Claude of France

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Claude of France with her daughters, Louise and Charlotte (who died young); Madeleine, Queen of Scotland (right); her youngest daughter, Marguerite, duchess of Savoy (left), and Eleanor of Spain
French Monarchy-
Capetian Dynasty, House of Valois
(House of Valois>Valois-Orlans branch)

Louis XII
Children
   Claude of France         
   Rene of France         


Claude of France (14 October 149920 July 1524), Queen consort of France and duchess of Brittany in her own right, was the eldest daughter of Louis XII, King of France and Anne, Duchess of Brittany. As the first wife of Francis I, King of France, she was the mother of King Henry II, King of France, and thus grandmother of the last three kings of the Valois line and also of Elisabeth, Queen of Spain, Claude, Duchess of Lorraine, and Marguerite, the queen of Henry IV, King of France.

Since her mother had no surviving sons, Claude was the heiress of Brittany, while the crown of France could pass only to and through male heirs, according to Salic Law. In 1504 Claude's mother Anne, eager to keep an independent Brittany out of French hands, effected the Treaty of Blois, which promised Claude's hand in marriage to the future Holy Roman Emperor Charles V with the promise of Brittany and Burgundy. The prospect of a reduced France surrounded on several sides was unacceptable to the Valois, and so the betrothal was soon cancelled. The French nobles argued against a betrothal to a foreigner, urging Louis XII to marry her to her cousin Francois, Duke of Angouleme, "who is at least all French," and in any case was the heir-presumptive. In 1506, the child was therefore betrothed to François. In 1514, when her mother died, Claude became duchesse de Bretagne (Brittany); and on 18 May 1514, at Saint-Germain-en-Laye she married François.

When Claude died, she was succeeded as ruler of Brittany by her eldest son, the minor François the Dauphin, who became Duke François IV, with Claude's widower King François I as guardian.

After Claude's death, in 1532 the personal union of France with Brittany was made definitive. The Dauphin, son of François I and Claude de France was duke of Brittany until his untimely death (1532-1536). His brother Henry succeeded him, and the last of the dukes of Brittany was Henry's eldest son Duke François V, crowned in 1544, and later also Dauphin and then briefly king.

Claude, the pawn of so much dynastic maneuvering, was short in stature and afflicted with scoliosis that gave her a small hunched back. She was eclipsed at court by her mother-in-law, Louise of Savoy, and her sister-in-law, the literary Marguerite, queen of Navarre.

When François became king in 1515, two of Claude's ladies-in-waiting were the English sisters, Mary and Anne Boleyn. Mary became the king's mistress before returning home in about 1519. Anne served as Claude's official translator whenever there were English visitors such as in 1520. Anne was also a temporary companion to Claude's younger sister, Renée de Valois. Anne Boleyn returned to England in 1521, where she eventually rose to become queen.

Claude's life was spent in an endless round of annual pregnancies. Her husband had many mistresses but was usually relatively discreet. Claude imposed a strict moral code on her household, which only a few like Mary Boleyn chose to flout.

Claude died in 1524, when she was only twenty-four. Her second son later became King Henri II. Her husband later remarried, to Eleanor of Habsburg, the sister of Emperor Charles V. The atmosphere at Court became considerably more debauched, and there were rumours that King François died of syphilis in 1547.

Claude is remembered in a classic small plum, the size of a walnut, pale green with a glaucous bloom, still called "Reine Claude" in France and known in England as a "greengage."

Preceded by
Anne of Brittany
Reigning Duchess of Brittany
(With Francis III)

15141524
Succeeded by
Francis IV (also dauphin)
Preceded by
Mary of England
Queen of France
January 1, 1515July 20, 1524
Succeeded by
Eleanor of Habsburg
Louis XII the Father of his People
King of France, Count of Provence (more…)

Reign 7 April 1498 – 1 January 1515
Coronation 27 May 1498, Reims
Titles Duke of Orléans and Valois (1465–98)
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Renée of France (October 25, 1510 – June 12, 1574), also known as Renée de France and Renata di Francia.

Life

Renée was born on October 25, 1510 in the Chateau de Blois, Blois, France and was the second daughter of Louis XII, King of France and Anne,
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October 14 is the 1st day of the year (2nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 0 days remaining.

Events


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14th century - 15th century - 16th century
1460s  1470s  1480s  - 1490s -  1500s  1510s  1520s
1496 1497 1498 - 1499 - 1500 1501 1502

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Subjects:     Archaeology - Architecture -
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July 20 is the 1st day of the year (2nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 0 days remaining.

Events

  • 514 - Pope Hormisdas assumes the papacy of the Roman Catholic Church.

