Cheshvan

Cheshvan (Hebrew: חֶשְׁוָן, Standard Ḥešvan Tiberian Ḥešwān), short for Marcheshvan (Hebrew: מַרְחֶשְׁוָן, Standard Marḥešvan Tiberian Marḥešwān; from Akkadian waraḫsamnu, literally "eighth month") is the second month of the civil year and the eighth month of the ecclesiastical on the Hebrew calendar. In the Bible it is called Bul (I Kings 6:38). It is an autumn month of 29 days, except in "complete" years, in which it has 30 days (see Hebrew calendar: Modern calendar). Cheshvan usually occurs in OctoberNovember on the Gregorian calendar.

Given the Akkadian etymology, it seems likely the מ and the ו were switched at some point in time, since w-r-ḥ is the Semitic root for "moon" (and thus also "month"), and s-m-n is the Semitic root for "eight". Since then, the first two letters מַר (mar) have been reinterpreted as the Hebrew word for bitter, alluding to the fact that the month has no holidays or fasts. However, the Ethiopian Jewish community celebrate Sigd on the 29th day of Cheshvan.

Events in Cheshvan

Cheshvan in Jewish history

3 Cheshvan - (1850) - Death of R. Israel of Ruzhin
  • The 3rd of Cheshvan is the yahrtzeit (anniversary of the passing) of the famed Chassidic master Rabbi Israel of Ruzhin (1797-1850), known as "The Holy Ruzhiner." (See: Israel Friedman)
7 Cheshvan - (1933) - Death of R. Meir Shapiro
9 Cheshvan - (1327) - Death of the Rosh, Rabbi Asher ben Yechiel
  • Rabbi Asher died in Toledo on Cheshvan 9 of the year 5088 from creation (1327 of the Common Era).
11 Cheshvan - (1797) - Death of R. Nachum of Chernobyl
  • Rabbi Nachum of Chernobyl was a disciple of the second leader odf the Chassidic movement, Rabbi DovBer of Mezeritch, and the founder of the Chernobyl dynasty of Chassidic Rebbes.
12 Cheshvan - (1995) - Assassination of Yitzhak Rabin
17 Cheshvan - (2105 BCE) - Great Flood Begins
  • The rains began to fall on the 17th of Cheshvan of the year 1656 from creation (2105), flooding the earth and rising above the highest mountains. Only Noah and his family survived, in the ark built to that end by Divine command, and a pair of each animal species, who entered with him into the ark. Check source 8:4
23 Cheshvan - (137 BCE) - Hasmonean holiday
  • In Talmudic times, Cheshvan 23 was commemorated as the day on which the stones of the altar which were defiled by the Greeks were removed from the Holy Temple.
27 Cheshvan - (2104 BCE) - Flood ends
  • On the 27th of Cheshvan of the year 1657 from creation (2104 BCE) "the earth dried" (Genesis 8:14) completing the 365-day duration of the great flood that wiped out all life on earth save for the eight human beings and the animals (two of each species) in Noah's ark; on this day, God commanded Noah to "Come out of the ark" and repopulate, settle and civilize the earth.

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References
Hebrew}}} 
Writing system: Alefbet Ivri abjad 
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Official language of:  Israel
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Tiberian Hebrew is an extinct oral tradition of pronunciation for ancient Hebrew, especially the Hebrew of the Tanakh, that was given written form by masoretic scholars in the Jewish community at Tiberias in the early Middle Ages, beginning in the 8th century.
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Hebrew}}} 
Writing system: Alefbet Ivri abjad 
Official status
Official language of:  Israel
Regulated by: Academy of the Hebrew Language

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Tiberian Hebrew is an extinct oral tradition of pronunciation for ancient Hebrew, especially the Hebrew of the Tanakh, that was given written form by masoretic scholars in the Jewish community at Tiberias in the early Middle Ages, beginning in the 8th century.
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Akkadian}}} 
Writing system: Sumero-Akkadian cuneiform 
Official status
Official language of: initially Akkad (central Mesopotamia); lingua franca of the Middle East and Egypt in the late Bronze and early Iron Ages.
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Hebrew calendar (Hebrew: הלוח העברי‎) or Jewish calendar is the calendar used by Jews for religious purposes.
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The Ethiopian Sigd festival falls on the 29th of the Hebrew month of Cheshvan, and is a festival unique to the Beta Israel community. The holiday symbolizes the handing down of the Torah at Mount Sinai.
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Amidah ("Standing Prayer"), also called the Shmona Esre ("The Eighteen Blessings"), is the central prayer of the Jewish liturgy. As Judaism's prayer par excellence, the Amidah is often designated simply as tfila ("prayer") in Rabbinic literature.
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Tishrei (or Tishri) (IPA: [ˈtɪʃri or [ˈtɪʃreɪ]]) (Hebrew: תִּשְׁרֵי‎ (
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Hasidic Judaism (also Chasidic, etc., from the Hebrew: חסידות Chassidus, meaning "piety", from the Hebrew root word חסד chesed meaning "lovingkindness") is a Haredi Jewish religious movement.
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Yisroel Friedman of Ruzhyn (1797-1850) (Hebrew: ישראל פרידמאן מרוז'ין‎) was a Hasidic rebbe.
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Yehuda Meir Shapiro, (March 3, 1887 - October 27, 1933), was a prominent Hasidic rabbi and rosh yeshiva and the creator of the Daf Yomi, a seven-year cycle of the learning of a page of Talmud a day, in 1923.

Rabbi Meir Shapiro was born in the city of Shatz, Romania, in 1887.
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Daf Yomi (Heb. דף יומי "page [of the] day" or "daily folio") is a yearly regimen undertaken to study the Babylonian Talmud one folio (a daf consists of both sides of the page) each day.
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Asher ben Jehiel (Hebrew, אשר בן יחיאל, or Asher ben Yechiel, sometimes Asheri) (1250 or 1259 – 1328) was an eminent rabbi and Talmudist best known for his abstract of Talmudic law.
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Rabbi Dov Ber of Mezeritch (דוב בער ממזריטש‎) (1704/1710 (?) – 1772-12-04 OS) was a disciple of Rabbi Yisrael Baal Shem Tov, the founder of Hasidic Judaism, and largely seen as his
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Rebbe which means master, teacher, or mentor is a Yiddish word derived from the identical Hebrew word "רבי" (Rabbi). It mostly refers to the leader of a Hasidic Jewish movement.
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assassination of Yitzhak Rabin took place on November 4 1995 at 21:30, at the end of a rally in support of the Oslo agreements at the Kings of Israel Square in Tel Aviv.

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