Coat of arms of France

The current coat of arms of France has been a symbol of France since 1953, although it does not have any legal status as an official coat of arms. It appears on the cover of French passports and was originally adopted by the French Foreign Ministry as a symbol for use by diplomatic and consular missions in 1912 using a design drawn up by the sculptor Jules-Clément Chaplain.

In 1953, France received a request from the United Nations for a copy of the national coat of arms to be displayed alongside the coats of arms of other member states in its assembly chamber. An interministerial commission requested Robert Louis (1902–1965), heraldic artist, to produce a version of the Chaplain design. This did not, however, constitute an adoption of an official coat of arms by the Republic.

Technically speaking, it is an emblem rather than a coat of arms, since it does not respect heraldic rules—heraldry being seen as an aristocratic art, and therefore associated with the Ancien Régime. The emblem consists of:

Enlarge picture
The symbol is used on plaques marking French consulates
In September 1999, the French government adopted a new identifier incorporating the Republican motto, the colours of the flag, and the Republic's personification, Marianne.

History

Coat of Arms of France Description Dates Used
France Ancien, the royal coat of arms.before 1376
France Moderne, the royal coat of arms.13761589
The royal arms of the Kingdom of France showed until the revolution the shield of Navarre as well after Henry IV King of Navarre became King of France.15891789
The arms of the First French Empire under Napoleon I, featuring an eagle.18041814
After the restoration the royal house of Bourbon once more took up the French crown. These arms are still used by the royal house of France.18141830
During the July Monarchy the arms of Louis-Philippe where used.18301848
The arms of the Second French Empire under Napoleon III, again featuring an eagle.18521870
Informal arms where created for the French Third Republic featuring fasces on a laurel branch and an oak branch per saltire.18981953


Symbols of the French Republic
Marianne | Flag of France | Ensign of France
Coat of arms of France | Great Seal of France


Motto
Liberté, Égalité, Fraternité
"Liberty, Equality, Fraternity"
Anthem
"La Marseillaise"


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19th century - 20th century - 21st century
1920s  1930s  1940s  - 1950s -  1960s  1970s  1980s
1950 1951 1952 - 1953 - 1954 1955 1956

Year 1953 (MCMLIII
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French passports are issued to nationals of the French Republic for the purpose of international travel. Besides serving as proof of French citizenship, they facilitate the process of securing assistance from French consular officials abroad or other EU-members in case a French
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Headquarters
(and largest city)
Official languages Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian, Spanish
Membership 192 member states
Leaders
 -  Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon
Establishment
 - 
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Heraldry in its most general sense encompasses all matters relating to the duties and responsibilities of officers of arms.[1] To most, though, heraldry is the practice of designing, displaying, describing, and recording coats of arms and badges.
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Ancien Régime (pronunciation: /ɑ̃sjɛ̃ ʁeʒiːm/) refers primarily to the aristocratic social and political system established in France under the Valois and Bourbon dynasties (14th century
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monogram is a motif made by overlapping or combining two or more letters or other graphemes to form one symbol. Monograms are often made by combining the initials of an individual or a company, and may be used as recognizable symbols or logos.
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Motto
Liberté, Égalité, Fraternité
"Liberty, Equality, Fraternity"
Anthem
"La Marseillaise"


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Olive branch is a colloquial term referring to a concession or a gesture of peace, as well as a peace symbol. Deriving from its origins in Ancient Greece as a symbol of peace and prosperity, the olive branch is used throughout many western cultures to convey the idea of peace.
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Quercus
L.

