Chief Ministers of Tamil Nadu

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The state of Tamil Nadu in India has an electorate of more than 46 million people
The complete list of Chief Ministers of Tamil Nadu consists of the heads of government in the history of the state of Tamil Nadu in India since 1920. The area under the present-day state of Tamil Nadu has been part of different territorial configurations under Madras Presidency and Madras State in its history.[1][2]

List of Chief Ministers

Madras Presidency

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Madras Presidency in 1909, southern portion
Madras Presidency, headquartered in Fort St. George, was a province of British India that comprised present day Tamil Nadu, the Malabar region of North Kerala, the coastal and Rayalaseema regions of Andhra Pradesh, and the Bellary, Dakshina Kannada, and Udupi districts of Karnataka. It was established in 1653 to be the headquarters of the English settlements on the Coromandel Coast.

The territory under the presidency initially comprised only Madraspatnam and surrounding regions. But, after the Anglo-French wars and the consequent alliance between the English East India Company and the Nawab of Arcot, it expanded to comprise the region from Northern Circars to Cape Comorin. Alongside, the governance structure also evolved from a modest secretariat with a single secretary for the Public Department in 1670 to six departments overseen by a Chief Secretary by 1920. With the enactment of Government of India Act of 1919, the first legislature was formed in 1920 after general elections.[3] The term of the legislative council was three years. It had 132 members of whom 34 were nominated by the Governor and the rest were elected.

Under the Government of India Act, 1935, a bicameral legislature was setup with a legislative assembly consisting of 215 members and a legislative council having 56 members. The first legislative assembly under this act was constituted in July 1937. The legislative council was a permanent body with a third of its members retiring every three years.[4]

In 1939, the British government declared India's entrance into World War II without consulting provincial governments. Congress protested by asking all its elected representatives to resign from the governments.[5] Congress came back to power in 1946 after new provincial elections.[6]

#[7] Name Took office Left office Term[8] Political party
1A. Subbarayalu Reddiar17 December, 192011 July, 19211Justice Party[9]
2Panagal Raja11 July, 19213 December, 19261Justice Party[9]
3P. Subbarayan4 December, 192627 October, 19301Unaffiliated[9]
4P. Munuswamy Naidu27 October, 19304 November, 19321Justice Party[9]
5Ramakrishna Ranga Rao5 November, 19324 April, 19361Justice Party[9]
6P. T. Rajan4 April, 193624 August, 19361Justice Party[9]
7Ramakrishna Ranga Rao24 August, 19361 April, 19372Justice Party[9]
8Kurma Venkata Reddy Naidu1 April, 193714 July, 19371Justice Party[10]
9C. Rajagopalachari14 July, 193729 October, 19391Indian National Congress
10Tanguturi Prakasam30 April, 194623 March, 19471Indian National Congress
11O. P. Ramaswamy Reddiyar23 March, 19476 April, 19491Indian National Congress
12P. S. Kumaraswamy Raja6 April, 194926 January, 19501Indian National Congress




Madras State

Madras State, precursor to the present day state of Tamil Nadu, was created after Indian independence on 26 January, 1950.[11] It comprised present-day Tamil Nadu and parts of present-day Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Kerala. The first legislature of the Madras State to be elected on the basis of universal suffrage was constituted on March 1, 1952, after the general elections held in January 1952.[12]

The state was subsequently split up along linguistic lines in 1953, carving out Andhra State. Under the States Reorganisation Act, 1956, the States of Kerala, and Mysore were carved out of the Madras state. Under the implementation of the Andhra Pradesh and Madras Alteration of Boundaries Act, 1959, with effect from April 1, 1960, Tirutani taluk and Pallipattu sub-taluk of Chittoor district of Andra Pradesh were transferred to Madras State in exchange for territories from the Chingelput and Salem Districts.[3][13]
#[7] Name Took office Left office Term[8] Political party
1P. S. Kumaraswamy Raja26 January, 19509 April, 19521Indian National Congress
2C. Rajagopalachari10 April, 195213 April, 19542Indian National Congress
3K. Kamaraj13 April, 195431 March, 19571Indian National Congress
4K. Kamaraj13 April, 19571 March, 19622Indian National Congress
5K. Kamaraj15 March, 19622 October, 19633Indian National Congress
6M. Bakthavatsalam2 October, 19636 March, 19671Indian National Congress
7C. N. Annadurai6 March, 196714 January, 19691DMK




Tamil Nadu

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The political state of Tamil Nadu in India was created in 1969 when erstwhile Madras State was renamed
Madras State was renamed as Tamil Nadu (Tamil for Tamil country) on 14 January, 1969.[11] The legislative assembly adopted a resolution on 14 May, 1986, to abolish the legislative council. Thereafter, the legislative council was abolished through an act of Parliament named the Tamil Nadu Legislative Council (Abolition) Act, 1986 with effect from 1 November 1986. The state legislature is presently unicameral with legislative assembly consisting of 235 members including one nominated member.[4]