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15th century - 16th century - 17th century
1490s  1500s  1510s  - 1520s -  1530s  1540s  1550s
1521 1522 1523 - 1524 - 1525 1526 1527

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Subjects:     Archaeology - Architecture -
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A queen consort is the title given to the wife of a reigning king. Queens consort usually share their husbands' rank (in salic or semi-salic law monarchies) and hold the feminine equivalent of their husbands' monarchical titles. Most of the time, however, they have no real power.
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Duchy of Brittany (Breton: Dugelezh Vreizh, French: Duché de Bretagne) was a medieval tribal and feudal state covering the Armorican peninsula west of Mont-Saint-Michel and north of Nantes/Naoned, excluding Rennes/Roazhon and including Vannes/Gwened.
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Louis XII the Father of his People
King of France, Count of Provence (more…)

Reign 7 April 1498 – 1 January 1515
Coronation 27 May 1498, Reims
Titles Duke of Orléans and Valois (1465–98)
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Anne of Brittany (January 25, 1477 – January 9, 1514 [1]), also known as Anna of Brittany (French: Anne de Bretagne; Breton: Anna Vreizh
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Francis I the Father and Restorer of Letters
King of France, Count of Provence (more...)

Reign 1 January 1515 – 31 March 1547
Coronation 25 January 1515, Reims
Titles Count of Angoulême (1496 – 1515)
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Henry II
King of France, Count of Provence (more...)

Reign 31 March 1547 – 10 July 1559
Coronation 25 July 1547, Reims
Titles Duke of Orléans (– 1536)
Duke of Brittany (1536 – 1559)
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French Monarchy-
Capetian Dynasty, House of Valois
(House of Valois>Valois-Orlans branch)


Louis XII
Children
   Claude of France         
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Élisabeth de Valois (April 13 1545 – October 3 1568) was a daughter of Henry II of France and Catherine de' Medici.

Princesse Elisabeth de France married Philip II of Spain ("Philip the Catholic"), son of Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor and Isabel of Portugal in 1559 in
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Marguerite de Valois [1] [2] (May 14, 1553 – May 27, 1615), "Queen Margot" (La reine Margot) was Queen of France and Navarre.

Early life

Born Marguerite de Valois at the Royal Château de Saint-Germain-en-Laye and nicknamed
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Henry IV
King of France and Navarre, co-Prince of Andorra, Lord of Béarn, and Donezan; Count of Provence, Forcalquier and the lands adjacent (more...)

Reign 2 August 1589 – 14 May 1610
Coronation 27 February 1594, Chartres

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Salic law (Lat. lex Salica) was an important body of traditional law originally conceived to govern the Salian Franks when it was codified in the Early Middle Ages during the 6th century in the reign of Clovis I.
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Second Italian War (1499–1504), sometimes known as Louis XII's Italian War or the War over Naples, was the second of the Italian Wars; it was fought primarily by Louis XII of France and Ferdinand I of Spain, with the participation of several Italian powers.
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Charles V (Also Charles I of Spain)
Holy Roman Emperor; King of Castile, Aragon, Naples and Sicily, others

Reign King of Aragon and Castile
Holy Roman Emperor
King of Naples
Sovereign of the Netherlands
Count of Flanders
Duke of Brabant
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May 18 is the 1st day of the year (2nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 0 days remaining.

Events

  • 1152 - Henry II marries Eleanor of Aquitaine.

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15th century - 16th century - 17th century
1480s  1490s  1500s  - 1510s -  1520s  1530s  1540s
1511 1512 1513 - 1514 - 1515 1516 1517

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Subjects:     Archaeology - Architecture -
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Commune of Saint-Germain-en-Laye

Château de Saint-Germain-en-Laye in the town centre
Location

Location (in red) within Paris inner and outer suburbs
Coordinates
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Francis, Dauphin of France (French: François, Dauphin de France), also Francis IV, Duke of Brittany (French: François IV, Duc de Bretagne) (28 February,1518 – 10 August, 1536), was the first son and heir of King Francis I of France and Claude of
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Francis II
King of France and Scotland, Count of Provence (more...)

Reign 10 July 1559 – 5 December 1560
Coronation 21 September 1559, Reims
Titles Dauphin of Viennois:
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Scoliosis
Classification & external resources

ICD-10 M41.0, Q67.5, Q76.3
ICD-9 737.3

Scoliosis is a condition that involves complex lateral and rotational curvature and deformity of the spine.
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Louise of Savoy (September 11, 1476 – September 22, 1531) was the mother of Francis I of France.

Louise was born at Point d'Ain, the eldest daughter of Philip II, Duke of Savoy (1443–1497) and his first wife, Margaret of Bourbon (1438–1483).
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Marguerite de Navarre (April 11, 1492 – December 21, 1549), also known as Marguerite of Angouleme and Margaret of Navarre, was the queen consort of King Henry II of Navarre.
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Francis I the Father and Restorer of Letters
King of France, Count of Provence (more...)

Reign 1 January 1515 – 31 March 1547
Coronation 25 January 1515, Reims
Titles Count of Angoulême (1496 – 1515)
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Anne Boleyn
Queen Consort of England

Anne Boleyn
Born ca. 1501/1507 (see The birth controversy)
Died 19 May 1536
Tower of London
Consort 28 May 1533 - 19 May 1536
Consort to Henry VIII
Issue
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Renée of France (October 25, 1510 – June 12, 1574), also known as Renée de France and Renata di Francia.

Life

Renée was born on October 25, 1510 in the Chateau de Blois, Blois, France and was the second daughter of Louis XII, King of France and Anne,
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