David J. Thouless

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David James Thouless


David J. Thouless (born in 1934 in Bearsden, Scotland) is a condensed matter physicist and Wolf Prize winner.

Thouless earned his PhD at Cornell University under Hans Bethe. He was a professor of mathematical physics at Birmingham University in the United Kingdom before becoming a professor of physics at the University of Washington in Seattle in 1980. Thouless has made many theoretical contributions to the understanding of extended systems of atoms and electrons, and of nucleons. Areas that his work has impacted include superconductivity phenomena, properties of nuclear matter, and excited collective motions within nuclei.

Thouless is a Fellow of the Royal Society, Fellow of the American Physical Society, Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and a member of the U.S. National Academy of Sciences. Among his many awards are the Wolf Prize for Physics (1990), and the Paul Dirac Medal of the American Physical Society (1993).

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19th century - 20th century - 21st century
1900s  1910s  1920s  - 1930s -  1940s  1950s  1960s
1931 1932 1933 - 1934 - 1935 1936 1937

Year 1934 (MCMXXXIV
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Bearsden
Scots - Cille Phàdraig Ùr


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Motto
Nemo me impune lacessit   (Latin)
"No one provokes me with impunity"
"Cha togar m'fhearg gun dioladh"   
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physicist is a scientist who studies or practices physics. Physicists study a wide range of physical phenomena spanning all length scales: from the sub-atomic particles from which all ordinary matter is made (particle physics) to the behavior of the material Universe as a whole
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The Wolf Prize has been awarded annually since 1978 to living scientists and artists for "achievements in the interest of mankind and friendly relations among peoples ... irrespective of nationality, race, colour, religion, sex or political views.
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Cornell University is a private university located in Ithaca, New York, USA. Its two medical campuses are in New York City and Education City, Qatar. The youngest member of the Ivy League, Cornell was founded in 1865 by Ezra Cornell and Andrew Dickson White as a coeducational,
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Hans Bethe

Hans Albrecht Bethe
Born July 2 1906(1906--)
Straßburg, Germany
Died March 6 2005 (aged 100)
Ithaca, NY, U.S.
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University of Birmingham is an English university in the city of Birmingham.

Founded in 1900 as a successor to Mason Science College, and with origins dating back to the 1825 Birmingham Medical School,[3]
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Motto
"Dieu et mon droit" [2]   (French)
"God and my right"
Anthem
"God Save the Queen" [3]
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University of Washington, founded in 1861, is a public research university in Seattle, Washington. Also known as Washington and locally as The U or UW (usually pronounced "U-Dub"), it is the largest university in the Northwestern United States and the oldest
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This page is protected from moves until disputes have been resolved on the .
The reason for its protection is listed on the protection policy page. The page may still be edited but cannot be moved until unprotected.
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Royal Society of London for the Improvement of Natural Knowledge, known simply as The Royal Society, is a learned society for science that was founded in 1660 and claims to be the oldest such society still in existence.
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The American Physical Society was founded in 1899 and is the world's second largest organization of physicists. The Society publishes more than a dozen science journals, including the world renowned Physical Review and Physical Review Letters, and organizes more than twenty science
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American Academy of Arts and Sciences (AAAS) is an organization dedicated to scholarship and the advancement of learning. It serves as a nationwide honor society for the United States.
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National Academy of Sciences (NAS) is a corporation in the United States whose members serve pro bono as "advisers to the nation on science, engineering, and medicine."

Overview

Origin

The Civil War caused a need for a national academy.
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The Dirac Prize is the name of three prominent awards in the field of theoretical physics, computational chemistry, and mathematics, awarded by different organizations.

Dirac Medal of the ICTP

The Dirac Medal of the ICTP
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The Kosterlitz-Thouless transition, or Berezinsky-Kosterlitz-Thouless transition, is a special transition seen in the XY model for interacting spin systems in 2 spatial dimensions. The XY model is a 2-Dimensional vector spin model that possesses U(1) or circular symmetry.
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The Thouless energy is a characteristic energy scale of electrons in disordered conductors, derived by scaling Anderson localization. It is named after the Scottish-American physicist David J. Thouless.
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The Wolf Prize in Physics has been awarded annually since 1978 to living scientists in the field of physics. The prize is awarded in Israel by the Wolf Foundation, founded by Dr. Ricardo Wolf.
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Chien-Shiung Wu (Traditional Chinese: 吳健雄; Pinyin: Wú Jiànxíong; May 13, 1912–February 16, 1997) was a Chinese born American physicist with an expertise in radioactivity.
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George Eugene Uhlenbeck (December 6, 1900 – October 31, 1988) was a Dutch/U.S. (Indonesian-born) theoretical physicist. He introduced the concept of electron spin, which posits that electrons rotate on an axis, with Samuel Abraham Goudsmit, for which they were awarded the Max
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Giuseppe Occhialini (b. December 5, 1907 in Fossombrone, Pesaro, Italy; d. December 30, 1993) , Italian physicist, contributed to the discovery of the pion or pi-meson decay in 1947, with César Lattes and Cecil Frank Powell (Nobel Prize for Physics).
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Michael Ellis Fisher (born 3 September 1931 in Trinidad) is a physicist, as well as chemist and mathematician, known for his many seminal contributions to statistical physics, including but not restricted to the theory of phase transitions and critical phenomena.
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Leo Kadanoff is a professor of physics (emeritus as of 2004) at the University of Chicago and the current President of the American Physical Society (APS). He is widely acknowledged for his contributions to statistical physics, chaos theory, and theoretical condensed matter physics.
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Kenneth Geddes Wilson (born June 8, 1936) is an American theoretical physicist.

As an undergraduate at Harvard, he was a Putnam Fellow. He earned his PhD from Caltech in 1961, studying under Murray Gell-Mann.
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Freeman Dyson

Freeman Dyson
Born November 15 1923 (1923--) (age 85)
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Gerardus ("Gerard") 't Hooft (IPA: xeːrɑrt ət hoːft]) (born July 5 1946, Den Helder) is a professor in theoretical physics at Utrecht University, the Netherlands.
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Victor Weisskopf

Victor Frederick Weisskopf in the 1940s.
Born September 19 1908(1908--)
Vienna, Austria-Hungary
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Leon Max Lederman (born July 15, 1922) is an American experimental physicist and Nobel Prize in Physics laureate for his work with neutrinos. He is Director Emeritus of Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab) in Batavia, Illinois.
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Martin Lewis Perl (born June 24, 1927 in New York) is an American physicist, who won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1995 for his discovery of the tau lepton. His parents were Jewish emigrants to the US from the Polish area of Russia.
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