Commentarii de Bello Civili

Commentarii de Bello Civili
(Commentaries on the Civil War)
AuthorJulius Caesar
LanguageClassical Latin
Subject(s)History, Military history
Genre(s)Non-fiction
PublisherJulius Caesar
Publication date? 50s or 40s BC
Preceded byCommentarii de Bello Gallico
Followed byde Bello Alexandrino


Commentarii de Bello Civili (literally Commentaries on the Civil War in Latin) is an account written by Julius Caesar of his war against Pompey and the Senate. Shorter than its counterpart on the Gallic War, only three books long, and possibly unfinished, it covers the events of 49-48 BC, from shortly before Caesar's invasion of Italy to Pompey's defeat at the Battle of Pharsalus and flight to Egypt with Caesar in pursuit. It closes with Pompey assassinated, Caesar attempting to mediate rival claims to the Egyptian throne, and the beginning of the Alexandrian War.

Caesar's authorship of the Commentarii de Bello Civili is not disputed. However, its continuations on the Alexandrian, African and Hispanic wars are believed to have been written by others: the 2nd century historian Suetonius suggested Aulus Hirtius and Gaius Oppius as possible authors.[1]

References

External links

Gaius Julius Caesar
Dictator of the Roman Republic

Reign October, 49 BC–March 15, 44 BC
Full name Gaius Julius Caesar
Born 12 July 100 BC - 102 BC
Rome, Roman Republic
Died 15 March 44 BC (aged 57)
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A language is a system of symbols and the rules used to manipulate them. Language can also refer to the use of such systems as a general phenomenon.
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History is the study of the past, focused on human activity and leading up to the present day.[1] More precisely, history is the continuous, systematic narrative and research of past events as relating to the human race [1]
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Military history is composed of the events in the history of humanity that fall within the category of conflict. This may range from a melee between two tribes to conflicts between proper militaries to a world war affecting the majority of the human population.
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Non-fiction is an account or representation of a subject which is presented as fact.
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Publishing is the process of production and dissemination of literature or information – the activity of making information available for public view. In some cases, authors may be their own publishers.
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Commentarii de Bello Gallico
(Commentaries on the Gallic Wars)


An 18th century edition of Commentarii de Bello Gallico
Author Julius Caesar, Aulus Hirtius(VIII)
Language Classical Latin
Subject(s)
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de Bello Alexandrino
(On the Alexandrian War)

Author ?? Julius Caesar
Language Classical Latin
Subject(s) History, military history
Publisher ?? Julius Caesar
Publication date ? 50s or 40s BC
Preceded by
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Gaius Julius Caesar
Dictator of the Roman Republic

Reign October, 49 BC–March 15, 44 BC
Full name Gaius Julius Caesar
Born 12 July 100 BC - 102 BC
Rome, Roman Republic
Died 15 March 44 BC (aged 57)
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Caesar's Civil War, is one of the last conflicts within the Roman Republic. It was a series of political and military confrontations between Julius Caesar, his political supporters, and his legions, against the traditionalist conservative faction in the Roman Senate, sometimes
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Pompey, Pompey the Great or Pompey the Triumvir [1] (Classical Latin abbreviation: CN·POMPEIVS·CN·F·SEX·N·MAGNVS [2], Gnaeus or Cnaeus Pompeius Magnus
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The Roman Senate (Latin: Senatus) was the main governing council of both the Roman Republic, which started in 509 BC, and the Roman Empire. Although the West Roman Empire ended in the 5th century (in 476), the Roman Senate continued to meet until the latter part of the 6th
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Commentarii de Bello Gallico
(Commentaries on the Gallic Wars)


An 18th century edition of Commentarii de Bello Gallico
Author Julius Caesar, Aulus Hirtius(VIII)
Language Classical Latin
Subject(s)
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Battle of Pharsalus was fought at Pharsalus (Greece) on August 9 48 BC, between the Populares faction of the Roman Republic, led by Gaius Julius Caesar, and the Optimates faction, led by Gnaeus Pompeius Magnus.
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history of Roman Egypt begins with the conquest of Egypt in 30 BC by Octavian (the future Emperor Augustus), following the defeat of Marc Antony and Ptolemaic Queen Cleopatra VII in the Battle of Actium.
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de Bello Alexandrino
(On the Alexandrian War)

Author ?? Julius Caesar
Language Classical Latin
Subject(s) History, military history
Publisher ?? Julius Caesar
Publication date ? 50s or 40s BC
Preceded by
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de Bello Africo
(On the War in Africa)

Author ?? Julius Caesar
Language Classical Latin
Subject(s) History, military history
Publisher ?? Julius Caesar
Publication date ? 50s or 40s BC
Preceded by
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de Bello Hispaniensis
(On the War in Hispania)

Author ?? Julius Caesar
Language Classical Latin
Subject(s) History, military history
Publisher ?? Julius Caesar
Publication date ? 50s or 40s BC
Preceded by
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Gaius Suetonius Tranquillus (ca. 69/75 - after 130), also known as Suetonius, was a prominent Roman historian and biographer.

Life

Suetonius was born the son of Suetonius Laetus, who probably came from Hippo Regius (Annaba, Algeria).
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Aulus Hirtius (ca. 90-43 BC) was one of the consuls of ancient Rome immediately after the assassination of Julius Caesar, and a writer on military subjects.

He was known to have been a legate of Caesar's since about 54 BC, and served as an envoy to Pompey in 50.
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Gaius Oppius was an intimate friend of Julius Caesar. He managed the dictator's private affairs during his absence from Rome, and, together with Lucius Cornelius Balbus, exercised considerable influence in the city.
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Gaius Suetonius Tranquillus (ca. 69/75 - after 130), also known as Suetonius, was a prominent Roman historian and biographer.

Life

Suetonius was born the son of Suetonius Laetus, who probably came from Hippo Regius (Annaba, Algeria).
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On the Life of the Caesars[1], in Latin De vita Caesarum, or as it is often known in English, The Twelve Caesars, is a set of twelve biographies of Julius Caesar and the first 11 emperors of the Roman Empire.
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The Perseus Project is a digital library project of Tufts University that assembles digital collections of humanities resources. It is hosted by the Department of Classics.
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