Daejeon

Daejeon Metropolitan City
Enlarge picture
Cityscape of the south side of Daejeon.

Cityscape of the south side of Daejeon.
Korean name
Hangul대전 광역?
Hanja大田廣域?
Revised RomanizationDaejeon Gwangyeoksi
McCune-ReischauerTaejŏn Kwangyŏksi
Short name
Statistics
Area km ( sq mi)
Population 1,442,856 [1]
Population density/km (/sq mi)
GovernmentMetropolitan City, Capital of South Chungcheong
Administrative divisions5 wards (Gu)
RegionHoseo
DialectChungcheong
Location map
Enlarge picture
Map of South Korea highlighting the city.

Map of South Korea highlighting the city.
Daejeon Metropolitan City (listen ) is a metropolitan city in the center of South Korea. It is the fifth largest city of South Korea, with a population of 1,442,856 at the end of 2005.[1] It is at the crossroads of Gyeongbu railway, Honam railway, Gyeongbu highway, and Honam highway. Within the city limits lies Daedeok Science Town, an area with more than 200 research institutions.

History

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National Government Complex, Daejeon.
The Daejeon area was historically known as Hanbat (한밭), a native Korean term for "large field", during the Joseon Dynasty. The term "Daejeon" simply means the same thing in Hanja.

Historically, Daejeon was a small village without many residents. However, in 1905, the Gyeongbu railway began operations from Seoul to Busan, opening a station at Daejeon. Soon after, in 1926, under rule of the Japanese government, the Honam railway was built between Daejeon and Mokpo, transforming the latter into a major transportational hub. Because of its geographical location and proximity to means of transportation, Daejeon grew quickly.

In 1932, the capital of Chungnam province moved from Gongju to Daejeon. After numerous changes were made to the city boundaries, among them one that effectively made the nearby town of Daedeok a part of the city in 1983, Daejeon became a metropolitan city in 1995.

In 1997, the Daejeon Government Complex was constructed in order to decentralize the population of South Korea from Seoul.[2] The population of Daejeon increased dramatically as a result.[3]

Today, Daejeon's population growth is the second highest in the country, after Seoul, resulting in a large number of new apartment complex projects and hi-tech industries in Yuseong-gu.

Geography

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Hiking path along Gapcheon.


Daejeon lies between latitudes N36°10'50" to N36°29'47" and longitudes E127°14'54" to E127°33'21" near the middle of South Korea. It is 167.3 km from Seoul, 294 km from Busan and 169 km from Gwangju. Sejong City, which is planned to be the new administrative capital of South Korea, will also be close by. The city is surrounded by several mountains, and Gyeryongsan National Park straddles the city border to the west. Three streams which eventually join with Geum River, called Gapcheon (갑천), Yudeungcheon (유등천), and Daejeoncheon (대전천), flow through the city from south to north.

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Administrative divisions of Daejeon.

Administrative divisions

Daejeon is divided into 5 wards ("Gu"):

Education

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Information and Communications University.
See also:
As a center of research inside the city, several educational instituations are located within Daedeok Science Town. The Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology is an institution of higher education focused on research in science and technology, and was ranked as the best Asian science and technology school by Asiaweek in 2000.[4] It is also home to the Information and Communications University, which specializes in research in information technology, and Daejeon Science High School, which is a selective high school focused on teaching science.[5]

Chungnam National University, a major national university established for the South Chungcheong province, and Pai Chai University, which is one of the oldest private universities in South Korea, is also located within the city.

Culture

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Expo Science Park.


In 1993, an international exposition (Expo '93) was held at Daejeon. Several landmarks such as the Hanbit Tower and the Expo Bridge were built at this time. After the exposition ended, the grounds were refurbished as Expo Science Park. Next to the park is the National Science Museum, which had moved to its current location in 1990.[6]

The Daejeon Museum of Art, located in Dunsan Grand Park, is an art museum focused on the convergence of art and technology. Since it was established in 1998, numerous exhibitions on contemporary art have been held. Other cultural landmarks include the Daejeon Philharmonic Orchestra, which recently began touring internationally as a cultural symbol of the city.

The Daejeon World Cup Stadium was constructed in preparation for the 2002 FIFA World Cup. Several games have been held there, including the South Korea vs. Italy match in the second round. It is also the current home for the K-League football club Daejeon Citizen. Daejeon also has an amateur football club named Daejeon de la cuba which plays in the Super Sunday Football League.

The city is home to LPGA golfers Se Ri Pak and Jang Jeong, as well as the South Korean actor Kwon Sang-woo. Daejeon is also the hometown of former New York Mets left-handed reliever Dae-Sung Koo.

Transportation

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Daejeon train station.
Daejeon is a center of transportation, where two major expressways, Gyeongbu highway and Honam highway, and two major railways, Gyeongbu railway and Honam railway, are joined. Travel time between Daejeon and Seoul using the high-speed railway system, otherwise known as KTX, is about fifty minutes. The nearest airport to Daejeon is Cheongju Airport, about a thirty-minute drive north of Daejeon.