Species

See List of Quercus species

The term oak can be used as part of the common name of any of several hundred species of trees and shrubs in the genus Quercus
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Fasces (IPA: /ˈfæsiːz/, a plurale tantum, from the Latin word fascis, meaning "bundle"[1]) symbolise summary power and jurisdiction, and/or "strength through unity.
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Ancient Rome was a civilization that grew from a small agricultural community founded on the Italian Peninsula circa the 9th century BC to a massive empire straddling the Mediterranean Sea.
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The lictor, derived from the Latin ligare (to bind), was a member of a special class of Roman civil servant, with special tasks of attending and guarding magistrates of the Roman Republic and Empire who held imperium.
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Fascism is an authoritarian political ideology (generally tied to a mass movement) that considers individual and other societal interests subordinate to the interests of the state.
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2007 September >>
Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa
  1
2 3 4 5 6 7 8
9 10 11 12 13 14 15
16 17 18 19 20 21 22
23 24 25 26 27 28 29
30

September is the ninth month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of four Gregorian months with 30 days.
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20th century - 21st century
1960s  1970s  1980s  - 1990s -  2000s  2010s  2020s
1996 1997 1998 - 1999 - 2000 2001 2002

Year 1999 (MCMXCIX
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1376 in other calendars
Gregorian calendar 1376
MCCCLXXVI
Ab urbe condita 2129
Armenian calendar 825
ԹՎ ՊԻԵ
Bah' calendar -468 – -467
Buddhist calendar 1920
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1376 in other calendars
Gregorian calendar 1376
MCCCLXXVI
Ab urbe condita 2129
Armenian calendar 825
ԹՎ ՊԻԵ
Bah' calendar -468 – -467
Buddhist calendar 1920
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15th century - 16th century - 17th century
1550s  1560s  1570s  - 1580s -  1590s  1600s  1610s
1586 1587 1588 - 1589 - 1590 1591 1592

:
Subjects:     Archaeology - Architecture -
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Ancien Régime, a French term rendered in English as "Old Rule," "Old Kingdom," or simply "Old Regime", refers primarily to the aristocratic, social and political system established in France from (roughly) the 15th century to the 18th century under the late Valois and Bourbon
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15th century - 16th century - 17th century
1550s  1560s  1570s  - 1580s -  1590s  1600s  1610s
1586 1587 1588 - 1589 - 1590 1591 1592

:
Subjects:     Archaeology - Architecture -
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8th century - 9th century - 10th century
850s  860s  870s  - 880s -  890s  900s  910s
885 886 887 - 888 - 889 890 891

:
Subjects:     Archaeology - Architecture -
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The First French Empire, commonly known as the French Empire or the Napoleonic Empire, was the regime of Napoleon I in France, through which he dominated much of continental Europe.
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Napoléon I
Emperor of the French

Napoleon in His Study by Jacques-Louis David (1812)
Reign 20 March 1804–6 April 1814
1 March 1815–22 June 1815
Coronation 2 December 1804
Full name Napoléon Bonaparte
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8th century - 9th century - 10th century
850s  860s  870s  - 880s -  890s  900s  910s
885 886 887 - 888 - 889 890 891

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Subjects:     Archaeology - Architecture -
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18th century - 19th century - 20th century
1780s  1790s  1800s  - 1810s -  1820s  1830s  1840s
1811 1812 1813 - 1814 - 1815 1816 1817

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Subjects:     Archaeology - Architecture -
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Bourbon Dynasty to the French throne. The ensuing period is called the Restauration, following French usage, and is characterized by a sharp conservative reaction and the re-establishment of the Roman Catholic Church as a power in French politics.
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18th century - 19th century - 20th century
1780s  1790s  1800s  - 1810s -  1820s  1830s  1840s
1811 1812 1813 - 1814 - 1815 1816 1817

:
Subjects:     Archaeology - Architecture -
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18th century - 19th century - 20th century
1800s  1810s  1820s  - 1830s -  1840s  1850s  1860s
1827 1828 1829 - 1830 - 1831 1832 1833

:
Subjects:     Archaeology - Architecture -
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The July Monarchy (1830-1848) was a period of liberal monarchy rule of France. It was proclaimed on August 9, 1830 after the Three Glorious Days (or July Revolution) in France.
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