David E. Hughes

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David E. Hughes
David Edward Hughes (16 May 183122 January 1900) was an accomplished musician and a professor of music as well as chair of natural philosophy at a ladies' seminary in Bardstown, Kentucky.

Biography

Hughes was born in London or Wales and immigrated to the United States as a young man. Hughes was also an experimental physicist, mostly in the areas of electricity and signals. He invented an improved microphone, which was a modification of Edison's carbon telephone transmitter. He revived the term "microphone" to describe the transmitter's ability to transmit extremely weak sounds to a Bell telephone receiver. He invented the induction balance (later used in metal detectors) and was one of the first in 1878 to transmit and receive Morse code using radio waves via induction transmission (via a "clockwork transmitter"[1]). Despite Hughes' facility as an experimenter, he had little mathematical training. He was a friend of William Henry Preece.

Eight years before Hertz and nearly two decades before Guglielmo Marconi had demonstrated anything, Hughes was already transmitting and receiving electromagnetic waves. At the time his work failed to satisfy colleagues’ demands for scientific method and proofs. James Clerk Maxwell's theories were not yet well received and Hughes' transmissions are assumed to be electromagnetic induction transmission. His achievements, though, went unrecognized for decades. Marconi knew Hughes through Preece.

Hughes patented his telegraph system[2] in the United States in 1855, and in less than two years, a number of small telegraph companies, including Western Union in early stages of development, united to form one large corporation — Western Union Telegraph Co. to carry on the business of telegraphy on the Hughes system. In Europe, Hughes’ Telegraph System became an international standard.

Music

At an early age, Hughes developed such musical ability that he is reported to have attracted attention of Herr Hast, an eminent German pianist in America who procured for him a professorship of music at St. Joseph’s College in Bardstown, Kentucky.

Awards

He became one of the most highly decorated inventors of his time. Honors included a Grand Gold Medal in 1867 awarded at the Paris Exhibition, the Royal Society gold Medal in 1885, and The Albert Gold Medal, Society of Arts in 1897. For his numerous inventions and discoveries, especially the Printing Telegraph and Microphone, Napoleon III awarded him a Chevalier of the Legion of Honour awarding him Commander of the Imperial Order of the Legion of Honour. He also was awarded: The Order of Saint Meurice and Saint Lazare (Italy), The Order of the Iron Crown (Austria) which carried with it the title of Baron, The Order of Saint Anne (Russia), The Noble Order of Saint Michael (Bavaria), Commander of the Imperial Order of the Grand Cross of the Medjidie (Turkey), Commander of the Royal and Distinguished Order of Carlos III (Spain), The Grand Officer’s Star and Collar of the Royal Order of Takovo (Servia), and Officer of the Royal Order of Leopold (Belgium)..

External articles

Citations
1. ^ Arcane Radio Trivia: Monday, March 06, 2006, bio: David E. Hughes [1]
2. ^ [2]
Patents
Patent number 22531 Patent number 14917 Patent number 22770
Websites
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Subjects:     Archaeology - Architecture -
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January 22 is the 1st day of the year (2nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 0 days remaining.

Events

  • 565 - Eutychius is deposed as Patriarch of Constantinople by John Scholasticus.

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1897 1898 1899 - 1900 - 1901 1902 1903

Year 1900 (MCM
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Bardstown, Kentucky
Spalding Hall, in downtown Bardstown
Nickname: Bourbon Capital of the World
Location of Bardstown within Kentucky
Coordinates:
Country United States
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London
Canary Wharf is the centre of London's modern office towers
London shown within England
Coordinates:
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Constituent country England
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Motto
Cymru am byth   (Welsh)
"Wales forever"
Anthem
"Hen Wlad Fy Nhadau"
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microphone, sometimes referred to as a mike or mic (both IPA pronunciation: [maɪk]), is an acoustic to electric transducer or sensor that converts sound into an electrical signal.
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Thomas Alva Edison (February 11 1847 – October 18 1931) was an American inventor and businessman who developed many devices that greatly influenced life around the world, including the phonograph and a long lasting light bulb.
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Metal detectors use electromagnetic induction to detect metal. Uses include de-mining (the detection of land mines), the detection of weapons such as knives and guns, especially at airports, geophysical prospecting, archaeology and treasure hunting.
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Radio-frequency induction or RF induction is the use of a radio frequency magnetic field to transfer energy by means of electromagnetic induction in the near field. A radio-frequency alternating current is passed through a coil of wire that acts as the transmitter, and a
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Sir William Henry Preece (February 151834- November 6 1913) was a Welsh electrical engineer and inventor. Preece relied on experiments and physical reasoning in his life's work. Preece was knighted in 1899.

Biography

Preece was born in Caernarfon (Gwynedd), Wales.
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Heinrich Rudolf Hertz

Born January 22 1857(1857--)
Hamburg, Germany
Died January 1 1894 (aged 38)
Bonn, Germany
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Guglielmo Marconi

Guglielmo Marconi
Born March 25 1874(1874--)
Palazzo Marescalchi, Bologna, Italy
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James Clerk Maxwell

James Clerk Maxwell
Born May 13 1831(1831--)
Edinburgh, Scotland
Died November 5 1879 (aged 48)
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Electromagnetic induction is the production of voltage across a conductor situated in a changing magnetic field or a conductor moving through a stationary magnetic field.
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The Western Union Company

Public (NYSE:  WU )
Founded 1851
Headquarters Greenwood Village, Colorado

Industry Aiding products = Financial services
Revenue $3 billion USD (2005)
Website westernunion.
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Telegraphy (from the Greek words (τηλη) = far and (γραφειν) = write) is the long-distance transmission of written messages without physical transport of letters, originally by changing something that could
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Commonwealth of Kentucky

Flag of Kentucky Seal
Nickname(s): Bluegrass State
Motto(s): United we stand, divided we fall

Official language(s) English[1]

Capital Frankfort

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Royal Society of London for the Improvement of Natural Knowledge, known simply as The Royal Society, is a learned society for science that was founded in 1660 and claims to be the oldest such society still in existence.
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Napoléon III
Emperor of the French

Portrait by Franz Winterhalter
Reign 2 December, 1852- 4 September, 1870
Full name Charles Louis Napoléon Bonaparte
Born 20 March 1808(1808--
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The maximum quotas:
Knight: 125,000
Officer: 10,000
Commander: 1,250
Grand Officer: 250
Grand Cross: 75
Precedence
Next (higher) None

Next (lower) Ordre de la Libération

The Légion d'honneur or
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