Costoboci

The Costoboci were a Dacian tribe, which lived in the areas known today as Maramureş and south-western Ukraine. Archeologically speaking, they are identified whith the Lipita culture. When the Roman emperor Trajan conquered Dacia in 106, the Costoboci remained among the free Dacian tribes (unconquered by the Romans).

In western Ukraine Costoboci settlements of Lipita culture were found in Ukrainian villages of Verkhnya Lypytsya hence name Lipita culture), Maydan Holohirskyy, Remezivtsi, Voronyaky, Bolotnya, Zelenyy Hay, Lysychnyky etc. - all in south-western part of Ternopilska oblast, south eastern area of Lvivska oblast and northern area of Ivano-Frankivska oblast of western Ukraine. Archeologists believe that they moved in Upper Dniester area of current western Ukraine from the slopes of the Carpathian mountains along the rivers, left hand tributaries of northern Dniester, as Zolota Lypa river. Here they used to burn their dead probably believing in purifyig power of fire and in afterlife - setting private belongings of the deaseased in holders with their ashes, as it was found in many Dacian settlements in western Ukraine. Their presence here disappears in the early 3rd century. It is believed that they moved back south to heartland Dacia.

From their positions in the north, the Costoboci often raided the Roman province of Dacia, in conjunction with rebellions of the local Dacians. One of these raids (conducted probably by their "king" Pieporus), during the reign of the Roman emperor Marcus Aurelius reached as far as Attica, severely affecting the provinces of Moesia, Scythia Minor and Macedonia.

Having been defeated by the Romans, the Costoboci lost much of their power. So, in the year 172, probably bribed by the Romans, the Hasdingi (part of the German tribe of the Vandals) attacked and conquered most of the Costoboci's land. However, this invasion did not put an end to the Dacians living in this territory, as they continued to coexist to a certain degree with the invaders, as evidenced by the archeological sites. The Costoboci living in the east, in what is now Bukovina, probably ended under the control of the Carpians, another free Dacian tribe.

 Dacian
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Language codes
ISO 639-1: none
ISO 639-2: ine
ISO 639-3: xdc
Indo-European topics
Indo-European languages
Albanian Anatolian Armenian
Baltic Celtic Dacian Germanic
Greek Indo-Iranian Italic Phrygian
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Anthem
Ще не вмерла України ні слава, ні воля  
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The Roman Empire is the name given to both the imperial domain developed by the city-state of Rome and also the corresponding phase of that civilization, characterized by an autocratic form of government. This article however is about the latter.
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Dacia, in ancient geography was the land of the Daci. It was named by the ancient Hellenes (Greeks) "Getae". Dacia was a large district of South Eastern Europe, bounded on the north by the Carpathians, on the south by the Danube, on the west by the Tisia
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2nd century - 3rd century
70s  80s  90s  - 100s -  110s  120s  130s
103 104 105 - 106 - 107 108 109
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Ternopil Oblast
Тернопільська область
Ternopil’s’ka oblast’


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Lviv Oblast
Львівська область
L’vivs'ka oblast’


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Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast
Івано-Франківська област?
Ivano-Frankivs’ka oblast’


Flag Coat of arms
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Anthem
Ще не вмерла України ні слава, ні воля  
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Origin Ukrainian Carpathians
Mouth Black Sea
Basin countries Ukraine, Moldova
Length 1,362 km (846 mi)
Source elevation 1,000 m (3,281 ft)

Avg.
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Zolota Lypa (Ukrainian: Золота Липа) is river in western Ukraine. It flows through Berezhany district, forming the large Berezhany lake north of Berezhany. It is the tributary of Dniester, belonging to the Black Sea basin.
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Dacia, in ancient geography was the land of the Daci. It was named by the ancient Hellenes (Greeks) "Getae". Dacia was a large district of South Eastern Europe, bounded on the north by the Carpathians, on the south by the Danube, on the west by the Tisia
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Dacia, in ancient geography was the land of the Daci. It was named by the ancient Hellenes (Greeks) "Getae". Dacia was a large district of South Eastern Europe, bounded on the north by the Carpathians, on the south by the Danube, on the west by the Tisia
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Marcus Aurelius (The Wise)
Emperor of the Roman Empire

Bust of Marcus Aurelius
Reign March 8, 161–169
(with Lucius Verus);
169–177 (alone);
177–17 March, 180
(with Commodus)
Full name (Caesar) Marcus
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Attica (Greek: Αττική, Attiki) is a periphery (subdivision) in Greece, containing Athens, the capital of Greece. Attica is subdivided into the prefectures of Athens, Piraeus, East Attica and West Attica.
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Moesia (Greek: Μοισία, Moisia; Bulgarian: Мизия, Miziya; Romanian: Moesia ;Serbian: Мезија,
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Scythia Minor, "Lesser Scythia" (Greek: Μικρά Σκυθία, Mikrá Skythia
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Macedonia was officially established in 146 BC, after the Roman general Quintus Caecilius Metellus defeated Andriscus of Macedon in 148 BC, and after the four client republics ("tetrarchy") established by Rome in the region were dissolved.
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2nd century - 3rd century
140s  150s  160s  - 170s -  180s  190s  200s
169 170 171 - 172 - 173 174 175
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The Hasdingi were the southern tribes of the Vandals, an East Germanic tribe. They lived in areas of today's southern Poland, Slovakia and Hungary. They were part of the migratory movements of the Vandals, into the Iberian peninsula and later on to North Africa.
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Vandals were an East Germanic tribe which entered the late Roman Empire during the 5th century. The Goth Theodoric the Great, king of the Ostrogoths and regent of the Visigoths was allied by marriage with the Vandals, as well as with the Burgundians and the Franks under Clovis I.
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Dacians (Lat. Daci, Gr. Dákai) were the ancient inhabitants of Dacia (roughly corresponding to modern Romania and Moldova) and parts of Moesia (mostly in northern Bulgaria) in southeastern Europe.
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Bukovina (Ukrainian: Буковина, Bukovyna; Romanian: Bucovina; German and Polish: Bukowina
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The Carpi or Carpians were a Dacian tribe that were originally located on the Eastern slopes of the Carpathian Mountains, in what is now Bacău County, Romania.

Origins

The name (Carpi
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