1494) (1496 -1513)
  • Leonard Grey, 1st Viscount Grane (1536 - 1540)

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The Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (Irish; Ard-Leifteanant) (plural: Lords Lieutenant), also known as the Judiciar in the early mediaeval period and as the Lord Deputy
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Elizabeth I (7 September 1533 – 24 March 1603) was Queen of England, France (in name only), and Ireland from 17 November 1558 until her death. She is sometimes referred to as The Virgin Queen, Gloriana, or Good Queen Bess
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James VI and I (19 June 1566 – 27 March 1625) was King of Scots as James VI, and King of England and King of Ireland as James I.

He ruled in Scotland as James VI from 24 July 1567, when he was only one year old, succeeding his mother Mary, Queen of Scots.
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William Blount, 4th Baron Mountjoy, (c. 1478 – 1534) was famous as a scholar and patron of learning.

He was a pupil of Erasmus, who called him inter nobiles doctissimus. His friends included Colet, More and Grocyn.
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Elizabeth I (7 September 1533 – 24 March 1603) was Queen of England, France (in name only), and Ireland from 17 November 1558 until her death. She is sometimes referred to as The Virgin Queen, Gloriana, or Good Queen Bess
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Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex (10 November 1566 – 25 February 1601), a favourite of Queen Elizabeth I of England, is the best-known of the many holders of the title "Earl of Essex.
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As practiced from the 15th to 20th centuries in Western societies, a duel was a consensual fight between two people, with matched deadly weapons, in accordance with rules explicitly or implicitly agreed upon, over a point of honor, usually accompanied by a trusted representative
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Brittany (Breton: Breizh pronounced /bʁejs/; French: Bretagne, pronounced ?· i
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Sir Walter Raleigh[1] (c.1552 – 29 October, 1618), was a famed English writer, poet, courtier and explorer. He was responsible for establishing the second English colony in the New World (after Newfoundland was established by Sir Humphrey Gilbert nearly one year
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Motto
"Antes morrer livres que em paz sujeitos"
(Portuguese for "Rather die free than in peace subjugated")
Anthem
A Portuguesa  (national)
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15th century - 16th century - 17th century
1560s  1570s  1580s  - 1590s -  1600s  1610s  1620s
1594 1595 1596 - 1597 - 1598 1599 1600

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Sir Christopher Blount (cir 1565 - 18 March 1601) was born about 1565 in Kidderminster, Worcestershire, Christopher Blount was the first son of James Blount, 6th Baron Mountjoy of Newport, Devonshire and Catherine Leigh.
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Lettice Knollys, Countess of Essex and Leicester (1540 - 25 December, 1634) was born in Rotherfield Greys, Oxfordshire.

Her father was Sir Francis Knollys, a gentleman pensioner of Henry VIII. Her mother was Lady Catherine Carey, the daughter of Lady Mary Boleyn.
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Crimes



Classes of crime
Infraction  · Misdemeanor  · Felony
Summary  · Indictable  · Hybrid


Against the person
Assault  · Battery
Extortion  · Harassment
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15th century - 16th century - 17th century
1570s  1580s  1590s  - 1600s -  1610s  1620s  1630s
1597 1598 1599 - 1600 - 1601 1602 1603

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Subjects:     Archaeology - Architecture -
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Ireland
Éire
Airlann
<nowiki />

Northwest of continental Europe with Great Britain to the east.

Geography <nowiki/>
Location Western Europe <nowiki />
Archipelago
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Nine Years War (Irish: Cogadh na Naoi mBliana) in Ireland took place from 1594 to 1603 and is also known as Tyrone's Rebellion. It was fought between the forces of Gaelic Irish chieftains Hugh O'Neill (Earl of Tyrone), Hugh Roe O'Donnell and their allies, against
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Hugh O'Neill
Aodh Mór Ó Néill

Earl of Tyrone

Reign 1587-1607
Coronation 1587, Tullyhogue (Tulach Óg)
Born 1550
Tyrone
Died July 20 1616
Rome
Buried San Pietro Montorio, Rome
Predecessor
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Ulster (Irish: Cúige Uladh / Ulaidh, Ulster Scots: Ulstèr, IPA: [ˈkwɪɟɪ ˈʌlˠu / ˈʌlˠi]
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17th century - 18th century
1570s  1580s  1590s  - 1600s -  1610s  1620s  1630s
1598 1599 1600 - 1601 - 1602 1603 1604

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Subjects:     Archaeology - Architecture -
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Lough Foyle (Loch Feabhail in Irish) is the name given to the estuary of the River Foyle. It starts where the Foyle leaves Derry. It separates the Inishowen peninsula from Northern Ireland.
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Londonderry/Derry
Scots - Derrie/Lunnonderrie
Irish - Doire/Doire Cholm Cille
Maiden City, Stroke City

Vita Veritas Victoria
"Life, Truth, Victory"

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Siege of Kinsale was the ultimate battle in England's successful effort to conquer Gaelic Ireland. It took place during the reign of Queen Elizabeth I, at the climax of the Nine Years War - a rebellion of Hugh O'Neill, Earl of Tyrone, Hugh Roe O'Donnell and other Irish clan leaders
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Dundalk (Irish: Dún Dealgan) is the county town of County Louth in Ireland, situated close to the border with Northern Ireland.
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James VI and I (19 June 1566 – 27 March 1625) was King of Scots as James VI, and King of England and King of Ireland as James I.

He ruled in Scotland as James VI from 24 July 1567, when he was only one year old, succeeding his mother Mary, Queen of Scots.
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