China Western Development

The wealthy east coast
"Rise of Central China"
"Revitalize Northeast China"
"China Western Development"


China Western Development (Chinese: 西部大开发; Pinyin: Xībù Dàkāifā), also China's Western Development, Western China Development, Great Western Development Strategy, or the Open Up the West Program is a policy adopted by the People's Republic of China to boost its less developed western regions.

The policy covers 6 provinces (Gansu, Guizhou, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Sichuan, and Yunnan), 5 autonomous regions (Guangxi, Inner Mongolia, Ningxia, Tibet, and Xinjiang), and 1 municipality (Chongqing). This region contains 71.4% of mainland China's area, but only 28.8% of its population, as of the end of 2002, and 16.8% of its total economic output, as of 2003.

History

Under the leadership of Deng Xiaoping, the People's Republic of China began to reform its economy in 1978 by changing from a command economy to a market economy. The coastal regions of eastern China benefited greatly from these reforms, and their economies quickly raced ahead. The western half of China, however, lagged behind severely. In order to help the western half of China catch up with the eastern half, a Leadership Group for Western China Development (西部地区开发领导小组) was created by the State Council in January 2000, led by then-Premier Zhu Rongji.

Strategy

The main components of the strategy include the development of infrastructure (transport, hydropower plants, energy, and telecommunications), enticement of foreign investment, increased efforts on ecological protection (such as reforestation), promotion of education, and retention of talent flowing to richer provinces. As of 2006, a total of 1 trillion yuan has been spent building infrastructure in western China.

Effects

China's western regions have reported an annual average economic growth rate of 10.6% for six years in a row. The combined GDP of western regions reached 3.33 trillion yuan in 2005, compared with 1.66 trillion yuan in 2000, while net income grew on average 10% for urban residents in the west and 6.8% for rural residents.[1] Part of the strategy involves encouraging Chinese from wealthier and more crowded regions of China to move to the relatively less crowded western regions. This has drastically increased the numbers of Han Chinese in traditionally non-Han cities such as Lhasa and Urumuqi, exacerbating existing ethnic tensions.

Recent developments

External links

Rise of Central China Plan (Chinese: 中部崛起计划; Pinyin: Zhōngbù Juéqǐ Jìhuà
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Revitalize The Old Northeast Industrial Bases (Chinese: 振兴东北老工业基地; Pinyin:
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Chinese or the Sinitic language(s) (汉语/漢語, Pinyin: Hànyǔ; 华语/華語, Huáyǔ; or 中文, Zhōngwén) can be considered a language or language family.
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  • **
Pinyin, more formally called Hanyu Pinyin (Simplified Chinese: 汉语拼音; Traditional Chinese: 漢語拼音
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Anthem
March of the Volunteers (义勇军进行曲)
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Western China refers to the western part of China. In the definition of the Chinese Government, Western China covers 6 provinces: Gansu, Guizhou, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Sichuan, and Yunnan; 5 autonomous regions: Guangxi, Inner Mongolia, Ningxia, Tibet, and Xinjiang; and 1 municipality:
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A province, in the context of China, is a translation of sheng (Chinese: ; Pinyin: shěng), which is an administrative division.
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甘肃省
Gānsù Shěng

Abbreviations: 甘 or ?  
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贵州省
Guìzhōu Shěng

Abbreviations: 黔 or ?  (Pinyin: Qián or Guì)

Origin of name 贵 guì - Gui Mountains
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མཚོ་སྔོན་
青海省
Qīnghǎi Shěng

Abbreviations: ?  (Pinyin: Qīng)

Origin of name
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陕西省
Shǎnxī Shěng

Abbreviations: 陕 or ?  (Pinyin: Shǎn or Qín)

Origin of name
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四川省
Sìchuān Shěng

Abbreviations: 川/?  (Pinyin: Chuān or Shu)

Origin of name
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云南省
Yúnnán Shěng

Abbreviations: 滇 or ?  (Pinyin: Diān or Yún)

Origin of name 云 yún - cloud
南 nán - south
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autonomous]] within the People's Republic of China (PRC). These areas are recognized in the PRC's constitution and are given a number of rights not accorded to other administrative divisions.
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Origin of name Inner Mongolia is closer than Outer Mongolia to China proper Administration type Autonomous region
Capital Hohhot
Largest city Baotou
CPC Ctte Secretary Chu Bo 储?
Chairman Yang Jing 杨?

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宁夏回族自治区
Níngxià Huízú Zìzhìqū

Abbreviations: ?  (Pinyin: Níng)

Origin of name 宁 níng - tranquil
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བོད་རང་སྐྱོང་ལྗོངས་   (Tibetan)
Bod-rang-skyong-ljongs
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شىنجاڭ ئۇيغۇر ئاپتونوم رايونى
Shinjang Uyghur Aptonom Rayoni

Chinese:
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Direct-controlled municipalities are the highest-level cities in China, with status equal to that of the provinces. Both the People's Republic of China (PRC) on mainland China and the Republic of China (ROC) on Taiwan adopt this system with some variations.
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重庆市
Chóngqìng Shì

Abbreviations: ?  (Pinyin: Yú)

Origin of name 重 chóng ("again")
庆 qìng ("celebrate")
i.e.
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Deng Xiaoping listen   (Simplified Chinese: 邓小平; Traditional Chinese:
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Chinese Economic Reform (Simplified Chinese: 改革开放; Pinyin: Găigé kāifàng
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19th century - 20th century - 21st century
1940s  1950s  1960s  - 1970s -  1980s  1990s  2000s
1975 1976 1977 - 1978 - 1979 1980 1981

Year 1978 (MCMLXXVIII
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Economic systems

Ideologies and Theories
Primitive communism
Capitalist economy
Corporate economy
Fascist economy
Laissez-faire
Mercantilism
Natural economy
Social market economy
Socialist economy
Communist economy


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Economic systems

Ideologies and Theories
Primitive communism
Capitalist economy
Corporate economy
Fascist economy
Laissez-faire
Mercantilism
Natural economy
Social market economy
Socialist economy
Communist economy


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The State Council (Simplified Chinese: 国务院; Pinyin: Guówùyuàn), which is largely synonymous with the Central People's Government (Chinese:
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20th century - 21st century
1970s  1980s  1990s  - 2000s -  2010s  2020s  2030s
1997 1998 1999 - 2000 - 2001 2002 2003

2000 by topic:
News by month
Jan - Feb - Mar - Apr - May - Jun
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Zhu Rongji
朱镕?


Zhu Rongji (R) with Robert Rubin and Alan Greenspan of the United States government in April, 1999.
President Jiang Zemin
Preceded by
Succeeded by



Nationality Chinese
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Infrastructure is generally structural elements that provide the framework supporting an entire structure. The term has diverse meanings in different fields, but is perhaps most widely understood to refer to roads, airports, and utilities.
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