Demetae

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Tribes of Wales at the time of the Roman invasion. Exact boundaries are conjectural.


The Demetae were a Celtic people of Iron Age Britain who inhabited modern Pembrokeshire and Carmarthenshire in south-west Wales, and gave their name to the county of Dyfed.

They are mentioned in Ptolemy's Geographia, as being west of the Silures. He mentions two of their towns, Moridunum (modern Carmarthen) and Luentinum (identified as the Dolaucothi Gold Mines near Pumsaint, Carmarthenshire).[1] They are not mentioned in Tacitus' accounts of Roman warfare in Wales, which concentrate on their neighbours the Silures and Ordovices.

Vortiporius, "tyrant of the Demetae", is one of the kings condemned by Gildas in his 6th century polemic De Excidio Britanniae.[2] This probably signifies the sub-Roman kingdom of Dyfed.

References

1. ^ Ptolemy, Geographia 2.2; Demetae at Roman-Britain.org
2. ^ Gildas, De Excidio Britanniae
Celts, normally pronounced /kɛlts/ (see article on pronunciation), is widely used to refer to the members of any of the peoples in Europe using the Celtic languages or descended from those who did.
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    In the British Isles, the Iron Age lasted from about the 7th century BC until the Roman conquest and until the 5th century in non-Romanised parts. This period is also called the era of Celtic Britain<ref name=> Celtic Britain (The Iron Age) c.
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    Pembrokeshire (Welsh: Sir Benfro) is a county in the southwest of Wales.

    Geography and History

    Pembrokeshire is a maritime county, surrounded by the sea on all sides except in the northeast where it is bounded by Ceredigion
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    Carmarthenshire (Welsh: Sir Gaerfyrddin) is a one of thirteen historic counties and a principal area in Wales. Its main towns are Llanelli, Carmarthen and Ammanford. Carmarthenshire is located in West Wales.
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    Motto
    Cymru am byth   (Welsh)
    "Wales forever"
    Anthem
    "Hen Wlad Fy Nhadau"
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    Dyfed is a late 20th century county of Wales.

    The Local Government Act 1972 caused the county of Dyfed to be created on April 1, 1974. It covered the former administrative counties of Cardiganshire, Carmarthenshire, Pembrokeshire which were divided into local government
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    Claudius Ptolemaeus (Greek: Κλαύδιος Πτολεμαῖος; after 83 – 161 AD), known in English as Ptolemy, was a Greek[1] or Egyptian
    ..... Click the link for more information.
    The Geographia is Ptolemy's main work besides the Almagest. It is a compilation of what was known about the world's geography in the Roman Empire of the 2nd century.
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    The Silures were a powerful and warlike tribe of ancient Britain, occupying approximately the counties of Monmouth, Brecon and Glamorgan.

    Origins

    According to Tacitus' biography of Agricola, the Silures usually had a dark complexion and curly hair.
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    Moridunum (or, almost certainly, Moridunum Demetarum) was a town in the Roman province of Britannia. Today it is known as Carmarthen, located in the Welsh county of Carmarthenshire (formerly in the county of Dyfed).
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    Carmarthen
    Welsh - Caerfyrddin

    UK Parliament Carmarthen West and South Pembrokeshire
    European Parliament Wales
    List of places: UK • Wales • Carmarthenshire Carmarthen (Welsh Caerfyrddin - caer
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    Luentinum was a fort and mining settlement in the Roman province of Britannia. It was associated with the Dolaucothi Gold Mines and its remains lie beneath the adjoining village of Pumsaint in the Welsh county of Carmarthenshire.
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    The Dolaucothi Gold Mines (grid reference SN662399 ), also known as the Ogofau Gold Mine, are a Roman deep mine located in the valley of the River Cothi, near Pumsaint, Carmarthenshire, Wales.
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    Pumsaint is a village in Carmarthenshire, Wales situated half way between Llanwrda and Lampeter on the A482 in the valley of the River Cothi.

    Its name means Five Saints derived from the Welsh Pum(p) meaning Five and Saint meaning Saint.
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    Gaius Cornelius Tacitus

    Gaius Cornelius Tacitus
    Born: Circa 56AD

    Died: Circa 117

    Occupation: Senator, consul, governor, historian
    Genres: History
    Subjects: History, biography, oratory
    Literary movement: Silver Age of Latin
    Debut works:
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    The Ordovices were one of the Celtic tribes living in the British Islands, before the Roman invasion of Britain. Its tribal lands were located in Wales between the Silures to the south and the Deceangli to the north-east.
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    Vortiporius (Old Welsh Guortepir) was a 6th century king or ruler of Dyfed in south-west Wales, an area roughly corresponding to the modern Pembrokeshire. He is one of five kings castigated for their sins by Gildas in De Excidio Britanniae:


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    Saint Gildas (c. 494 or 516 – c. 570) was a prominent member of the Celtic Christian church in Britain, whose renowned learning and literary style earned him the designation Gildas Sapiens (Gildas the Wise).
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      Sub-Roman Britain is a term derived from an archaeologists' label for the material culture of Britain in Late Antiquity. "Sub-Roman" was invented to describe the pottery in sites of the 5th century and the 6th century, initially with an implication of decay of locally-made
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      The Kingdom of Dyfed was a sub-Roman and early medieval kingdom in south-west Wales.

      Dyfed, or in its Latin form Demetia, was one of the ancient kingdoms of Wales prior to the Norman Conquest.
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      Claudius Ptolemaeus (Greek: Κλαύδιος Πτολεμαῖος; after 83 – 161 AD), known in English as Ptolemy, was a Greek[1] or Egyptian
      ..... Click the link for more information.
      The Geographia is Ptolemy's main work besides the Almagest. It is a compilation of what was known about the world's geography in the Roman Empire of the 2nd century.
      ..... Click the link for more information.
      Saint Gildas (c. 494 or 516 – c. 570) was a prominent member of the Celtic Christian church in Britain, whose renowned learning and literary style earned him the designation Gildas Sapiens (Gildas the Wise).
      ..... Click the link for more information.


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