Chrysopelea

Chrysopelea
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Ornate Flying Snake, Chrysopelia ornata

Ornate Flying Snake, Chrysopelia ornata
Scientific classification
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class:Sauropsida
Order:Squamata
Suborder:Serpentes
Family:Colubridae
Genus:Chrysopelea
Boie, 1826
Species


Chrysopelea ornata
Chrysopelea paradisi
Chrysopelea pelias
Chrysopelea rhodopleuron
Chrysopelea taprobanica


Chrysopelea, or more commonly known as the flying snakes, is a genus that belongs to the family Colubridae. Flying snakes are mildly venomous, though they are considered harmless because their toxicity is not dangerous to humans. Their range of habitat is mostly concentrated in Southeast Asia, the Melanesian islands, and India.

Gliders

Chrysopelea are called "flying snakes", though this is misleading, as they actually glide instead of flying. This is done by flattening their bodies to up to twice their width from the back of the head to the vent. Impressively, these snakes can glide better in comparison to flying squirrels and other gliding animals – a grand feat for a creature lacking any limbs, wings or wing-like projections. Their destination is mostly predicted by ballistics; however, they can exercise some in-flight attitude control by "slithering" in the air. Their ability to glide has been an object of interest for physicists in recent years, and studies continue to be made on what other, more subtle factors contribute to their flight. According to recent research conducted by the University of Chicago, scientists discovered a co-relation between size and gliding ability, in which smaller flying snakes were able to glide longer distances horizontally.

Species

There are five recognised species under the genus Chrysopelea. Of these five, the following three are the most well-recognised.

Golden Tree Snake or Ornate Flying Snake, Chrysopelea ornata (Shaw, 1802): This is the largest species of flying snake, reaching up to four feet in length. Though it is called the Golden Tree Snake, there are other colour variations; for example, some phases tend to lean towards lime green in colour rather than pure yellow, while in India, the Golden Tree Snake has orange to red markings and small black bars on the dorsum, almost as rich in colouration with the Paradise Tree Snake. Due to their size, their gliding ability is considered weak.

Paradise Tree Snake, Chrysopelea paradisi (Boie & Boie, 1827): This flying snake species reaches up to three feet in length and is popular in the European pet trade. Their body is black but covered in rich green scales. Clusters of red, orange and yellow-coloured scales in the shape of flower petals lines the dorsal area from the base of the neck till the tail. This is the most well-known colouration, but some specimens may exhibit fully-green colouration without any bright dorsal markings. Their gliding ability is considered one of the best among the flying snakes.

Twin-Barred Tree Snake or Banded Flying Snake, Chrysopelea pelias (Linnaeus, 1758): This is the smallest flying snake species, reaching up to two feet in length. It base colour is black or dark grey, and the entire body is covered with thick red and thin yellow with black bands. They also have creamish ventrolateral lines while the ventrals are pale green. While it is tiny, it is undoubtedly one of the most beautiful and rarest flying snake species within its range. It is also, quite possibly, the best glider among all the flying snakes.

Lesser studied species are:
  • Moluccan Flying Snake, Chrysopelia rhodopleuron (Boie, 1827)
  • Indian Flying Snake, Chrysopelia taprobanica (Smith, 1943)

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Scientific classification or biological classification is a method by which biologists group and categorize species of organisms. Scientific classification also can be called scientific taxonomy, but should be distinguished from folk taxonomy, which lacks scientific basis.
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Chordata
Bateson, 1885

Typical Classes

See below

Chordates (phylum Chordata) are a group of animals that includes the vertebrates, together with several closely related invertebrates.
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Sauropsida*
Goodrich, 1916

Subclasses
  • Anapsida
  • Diapsida
Synonyms
  • Reptilia Laurenti, 1768
Reptiles are tetrapods and amniotes, animals whose embryos are surrounded by an amniotic membrane, and members of the class
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Squamata
Oppel, 1811

black: range of Squamata


Suborders
see text

This article is about the Squamata order of reptiles. For the Roman scale armour see: Lorica squamata.

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Serpentes
Linnaeus, 1758

Infraorders and Families
  • Alethinophidia - Nopcsa, 1923
  • Acrochordidae- Bonaparte, 1831

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Colubridae

Subfamilies

Boodontinae
Calamariinae
Colubrinae
Dipsadinae
Homalopsinae
Natricinae
Pareatinae
Psammophiinae
Pseudoxenodontinae
Pseudoxyrhophiinae
Xenodermatinae
Xenodontinae
incertae sedis
See text for genera.
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Heinrich Boie (May 4, 1784 - September 4, 1827) was a German zoologist. He was the brother of Friedrich Boie.