Subway

A subway system with five lines is undergoing planning and construction in Daejeon. The first part of this system, Daejeon Subway Line 1 began operation on March 16, 2006, and entire line was operating as of April 17, 2007. It is notably different from the system used in Seoul in its smaller car width; lack of doors between cars; fewer number of cars, use of four cars to a train instead of ten; and free space under the seats.[7] The subway also uses round tokens instead of flat magnetic tickets as is the case with Seoul - the tokens are pressed into a sensor when passing the turnstiles, and inserted into a slot on the other side when getting out. The nature of the tokens allows them to be used for advertising as well.[8] An interesting feature of the city's subway system is that the tracks are separated from the platforms by glass doors, which only open once a train has stopped. Thus, the danger of falling onto the tracks is avoided.

Central business district

Daejeon has become the recipient of the country's effort to decentralize certain ministries of the national government. The middle of the city or the new central business district called Dunsan is where the effort has manifested itself. Newer apartment complexes, albeit structurally similar to that of the rest of the city, sprung up around the new government structures being constructed concurrently in just a few short years starting from the mid-1990s. Newer municipal buildings including the city's courts and the province's main parliamentary building soon followed. The result is a several square mile neighbourhood full of restaurants, standard Korean western-type bars and coffee shops. The area is a place for the workers of the new Daejeon to live close to their offices, most able to walk to work, and dine and shop in a new urban environment.

Sister cities

See also

References

1. ^ Population, Households and Housing Units. Korean Statistical Information System. Korea National Statistical Office. Retrieved on 2007-02-28.
2. ^ Daejeon Government Complex. Government Buildings Management Service. Retrieved on 2007-02-22.
3. ^ Oh, Changyeop. "Daejeon, Larger Population than Gwangju", Prometheus, 2006-03-22. Retrieved on 2007-02-22. (Korean) “이러한 대전의 인구증가 요인은 지난 1998년 정부 대전청사 이전과 철도시설공단, 행정중심복합도시 건설청 등이 자리를 잡은 것과 관련이 있다. 
4. ^ "Asia's Best Universities 2000", Asiaweek, 2000-06-30. Retrieved on 2007-02-21.Asiaweek&rft.date=2000-06-30"> 
5. ^ Daejeon Science High School (Korean). Retrieved on 2007-02-21. High schools in South Korea usually do not require special entrance exams.
6. ^ History. National Science Museum of Korea. Retrieved on 2007-02-28.
7. ^ Riding Daejeon Subway (Korean). iris's talk on above 18 & computers & and society (2006-05-08). Retrieved on 2007-02-28.
8. ^ Visiting Daejeon Subway (Korean). Korean Faction (2006-03-17). Retrieved on 2007-02-28. “뒷면에는 대전소재 배재대학교의 광고가 새겨져있었습니다.

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Chungcheongnam-do (South Chungcheong) is a province in the west of South Korea. The province was formed in 1896 from the southwestern half of the former Chungcheong province, remained a province of Korea until the country's division in 1945, then became part of South Korea.
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Chungcheong (Chungcheong-do) was one of the eight provinces of Korea during the Joseon Dynasty. Chungcheong was located in the southwest of Korea. The provincial capital was located at Gongju, which had been the capital of the kingdom of Baekje from 475 to 538.
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Gyeongbu Line (Gyeongbuseon) is the most important railway line in South Korea and one of the oldest, constructed by Japan in 1905, connecting Seoul to Suwon, Daejeon, Daegu, and Busan.
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Honam Line is a major railway line serving the Honam region (North and South Jeolla Provinces) in South Korea. The line is served by frequent passenger trains from Seoul (via the Gyeongbu Line) to Gwangju and Mokpo.
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Gyeongbu Expressway (Gyeongbu Gosok Doro) is the oldest and most heavily travelled freeway in South Korea, and connecting Seoul to Suwon, Daejeon, Gumi, Daegu, and Busan. The freeway was built in the 1970s and has the route number 1.
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Honam Expressway or Honamseon (호남선; 湖南線 for short) is a freeway serving the Honam region in South Korea. The freeway connects Nonsan on the Cheonan-Nonsan Expressway and Honam Expressway Branch Line to Gwangju and Suncheon on the
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Daedeok Science Town is an area within the city of Daejeon, South Korea with a high concentration of research institutions. It is a science park conceived by the South Korean government in 1972.
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Joseon (July 1392 - August 1910) (also Chosŏn, Choson, Chosun), was a sovereign state founded by Taejo Yi Seong-gye in what is modern day Korea, and lasted for approximately five centuries as one of the world's longest running monarchies.
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Gyeongbu Line (Gyeongbuseon) is the most important railway line in South Korea and one of the oldest, constructed by Japan in 1905, connecting Seoul to Suwon, Daejeon, Daegu, and Busan.
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Busan Metropolitan City, also known as Pusan[2] is the largest port city in the Republic of Korea. With a population of about 3.65 million, Busan is also South Korea's second largest metropolis, after Seoul.
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Honam Line is a major railway line serving the Honam region (North and South Jeolla Provinces) in South Korea. The line is served by frequent passenger trains from Seoul (via the Gyeongbu Line) to Gwangju and Mokpo.
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Mokpo (Mokpo-si) is a city in South Jeolla Province, South Korea, on the southwestern tip of the Korean Peninsula. Mokpo has frequent train service to Seoul and is the terminus for a number of ferry routes serving islands in the adjacent Yellow Sea (called the West Sea by
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