The Chief Minister commands most of the executive powers while the Governor has a largely ceremonial role. The Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu, like other Chief Ministers of India, is elected by legislators of the political party or the coalition which commands a simple majority in the legislative assembly. The tenure of the Chief Minister extends as long as he or she enjoys the confidence of the assembly. The incumbent shall vacate the office in the event of a successful motion of no confidence. Also, the President of India, acting under the recommendations of the Cabinet of Ministers of the Government of India, can dismiss an elected government using certain provisions of Article 356 of the Constitution of India. In 1976, Karunanidhi's government was dismissed and President's rule was imposed on the grounds of corruption.[14] If a vacancy is caused to the office of the Chief Minister due to death, demitting, or dismissal, the Governor can invite another person to form the government and request him or her to move a confidence-seeking motion in the Assembly. In the event of no one enjoying majority support, the Assembly is either dissolved or put in suspended animation and the state comes under President's rule or a caretaker government until fresh elections are held for the assembly.

#[7] Name Took office Left office Term[8] Political party
1C. N. Annadurai14 January, 19693 February, 1969[15]1DMK
2V.R. Nedunchezhiyan (acting)[11]3 February, 196910 February, 19691DMK
3M. Karunanidhi10 February, 19694 January, 19711DMK
4M. Karunanidhi15 March, 197131 January, 19762DMK
President's rule[11]31 January, 197630 June, 1977
5M. G. Ramachandran30 June, 197717 February, 19801AIADMK
President's rule17 February, 19809 June, 1980
6M. G. Ramachandran9 June, 198015 November, 19842AIADMK
7M. G. Ramachandran10 February, 198524 December, 19873AIADMK
8V.R. Nedunchezhiyan (acting)[11]24 December, 19877 January, 19882AIADMK
9Janaki Ramachandran7 January, 198830 January, 19881AIADMK
President's rule30 January, 198827 January, 1989
10M. Karunanidhi27 January, 198930 January, 19913DMK
President's rule30 January, 199124 June, 1991
11J. Jayalalithaa24 June, 199112 May, 19961AIADMK
12M. Karunanidhi13 May, 199613 May, 20014DMK
-[16]J. Jayalalithaa14 May, 200121 September, 2001-[16]AIADMK
13O. Panneerselvam21 September, 20011 March, 20021AIADMK
14J. Jayalalithaa2 March, 200212 May, 20062[16]AIADMK
15M. Karunanidhi13 May, 2006incumbent5[17]DMK




Timeline

  • Graphical list of chief ministerial tenures and important events of Tamil Nadu

Records

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M. G. Ramachandran, the longest served (in successive terms) Chief Minister as of 2006 (1977–1987)

Footnotes and References

1. ^ Government of Tamil Nadu — Chief Ministers of Tamil Nadu since 1920
2. ^ Government of Tamil Nadu — Assemblies — An Overview
3. ^ Government of Tamil Nadu — Tamil Nadu Secretariat — Brief History
4. ^ Legislative bodies of India - Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly
5. ^ The Telegraph - Own Goal - Partition became inevitable once the Congress resigned in 1939
6. ^ Pakistan - toward partition
7. ^ The colours indicate the political party affiliation of each Chief Minister.
8. ^ The ordinal number of the term being served by the person specified in the row in the corresponding period
9. ^ World Statesmen.org — Provinces of British India
10. ^ Justice party was in power except for a brief period. (apparently that of P. Subbarayan) The Congress fought the elections for the first time in the Madras Presidency in 1937. Therefore, this tenure should have been that of the Justice Party.
11. ^ World Statesmen.org — Indian states since 1947
12. ^ Government of Tamil Nadu — The State Legislature — Origin and Evolution
13. ^ Historical Importance of Kanchipuram
14. ^ The Hindu - Delhi's warning
15. ^ DMK, AIADMK pay homage to Annadurai. “... the leader's life was cut short by cancer Feb 3, 1969.
16. ^ On September 21, 2001, a five-judge constitutional bench of the Supreme Court of India ruled in a unanimous verdict that "a person who is convicted for a criminal offence and sentenced to imprisonment for a period of not less than two years cannot be appointed the Chief Minister of a State under Article 164 (1) read with (4) and cannot continue to function as such". Thereby, the bench decided that "in the appointment of Ms. Jayalalithaa as Chief Minister there has been a clear infringement of a Constitutional provision and that a writ of quo warranto must issue". In effect her appointment as Chief Minister was declared null and invalid with retrospective effect. Therefore, technically, she was not the Chief Minister in the period between May 14, 2001 and September 21, 2001 (The Hindu — SC unseats Jayalalithaa as CM, Full text of the judgment from official Supreme Court site).
17. ^ BBC News - New leader for Tamil Nadu state