Boie studied law at Kiel and Gottingen. At university he became interested in natural history through the lectures of Johann Friedrich Blumenbach and Friedrich
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C. ornata

Binomial name
Chrysopelea ornata
(Shaw, 1802)

''Common names: Golden Tree Snake[1][2][3], Ornate Flying Snake, Golden Flying Snake (more).

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C. paradisi

Binomial name
Chrysopelea paradisi
Boie, 1827

Paradise Tree Snake or Paradise Flying Snake Chrysopelea paradisi is a species of snake found in Asia.
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genus (plural: genera) is part of the Latinized name for an organism. It is a name which reflects the classification of the organism by grouping it with other closely similar organisms.
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Colubridae

Subfamilies

Boodontinae
Calamariinae
Colubrinae
Dipsadinae
Homalopsinae
Natricinae
Pareatinae
Psammophiinae
Pseudoxenodontinae
Pseudoxyrhophiinae
Xenodermatinae
Xenodontinae
incertae sedis
See text for genera.
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Serpentes
Linnaeus, 1758

Infraorders and Families
  • Alethinophidia - Nopcsa, 1923
  • Acrochordidae- Bonaparte, 1831

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Venom (literally, poison of animal origin) is any of a variety of toxins used by certain types of animals, for the purpose of defense and hunting. Generally, venom is injected while other toxins are absorbed by ingestion or through the skin.
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Asia is the world's largest and most populous continent. It covers 8.6% of the Earth's total surface area (or 29.4% of its land area) and, with almost 4 billion people, it contains more than 60% of the world's current human population.
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Melanesia (from Greek: μέλας black, νῆσος island) is a subregion of Oceania extending from the western side of the West Pacific to the Arafura Sea, north and north-east of Australia.
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Gliding is a recreational activity and competitive sport in which pilots fly un-powered aircraft known as gliders or sailplanes. Properly, the term gliding refers to descending flight of a heavier-than-air craft, whereas soaring
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Flying is the act or process of flight. The term may also refer to:
  • Flying (magazine), an aviation monthly
  • "Flying" (song), an instrumental song by the Beatles
  • "Flying", a song by James Newton Howard on the 2003 Peter Pan soundtrack

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Pteromyini
Brandt, 1855

Genera

Aeretes
Aeromys
Belomys
Biswamoyopterus
Eupetaurus
Glaucomys
Hylopetes
Iomys
Petaurillus
Petaurista

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A number of animals have evolved aerial locomotion, either by powered flight or by gliding. Flying and gliding animals have evolved separately many times, without any single ancestor. Flight has evolved at least four times, in the insects, pterosaurs, birds, and bats.
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Ballistics (gr. ba'llein, "throw") is the science of mechanics that deals with the motion, behavior, and effects of projectiles, especially bullets, gravity bombs, rockets, or the like; the science or art of designing and accelerating projectiles so as to achieve a
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Physics is the science of matter[1] and its motion[2][3], as well as space and time[4][5] —the science that deals with concepts such as force, energy, mass, and charge.
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species is one of the basic units of biological classification. A species is often defined as a group of organisms capable of interbreeding and producing fertile offspring.
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George Shaw (December 10, 1751 - July 22, 1813) was an English botanist and zoologist.

Shaw was born at Bierton, Buckinghamshire and was educated at Magdalen Hall, Oxford, receiving his M.A. in 1772. He took up the profession of medical practitioner.
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Friedrich Boie (1789-1870) was a German scientist and brother of Heinrich Boie. He was born at Meldorf in Holstein on June 4 and died at Kiel on March 3.

Boie was the author of Bemerkungen über Merrem's Versuch eines Systems der Amphibien (Oken's Isis, 1827).
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Heinrich Boie (May 4, 1784 - September 4, 1827) was a German zoologist. He was the brother of Friedrich Boie.

Boie studied law at Kiel and Gottingen. At university he became interested in natural history through the lectures of Johann Friedrich Blumenbach and Friedrich
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18th century - 19th century - 20th century
1790s  1800s  1810s  - 1820s -  1830s  1840s  1850s
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