See also

Head of Government is the chief officer of the executive branch of a government, often presiding over a cabinet. In a parliamentary system, the head of government is often styled Prime Minister, Premier, etc.
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States:
  1. Andhra Pradesh
  2. Arunachal Pradesh
  3. Assam
  4. Bihar
  5. Chhattisgarh
  6. Goa
  7. Gujarat
  8. Haryana
  9. Himachal Pradesh
  10. Jammu and Kashmir
  11. Jharkhand
  12. Karnataka
  13. Kerala
  14. Madhya Pradesh
  1. Maharashtra
  2. Manipur

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Coordinates: city

Tamil Nadu (Tamil: தமிழ்நாடு pronunciation  
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This page is currently protected from editing until disputes have been resolved.
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Madras Presidency, also known as Madras Province and known officially as Presidency of Fort St. George, was a province of British India. At its greatest extent, Madras Presidency included much of southern India, including the present-day Indian State of Tamil
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Madras State was the former name of the present day state of Tamil Nadu, India. When India became independent in 1947, Madras Presidency, a province of British India, was reconstituted as Madras State, consisting of Tamil Nadu and parts of present day Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and
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the history of Tamil Nadu and the civilisation of the Tamil people are among the oldest in the world. Throughout its history, spanning the early Paleolithic age to modern times, this region has coexisted with various external cultures.
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Madras Presidency, also known as Madras Province and known officially as Presidency of Fort St. George, was a province of British India. At its greatest extent, Madras Presidency included much of southern India, including the present-day Indian State of Tamil
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Fort St George is the name of the first British fortress in India, founded in 1639[2] at the coastal city of Madras (modern city of Chennai.) The construction of the fort provided the impetus for further settlements and trading activity, in what was originally a
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British Raj (rāj, lit. "rule" in Hindi) or British India, officially the British Indian Empire, and internationally and contemporaneously, India
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The Malabar region lies along the southwest coast of India and forms the northern part of the present-day state of Kerala. Malayalam is the chief language of the region.

Location


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Coordinates:

Kerala (/span>]] ?· i ; Malayalam: ; Kēraḷaṁ) is a state on the Malabar Coast of southwestern India.
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Rayalaseema (Telugu: రాయలసీమ)is a geographic region in the state of Andhra Pradesh in India. It includes the districts of Kurnool, Kadapa (formerly known as 'Cuddapah'), Anantapur, Chittoor, parts of Prakasam and Nellore districts.
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Andhra Pradesh [1](Telugu: ఆంధ్ర ప్రదేశ్, ]
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Coordinates:

Bellary (Kannada: ಬಳ್ಳಾರಿ pronunciation: ]
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Dakshina Kannada (Tulu,Kannada:ದಕ್ಷಿಣ ಕನ್ನಡ), (earlier known as South Kanara, or South Canara), is a coastal Karnataka district in the state of Karnataka in India.
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Coordinates:

Udupi (Tulu, Kannada:ಉಡುಪಿ) is a town and the headquarters of the Udupi District in the Indian state of Karnataka. Udupi is famous for the Krishna temple located here.
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Coordinates: Karnātakā pronunciation  
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Coromandel Coast is the name given to the southeastern coast of the Indian peninsula. It is generally thought to be derived from the Tamil phrase Chola Mandalam, or the region (mandalam) of the Chola, an ancient dynasty of southern India.
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Honourable East India Company (HEIC), often colloquially referred to as "John Company", and "Company Bahadur" in India, was an early joint-stock company (the Dutch East India Company was the first to issue public stock).
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Nawabs of the Carnatic (also referred to as the Nawabs of Arcot), ruled the Carnatic region of South India between about 1690 and 1801. They initially had their capital at the town of Arcot near Chennai.
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The Northern Circars was a former division of British India's Madras Presidency, which consisted of a narrow slip of territory lying along the western side of the Bay of Bengal from 15º 40' to 20º 17' north latitude, in the present-day Indian states of Andhra Pradesh and Orissa.
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Coordinates:

Kanyakumari pronunciation  
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Acts of Parliament of predecessor
states to the United Kingdom

Acts of English Parliament to 1601
Acts of English Parliament to 1641
Acts and Ordinances (Interregnum) to 1660
Acts of English Parliament to 1699
Acts of English Parliament to 1706
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general election is an election in which all or most members of a given political body are up for election. The term is usually used to refer to elections held for a nation's primary legislative body, as distinguished from by-elections and local elections.
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A Legislative Council is the name given to the legislatures, or one of the chambers of the legislature of many nations and colonies.

A member of the Legislative Council is commonly referred to as an MLC.
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The Government of India Act 1935 (26 Geo. 5 & 1 Edw. 8 c. 2) was the last pre-independence constitution of the British Raj. The significant aspects of the act were:

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bicameralism (bi + Latin camera, chamber) is the practice of having two legislative or parliamentary chambers. Thus, a bicameral parliament or bicameral legislature is a legislature which consists of two chambers or houses.
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19th century - 20th century - 21st century
1900s  1910s  1920s  - 1930s -  1940s  1950s  1960s
1936 1937 1938 - 1939 - 1940 1941 1942

Year 1939 (MCMXXXIX
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